Charles Wykeham Martin

Last updated

Charles Wykeham-Martin DL (11 September 1801 – 30 October 1870) was an English Conservative Party politician who sat in the House of Commons in three periods between 1841 and 1870.

Martin was born Charles Wykeham the son of Fiennes Wykeham of Leeds Castle Maidstone and his wife Eliza Bignell, daughter of R. Bignell. He was educated at Eton College and at Balliol College, Oxford. In 1821 his father assumed the additional name of Martin. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Antiquaries, a corresponding member of the Academy d'Archeologie de Belgique, and a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society. He was also a lieutenant-colonel of the 3rd Battalion Kent Volunteers and a Deputy Lieutenant and J.P. for Kent and a J.P. for Hampshire. [1]

Martin stood for parliament unsuccessfully at Newport (Isle of Wight) in 1837 but was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Newport in 1841. He lost the seat at Newport in 1852 and stood unsuccessfully at Maidstone in 1853. He was elected MP for West Kent at a by-election in 1857 as a Liberal but lost the seat in 1859. At the 1865 general election he was elected MP for Newport again and re-elected in 1868 when representation was reduced to one member. He held the seat until his death in 1870. [2]

Martin died at the age of 69 at Leeds Castle on 30 October 1870.

Martin married firstly in 1828, Lady Jemima Isabella Cornwallis, daughter of James Mann, 5th Earl Cornwallis. She died in 1836 and he married secondly in 1838, Matilda Trollope daughter of Sir John Trollope, 6th Baronet. His son Philip was MP for Rochester. [1] His second son Fiennes took the surname Cornwallis in 1859 by Royal licence in accordance with an inheritance from Caroline Cornwallis. [3]

Charles Wykeham Martin is the grandfather of Fiennes Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis, the great-grandfather of Wykeham Cornwallis, 2nd Baron Cornwallis, and the great-great grandfather of Fiennes Neil Wykeham Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baron Saye and Sele</span> Title in the Peerage of England

Baron Saye and Sele is a title in the Peerage of England held by the Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes family. The title dates to 1447 but it was recreated in 1603. Confusion over the details of the 15th-century title has led to conflicting order for titleholders; authorities such as Burke's Peerage and Debrett's Peerage do not agree on whether or not the 1447 creation is still extant.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baron Cornwallis</span> Extinct barony in the Peerage of England

Baron Cornwallis is a title that has been created twice, once in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The holders of the first creation were later made Earl Cornwallis and Marquess Cornwallis, but these titles are now extinct. For information on the first creation, see the Earl Cornwallis.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Earl Cornwallis</span> Earldom in the Peerage of Great Britain

Earl Cornwallis was a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1753 for Charles Cornwallis, 5th Baron Cornwallis. The second Earl was created Marquess Cornwallis but this title became extinct in 1823, while the earldom and its subsidiary titles became extinct in 1852. The Cornwallis family descended from Frederick Cornwallis, who represented Eye and Ipswich in the House of Commons. He was created a Baronet in the Baronetage of England in 1627 and Baron Cornwallis, of Eye in the County of Suffolk, in the Peerage of England in 1661. He was succeeded by his son, the second Baron, who also sat as Member of Parliament for Eye. On his death the titles passed to his son, the third Baron. He notably served as First Lord of the Admiralty. His son, the fourth Baron, was Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk and Postmaster General.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eustace Fiennes</span>

Sir Eustace Edward Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, 1st Baronet, known as Sir Eustace Fiennes, was a British soldier, Liberal politician and colonial administrator.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fiennes Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis</span> British politician (1864–1935)

Colonel Fiennes Stanley Wykeham Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis, was a British Conservative politician.

Anthony Henley Henley, 3rd Baron Henley, also 1st Baron Northington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, was a British peer and Liberal Member of Parliament.

Sir Samuel Barber Strang Steel of Philiphaugh, 1st Baronet, Territorial Decoration was a landowner and Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. He was Member of Parliament (MP) for Ashford from 1918 to 1929.

Colonel Wykeham Stanley Cornwallis, 2nd Baron Cornwallis, was a British peer, cavalry officer and amateur cricketer. He served during the First World War and was later prominent in public life in the county of Kent, holding a range of public offices. He played first-class cricket for Kent County Cricket Club, captaining the side between 1926 and 1928 and succeeded his father Fiennes Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis as Baron Cornwallis in 1935.

Fiennes Neil Wykeham Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, OBE, DL was a British peer. He was the younger child, and the only son, of Wykeham Cornwallis, 2nd Baron Cornwallis and Cecily Etha Mary. He had an elder sister, Rosamond Patricia Susan Anne Cornwallis.

Major Fiennes Cornwallis, born Fiennes Wykeham-Martin, was a British Army officer and related to the Cornwallis family.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Finch-Hatton, 11th Earl of Winchilsea</span>

George James Finch-Hatton, 11th Earl of Winchilsea and 6th Earl of Nottingham, styled Viscount Maidstone between 1826 and 1857, was a British peer and Tory politician.

Oswald Wykeham Cornwallis was an English Royal Navy officer and amateur cricketer. He was born in 1894 at Linton Park in Kent, the third son of Mabel and Fiennes Cornwallis. His father was the Member of Parliament for Maidstone and would later become a peer. He served in both the First and Second World Wars.

The 1901 Maidstone by-election was a by-election held in England on 1 March 1901 for the House of Commons constituency of Maidstone in Kent.

James Whatman was an English Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1852 and 1874.

William Lee was an English cement merchant and Whig and later Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1853 and 1870.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Philip Wykeham Martin</span>

Philip Wykeham-Martin was an English Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1856 to 1878.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Cornwallis, 4th Baron Cornwallis</span> British politician

Charles Cornwallis, 4th Baron Cornwallis was a British politician.

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Earl Cornwallis, styled The Honourable Charles Cornwallis until 1722 and known as The Lord Cornwallis between 1722 and 1753, was a British peer.

James Mann, 5th Earl Cornwallis, known as James Cornwallis until 1814 and as James Mann between 1814 and 1823 and styled Viscount Brome between 1823 and 1824, was a British peer and Tory politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boughton Place</span> Building in Boughton Malherbe, England

Boughton Place, formerly Bocton Place or Bocton Hall, is a country house in Boughton Malherbe, Kent, England. It is the historic home of the Wotton family and birthplace of Sir Henry Wotton (1568–1639), ambassador to Venice under James I.


  1. 1 2 Debretts House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1870
  2. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 1)
  3. "No. 22319". The London Gazette . 25 October 1859. p. 3858.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Newport
With: William Hamilton to 1847
William Plowden from 1847
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for West Kent
With: William Masters Smith
James Whatman
Succeeded by