Charley Burley

Last updated
Charley Burley
CharleyBurley.jpeg
Statistics
Real nameCharles Duane Burley
Weight(s) Middleweight
Welterweight
Height5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)
Nationality American
Born(1917-09-06)September 6, 1917
Bessemer, Pennsylvania
DiedOctober 16, 1992(1992-10-16) (aged 75)
Stance Orthodox
Boxing record
Total fights98
Wins83
Wins by KO50
Losses12
Draws2
No contests1

Charley Burley (September 6, 1917 – October 16, 1992) was an American boxer who fought as a welterweight and middleweight from 1936 to 1950. Archie Moore, the light-heavyweight champion who was defeated by Burley in a 1944 middleweight bout, was one of several fighters who called Burley the greatest fighter ever. [1] [2] Burley was the penultimate holder of both the World Colored Welterweight Championship and the World Colored Middleweight Championship.

Contents

Early life

He was born Charles Duane Burley in Bessemer, Pennsylvania on September 6, 1917 to a mixed-race couple: his father was a black coal miner and his mother a white Irish immigrant from County Cork. [3] Raised in Bessemer, the only son of seven children, the family moved to Pittsburgh when his father was killed in an industrial accident in 1925.

He began boxing at the age of 12 at a Boys Club and, as a lightweight, won city, state and national junior boxing titles and a Golden Gloves junior title. As a welterweight, he won a Golden Gloves Senior and lost the 1936 National Senior Championship finals. That same year, he refused an invitation to participate in the Olympic trials due to his objection to the Nazi regime. He did accept an invitation to attend a scheduled 'Workers Games' to be held in Republican Spain as a protest to the 1936 Berlin Summer Olympics, but the games were cancelled by the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War.

Burley had also excelled at baseball. He reportedly was offered a contract by the Homestead Grays, the local Negro leagues franchise.

Pro Boxing Career

The 5'9 ½ Burley fought at weights between 145 and 162 lbs. He made his pro debut on September 29, 1936, fighting as a welterweight at 150¾ lbs., at Pittsburgh's Moose Temple. He knocked out George Liggins in the fourth round of a four-round bout. [4] Less than two years later, on August 22, 1938, Burley met the Cocoa Kid at Hickey Park in Millvale, Pennsylvania for the World Colored Welterweight Championship. He won a unanimous decision in the 15-round bout, knocking the Kid to the canvas three times and defeating him decisively, taking his title.

Burley did not defend that title, possibly as part of a strategy to win a shot at Henry Armstrong's World Welterweight title. He won the World Colored Middleweight Title in a ninth round technical knockout against Holman Williams at Victory Arena in New Orleans, Louisiana on 14 August 1942. In their rematch for the title two months later at the same venue, Williams won a 15-round decision. Jack Kincaid of the Times-Picayune reported that Burley had won nine rounds of the fight and had been the aggressor throughout.

Burley was never granted a world title shot by any of the world welterweight and world middleweight champions of his era and was avoided by many of the top white contenders. Among the fighters who "ducked" Burley were Hall of Famers Billy Conn (who fought Joe Louis for the heavyweight title), Frenchman Marcel Cerdan (who was supposed to face Burley in his American debut) and even Sugar Ray Robinson, considered by many boxing historians as the best pound-for-pound fighter of all time.

Of course, not everyone ducked the slick Pittsburgh warrior. Burley won two out of three matches against future welterweight champion Fritzie Zivic, defeated the great Archie Moore by decision, and easily defeated future NYSAC middleweight king Billy Soose. Burley also faced future heavyweight champion Ezzard Charles, but dropped two 10-round decisions to him (the bouts were contested within a five-week period, sandwiching a fight against Williams). Another notable Burley fight was the one against heavyweight J.D. Turner, who outweighed him by around 70 lbs. "Turner, face beaten to raw beefsteak in six rounds, failed to answer the bell for the seventh." (The Ring, June 1942).

Burley himself was never stopped in 98 bouts. He compiled a record of 83 wins (50 by knockout) against 12 losses and two draws with 1 "no contest". He also battled financial problems at times during his career (which is why he's thought to have lost some of the fights he did) and was forced to work as an aircraft mechanic and garbage man in order to earn enough money to live off.

Legacy

Burley's second fight with Oakland Billy Smith in 1946 is the only known boxing film for him that is known to exist. It shows a conservative counter-puncher taming a much larger opponent with relative ease. [5]

Burley's former sparring partner A.J. "Blackie" Nelson offers this comparison: "I see a lot of Charley in this kid, Roy Jones Jr. Both had unorthodox styles, could hit you from any angle, both hard to hit. Charley jabbed more than Jones, if Jones would concentrate on boxing as Charley did, he would become an all-time great."

Eddie Futch, the great trainer, called Burley "the finest all-around fighter I ever saw."

Burley was named to the Ring Magazine's list of 100 greatest punchers of all time, elected to the Boxing Hall of Fame in 1983 and the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1992.

Burley was ranked 39th on Ring Magazine's list of the 80 Best Fighters of the Last 80 Years.

An exhibit at the Western Pennsylvania Sports Museum at Pittsburgh's Senator Heinz History Center states that Burley was the model for the character Troy in August Wilson's play Fences .


Professional boxing record

Professional record summary
98 fights83 wins12 losses
By knockout330
By decision5012
Draws2
No contests1
No.ResultRecordOpponentTypeRoundDateLocationNotes
98Win83–12–2 (1) Flag of Uruguay.svg Pilar BastidasPTS10Jul 22, 1950 Flag of Peru.svg Plaza de Toros de Acho, Lima, Peru
97Win82–12–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Buddy HodnettKO6 (8)Mar 2, 1950 Flag of the United States.svg Aragon Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
96Win81–12–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Chuck HigginsKO1 (8)Feb 2, 1950 Flag of the United States.svg Aragon Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
95Win80–12–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Willie WrightPTS8Jul 25, 1949 Flag of the United States.svg Zivic Arena, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
94Loss79–12–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Charley Doc Williams PTS10Apr 3, 1949 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum Arena, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
93Win79–11–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Lonnie CraftKO3 (6)Mar 24, 1948 Flag of the United States.svg Huntington, West Virginia, U.S.
92Win78–11–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Larry CartwrightTKO8 (10)Aug 8, 1947 Flag of the United States.svg Huntington, West Virginia, U.S.
91Loss77–11–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Bert Lytell UD10Feb 17, 1947 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
90Win77–10–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Bert Lytell UD10Aug 5, 1946 Flag of the United States.svg Zivic Arena, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
89Win76–10–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Charley BanksPTS10Jul 16, 1946 Flag of the United States.svg Zivic Arena, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
88Win75–10–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Oakland Billy SmithPTS10Apr 24, 1946 Flag of the United States.svg Civic Auditorium, San Francisco, California, U.S.
87Win74–10–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Paulie PetersTKO2 (10)Apr 8, 1946 Flag of the United States.svg Civic Auditorium, San Francisco, California, U.S.
86Win73–10–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Charley DodsonTKO3 (10)Mar 14, 1946 Flag of the United States.svg Aragon Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
85Win72–10–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Oakland Billy SmithPTS10Oct 8, 1945 Flag of the United States.svg Civic Auditorium, San Francisco, California, U.S.
84Win71–10–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Speedy DuvallKO4 (10)Sep 28, 1945 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum Arena, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
83Win70–10–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Dave ClarkKO1 (10)Sep 4, 1945 Flag of the United States.svg Music Hall Arena, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
82Win69–10–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Aaron Wade UD10Aug 20, 1945 Flag of the United States.svg Forbes Field, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
81Win68–10–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Oscar BoydKO2 (8)Jul 26, 1945 Flag of the United States.svg Forbes Field, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
80Loss67–10–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Holman Williams UD12Jul 11, 1945 Flag of the United States.svg Civic Stadium, Buffalo, New York, U.S.
79Win67–9–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Joe CarterUD10Mar 12, 1945 Flag of the United States.svg Civic Auditorium, San Francisco, California, U.S.
78Win66–9–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Chase TKO12 (15)Sep 11, 1944 Flag of the United States.svg Civic Auditorium, San Francisco, California, U.S. Retained USA California state middleweight title
77Win65–9–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Young Gene BuffaloTKO5 (10)Aug 28, 1944 Flag of the United States.svg Civic Auditorium, San Francisco, California, U.S.
76Win64–9–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Frankie NelsonTKO7 (10)Jun 23, 1944 Flag of the United States.svg Legion Stadium, Hollywood, California, U.S.
75Win63–9–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Al GilbertTKO4 (10)May 12, 1944 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum, San Diego, California, U.S.
74Win62–9–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Archie Moore PTS10Apr 21, 1944 Flag of the United States.svg Legion Stadium, Hollywood, California, U.S.
73Win61–9–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Chase KO9 (15)Apr 6, 1944 Flag of the United States.svg Legion Stadium, Hollywood, California, U.S. Won USA California state middleweight title
72Win60–9–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Aaron Wade PTS10Mar 24, 1944 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum, San Diego, California, U.S.
71Win59–9–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Bobby BergerKO5 (10)Mar 3, 1944 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum, San Diego, California, U.S.
70Win58–9–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Bobby BirchPTS10Jun 26, 1943 Flag of the United States.svg Lane Field, San Diego, California, U.S.
69NC57–9–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Herbert Lewis Hardwick NC10 (10)May 14, 1943 Flag of the United States.svg Legion Stadium, Hollywood, California, U.S. The referee declared the fight no contest after one minute of the 10th round because of inactivity
68Draw57–9–2 Flag of the United States.svg Herbert Lewis Hardwick PTS10Apr 19, 1943 Flag of the United States.svg Pelican Stadium, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
67Win57–9–1 Flag of the United States.svg Aaron Wade PTS10Mar 3, 1943 Flag of the United States.svg Auditorium, Oakland, California, U.S.
66Win56–9–1 Flag of the United States.svg Jack Chase UD10Feb 19, 1943 Flag of the United States.svg Legion Stadium, Hollywood, California, U.S.
65Win55–9–1 Flag of the United States.svg Harvey MasseyTKO9 (10)Feb 3, 1943 Flag of the United States.svg Auditorium, Oakland, California, U.S.
64Loss54–9–1 Flag of the United States.svg Lloyd Marshall SD10Dec 11, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Legion Stadium, Hollywood, California, U.S.
63Win54–8–1 Flag of the United States.svg Cecilio LozadaTKO2 (10)Nov 13, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum, San Diego, California, U.S.
62Loss53–8–1 Flag of the United States.svg Holman Williams UD15Oct 16, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Municipal Auditorium, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S. Lost world colored middleweight title
61Win53–7–1 Flag of the United States.svg Holman Williams TKO9 (15)Aug 14, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Victory Arena, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S. Won vacant world colored middleweight title
60Loss52–7–1 Flag of the United States.svg Ezzard Charles UD10Jun 29, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
59Win52–6–1 Flag of the United States.svg Holman Williams PTS10Jun 23, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Crosley Field, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
58Loss51–6–1 Flag of the United States.svg Ezzard Charles UD10May 25, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Forbes Field, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
57Win51–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg George WilsonKO2 (10)Apr 30, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Armory, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
56Win50–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Joe SutkaKO4 (8)Apr 24, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
55Win49–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Phil McQuillanKO1 (8)Apr 20, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg St. Nicholas Arena, New York City, New York, U.S.
54Win48–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Cleo McNealKO5 (10)Apr 9, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Armory, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
53Win47–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Jay D TurnerTKO7 (10)Mar 13, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Armory, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
52Win46–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Holman Williams UD10Feb 26, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Armory, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
51Win45–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Shorty Hogue RTD6 (10)Feb 13, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum, San Diego, California, U.S.
50Win44–5–1 Flag of Romania.svg Milo TheodorescuTKO4 (10)Feb 6, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum, San Diego, California, U.S.
49Win43–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Jackie BurkeTKO5 (10)Jan 23, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Armory, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
48Win42–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Shorty Hogue TKO10 (10)Jan 9, 1942 Flag of the United States.svg Armory, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
47Win41–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Jerry HayesKO4 (10)Dec 23, 1941 Flag of the United States.svg City Auditorium, Eau Claire, Wisconsin, U.S.
46Win40–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Ted MorrisonTKO2 (8)Dec 12, 1941 Flag of the United States.svg Armory, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
45Win39–5–1 Flag of Chile.svg Antonio FernandezPTS10Sep 25, 1941 Flag of the United States.svg Convention Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
44Win38–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Otto BlackwellPTS8Aug 25, 1941 Flag of the United States.svg Gardens, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
43Win37–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Young Gene BuffaloTKO5 (10)Jul 14, 1941 Flag of the United States.svg Gardens, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
42Win36–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Ossie HarrisTKO9 (10)Jun 2, 1941 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
41Win35–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Eddie EllisTKO5 (8)Apr 18, 1941 Flag of the United States.svg Boston Garden, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
40Win34–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Babe SynnottTKO5 (8)Mar 31, 1941 Flag of the United States.svg Duquesne Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
39Win33–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Vince PimpinellaPTS10Nov 11, 1940 Flag of the United States.svg Turner's Arena, Washington, D.C., U.S.
38Win32–5–1 Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Ernest Peirce PTS10Oct 17, 1940 Flag of the United States.svg Butler Street Sports Arena, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
37Loss31–5–1 Flag of the United States.svg Jimmy Bivins UD10Sep 3, 1940 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
36Win31–4–1 Flag of the United States.svg Kenny LaSalleUD10Aug 19, 1940 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
35Draw30–4–1 Flag of the United States.svg Georgie Abrams PTS10Jul 29, 1940 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
34Win30–4 Flag of the United States.svg Carl DellPTS10Jun 17, 1940 Flag of the United States.svg Valley Arena, Holyoke, Massachusetts, U.S.
33Win29–4 Flag of the United States.svg Sam EdwardsKO2 (10)Apr 26, 1940 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum Arena, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
32Win28–4 Flag of the United States.svg Baby Kid ChocolateTKO5 (10)Apr 12, 1940 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum Arena, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
31Win27–4 Flag of the United States.svg Nate BoldenPTS10Feb 12, 1940 Flag of the United States.svg Duquesne Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
30Loss26–4 Flag of the United States.svg Holman Williams PTS15Dec 1, 1939 Flag of the United States.svg Coliseum Arena, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
29Win26–3 Flag of the United States.svg Mickey MakarKO1 (10)Oct 23, 1939 Flag of the United States.svg Moose Temple, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
28Win25–3 Flag of the United States.svg Jimmy LetoPTS10Aug 28, 1939 Flag of the United States.svg Forbes Field, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
27Win24–3 Flag of the United States.svg Fritzie Zivic UD10Jul 17, 1939 Flag of the United States.svg Forbes Field, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
26Loss23–3 Flag of the United States.svg Jimmy LetoSD10Jun 20, 1939 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
25Win23–2 Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg Sonny JonesTKO7 (12)Jan 10, 1939 Flag of the United States.svg Motor Square Garden, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
24Win22–2 Flag of the United States.svg Billy Soose UD10Nov 21, 1938 Flag of the United States.svg Motor Square Garden, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
23Win21–2 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Werther ArcelliKO1 (10)Nov 3, 1938 Flag of the United States.svg Duquesne Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
22Win20–2 Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Herbert Lewis Hardwick UD15Aug 22, 1938 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S. Won world colored welterweight title
21Win19–2 Flag of the United States.svg Leon ZorritaUD10Aug 2, 1938 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
20Win18–2 Flag of the United States.svg Fritzie Zivic UD10Jun 13, 1938 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
19Win17–2 Flag of the United States.svg Mike BartoTKO4 (10)Jun 1, 1938 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
18Loss16–2 Flag of the United States.svg Fritzie Zivic SD10Mar 21, 1938 Flag of the United States.svg Motor Square Garden, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
17Win16–1 Flag of the United States.svg Art TateKO2 (6)Mar 3, 1938 Flag of the United States.svg Duquesne Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
16Win15–1 Flag of the United States.svg Carl TurnerUD4Feb 10, 1938 Flag of the United States.svg Duquesne Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
15Win14–1 Flag of the United States.svg Johnny FolioPTS4Feb 3, 1938 Flag of the United States.svg Duquesne Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
14Win13–1 Flag of the United States.svg Tiger JacksonKO2 (4)Jan 27, 1938 Flag of the United States.svg Duquesne Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
13Loss12–1 Flag of the United States.svg Eddie DolanUD8Sep 9, 1937 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
12Win12–0 Flag of the United States.svg Sammy GrippeTKO6 (8)Aug 16, 1937 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
11Win11–0 Flag of Mexico.svg Remo FernandezTKO7 (8)Aug 9, 1937 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
10Win10–0 Flag of the United States.svg Mickey O'BrienPTS10Jun 24, 1937 Flag of the United States.svg Hickey Park, Millvale, Pennsylvania, U.S.
9Win9–0 Flag of the United States.svg Keith GoodballetTKO2 (8)May 27, 1937 Flag of the United States.svg Duquesne Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
8Win8–0 Flag of the United States.svg Sammy GrippePTS6May 3, 1937 Flag of the United States.svg Duquesne Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
7Win7–0 Flag of the United States.svg Ray GrayPTS6Apr 19, 1937 Flag of the United States.svg Motor Square Garden, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
6Win6–0 Flag of the United States.svg Johnny FolioTKO5 (8)Apr 15, 1937 Flag of the United States.svg Palisades Rink, McKeesport, Pennsylvania, U.S.
5Win5–0 Flag of the United States.svg Ray CollinsTKO5 (8)Feb 8, 1937 Flag of the United States.svg Oil City, Pennsylvania, U.S.
4Win4–0 Flag of the United States.svg Ralph GizzyKO2 (8)Jan 22, 1937 Flag of the United States.svg K. of C. Hall, Oil City, Pennsylvania, U.S.
3Win3–0 Flag of the United States.svg Eddie WirkoTKO5 (6)Nov 9, 1936 Flag of the United States.svg Moose Lodge, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
2Win2–0 Flag of the United States.svg Ralph GizzyPTS6Oct 22, 1936 Flag of the United States.svg Duquesne Gardens, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
1Win1–0 Flag of the United States.svg George LigginsKO4 (4)Sep 29, 1936 Flag of the United States.svg Moose Temple, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.

See also

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Cocoa Kid
World Colored Welterweight Championship
August 22, 1938 - Unknown
Succeeded by
Cocoa Kid
Preceded by
Unknown
World Colored Middleweight Championship
August 14, 1942 - October 16, 1942
Succeeded by
Holman Williams

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Herbert Lewis Hardwick Puerto Rian boxer

Herbert Lewis Hardwick Arroyo a.k.a. "Cocoa Kid" was a Puerto Rican boxer of African descent who fought primarily as a welterweight but also in the middleweight division. Hardwick won the World Colored Championships in both divisions. He was a member of boxing's "Black Murderers' Row" and fought the best boxers of his time. He was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 2012.

The World Colored Middleweight Championship was a title awarded to black boxers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This was the only recognized middleweight championship available to blacks prior to Tiger Flowers winning the world middleweight boxing championship by defeating Harry Greb on 26 November 1926.

The World Colored Welterweight Championship was a title that existed during the time of the color bar in professional boxing.

Eddie Palmer was an African American boxer who held the World Colored Welterweight and World Colored Middleweight titles. Born in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1892, the 5'9" Palmer fought at a weight of between 142 and 156 lbs. out of Philadelphia and New Orleans between 1910 and 1925. He moved to Philadelphia in August 1911 and fought out of the City of Brotherly Love for two years.

The Black Heavyweight Championship was a title in pretense claimed by the African American boxer Klondike, who was born John Haines or John W. Haynes and by two-time colored heavyweight champ Frank Childs.

The Negro Middleweight Championship of the World was a title in pretense claimed by Johnny Banks, an African American boxer who fought under the sobriquet "The Darkey Wizard" during the mid-1880s. He claimed the Negro Middleweight Championship but lost it in a title fight on 26 Jan 1887 in New York City to James Desverney when he was disqualified in the ninth round on a foul.

References

  1. "Charley Burley". Cyber Boxing Zone.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  2. "Charley Burley". cyberboxingzone.com. Boxing Cyber Zone. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  3. "Charley Burley". Cyber Boxing Zone.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  4. "Charley Burley". BoxRec. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  5. "Charley Burley vs Okland Billy Smith Part 1". YouTube. Retrieved 10 May 2015.