Chelles, Seine-et-Marne

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Chelles
Chelles ile Refuge.jpg
Île Refuge, in the Marne river in Chelles
Blason ville fr Chelles (Seine-et-Marne).svg
Coat of arms
Chelles-en-IdF.png
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location of Chelles
Chelles, Seine-et-Marne
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Chelles
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Ile-de-France region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Chelles
Chelles (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°53′00″N2°36′00″E / 48.8833°N 2.6000°E / 48.8833; 2.6000 Coordinates: 48°53′00″N2°36′00″E / 48.8833°N 2.6000°E / 48.8833; 2.6000
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Seine-et-Marne
Arrondissement Torcy
Canton Chelles
Intercommunality CA Paris - Vallée de la Marne
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Brice Rabaste
Area
1
16.3 km2 (6.3 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2017) [1]
54,917
  Density3,400/km2 (8,700/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
77108 /77500
Elevation36–106 m (118–348 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Chelles is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region 18 km (11 mi) from the center of Paris.

Contents

History

Chelles Hotel-de-Ville pano-2.jpg

Paleolithic artifacts were discovered by chance at Chelles by the pioneering nineteenth-century anthropologist Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet (1821–1898); he named the corresponding cultural stage of the Paleolithic after the commune: «Chellean» or «Chellian», nowadays known as «Oldowan».

At the Merovingian villa of Calae the abbey of Notre-Dame-des-Chelles was founded by Balthild, a seventh-century queen of the Franks. It was largely demolished at the time of the French Revolution.

Geography

There are two main streets in Chelles, Avenue Foch and Avenue de la Résistance.

Demographics

The inhabitants are called Chellois.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,110    
1800 865−3.50%
1806 1,241+6.20%
1821 1,179−0.34%
1831 1,413+1.83%
1836 1,557+1.96%
1841 1,632+0.95%
1846 1,700+0.82%
1851 1,700+0.00%
1856 1,770+0.81%
1861 1,914+1.58%
1866 2,165+2.50%
1872 2,150−0.12%
1876 2,500+3.84%
1881 2,702+1.57%
1886 3,001+2.12%
1891 2,911−0.61%
1896 3,414+3.24%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 3,952+2.97%
1906 4,683+3.45%
1911 5,367+2.76%
1921 6,805+2.40%
1926 9,716+7.38%
1931 13,158+6.25%
1936 14,658+2.18%
1946 14,378−0.19%
1954 19,539+3.91%
1962 28,382+4.78%
1968 33,281+2.69%
1975 36,516+1.33%
1982 41,838+1.96%
1990 45,365+1.02%
1999 45,399+0.01%
2007 51,035+1.47%
2012 53,247+0.85%
2017 54,917+0.62%
Source: EHESS [2] and INSEE (1968-2017) [3]

Transport

Chelles is served by Chelles – Gournay station on Paris RER line Paris RER E icon.svg and on the Transilien Paris – Est suburban rail line Paris logo banlieu jms.svg Logo Paris Transilien ligneP.svg .

Education

As of 2016 the commune has 13,000 students in 46 public and private schools. [4] The commune includes 19 public preschools and 16 public elementary schools. [5]

There are also:

Chelles includes a library, Bibliothèque Olympe de Gouges, and a media centre, Médiathèque Jean-Pierre Vernant. [8]

Culture and recreation

The commune includes the Musée Alfred-Bonno. [9]

There is also a public swimming pool, [10] and a public skate park which opened in 1999. [11]

Chelles is town twinned with the city of Lindau (Germany)

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Chelles, EHESS. (in French)
  3. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  4. "Éducation." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  5. "Liste des écoles, inscriptions et fonctionnement de l’école." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  6. 1 2 "Collèges." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  7. 1 2 "Lycées." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  8. "Médiathèque – Bibliothèque." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  9. "Musée Alfred-Bonno." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  10. "Piscine de Chelles." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  11. "Skatepark." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.