The Earl of Egremont
|Secretary of State for the Southern Department|
9 October 1761 –21 August 1763
|Prime Minister|| The Earl of Bute |
|Preceded by||William Pitt|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Halifax|
|Born||19 August 1710|
|Died||21 August 1763 53)(aged|
|Spouse(s)||Hon. Alicia Maria Carpenter|
|Parent(s)|| Sir William Wyndham,3rd Baronet |
Charles Wyndham,2nd Earl of Egremont,PC (19 August 1710 –21 August 1763),of Orchard Wyndham in Somerset,Petworth House in Sussex,and of Egremont House in Mayfair,London,was a British statesman who served as Secretary of State for the Southern Department from 1761–63.
He was the eldest son and heir of Sir William Wyndham,3rd Baronet (c. 1688 –1740) of Orchard Wyndham,Secretary at War in 1712,Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1713 and Tory leader in the House of Commons during the reign of King George I (1714–1727) and during the early years of King George II (1727–1760). His mother was Catherine Seymour,daughter of Charles Seymour,6th Duke of Somerset (1662–1748),KG,and sister of Algernon Seymour,7th Duke of Somerset (1684–1750),created in 1749 Earl of Egremont and Baron Cockermouth,with special remainder to his nephew Charles Wyndham,subject of this article.
He succeeded to the Orchard Wyndham estates and as 4th baronet on his father's death in 1740 and in 1750 succeeded by special remainder as 2nd Earl of Egremont,on the death of his uncle Algernon Seymour,7th Duke of Somerset,1st Earl of Egremont,and received as his share of the Seymour inheritance the former Percy estates including Egremont Castle in Cumbria,Leconfield Castle in Yorkshire and the palatial Petworth House in Sussex (rebuilt by the 6th Duke). These were formerly owned by the Percy family,and had been inherited by the 7th Duke of Somerset from his mother Lady Elizabeth Percy (died 1722), daughter and heiress of Joceline Percy,11th Earl of Northumberland. His younger brother was Percy Wyndham-O'Brien,1st Earl of Thomond,created Earl of Thomond,having become the chosen heir of his mother's sister's childless husband Henry O'Brien,8th Earl of Thomond (1688–1741).
Wyndham served as Member of Parliament for Bridgwater (Somerset) in 1734–1741,Appleby (Cumberland) in 1741–1747,and for Taunton (Somerset) in 1747–1750.
In October 1761 he was appointed Secretary of State for the Southern Department in succession to William Pitt,1st Earl of Chatham. His term of office,during which he acted in concert with his brother-in-law George Grenville,was mainly occupied with the declaration of war on Spain and with the negotiations for peace with France and Spain,the terms of which Wyndham seems to have disliked. He was also involved with the proceedings against John Wilkes.He was Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland 1751-1763 and Lord Lieutenant of Sussex 1762–1763.
On 12 March 1750/51 Wyndham married Hon. Alicia Maria Carpenter,a daughter of George Carpenter,2nd Baron Carpenter of Killaghy,by his wife Elizabeth Petty.He had progeny including:
He died on 21 August 1763.
According to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition,Horace Walpole perhaps rated Egremont's talents too low when he said he had neither knowledge of business,nor the smallest share of parliamentary abilities.
Charles Seymour,6th Duke of Somerset,known by the epithet "The Proud Duke",was an English peer. He rebuilt Petworth House in Sussex,the ancient Percy seat inherited from his wife,in the palatial form which survives today. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition,he was a remarkably handsome man,and inordinately fond of taking a conspicuous part in court ceremonial;his vanity,which earned him the sobriquet of "the proud duke",was a byword among his contemporaries and was the subject of numerous anecdotes;Macaulay described him as "a man in whom the pride of birth and rank amounted almost to a disease".
Baron Leconfield,of Leconfield in the East Riding of the County of York,is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1859 for Col. George Wyndham (1787–1869). He was the eldest illegitimate son and adopted heir of George Wyndham,3rd Earl of Egremont (1751–1837),from whom he inherited Petworth House in Sussex,Egremont Castle and Cockermouth Castle in Cumbria and Leconfield Castle in Yorkshire,all formerly lands of Josceline Percy,11th Earl of Northumberland (1644–1670),inherited by Charles Seymour,6th Duke of Somerset (1662–1748) on his marriage to the Percy heiress Elizabeth Percy (1667–1722) and inherited as one of the co-heirs of his son Algernon Seymour,7th Duke of Somerset,1st Earl of Egremont (1684–1750) by the latter's nephew Sir Charles Wyndham,4th Baronet (1710–1763) of Orchard Wyndham in Somerset,who inherited by special remainder the Earldom of Egremont. The 1st Baron's eldest son,the second Baron,represented West Sussex in the House of Commons as a Conservative. He was succeeded by his eldest son,the third Baron,who served as Lord Lieutenant of Sussex from 1917 to 1949. The latter's nephew,the sixth Baron,served as Private Secretary to Prime Minister Harold Macmillan from 1957 to 1963. In 1963,four years before he succeeded his father in the barony of Leconfield,the Egremont title held by his ancestors was revived when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Egremont,of Petworth in the County of Sussex. As of 2017 the titles are held by his son,the seventh Baron. Known as Max Egremont,he is a biographer and novelist.
Petworth House in the parish of Petworth,West Sussex,England,is a late 17th-century Grade I listed country house,rebuilt in 1688 by Charles Seymour,6th Duke of Somerset,and altered in the 1870s to the design of the architect Anthony Salvin. It contains intricate wood-carvings by Grinling Gibbons (d.1721). It is the manor house of the manor of Petworth. For centuries it was the southern home for the Percy family,Earls of Northumberland.
This is a list of people who served as Lord Lieutenant of Sussex. From 1677 until 1974,all Lord Lieutenants were also Custos Rotulorum of Sussex.
General Algernon Seymour,7th Duke of Somerset,styled Earl of Hertford until 1748,of Petworth House in Sussex,was a British Army officer and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1708 until 1722 when he was raised to the House of Lords as Baron Percy.
Sir William Wyndham,3rd Baronet,of Orchard Wyndham in Somerset,was an English Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1710 to 1740. He served as Secretary at War in 1712 and Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1713 during the reign of the last Stuart monarch,Queen Anne (1702–1714). He was a Jacobite leader firmly opposed to the Hanoverian succession and was leader of the Tory opposition in the House of Commons during the reign of King George I (1714–1727) and during the early years of King George II (1727–1760).
Earl of Egremont was a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1749,along with the subsidiary title Baron of Cockermouth,in Cumberland,for Algernon Seymour,7th Duke of Somerset,with remainder to his nephews Sir Charles Wyndham,4th Baronet,of Orchard Wyndham,and Percy Wyndham-O'Brien. The Duke had previously inherited the Percy estates,including the lands of Egremont in Cumberland,from his mother Lady Elizabeth Percy,daughter and heiress of Joceline Percy,11th Earl of Northumberland. In 1750 Sir Charles Wyndham succeeded according to the special remainder as second Earl of Egremont on the death of his uncle. His younger brother Percy Wyndham-O'Brien was created Earl of Thomond in 1756.
George O'Brien Wyndham,3rd Earl of EgremontFRS of Petworth House in Sussex and Orchard Wyndham in Somerset,was a British peer,a major landowner and a great art collector. He was interested in the latest scientific advances. He was an agriculturist and a friend of the agricultural writer Arthur Young,and was an enthusiastic canal builder who invested in many commercial ventures for the improvement of his estates. He played a limited role in politics.
Sir Murrough O'Brien,10th Baron of Inchiquin,5th Baron O'Brien of Burren,1st Baron Thomond of Taplow,5th Earl of Inchiquin,1st Marquess of Thomond KP,PC (Ire),known from 1777 to 1800 as the 5th Earl of Inchiquin,was an Irish peer,soldier and politician.
George Wyndham,1st Baron Leconfield,was a British soldier and peer.
Charles Henry Wyndham,3rd Baron Leconfield,was a British peer,army officer and political figure. He succeeded his father as third Baron Leconfield in 1901.
John Edward Reginald Wyndham,6th Baron Leconfield,1st Baron Egremont MBE was a British peer,art collector and author.
JoscelinePercy,11th Earl of Northumberland,5th Baron Percy,of Alnwick Castle,Northumberland and Petworth House,Sussex,was an English peer.
Percy Wyndham-O'Brien,1st Earl of Thomond was a British Member of Parliament and an Irish peer.
Elizabeth Seymour,Duchess of Somerset and suo jureBaroness Percy was an English heiress. She was styled Lady Elizabeth Percy between 1667 and 1679,Countess of Ogle between 1679 and 1681,Lady Elizabeth Thynne between 1681 and 1682,and Duchess of Somerset between 1682 and 1722. She was the only surviving child and sole heiress of Joceline Percy,11th Earl of Northumberland (1644–1670). Lady Elizabeth was one of the closest personal friends of Queen Anne,which led Jonathan Swift to direct at her one of his sharpest satires,The Windsor Prophecy,in which she was called "Carrots".
George Francis Wyndham,4th Earl of Egremont of Orchard Wyndham,Somerset and Silverton Park,Devon,was an English nobleman and naval officer.
Wyndham is a surname and a given name. Notable people with the name include:
Percy Charles Wyndham was an English politician.
Alicia Wyndham,Countess of Egremont,formerly the Hon. Alicia Maria Carpenter,was the wife of Charles Wyndham,2nd Earl of Egremont.
Elizabeth Ilive was an English polymath. She was the mistress and later wife of George Wyndham,3rd Earl of Egremont. She was the mother of eight of his children.