Charles Sumner (bishop)

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Charles Sumner
Bishop of Winchester
Portrait of Sumner in the robes of the Order of the Garter by Sir Martin Archer Shee, 1833
Province Province of Canterbury
Diocese Diocese of Winchester
Personal details
Charles Richard Sumner

22 November 1790
Kenilworth, England
Died15 August 1874(1874-08-15) (aged 83)
Farnham, England
Nationality English
Denomination Church of England
Alma mater Eton College
Trinity College, Cambridge

Charles Richard Sumner KG (22 November 1790 15 August 1874) was a Church of England bishop.



Charles Sumner was a brother of John Bird Sumner, Archbishop of Canterbury. Their father was Robert Sumner, and their mother was Hannah Bird, a first cousin of William Wilberforce. [1]

Sumner was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge and graduated Bachelor of Arts (BA) in 1814 and Cambridge Master of Arts (MA) in 1817. [2] After ordination he ministered for the two winters of 1814–1816 to the English congregation in Geneva. From 1816 to 1821 he was curate of Highclere, Hampshire. In 1820, George IV wished to appoint him as a canon of Windsor, but the prime minister, Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, objected; Sumner received instead a royal chaplaincy and librarianship. Other preferments quickly followed; in 1826 he was consecrated Bishop of Llandaff (at that point the Bishop of Llandaff was also Dean of St Paul's Cathedral, London) and in 1827 Bishop of Winchester. In 1869 he resigned his seat, but continued to live at the official residence in Farnham until his death on 15 August 1874. [3]

Though Evangelical in his views he did not confine his patronage to that school. [3]

He and his brother were members of the Canterbury Association from 27 March 1848. [4]


Sumner published a number of charges and sermons and The Ministerial Character of Christ Practically Considered (London, 1824). He also edited and translated John Milton's De doctrina christiana, which was found in the State Paper office in 1823, and formed the text of Macaulay's essay on Milton. [3]


Sumner married Jennie Fanny Barnabine Maunoir (23 February 1794 – 3 September 1849) and had seven children - four sons and three daughters, [5] including:

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  1. Edward J. Davies, "Some Connections of the Birds of Warwickshire", The Genealogist, 26 (2012):58–76.
  2. "Sumner, Charles Richard (SMNR810CR)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. 1 2 3 Chisholm 1911.
  4. Blain, Michael (2007). The Canterbury Association (1848–1852): A Study of Its Members' Connections (PDF). Christchurch: Project Canterbury. pp. 77–78. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
  5. Courtney 1898, p. 167-168.
  6. Foster, Joseph (1888–1892). "Sumner, John Maunoir"  . Alumni Oxonienses: the Members of the University of Oxford, 1715–1886 . Oxford: Parker and Co via Wikisource.
  7. Bastin, John Sturgus; Weizenegger, Julie (2016). The Family of Sir Stamford Raffles. Singapore: National Library Board, Government of Singapore: National Library Board; Government of Singapore; and Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Pte Ltd. p. 199. ISBN   978-981-09-7236-3.
  8. ‘GIBSON, Rt. Rev. Alan George Sumner’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007 accessed 19 Jan 2014
  9. "Ridley, William Henry"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.


Church of England titles
Preceded by Bishop of Llandaff
and Dean of St Paul's

Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of Winchester
Succeeded by