Chen Zhaodi

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Chen Zhaodi (Chinese :陈招娣; 15 April 1955 – 1 April 2013) was a Chinese volleyball player and coach. She was a key member of the Chinese national team that won the 1981 FIVB Volleyball Women's World Cup and the 1982 FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship. After retiring as a player in 1983, she served as assistant coach and later team manager for the national team, and as head coach for the national women's junior team. She later became Director of the Culture and Sports Bureau of the People's Liberation Army General Political Department and was awarded the rank of major general (shaojiang), making her the only Chinese sportsperson to become a military general. Chen suffered from cancer and died in 2013 at the age of 57.

Simplified Chinese characters standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore.

Volleyball ballgame and team sport in which two teams compete to ground the ball on their opponents side of the net

Volleyball is a popular team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules. It has been a part of the official program of the Summer Olympic Games since Tokyo 1964.

China womens national volleyball team womens national volleyball team representing China

The China women's national volleyball team represents the People's Republic of China in international volleyball competitions and friendly matches, governed by Chinese Volleyball Association. They are one of the leading and most successful squads in women's international volleyball and a worshipful sports team in China, having won nine championships titles in the three major international competitions of volleyball, including World Cup four times, World Championship twice and Olympic Game titles three times. The current head coach is Lang Ping, executive coach is An Jiajie. The team now ranks the first place in the FIVB World Ranking.

Contents

Early life

Chen was born on 15 April 1955 [1] in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. [2] She studied at Hangzhou No. 10 High School. [2] In December 1970, she was selected to play for the Zhejiang Provincial Women's Volleyball Team at the age of 15. [3]

Hangzhou Prefecture-level & Sub-provincial city in Zhejiang, Peoples Republic of China

Hangzhou formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China. It sits at the head of Hangzhou Bay, which separates Shanghai and Ningbo. Hangzhou grew to prominence as the southern terminus of the Grand Canal and has been one of the most renowned and prosperous cities in China for much of the last millennium. The city's West Lake, a UNESCO World Heritage site immediately west of the city, is among its best-known attractions. A study conducted by PwC and China Development Research Foundation saw Hangzhou ranked first among "Chinese Cities of Opportunity". Hangzhou is also considered a World City with a "Beta+" classification according to GaWC.

Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang is an eastern coastal province of China. Zhejiang is bordered by Jiangsu and Shanghai to the north, Anhui to the northwest, Jiangxi to the west, and Fujian to the south. To the east is the East China Sea, beyond which lie the Ryukyu Islands of Japan.

Career

Volleyball

In 1973, Chen was selected into the People's Liberation Army's Bayi Volleyball Team. [1] In June 1979, she suffered an injury in an Asian Club Championship game against Japan's Hitachi Team and fractured the radial bone in her left arm. Two months later, she played for the Bayi team in the Fourth National Games of China with her left arm wrapped in bandage, henceforth earning the nickname "One-armed General". [2]

Peoples Liberation Army combined military forces of the Peoples Republic of China

The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and its founding and ruling political party, the Communist Party of China (CPC). The PLA consists of five professional service branches: the Ground Force, Navy, Air Force, Rocket Force, and the Strategic Support Force. Units around the country are assigned to one of five theater commands by geographical location. The PLA is the world's largest military force and constitutes the second largest defence budget in the world. It is one of the fastest modernising military powers in the world and has been termed as a potential military superpower, with significant regional defense and rising global power projection capabilities. China is also the third largest arms exporter in the world.

Radius (bone) one of the two long bones of the forearm

The radius or radial bone is one of the two large bones of the forearm, the other being the ulna. It extends from the lateral side of the elbow to the thumb side of the wrist and runs parallel to the ulna. The radius is shorter and smaller than the ulna. It is a long bone, prism-shaped and slightly curved longitudinally.

National Games of China

The National Games of the People's Republic of China, sometimes known as the All China Games, is the premier sports event in China at national level. It is usually held once every four years, most recently in August 2017, when the 13th National Games of China took place in Tianjin.

In 1976, Chen was selected by China women's national volleyball team to play as a setter. [1] Coached by Yuan Weimin, the team won its first Asian championship in 1979. [4] In 1981, the team won the FIVB Volleyball Women's World Cup for the first time, and Chen played a key role in that victory, [1] together with her teammate and close friend Lang Ping. [4] The following year, the team won the 1982 FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship in Peru. [5] The team won three more world titles in the next four years and its members were hailed as national heroes in China. [1] Chen retired in 1983 as a player and was an assistant coach for the team when it won the gold medal at the 1984 Summer Olympics. [3] After 1983, she studied at Beijing Institute of Physical Education. [6]

Yuan Weimin is a Chinese sports administrator and civil servant. He was the Executive President of the Beijing Organising Committee for the 2008 Summer Olympics.

The FIVB Women's World Cup 1981 was a volleyball competition held from November 6 to 16–1981, in Osaka in Japan and Eight women's national teams from different continents competed to win the title.

Lang Ping Chinese volleyball player and coach

"Jenny" Lang Ping is a former Chinese volleyball player and the current head coach of China women's national volleyball team. She was the former head coach of the United States women's national volleyball team, herself being the MVP of women volleyball in 1984 Olympics. She is of Manchu descent.

In 1986, Chen became the head coach of China's national junior team, which won the bronze medal at the 1987 Women's Junior Volleyball World Championships. However, she was diagnosed with cancer in 1988 and had to leave the post. [1]

After undergoing cancer treatment, she joined the reorganized national women's volleyball team in 1989 [3] and served as team manager until 1992. [1] In 1993, she became Vice President of the Chinese Volleyball Association. [1] [6]

Chinese Volleyball Association is a national non-governmental, nonprofit sports organization in the People's Republic of China. It represents China in the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball and the Asian Volleyball Confederation, as well as the volleyball sports in the All-China Sports Federation. It also manages men's and women's national volleyball team of China and organizes Chinese Volleyball League.

Military

In 1993, Chen joined the Culture and Sports Bureau of the People's Liberation Army General Political Department (GPD). She was later promoted to director of the bureau and deputy chief of the GPD's publicity department, and was awarded the rank of major general in July 2006. [2] She is the only Chinese sportsperson to become a military general. [1] [2] In that capacity, she made the decision to allow the basketball star Wang Zhizhi to return to play in China. Wang, a former player of the military's Bayi Rockets team, had reneged on his promise to play with the Chinese national team in order to play in the National Basketball Association in the United States, and many had wanted to punish him by forbidding him to play again in China after the end of his NBA career. [2]

Personal life

On 1 April 2013, Chen died in Beijing from cancer, at the age of 57. [1] Her parents, two older sisters and a younger brother had all died from cancer. [2] Nearly 1,000 people attended her funeral at the Babaoshan People's Cemetery. [7]

Chen's story was written into middle-school textbooks in China. [2] [3]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Tang, Zhe (2013-04-02). "Renowned volleyball player passes away". China Daily . Retrieved 2019-04-03.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "陈招娣病逝亲朋好友追思哀悼 癌症或是家庭遗传". Sohu (in Chinese). 2013-04-02. Retrieved 2019-04-03.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "顶撞袁伟民晋升女少将 陈招娣的故事曾被写入课本". Phoenix News (in Chinese). 2013-04-01. Retrieved 2019-04-03.
  4. 1 2 "缅怀|"独臂将军"逝世六周年 曾是郎平的好闺蜜". Sina (in Chinese). 2019-04-02. Retrieved 2019-04-03.
  5. Han, Bing (2013-04-01). "老女排冠军陈招娣少将因病逝世 享年58岁". Phoenix News (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-04-04.
  6. 1 2 "China's renowned volleyball player Chen Zhaodi passes away". Fédération Internationale de Volleyball. April 2, 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  7. Liao Xugang 廖旭钢 (2013-04-06). "清明千人送别陈招娣 袁伟民口号让郎平眼泪决堤". Phoenix News (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-04-04.