Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton

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The Duke of Bolton
PC JP
Lord bolton.jpg
Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire
In office
1670–1676
Nationality English
Spouses
    Christian Frescheville
    (m. 1652;died 1653)
      Mary le Scrope
      (m. 1655;died 1680)
ChildrenJane Paulet
Mary Paulet
Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton
William Paulet
Parent(s) John Paulet, 5th Marquess of Winchester (father)
Jane Savage (mother)

Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton PC JP (c. 1630 [1] 27 February 1699), was an English nobleman, the son of John Paulet, 5th Marquess of Winchester, and his first wife, Jane Savage. [2]

Contents

Bolton Hall, North Yorkshire, as rebuilt after a fire in 1902 Bolton Hall - geograph.org.uk - 75587.jpg
Bolton Hall, North Yorkshire, as rebuilt after a fire in 1902

Career

Paulet succeeded his father as the sixth Marquess of Winchester in 1675. He was MP for Winchester in 1660 and then for Hampshire from 1661 to 5 March 1675. [1] Before his succession to the Marquessate he was styled Lord St John. [2]

He held the following offices: [1]

Having supported the claim of William and Mary to the English throne in 1688, he was restored to the Privy Council and to the office of Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire, and was created Duke of Bolton on 9 April 1689. [2] He built Bolton Hall, North Yorkshire in 1678. [3]

Character

An eccentric man, hostile to Lord Halifax and afterwards to the Duke of Marlborough, he is said to have travelled during 1687 with four coaches and 100 horsemen, sleeping during the day and giving entertainments at night. His adherence in adult life to the Church of England has been described as a great blow to the Roman Catholic community: his father (with whom his relationship was never good) had openly professed the Catholic faith, and used his wealth and influence to protect the Catholics of Hampshire. [4]

In 1666 he briefly went into hiding after becoming involved in a public fracas in Westminster Hall with Sir Andrew Henley, 1st Baronet. They fought in full view of the Court of Common Pleas, and were thus guilty of contempt coram rege. Both men in time received a royal pardon. Paulet, who admitted to striking the first blow, explained that he had been "in a passion" at the time. The precise cause of the quarrel is unknown. Samuel Pepys, who recorded the incident in the great Diary, remarked that it was a pity that Henley retaliated, for otherwise, the judges might have dealt with Paulet, of whom Pepys had a poor opinion, as he deserved. [5] Despite his faults, his charm and affability made him numerous friends.

Marriage and issue

Charles Paulet married twice:

First marriage

He married as his first wife, 28 February 1652, Christian (13 December 1633 – 22 May 1653), daughter of John Frescheville, 1st Baron Frescheville of Staveley, Derbyshire and Sarah Harrington, and by her had a son: [2]

Christian, Lady St. John, died on 22 May 1653 in childbirth and was buried with her infant at Staveley, Derbyshire. [2]

Second marriage

He married as his second wife, 12 February 1655, at St. Dionis Backchurch, London, Mary (died 1 November 1680), the illegitimate daughter of Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland, widow of Henry Carey, Lord Leppington, and by her had issue: [1] [6] [7]

Mary, Lady Paulet died 1 Nov 1680, at Moulins, Allier, France, and was buried, 12 Nov 1680, at Wensley, Yorkshire. [8]

Death

Charles Paulet died suddenly at Amport on 27 February 1699, aged 68, and was buried on 23 March at Basing, Hampshire. [1] [8]

Footnotes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Helms 1983.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Cokayne II 1912, p. 210.
  3. "Bolton Hall, Preston-under-Scar". Britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  4. Kenyon, J.P The Popish Plot Phoenix Press reissue 2000 p.34
  5. Diary of Samuel Pepys 29 November 1666
  6. Cokayne II 1912, pp. 210–211.
  7. "Charles Powlett, Duke of Bolton". Family Search: Community Trees. British Isles. Peerage, Baronetage, and Landed Gentry families with extended lineage. Histfam.familysearch.org. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  8. 1 2 Cokayne II 1912, p. 211.

Sources

Parliament of England
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Winchester
16601661
With: John Hooke
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Hampshire
16611675
With: Sir John Norton
Succeeded by
Military offices
Regiment raised Colonel of The Duke of Bolton's Regiment of Foot
1689–1697
Regiment disbanded
Colonel of Henry Holt's Regiment of Foot
1689–1697
Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
16671675
Succeeded by
Preceded by Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire
16701676
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
16891699
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
New title Duke of Bolton
16891699
Succeeded by
Preceded by Marquess of Winchester
16751699

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