Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois

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Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois
Marquis de Beauharnois.jpg
Born(1671-10-12)12 October 1671
Orléans, France
Died 12 July 1749(1749-07-12) (aged 77)
Paris, France
Occupation Career in the Marines, Governor General of New France

Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois (c.12 October 1671 12 July 1749) was a French Naval officer who served as Governor of New France from 1726 to 1746.

Circa – frequently abbreviated c., ca., or ca, and less frequently circ. or cca. – signifies "approximately" in several European languages and as a loanword in English, usually in reference to a date. Circa is widely used in historical writing when the dates of events are not accurately known.

The Governor of New France was the viceroy of the King of France in North America. A French noble, he was appointed to govern the colonies of New France, which included Canada, Acadia and Louisiana. The residence of the Governor was at the Chateau St-Louis in the capital of Quebec City. Acadia, Louisiana, and the towns of Trois-Rivières and Montreal had their own particular governors.

Charles had two brothers who also impacted the history of New France. Claude de Beauharnois was a French Naval officer who spent time commanding ships that maintained supply lines to the colony and François de Beauharnois was intendant of New France for a time.

New France area colonized by France in North America

New France was the area colonized by France in North America during a period beginning with the exploration of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Great Britain and Spain in 1763 under the Treaty of Paris (1763).

Claude de Beauharnois de Beaumont et de Villechauve was a French naval officer from a prominent French family with significant connections to the history of New France. A brother, François de Beauharnois was intendant of New France from 1702 to 1705. Another brother, Charles de Beauharnois served as Governor of New France from 1726 to 1746.

François de Beauharnois de la Chaussaye, Baron de Beauville was a French naval and colonial administrator in France itself and in New France, and a member of the House of Beauharnais.

The governor worked well with frontier traders, explorers, and missionaries. His term saw a great expansion in the number of western forts with the leadership of people like La Vérendrye, and the linkage of Canadian and Louisiana colonies. Exploration was pushed west to the Rocky Mountains by La Vérendrye and his sons.

Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye French Canadian explorer and trader

Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye was a French Canadian military officer, fur trader and explorer. In the 1730s, he and his four sons explored the area west of Lake Superior and established trading posts there. They were part of a process that added Western Canada to the original New France territory that was centered along the Saint Lawrence basin.

Louisiana State of the United States of America

Louisiana is a state in the Deep South region of the South Central United States. It is the 31st most extensive and the 25th most populous of the 50 United States. Louisiana is bordered by the state of Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. A large part of its eastern boundary is demarcated by the Mississippi River. Louisiana is the only U.S. state with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are equivalent to counties. The state's capital is Baton Rouge, and its largest city is New Orleans.

Despite a generally peaceful and prosperous administration, he was blamed for the fall of Fortress Louisbourg in 1745, and was recalled in 1746, returning to France to following year.

Many places carry his name including the town of Beauharnois, Quebec and Fort Beauharnois, Minnesota.

Beauharnois, Quebec City in Quebec, Canada

Beauharnois is a city located in the Beauharnois-Salaberry Regional County Municipality of southwestern Quebec, Canada, and is part of the Greater Montreal Area. The city's population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 12,011. It is home to the Beauharnois Hydroelectric Power Station, one of the largest hydroelectric generating stations in the world, as well as the Beauharnois Lock of the Saint Lawrence Seaway.

Fort Beauharnois French fort on Lake Pepin in present-day Minnesota, United States

Fort Beauharnois was a French fort built on the shores of Lake Pepin, a wide part of the upper Mississippi River, in 1727. The location chosen was on lowlands and the fort was rebuilt in 1730 on higher ground. It was the site of the first Roman Catholic chapel in Minnesota, which was dedicated to St. Michael the Archangel. The fort was named after the Governor of New France at the time, Charles de Beauharnois.

Minnesota State of the United States of America

Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U.S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, and is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes". Its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord.

The Dictionary of Canadian Biography is a dictionary of biographical entries for individuals who have contributed to the history of Canada. The DCB, which was initiated in 1959, is a collaboration between the University of Toronto and Laval University. Fifteen volumes have so far been published with more than 8,400 biographies of individuals who died or whose last known activity fell between the years 1000 and 1930. The entire print edition is online, along with some additional biographies to the year 2000.

Government offices
Preceded by
Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil
Governor General of New France
1726 1746
Succeeded by
Comte de La Galissonnière

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