Charles Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 5th Earl Fitzwilliam

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The Earl Fitzwilliam

KG
5thEarlFitzwilliam.png
The 3rd / 5th Earl Fitzwilliam.
BornCharles William Wentworth Fitzwilliam
4 May 1786
Died4 October 1857
Nationality British
Spouse(s)Hon. Mary Dundas
Children13 (including William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 6th Earl Fitzwilliam)
Parent(s) William Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl Fitzwilliam
Lady Charlotte Ponsonby
Shield of arms of Charles Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 5th Earl Fitzwilliam, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel. Shield of arms of Charles Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 5th Earl Fitzwilliam, KG.png
Shield of arms of Charles Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 5th Earl Fitzwilliam, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel.

Charles William Wentworth Fitzwilliam, 5th Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Ireland, and 3rd Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Great Britain, KG (4 May 1786 – 4 October 1857) was a British nobleman and politician. He was President three times of the Royal Statistical Society in 1838–1840, 1847–1849, and 1853–1855; and President of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in its inaugural year (1831–2).

Order of the Garter Order of chivalry in England

The Most Noble Order of the Garter is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry in England and later the United Kingdom. It is dedicated to the image and arms of Saint George, England's patron saint.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Royal Statistical Society

The Royal Statistical Society (RSS) is one of the world's most distinguished and renowned statistical societies. It has three main goals. The RSS is a British learned society for statistics, a professional body for statisticians, and a charity which promotes statistics for the public good.

Contents

He was born the only son of William Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl Fitzwilliam and his first wife, Lady Charlotte Ponsonby. He was a pupil at Eton College from 1796 to 1802.

William Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl Fitzwilliam British racehorse owner

William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl Fitzwilliam, PC, styled Viscount Milton until 1756, was a British Whig statesman of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. In 1782 he inherited the estates of his uncle Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, making him one of the richest people in Britain. He played a leading part in Whig politics until the 1820s.

Eton College British independent boarding school located in Eton

Eton College is an English 13–18 independent boarding school and sixth form for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as Kynge's College of Our Ladye of Eton besyde Windesore , as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school.

Before inheriting the Earldom on 8 February 1833 on the death of his father, he was known by the courtesy title of Viscount Milton. Under that name he was the Whig Member of Parliament for Northamptonshire between 1831 and 1832.

A courtesy title is a title that does not have legal significance but rather is used through custom or courtesy, particularly, in the context of nobility, the titles used by children of members of the nobility.

The county constituency of Northamptonshire, in the East Midlands of England was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832 and was represented in Parliament by two MPs, traditionally known as Knights of the Shire.

The family seat was Wentworth Woodhouse, reputedly the largest private house in England.

A family seat or sometimes just called seat is the principal residence of the landed gentry and aristocracy. The residence usually denotes the social, economic, political, or historic connection of the family within a given area. Some families took their dynasty name from their family seat, or named their family seat after their own dynasty name. The term family seat was first recorded in the 11th century Domesday Book where it was listed as the word caput. The term continues to be used in the British Isles today. A clan seat refers to the seat of the chief of a Scottish clan.

Wentworth Woodhouse country house in the village of Wentworth, South Yorkshire, England

Wentworth Woodhouse is a Grade I listed country house in the village of Wentworth, in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England. It is currently owned by the Wentworth Woodhouse Preservation Trust. Considered to be the largest private residence in the United Kingdom, it has an east front of 606 feet (185 m); the longest country house façade in Europe. The house has more than 300 rooms, although the precise number is unclear, with 250,000 square feet (23,000 m2) of floorspace. It covers an area of more than 2.5 acres (1.0 ha), and is surrounded by a 180-acre (73 ha) park, and an estate of 15,000 acres (6,100 ha).

Family

He married the Hon. Mary Dundas (30 May 1787 – 1 November 1830) on 8 July 1806; she was his cousin and the daughter of Thomas Dundas, 1st Baron Dundas and Lady Charlotte Fitzwilliam, the 4th Earl's sister. They had 13 children:

Cousin marriage marriage between related people

A cousin marriage is a marriage where the partners are cousins. Though the practice was common in earlier times, and continues to be common in some societies today, such marriages are prohibited in some jurisdictions. In some cultures and communities, cousin marriages are considered ideal and actively encouraged; in others, they are subject to social stigma. In some countries, the practice is common, while in others it is uncommon though legal. In some societies, it is seen as incestuous and is legally prohibited, for example in China and Taiwan, North Korea, South Korea, the Philippines and 24 of the 50 United States. Supporters of cousin marriage where it is banned may view the prohibition as discrimination, while opponents may appeal to moral or other arguments. Worldwide, more than 10% of marriages are between first or second cousins.

Thomas Dundas, 1st Baron Dundas Scottish politician

Thomas Dundas, 1st Baron Dundas FRS, known as Sir Thomas Dundas, 2nd Baronet from 1781 to 1794, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1763 to 1794, after which he was raised to the peerage as Baron Dundas. He was responsible for commissioning the Charlotte Dundas, the world's "first practical steamboat".

Charles Cecil Cope Jenkinson, 3rd Earl of Liverpool, styled The Honourable Charles Jenkinson between 1786 and 1828, was a British politician.

Henry Portman, 2nd Viscount Portman British politician

William Henry Berkeley Portman, 2nd Viscount Portman, GCVO was a British Liberal Member of Parliament.

Francis Bridgeman (Royal Navy officer) Royal Navy admiral

Admiral Sir Francis Charles Bridgeman Bridgeman was a Royal Navy officer. As a captain he commanded a battleship and then an armoured cruiser and then, after serving as second-in-command of three different fleets, he twice undertook tours as Commander-in-Chief of the Home Fleet with a stint as Second Sea Lord in between those tours. He became First Sea Lord in November 1911 but clashed with First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill on technical issues as well as matters relating to a perceived overriding of naval traditions by Churchill: this led to Bridgeman's resignation just a year later.

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Lawrence Dundas, 1st Marquess of Zetland British peer

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Earl Fitzwilliam Wikimedia disambiguation page

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William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, Viscount Milton MP was a British nobleman, explorer, and Liberal Party politician.

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William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 6th Earl Fitzwilliam British politician

William Thomas Spencer Wentworth-FitzWilliam, 6th Earl FitzWilliam,, styled Hon. William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam 1815–1835, and Viscount Milton 1835–1857, was a British peer, nobleman, and Liberal Party politician.

Lady Mary Wentworth-Fitzwilliam (1851–1921) was the daughter of William Wentworth-FitzWilliam, 6th Earl FitzWilliam and of Lady Frances Harriet Douglas. On May 23, 1872 she married the Hon. Hugh Le Despencer Boscawen (1849–1908), son of Evelyn Boscawen, 6th Viscount Falmouth (1819–1889).

Milton Hall country house in Cambridgeshire, England, the historical home of the Fitzwilliam family

Milton Hall, near Peterborough, is the largest private house in Cambridgeshire, England. As part of the Soke of Peterborough, it was formerly part of Northamptonshire. It dates from 1594, being the historical home of the Fitzwilliam family, and is situated in an extensive park in which some original oak trees from an earlier Tudor deer park survive. The house is a Grade I listed building; the garden is Grade II*.

The Hon. Charles William Wentworth-FitzWilliam, was a Liberal Party politician in the United Kingdom.

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William Thomas George Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 10th Earl Fitzwilliam JP, known as Tom, was a British peer. He was the 10th and last Earl Fitzwilliam. He died in 1979 at Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorkshire. He left no issue from his marriage. He left £11,776,401 gross, thus paying virtually no death duties.

References

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Bryan Cooke
Henry Grattan
Member of Parliament for Malton
1806–1807
With: Bryan Cooke
Succeeded by
The Lord Headley
Robert Lawrence Dundas
Preceded by
William Wilberforce
Walter Ramsden Fawkes
Member of Parliament for Yorkshire
1807–1830
With: William Wilberforce 1807–1812
Viscount Lascelles 1812–1818
James Stuart-Wortley 1818–1826
William Duncombe 1826–1830
Richard Fountayne Wilson 1826–1830
John Marshall 1826–1830
Succeeded by
William Duncombe
Viscount Morpeth
Richard Bethell
Henry Brougham
Preceded by
Sir James Scarlett
Sir Robert Heron, Bt
Member of Parliament for Peterborough
1830
With: Sir Robert Heron, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Heron, Bt
John Nicholas Fazakerley
Preceded by
Viscount Howick
Member of Parliament for Higham Ferrers
1831
Succeeded by
Charles Pepys
Preceded by
William Ralph Cartwright
Viscount Althorp
Member of Parliament for Northamptonshire
1831–1832
With: Viscount Althorp
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for North Northamptonshire
1832–1833
With: Lord Brudenell
Succeeded by
Lord Brudenell
Viscount Milton
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
William Fitzwilliam
Earl Fitzwilliam
1833–1857
Succeeded by
William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Fitzwilliam
Earl Fitzwilliam
1833–1857
Succeeded by
William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam