Cheam Channy

Last updated
Cheam Channy
ជាម ច័ន្ទនី
Member of Parliament
for Battambang Province
In office
1998–2005
Personal details
Born(1961-02-15)15 February 1961
Cambodia
Died25 October 2018(2018-10-25) (aged 57)
Cambodia
Cause of death Brain tumor
Nationality Cambodian
Political party Sam Rainsy Party
OccupationPolitician

Cheam Channy (Khmer : ជាម ច័ន្ទនី; 15 February 1961 25 October 2018) [1] [2] was a Cambodian politician and member of parliament for the opposition Sam Rainsy Party (SRP). He was elected as a representative for Battambang Province in the 1998 National Elections, then again for Kompong Cham province in 2003.

Contents

2005 arrest

On 3 February 2005, a vote in the Cambodian National Assembly removed the parliamentary immunity from Cheam, fellow MP Chea Poch and party leader Sam Rainsy. Rainsy and Poch, both facing possible charges of criminal defamation, left the country. Cheam did not leave and was arrested later the same day by military police. He was charged by the Cambodian Military Court with the criminal offences of Organised Crime and Fraud, as well as a military charge of disobeying orders. These charges relate to accusations that Cheam had created an illegal army for the SRP. [3] Cheam appealed by letter to Prince Norodom Ranariddh, but the prince responded that he could not intervene in judicial matters. [4]

Cheam was brought to trial on 8 August 2005, after courts exhausted the maximum six months allowed by Cambodian law for pre-trial detention. In his defense, Cheam stated, "I have never recruited or appointed anyone in an army structure, nor have I taken money from anyone ... I am pleading with the court to set me free. I have never done anything even close to what the charges against me say." [5] The prosecutor argued that Cheam's actions had endangered national security. [5] The following day, the Military Court sentenced Cheam to 7 years imprisonment. [6] Amnesty International criticized the trial, stating that it "fell far short of international standards for fairness and failed to produce any evidence to corroborate the charges against him". [7]

International response

The arrest and detention of Cheam met with widespread international condemnation. Peter Leuprecht, the special representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for human rights in Cambodia, called the trial unfair and called for Cheam's release. [8] The U.S. State Department listed the case in a report on "Arbitrary Arrest or Detention" and noted that "international and local NGOs widely criticized Cheam Channy's arrest and detention as illegal under criminal law". [9] Amnesty International declared him to be a prisoner of conscience. [10] Human Rights Watch described the charges against Cheam and other parliamentarians as "a thinly-veiled effort by Cambodia's ruling parties to eliminate their political opponents", and objected to the use of a military court to try a civilian. [11] On 1 February 2006, the European Parliament adopted a resolution calling on the Cambodian government to unconditionally release him. [12] The United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention declared Cheam's imprisonment "arbitrary" and "in contravention of article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights". [1]

Royal pardon

On 2 February 2006, King Norodom Sihamoni reduced Cheam's sentence from seven years' imprisonment to three years. [13] Four days later, Cheam received a full royal pardon, and was released from prison. [6] The U.S. State Department praised the pardon, calling it a "positive turn". [14]

Death

Cheam died on 25 October 2018. He had been suffering from a brain tumour that had subsequently spread to his intestines. [15]

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References

  1. 1 2 "Mr. Channy Cheam v. Cambodia, Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, U.N. Doc. A/HRC/4/40/Add.1 at 7 (2006)". United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention. 2006. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  2. Former opposition lawmaker Channy dies aged 57
  3. "Sam Rainsy appeal on Cambodia". BBC News. 4 February 2005. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  4. "Ranaridh Can't Help Cheam Channy". Voice of America. 5 August 2005. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  5. 1 2 "Military court tries Cambodia MP". BBC News. 8 August 2005. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  6. 1 2 Khemara Sok (5 February 2006). "King Pardons Sam Rainsy and Cheam Channy". Voice of America. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  7. "Cambodia: Opposition leader convicted in flawed trial". Amnesty International. 23 December 2005. Archived from the original on 16 March 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  8. "UN human rights official calls for release of Cambodia's opposition MP". Alliance for Reform and Democracy in Asia. 9 July 2012. Archived from the original on 10 April 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  9. "Cambodia". U.S. State Department. 8 March 2006. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  10. "Prisoner of conscience Cheam Channy released in Cambodia". Amnesty International. 6 February 2006. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  11. "Cambodia: Opposition Politicians Arrested, Forced to Flee". Human Rights Watch. 7 February 2005. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  12. "The European Parliament Asks the King and PM Hun Sen to Pardon Mr. Cheam Channy". Voice of America. 1 February 2006. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  13. Khemara Sok (2 February 2006). "King Reduces Cheam Channy's Sentence". Voice of America. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  14. "Cambodia". U.S. State Department. 6 March 2007. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  15. Vichea, Pang (26 October 2018). "Former opposition lawmaker Channy dies aged 57". Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 26 October 2018.