Chaumont, New York

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Chaumont, New York
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Chaumont
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Chaumont
Coordinates: 44°4′2″N76°8′2″W / 44.06722°N 76.13389°W / 44.06722; -76.13389 Coordinates: 44°4′2″N76°8′2″W / 44.06722°N 76.13389°W / 44.06722; -76.13389
Country United States
State New York
County Jefferson
Town Lyme
Incorporation1874 [1]
Named for Jacques-Donatien Le Ray, Comte de Chaumont
Government
  MayorValerie E. Rust [1]
Area
[2]
  Total1.08 sq mi (2.79 km2)
  Land0.98 sq mi (2.55 km2)
  Water0.09 sq mi (0.24 km2)
Elevation
289 ft (88 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total624
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
578
  Density588.00/sq mi (226.93/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
13622
Area code(s) 315
FIPS code 36-14036
GNIS feature ID0969990

Chaumont ( /ʃəˈm/ shə-MOH)[ citation needed ] is a village in Jefferson County, New York, in the United States. Its population was 624 at the 2010 census. [4] The village is named for Jacques-Donatien Le Ray de Chaumont, son of Benjamin Franklin's landlord and friend at Passy in France. The village of Chaumont is in the town of Lyme and is northwest of Watertown.

Contents

History

In 1750, Ray had bought the Chaumont castle (named from the Old French for "bald hill", and built in two periods around 1500) in the Loire Valley of France. (As of 2009, the village near it is called Chaumont-sur-Loire to distinguish it from the many other Chaumonts in France.) His son, known as James Leray or James Leray Chaumont, travelled to the United States and later settled there.

The first European-descended settlement of the village began in 1802, replacing an unsatisfactory site chosen the previous year. [5] The economy of the early village was based on fishing and ship building.

In July 1853, the community contained about fifty dwellings, along with other structures. [5] Chaumont was incorporated as a village in 1874, [1] and its historic core was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990 as the Chaumont Historic District. [6] The village has twice been proposed to be dissolved into the surrounding town of Lyme. The first dissolution referendum was defeated by a margin of 129–72 in March 1999; a second attempt was rejected by a 145–102 margin on November 6, 2012. [1]

In addition to the Chaumont Historic District, the Cedar Grove Cemetery, Chaumont Grange Hall and Dairymen's League Building, Chaumont House, Chaumont Railroad Station, George Brothers Building, George House, and Menzo Wheeler House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [6]

Geography

Chaumont is in the west-central part of Jefferson County, in the northeastern portion of the town of Lyme. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), of which 0.97 square miles (2.5 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 8.78%, are water. [4]

The village is on the south side of the Chaumont River, where it empties into Chaumont Bay, an arm of Lake Ontario. Much of the village is on a peninsula, which ends at Independence Point.

New York State Route 12E passes through the village as Main Street. The highway leads southeast 13 miles (21 km) to Watertown, the county seat, and northwest 12 miles (19 km) to Cape Vincent on the St. Lawrence River. County Route 179 (Evans Street) enters the village from the northeast and leads 6 miles (10 km) to Depauville.

Climate

In 2008 the average precipitation for Chaumont was below the United States average in the months of January through July, and above the United States average in the months of August through December, reaching an average of 4 inches (100 mm) in September. Snowfall is well above the United States average in the months of October through April, reaching 28 to 30 inches (710 to 760 mm) in January.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 370
1880 47929.5%
1890 62330.1%
1900 73818.5%
1910 708−4.1%
1920 595−16.0%
1930 5960.2%
1940 534−10.4%
1950 513−3.9%
1960 5231.9%
1970 5678.4%
1980 6209.3%
1990 593−4.4%
2000 592−0.2%
2010 6245.4%
2019 (est.)578 [3] −7.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census [8] of July 2009, there were 638 people, up 7.8% since 2000. 46.8%(298) of residents were male and 53.2%(340) were female. The median resident age at this time was 38.8 years. The 2000 census recorded 592 people, 233 households, and 143 families residing in the village. The population density was 578.2 people per square mile (224.1/km2). There were 273 housing units at an average density of 266.6 per square mile (103.3/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 96.79% White, 1.69% African American, 0.68% Native American, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.01% of the population.

There were 233 households, out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 25.0% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.5 males.

The estimated median household income was $50,471 in 2008. In 2000 the income was estimated to be $37,750 and the median income for a family was $49,107. Males had a median income of $34,375 versus $26,000 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,608. About 1.6% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions

Local businesses include restaurants such as Wise Guys Pizza, The Blue Heron, Crescent Restaurant and Bar, Valley Peetza, the Duck Stop Diner and Duck Out Ice Cream, seasonally. Shopping is offered at the Chaumont IGA Express, Nice & Easy, Chaumont Wine & Spirits and others. Also located in Chaumont the Crescent Yacht Club, Chaumont Bay Marina and Guffin Bay Marina.[ citation needed ]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Lee, Jaegun (November 7, 2012). "Chaumont will live on". Watertown Daily Times. Archived from the original on August 17, 2014. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Chaumont village, New York". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  5. 1 2 History Of Lyme, NY (transcription with apparent OCR errors) [ dead link ], in Our County and Its People: A Descriptive Work on Jefferson County, New York, Edgar C. Emerson, ed., The Boston History Company, 1898
  6. 1 2 "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.