The Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry
Watercolour of the Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry with her daughter Lady Victoria
Lady Charlotte Anne Thynne
10 April 1811
|Died||18 March 1895 83) (aged|
Ditton Park, Buckinghamshire
|Resting place||Dalkeith Palace|
|Spouse(s)||Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch|
Charlotte Anne Montagu Douglas Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry, VA (néeThynne; 10 April 1811 – 18 March 1895) was a British peeress. A daughter of Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath, Charlotte married Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch in 1829. They had seven children, including William Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch; Henry Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu of Beaulieu; and the Royal Navy admiral Lord Charles Montagu Douglas Scott.
From 1841 to 1846, the Duchess of Buccleuch served as the Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria as a member of Robert Peel's ministry. Her husband, a staunch Conservative, also served in Peel's ministry, and the Duchess used the connection to gain patronage for her brothers. She and the Queen remained lifelong friends, with the latter serving as godmother to Charlotte's daughter Lady Victoria. The Duchess advised her on Scotland, and later converted to Roman Catholicism in 1860. She engaged in philanthropic efforts in Scotland, and died in 1895 at Ditton Park.
Lady Charlotte Anne Thynne was born at the Thynne family seat of Longleat in Wiltshire on 10 April 1811. She was the youngest daughter and tenth child of Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath and the Hon. Isabella Elizabeth Byng, daughter of George Byng, 4th Viscount Torrington.Her siblings included Henry Thynne, 3rd Marquess of Bath; Elizabeth Campbell, Countess Cawdor and Louisa Lascelles, Countess of Harewood.
On 13 March 1829 Charlotte married Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuchat St George's, Hanover Square, London, becoming Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry. He had succeeded to the dukedom at the age of thirteen upon his father's death, and was five years older than his wife. According to the contemporary journal The Lady's Realm , their "romantic" engagement resulted when the young Duke visited her father and met Lady Charlotte. Upon their parting, he saw tears in her eyes which prompted him to turn his coach around and approach her father directly to ask for her hand in marriage. The couple would produce three daughters and four sons. Among their children were William Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch and Henry Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu of Beaulieu.
In 1841, she succeeded the Duchess of Sutherland as Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria. The new prime minister, Robert Peel, personally selected her to be a member of his newly formed ministry.The post would later also be filled by her daughter-in-law Louisa. Her husband was a staunch Conservative and became Lord Privy Seal in Peel's ministry from 1842 to 1846; the Duchess used the connection to help her brothers gain patronage.
The Duchess of Buccleuch and Queen Victoria were lifelong friends,with the monarch describing the Duchess as "an agreeable, sensible, clever little person." In 1842 at Buckingham Palace, during Queen Victoria's preparations to visit Scotland, the Duchess helped advise her on the country. The Duke and Duchess helped entertain the Queen and Prince Albert when they arrived at Dalkeith. The historian Alex Tyrrell writes that the Duchess helped "consolidate Conservative influence in the royal household and counteract memories of the Bedchamber Crisis." The Queen stood as godmother for the Duchess's eldest daughter Victoria Alexandrine, who was christened at Buckingham Palace in April 1845. The Montagu-Douglas-Scotts were patrons of the artist Robert Thorburn, and commissioned him to paint several portraits of the Duchess, including a double portrait of her and Lady Victoria; this was given to Queen Victoria in 1847.
The Duchess of Buccleuch resigned the post of Mistress of the Robes in 1846,and was succeeded by the Duchess of Sutherland. She was a member of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert, Third Class.
The Duchess's high church faith was an influence of her brother Revd Lord John Thynne, who was high church canon of Westminster Abbey. She and her husband built St Mary the Virgin, an Episcopal church in Dalkeith.To the Duke's distress, she converted to Roman Catholicism in 1860, "after struggling with her conscience for many years over the distress it would cause her Presbyterian husband." Soon after being married, she befriended Cecil, Marchioness of Lothian, another prominent Roman Catholic in Scotland. The two engaged in philanthropic work in Edinburgh together, and Lady Lothian helped persuade the Duchess to come to the decision to convert. Her brother Lord Charles also converted to Catholicism.
The Duchess enjoyed gardening and landscaping, and spent much time overseeing the gardens of Drumlanrig Castle.Her husband died in April 1884, and she moved to Ditton Park in Slough, Buckinghamshire. She was much affected by the death of her son Lord Walter; The Lady's Realm wrote that the Dowager Duchess "never recovered" from this. She died at Ditton Park on 28 March 1895, and was buried at Dalkeith Palace. She supported the religious congregation Poor Servants of the Mother of God until her death, and had engaged in other fund-raising activities as well.
The Duchess was portrayed by actress Diana Rigg during Series 2 of the television drama “Victoria.”
The Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch had a total of seven children, three daughters and four sons:
|William Henry Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch||9 September 1831|
Montagu House, Whitehall
|5 November 1914|
Montagu House, Whitehall
|Styled as Earl of Dalkeith from 1831 to 1884;|
Succeeded his father has 6th Duke of Buccleuch and 8th Duke of Queensberry on 16 April 1884;
Married Lady Louisa Jane Hamilton on 22 November 1859 in London and had issue;
Great-great-grandfather of Sarah, Duchess of York.
|Henry John Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu of Beaulieu||5 November 1832|
|4 November 1905|
Beaulieu Palace House
|Known as Lord Henry Scott until 1885;|
Created Baron Montagu of Beaulieu on 29 December 1885;
Married The Hon. Cecily Susan Stuart-Wortley on 1 August 1865 at Westminster Abbey and had issue.
|Lord Walter Charles Montagu Douglas Scott||2 March 1834|
|3 March 1895|
|Married Anna Maria Cradock-Hartopp on 7 October 1858 in Sutton Coldfield and had issue.|
|Admiral Lord Charles Thomas Montagu Douglas Scott, GCB||20 October 1839|
|21 August 1911|
|Served as Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth of the Royal Navy from 1900 to 1904;|
Married Ada Mary Ryan on 23 February 1883 in Sunbury, Victoria and had issue.
|Lady Victoria Alexandrina Montagu Douglas Scott||20 November 1844|
|19 June 1938|
|Married firstly Schomberg Kerr, 9th Marquess of Lothian on 23 February 1865 in Dalkeith and had issue.;|
Married secondly Bertram Chetwynd-Talbot on 21 February 1903 in Westminster with no issue.
|Lady Margaret Elizabeth Montagu Douglas Scott||10 October 1846|
|5 February 1918|
|Married Donald Cameron, 24th Lochiel on 9 December 1875 in Dalkeith and had issue.|
|Lady Mary Charlotte Montagu Douglas Scott||6 August 1851|
|13 December 1908|
|Married The Hon. Walter Rodolph Trefusis on 24 July 1877 in London and had issue.|
|Ancestors of Charlotte Montagu Douglas Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch|
Marquess of Bath is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1789 for Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth. The Marquess holds the subsidiary titles Baron Thynne, of Warminster in the County of Wiltshire, and Viscount Weymouth, both created in 1682 in the Peerage of England. He is also a baronet in the Baronetage of England.
Longleat is an English stately home and the seat of the Marquesses of Bath. It is a leading and early example of the Elizabethan prodigy house. It is adjacent to the village of Horningsham and near the towns of Warminster and Westbury in Wiltshire and Frome in Somerset. It is noted for its Elizabethan country house, maze, landscaped parkland and safari park. The house is set in 1,000 acres (400 ha) of parkland landscaped by Capability Brown, with 4,000 acres (1,600 ha) of let farmland and 4,000 acres (1,600 ha) of woodland, which includes a Center Parcs holiday village. It was the first stately home to open to the public, and the Longleat estate includes the first safari park outside Africa.
Louisa Jane Montagu Douglas Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry was the daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn. In 1884, she became the Duchess of Buccleuch and Duchess of Queensberry, the wife of William Henry Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch & 8th Duke of Queensberry. She was the paternal grandmother of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester and of Marian Louisa, Lady Elmhirst, as well as the maternal great-grandmother of Prince William of Gloucester, Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester and great-great-grandmother of Sarah, Duchess of York.
Walter Francis Montagu Douglas Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch, 7th Duke of Queensberry,, styled The Honourable Charles Montagu-Scott between 1806 and 1808, Lord Eskdail between 1808 and 1812 and Earl of Dalkeith between 1812 and 1819, was a Scottish politician and nobleman. He was Lord Privy Seal 1842 to 1846.
Thomas Henry Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath, styled Viscount Weymouth until 1896, was a British landowner and Conservative politician. He held ministerial office as Under-Secretary of State for India in 1905 and Master of the Horse between 1922 and 1924. He was also involved in local politics and served as Chairman of Wiltshire County Council between 1906 and his death in 1946.
John Alexander Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath, styled Viscount Weymouth between March and June 1837, was a British peer and a diplomat for almost sixty years.
Henry Frederick Thynne, 3rd Marquess of Bath, styled Lord Henry Thynne until January 1837 and Viscount Weymouth between January and March 1837, was a British naval commander and politician.
Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath KG, styled Viscount Weymouth from 1789 until 1796, was a British peer.
William Henry Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch and 8th Duke of Queensberry was a Scottish Member of Parliament and peer. He was the paternal grandfather of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, and the maternal great-grandfather of Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester. He was a paternal great-great-grandfather to Sarah, Duchess of York.
Henry John Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu of Beaulieu JP, DL, styled Lord Henry Scott until 1885, was a British Conservative Party politician.
Thomas Thynne, 1st Viscount Weymouth was a British peer in the peerage of England.
Sir John Thynne was the steward to Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset and a member of parliament. He was the builder of Longleat House and his descendants became Marquesses of Bath.
Henry Frederick Carteret, 1st Baron Carteret PC (1735–1826), of Haynes, Bedfordshire, was Member of Parliament for Staffordshire (1757–1761), for Weobley in Herefordshire (1761–1770) and was Master of the Household to King George III 1768–1771. He was hereditary Bailiff of Jersey 1776–1826.
Thomas Thynne, 2nd Viscount Weymouth of Longleat House in Wiltshire was an English peer, descended from Sir John Thynne (c.1515-1580) builder of Longleat.
John Charles Montagu Douglas Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch and 9th Duke of Queensberry,, styled The Honourable John Montagu Douglas Scott until 1884, Lord John Montagu Douglas Scott between 1884 and 1886 and Earl of Dalkeith until 1914 was a Scottish Member of Parliament and peer.
George Thynne, 2nd Baron Carteret PC, styled Lord George Thynne between 1789 and 1826, was a British Tory politician.
Sir James Thynne was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1640 and 1670.
Sir John Thynne of Longleat House, Wiltshire, was an English landowner and Member of Parliament.
Elizabeth Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch, formerly Lady Elizabeth Montagu, was the wife of Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch.
Elizabeth Marian Frances Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry is a Scottish noblewoman. She is the daughter of Peter Kerr, 12th Marquess of Lothian, and Antonella Kerr, Marchioness of Lothian, and wife of Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch.
The Duchess of Sutherland
| Mistress of the Robes |
The Duchess of Sutherland