Charles S. Deneen
| United States Senator |
February 26, 1925 –March 3, 1931
|Preceded by||Joseph M. McCormick|
|Succeeded by||J. Hamilton Lewis|
|23rd Governor of Illinois|
January 9,1905 –February 3,1913
|Lieutenant|| Lawrence Sherman |
John G. Oglesby
|Preceded by||Richard Yates Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Edward Fitzsimmons Dunne|
|State's Attorney of Cook County,Illinois|
|Preceded by||Jacob J. Kern|
|Succeeded by||John J. Healy|
|Member of the Illinois House of Representatives from the 2nd District|
ServingwithMichael McInerney,Robert McMurdy
|Preceded by||Michael McInerney,William J. Kenney,H. Dorsey Patton|
|Succeeded by||Rudolph Mulac,Oscar L. Dudley,Sherman P. Cody|
Charles Samuel Deneen
|Died||February 5,1940 76) (aged|
|Relatives||Jason Beghe (great-grandson)|
|Education|| McKendree College |
Union College of Law
Charles Samuel Deneen (May 4,1863 –February 5,1940) was an American lawyer and Republican politician who served as the 23rd Governor of Illinois,from 1905 to 1913. He was the first Illinois governor to serve two consecutive terms totalling eight years. He was governor during the infamous Springfield race riot of 1908,which he helped put down. He later served as a U.S. Senator from Illinois,from 1925 to 1931. Deneen had previously served as a member of the Illinois House of Representatives from 1892 to 1894. As an attorney,he had been the lead prosecutor in Chicago's infamous Adolph Luetgert murder trial.
Deneen was born in Edwardsville,Illinois,to Samuel H. Deneen and Mary Frances Ashley.  He was raised in Lebanon,Illinois,and graduated from McKendree College in Lebanon in 1882. He subsequently studied law at McKendree and at Union College of Law,while supporting himself by teaching school. He was admitted to the Illinois bar in 1886.  On May 10,1891,he married fellow Methodist Bina Day Maloney in Princeton,Illinois.  The couple had four children;Charles Ashley,Dorothy,Frances,and Bina. 
His political career began soon thereafter,with election to the Illinois House of Representatives in 1892.  Deneen was Cook County State's Attorney from 1896 to 1904. In 1896,Deneen appointed Ferdinand Lee Barnett as the first black assistant state's attorney in Illinois upon the recommendation of the Cook County Commissioner Edward H. Wright. Deneen and Barnett worked together closely for the next two decades. 
Deneen became Governor of Illinois in 1905 and supported passage of the Illinois anti-lynching law that year. The state had not had many instances of lynchings,but in 1909 William "Froggie" James was murdered in a spectacle lynching attended by a mob of 10,000 in Cairo,Illinois. The crowd also lynched Henry Salzner,a white man,who had allegedly killed his wife. The governor sent in National Guard troops to suppress violence. Under the 1905 state law,Deneen dismissed Sheriff Frank E. Davis for failing to protect James and Salzner and resisted local efforts to have the officer reinstated.
In 1924,Deneen defeated first-term Senator Medill McCormick in the Republican primary for the United States Senate. Illinois at that time customarily had a downstate seat and a Chicago-area seat,which McCormick held. McCormick committed suicide in early 1925,for which his widow Ruth Hanna McCormick (a future U.S. Representative) blamed Deneen. She defeated him in the 1930 Republican primary,but lost the November election to James Hamilton Lewis. In 1928 Deneen's home was bombed during an outbreak of violence among rival political factions in Chicago in advance of the Pineapple Primary election. 
Deneen died in Chicago on February 5,1940,and was interred there in the Oak Woods Cemetery.   The public Deneen School of Excellence was named in his honor. It is located in south Chicago next to the Dan Ryan Expressway,not far from Al Capone's former home on South Prairie.
Deneen's great-grandson is actor Jason Beghe. 
The Pineapple Primary was the name given to the primary election held in Illinois on April 10,1928. The campaign was marked by numerous acts of violence,mostly in Chicago and elsewhere in Cook County. In the six months prior to the primary election,62 bombings took place in the city,and at least two politicians were killed. The term "Pineapple Primary" originates with the contemporary slang term "pineapple" to describe a hand grenade.
Ruth McCormick,was an American politician,activist,and publisher. She served one term in the United States House of Representatives,winning an at-large seat in Illinois in 1928. She gave up the chance to run for re-election to seek a United States Senate seat from Illinois. She defeated the incumbent,Senator Charles S. Deneen,in the Republican primary,becoming the first female Senate candidate for a major party. McCormick lost the general election. A decade later,she became the first woman to manage a presidential campaign,although her candidate,Thomas E. Dewey,failed to capture his party's nomination.
The 1928 Republican National Convention was held at Convention Hall in Kansas City,Missouri,from June 12 to June 15,1928.
Oak Woods Cemetery is a large lawn cemetery in Chicago,Illinois. Located at 1035 E. 67th Street,in the Greater Grand Crossing area of Chicago's South Side. Established 170 years ago on February 12,1853,it covers 183 acres (74 ha).
Lawrence Yates Sherman was a Republican politician from the State of Illinois. He served as United States Senator,the 28th Lieutenant Governor,and as Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives.
Joseph Medill McCormick was part of the McCormick family of businessmen and politicians in Chicago. After working for some time and becoming part owner of the Chicago Tribune, which his maternal grandfather had owned,he entered politics.
Richard Yates Jr. was the 22nd Governor of Illinois from 1901 to 1905—the first native-born governor of the state. From 1919 to 1933,he served in the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois. Although he failed to receive his party's nomination in 1928 to the Seventy-first Congress,he was later appointed nominee and elected in place of Henry R. Rathbone who died prior to the election. In 1932,he was unsuccessful in his bid for reelection to the Seventy-third Congress.
Bina Deneen (1868–1950),born Bina Maloney,was the first two-term first lady of Illinois,and the first to give birth in the Illinois Executive Mansion. She was the wife of Charles S. Deneen. Known at the time as "the ideal wife for a governor" for her calm and unassuming style,she was also an active participant in her husband's campaigns,and in the woman's club movement.
Ferdinand Lee Barnett was an American journalist,lawyer,and civil rights activist in Chicago,Illinois,beginning in the late Reconstruction era.
The 1924 United States Senate election in Illinois took place on November 4,1924.
The 1930 United States Senate election in Illinois took place on November 4,1930.
The 1928 United States Senate special election in Illinois took place on November 6,1928. The election was held due to the U.S. Senate's refusal to seat 1926 election winner,Republican Frank L. Smith,due to allegations of election fraud. The election saw the election of Republican Otis F. Glenn.
William "Froggie" James,an African-American man,was lynched and his dead body mutilated on November 11,1909 by a mob in the Illinois town of Cairo after he was charged with the rape and murder On November 2,1909 of 23-year-old shop clerk Anna Pelley.
The 1904 Illinois gubernatorial election was held on November 8,1904.
The 1908 Illinois gubernatorial election was held on November 3,1908.
The 1912 Illinois gubernatorial election was held on November 5,1912. Incumbent second-term Republican governor Charles S. Deneen was defeated by Democratic nominee,former mayor of Chicago Edward Fitzsimmons Dunne.
This article incorporates facts obtained from: Lawrence Kestenbaum, The Political Graveyard