Location in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
|• District||996 km2 (385 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
|Number of Tehsils||3|
Charsadda District (Pashto : چارسدہ ولسوالۍ, Urdu : ضِلع چارسدہ) is a district in Peshawar Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Prior to its establishment as a separate district in 1998, it was a tehsil within Peshawar District. Pashtuns make up majority of the population of the district. District headquarter is town of Charsadda, which was part of the Peshawar ex-metropolitan region.
The district lies between 34-03' and 34-38' north latitudes and 71-28' and 71-53' east longitudes. Charsadda is located in the west of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and is bounded by Malakand District to the north, Mardan district to the east, Nowshera and Peshawar districts to the south and the Mohmand Agency of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas to the west. The district covers an area of 996 square kilometers.
Charsadda was once part of the kingdom of Gandhara, however around 516 BC Gandhara became part of the seventh satrapy or province of the Achaemenid Empire and paid tribute to Darius the Great of Persia, until its overthrow by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC.
After the death of Alexander in 323 BC the Indian Emperor Chandragupta Maurya rose to power and brought Gandhara under his sway. According to a popular tradition, Emperor Ashoka built one of his stupas there. This stupa was mentioned by the famous Chinese Buddhist pilgrim Hieun Tsang, who visited in 630, according to him Po-Lu-Sha (as he called the stupa) was 2.5 miles (4.0 km) in circumference.
A Brahminical temple to the east and a monastery to the north which according to Buddhist legends was the place where Buddha preached the Law. The name Gandhara disappeared after Mahmud of Ghazni conquered the area and converted it to Islam in 1026.
This area was also ruled by the Bactrian Greeks between 250–125 BC which was succeeded by the Indo-Greek Kingdom who ruled until 10 AD.
Shabqadar is a small town in Charsadda tehsil 17 miles (27 km) north west of Peshawar. A fort was built here by the Sikhs called Sharkargarh. The town was burnt by Mohmands in 1897 It has since been rebuilt.
Bibi Syeda Dheri is a site half a mile to the north of Umarzai village in Charsadda tehsil here is a mound 60 ft (18 m) high. Believed to be the site of the stupa erected to commemorate the conversion by Lord Buddha of goddess Hariti who used to devour children of the locality. There is also a shrine of a lady saint Bibi Syeda.
Shar-i-Napursan is an archaeological site in Charsadda tehsil near the village Rajjar Excavations have unearthed two distinct settlements of the Buddhist period and two of the Muslim period. Coins of Manander, Hermaeous and Kanishka have been unearthed.
Palatu Dheri is another archaeological site near Charsadda tehsil. A mile from Shar-i-Napursan A mound which contains the remains of a stupa, which according to Hieun Tsiang, was built by one Deven and some coins which connect them both to the first century AD have been unearthed Other finds include the image of the goddess Kalika-devi. Three inscribed jars, which were presented by some laymen to "the Community of the Four Quarters", are now in the Peshawar Museum.
The city of Charsadda originally known as Pushkalavati is first mentioned in the Hindu epic story the Ramayana.
Bala Hisar was excavated twice by the head of the Archaeological Survey of India, Sir John Marshall, in 1902 and by Sir Mortimer Wheeler in 1958. According to South Asian Archaeology Research Group of Bradford University Wheeler suggested that Bala Hisar "was founded by the Persians in the sixth century BC as a colony guarding the eastern edge of their empire".
The population of Charsadda district, according to the 2017 census, is 1,616,198.The population of the district over the years is shown in the table below.
|Census Year||Population||Rural Area||Urban Area|
The population counted in the 1998 census was 1,022,000, of which 19% were urban. The predominant language is Pashto, spoken natively by 99.4% of the population.
The district is administratively subdivided into 3 Tehsils comprising a total of 58 Union Councils:
|Tehsil||No. of Union Councils|
The district is represented in the National Assembly by two MNAs who represent the following constituencies:
|NA-7 Charsadda-I||Fazal Mohammad||PTI|
|NA-8 Charsadda-II||Anwar Taj||PTI|
The district is represented in the Provincial Assembly by six MPAs who represent the following constituencies:
|PK-17 Charsadda-I||Fazle Shakoor Khan||PTI|
|PK-18 Charsadda-II||Sultan Mohammad Khan||PTI|
|PK-19 Charsadda-III||Shakeel Bashir khan||National Awami Party|
|PK-57 Charsadda-IV||Khalid Khan||PTI|
|PK-21 Charsadda-V||Sikandar Hayat Khan||Qaumi Watan Party|
|PK-22 Charsadda-VI||Mohammad Arif||Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf|
Mardan District is a district in Mardan Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. The district is named after Mardan city, which is also the headquarters of the district. The district is famous for its agriculture industry and for its archaeological sites of Takht Bhai, Jamal Garhi and Sawal Dher.
Nowshera District is a district in Peshawar Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. The capital and district headquarter is Nowshera city.
Peshawar District is a district in Peshawar Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. It is located about 160 km west of the Pakistan's capital Islamabad. The district headquarter is Peshawar, which is also the capital of Khyber Paktunkhwa.
Swat District is a district in Malakand Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Swat is renowned for its outstanding natural beauty. Centred upon the upper portions of the Swat River, Swat was a major centre of early Buddhist thought as part of the Gandhara kingdom, and today is littered with ruins from that era. Swat was home to the last isolated pockets of Gandharan Buddhism, which lasted until the 10th century, well after most of the area had converted to Islam. Until 1969, Swat was part of the Yusafzai State of Swat, a self-governing princely state. The region was seized by the Pakistani Taliban in late 2007, and its tourist industry decimated until Pakistani control over Swat was re-established in mid 2009.
Mardān is a city in the Mardan District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan. Located in the Valley of Peshawar, Mardan is the second-largest city of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, after the nearby city of Peshawar.
Nowshera is the chief city of Nowshera District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan, and is one of the largest cities in the province.
Chārsadda is a town and headquarters of Charsadda District, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Located in the Valley of Peshawar, Charsadda lies about 29 kilometres (18 mi) from the provincial capital of Peshawar at an altitude of 276 metres (906 ft). The total area of Charsadda District measures about 996 square Km. The district is geographically organized into two primary parts: Hashtnagar and Do Aaba. The city hosts the ruins of what was once the ancient Gandharan capital city of Pushkalavati, and home of the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini.
Pushkalavati IAST: Puṣkalāvatī, Greek: Peukelaotis), and later Shaikhan Dheri, was the capital of the Gandhara kingdom. Its ruins are located on the outskirts of the modern city of Charsadda, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 28 kilometres northeast of Peshawar. Its ruins are located on the banks of Swat River, near its junction with Kabul River, with the earliest archaeological remains from 1400 to 800 BCE in Bala Hisar mound. Pushkalavati was the capital of the ancient Gandhara kingdom before the 6th century BCE, when it became an Achaemenid regional capital, and it remained an important city until the 2nd century CE.
Khyber District is a district in Peshawar Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Until 2018, it was an agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas, with merger of FATA with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, it became a district. It ranges from the Tirah valley down to Peshawar. It borders Nangarhar Province to the west, Orakzai District to the south, Kurram District to south west, Peshawar to the east and Mohmand District in north.
Mohmand District is a district in Peshawar Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Until 2018, it was an agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas, with merger of FATA with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, it became a district. It was created as an agency in 1951. Mohmand is bordered by Bajaur District to the north, Khyber District to the south, Malakand and Charsadda districts to the east and Peshawer district to the south east.
Malakand District is a district in Malakand Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan.
Charsadda Tehsil is a tehsil located in Charsadda District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Tangi Tehsil is a tehsil located in Charsadda District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is located in the north-west region of Pakistan. It is known as the tourist hotspot for adventurers and explorers. The province has a varied landscape ranging from rugged mountains, valleys, hills and dense agricultural farms. The region is well known for its ancestral roots. There are a number of Buddhist archaeological sites from the Gandhara civilisation such as Takht Bhai and Pushkalavati. There are a number of other Buddhist and Hindu archaeological sites including Bala Hisar Fort, Butkara Stupa, Kanishka stupa, Chakdara, Panjkora Valley and Sehri Bahlol.
Shabqadar is a town in the Charsadda District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. It is located around 25 kilometres north of provincial capital Peshawar.
Ihasan Ali is a Pakistani archaeologist. He served as Vice-Chancellor of Hazara University from 2006 to 2009 and Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan from 2009 to 2017. He has also served as Additional Vice-Chancellor of Islamia College University Peshawar. Dr. Ihsan Ali is a researcher, academic and administrator who has served in various fields. He is currently facing charges of making illegal staff appointments while he was leading Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan.
The Valley of Peshawar or Greater Peshawar is a broad valley situated in the central part of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The valley is 7,176 km2 (2,771 sq mi) in area, and is traversed by the Kabul River. It has a mean elevation of 345 metres (1,132 ft). The valley takes its name from the city of Peshawar, which is situated at the western part of the valley close to Warsak Dam. To the west of the valley lies the Khyber Pass. The five most populous cities in the valley are Peshawar, Mardan, Swabi, Charsadda, and Nowshera.
Shabqadar Tehsil is a tehsil Charsadda District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The tehsil is named after Shabqadar town, which is capital and tehsil headquarter.
Pushkalavati Museum also known as Charsadda Museum established in 2006, located in Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.