Cheng Siwei

Last updated
Cheng Siwei
成思危
Flickr - World Economic Forum - Cheng Siwei - Annual Meeting of the New Champions Tianjin 2008.jpg
Cheng Siwei at the World Economic Forum in September 2008
President of the China Democratic National Construction Association
In office
1996–2007
Preceded by Sun Mengqi
Succeeded by Chen Changzhi
Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
In office
1998–2008
Chairman Li PengWu Bangguo
Personal details
Born(1935-06-00)June 1935
Xiangxiang, Hunan, China
Died12 July 2015(2015-07-12) (aged 80)
Beijing, China
Political party China Democratic National Construction Association
ChildrenCheng Zhuo (成卓) [1]
Parents Cheng Shewo
Xiao Zongrang (萧宗让)
Alma mater
ProfessionScience of Business Administration

Cheng Siwei (June 1935 12 July 2015) was a Chinese economist, chemical engineer and politician. He was the Chairman of China Soft Science Research Association; [2] President of the Chinese Society for Management Modernization; Director of the Research Center on Fictitious Economy and Data Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Dean of the School of Management of the Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [2] and Honorary President of East China University of Science and Technology.

Contents

He was also an Adjunct Professor and Doctoral Supervisor of institutions including the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Guanghua School of Management of Peking University, and Nankai University. [3]

Early life and education

Cheng Siwei was born June 1935, in Xiangxiang, Hunan Province, China. He attended Heung To Middle School in Hong Kong from 1948–1951; he then moved to Mainland China. During 1951–1952 he attended the Workers' College of Guangzhou South University, China. He then attended the South China Institute of Technology and East China Institute of Chemical Technology from 1952–1956, majoring in inorganic chemical technology, and in 1958–1973 he worked in various units of both the Ministry of Chemical Industry and the Ministry of Petroleum and Chemical Industries. [4]

Career

Cheng Siwei in Germany, September 2012 Business and Investors Forum China 2012-0091.jpg
Cheng Siwei in Germany, September 2012

He was the Chief Engineer of the Science & Technology Bureau of the Ministry of Chemical Industry (China) in 1973–1981. In 1981 he attended the University of California, Los Angeles, and graduated in 1984 with a Master of Business Administration (MBA). He then returned to his former position as Chief Engineer of the Science & Technology Bureau of the Ministry of Chemical Industry until 1988, when he was promoted to the Vice-President and Chief Engineer of the Scientific and Technical Research Institute of the Ministry of Chemical Industry. He became the Deputy Chief Engineer of the Ministry of Chemical Industry in 1993 and Vice-Minister of Chemical Industry in 1994–1997. During the same period, he held the position of the Chairman of the China Democratic National Construction Association (CDNCA) Central Committee, from 1996-1997. He continued to hold dual positions for nearly ten years, as the Chairman of the 7th and 8th Central Committees of the Chairman of the China Democratic National Construction Association (CDNCA) from 1997–2007, and as the Vice-Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Ninth and Tenth National People’s Congresses in 1998–2008. During this time, he was also awarded an Honorary Doctor of Business Administration from Hong Kong Polytechnic University. [2] [3] [4]

Academics

His research mainly covers complexity science, fictitious economy, venture capital, chemical systems engineering, soft science and management science.

He has published several books, including Chromic Salts Technology, Rejuvenating Chemical Industry through Science and Technology, Soft Science and Reform, Large Linear Target Programming and Application, Research in China's Economic Development and Reform and Economic Reform and Development in China. In 2010, he began having his works translated into English and published through Enrich Professional Publishing [5] [6] in Hong Kong, for a worldwide readership. The books Selected Works of Cheng Siwei, Economic Reforms and Development in China: Three-Volume Set [5] [7] [6] are some of his most recent works. He has nearly 300 publications under his name at home and abroad. [4]

In recent years, he has devoted himself to the use of complexity science to study issues relating to the development and reform of China, made enormous efforts to explore and explain the characteristics and law of development of the fictitious economy, and actively studied and promoted the development of venture capital in China. The Brookings Institution has hosted him as a speaker in an effort to find out more about China's 12th 5-year-plan, including its top-level policy objectives.

Death

Cheng Siwei died in Beijing on the morning of 12 July 2015 at the age of 80. [8] [9]

Published works

Related Research Articles

Science and technology in China National overview for China

Science and technology in China have developed rapidly during the 1990s to 2010s. The Chinese government has placed emphasis through funding, reform, and societal status on science and technology as a fundamental part of the socio-economic development of the country as well as for national prestige. China has made rapid advances in areas such as education, infrastructure, high-tech manufacturing, academic publishing, patents, and commercial applications and is now in some areas and by some measures a world leader. China is now increasingly targeting indigenous innovation and aims to reform remaining weaknesses.

Harbin Institute of Technology university in Harbin, China

Harbin Institute of Technology is a research university and a member of China's elite C9 League. HIT is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University. It has three campuses, spanning the country from north to south: the Harbin campus in Heilongjiang Province, the Weihai campus in Shandong Province and the Shenzhen campus in Guangdong Province.

South China University of Technology University in Guangdong, China

South China University of Technology is a major public research university in China. It is located in the Tianhe District and Panyu District of Guangzhou, capital of Guangdong Province, China. It is a multidisciplinary university focusing on engineering, combined with science, also promoting well coordinated development of management, economics, humanities and law. Its engineering ranks at 22nd among world universities according to Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) in 2016. U.S. News & World Report ranks South China University of Technology 46 in engineering among Best Global Universities in 2018. It is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.

Tianjin University university in Tianjin, China

Tianjin University is the first modern higher education institution in China, and now a national university under the direct administration of the Ministry of Education of China. It is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University. It was established in 1895 as Imperial Tientsin University and later Peiyang University. In 1951, after restructuring, it was renamed Tianjin University, and became one of the largest multidisciplinary engineering universities in China. The university was one of the first 16 universities accredited by the nation in 1959. It is also among the first group of institutions of higher learning in the national "211-Project" to which priority is given in construction. In order to carry out the "21st Century Education Revitalizing Action Plan", in late 2000 the Ministry of Education and Tianjin Municipality signed an agreement which aims to build Tianjin University into a 1st-class university in the world in the 21st century.

University of Science and Technology of China University in Hefei, China

The University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) is a national research university in Hefei, Anhui, China, under the direct leadership of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). It is a member of the C9 League, China's equivalent of the Ivy League. It is also a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University. Founded in Beijing by the CAS in September 1958, it was moved to Hefei in the beginning of 1970 during the Cultural Revolution.

National Chiao Tung University A national university in Hsinchu City

National Chiao Tung University is a public research university located in Hsinchu, Taiwan. Established in 1896 as Nanyang Public School by an imperial edict of the Guangxu Emperor, it is one of Taiwan's leading universities. After the Chinese Civil War, NCTU was re-established by former Chiao Tung University faculty and alumni in 1958.

China National Democratic Construction Association Chinese political party

The China National Democratic Construction Association (CNDCA), also China Democratic National Construction Association (CDNCA), also known by its Chinese abbreviation Minjian (民建), is one of the eight legally recognised political parties in the People's Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China and are members of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. It was founded in Chongqing in 1945 by the Vocational Education Society, a former member of the China Democratic League.

Abid Hussain Indian economist, diplomat and civil servant.

Abid Hussain was an Indian economist, civil servant and diplomat. He was India's ambassador to the United States of America from 1990 to 1992 and a member of the Planning Commission from 1985 to 1990.

Nanyang Model High School School in Shanghai, China

Shanghai Nanyang Model High School, often referred to simply as Nanmo, is one of the oldest modern Chinese schools, founded in 1901 by Sheng Xuanhuai, Minister of Transportation of the Qing Dynasty.

Harbin University of Science and Technology

Harbin University of Science and Technology is a university in Harbin, China. Previously known as Harbin University of Science and Technology. It is colloquially known as Hakeda, or Harbin Institute of Electrical Technology(Chinese: 哈尔滨电工学院; pinyin: Hā'ěrbīn Diàn'gōng Xuèyuàn). It is colloquially known as Hadiangong.

Wan Gang Minister of Science and Technology of China

Wan Gang is a Chinese expert on automobiles, former president of Tongji University (2002–2007) and the Minister of Science and Technology. He is also the Chairman of the China Zhi Gong Party, a legally sanctioned minor political party in China, and, since 2013 also Vice Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas public university in Moscow, Russia

The National University of Oil and Gas «Gubkin University» is a university in Moscow. The university was founded on 17 April 1930 and is named after the geologist Ivan Gubkin. The university is affectionally known as Kerosinka, meaning "kerosene stove".

History of science and technology in the Peoples Republic of China

For more than a century, China's leaders have called for rapid development of science and technology, and science policy has played a greater role in national politics in China than in many other countries. China's scientific and technical achievements have been impressive in many fields. Although it has been a relatively low-income, developing country, China has by its own efforts managed to develop nuclear weapons, the ability to launch and recover satellites, supercomputers, and high-yield hybrid rice, among others. But the development of science and technology has been uneven, and significant achievements in some fields are matched by low levels in others.

Science and technology in Pakistan

Science and technology is a growing field in Pakistan and has played an important role in the country's development since its founding. Pakistan has a large pool of scientists, engineers, doctors, and technicians assuming an active role in science and technology. Liaquat Ali Khan the first Prime Minister of Pakistan, made various reforms to initiate improvement in higher education and scientific research. The real growth in science in Pakistan occurred after the establishment of the Higher education Commission in 2002 which supported science in a big way and also became the major sponsor of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences under the leadership of Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman. The first IT policy and implementation strategy was approved under the leadership of Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman, then Federal Minister of Science & technology, in August 2000 which laid the foundations of the development of this sector On the request of Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman, Intel initiated a nationwide programme to train school teachers in Information and Communication technologies in March 2002 which has led to the training of 220,000 school teachers in 70 districts and cities across Pakistan. A 15-year tax holiday was approved on the recommendation of Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman which has resulted in growth of IT business from $30 million in 2001 to over $3 billion. The Pakistan Austria University of Applied Engineering (Fachhochschule) is now being established in Haripur Hazara under the Chairmanship of Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman in which students will get degrees from several Austrian universities. Pakistan's growth in scientific output can be seen from the fact that in 1990 Pakistan published 926 scholarly documents while in 2018 the number rose to 20548, a twenty times increase.In contrast India published 21443 scholarly documents in 1990 and the number rose to 171356 in 2018, an eight times increase. In 2018, 336 people per million were researchers in the R&D in Pakistan compared to 256 people per million being researchers in India.

Qiqihar University is an institution for higher education, founded in 1953 in Qiqihar city of Heilongjiang province in northeast China. Its campus has an area of 1.15 km². It is the only provincial, comprehensive, regular institution of higher learning in the western part of Heilongjiang Province.

Li Tieying is a retired politician of the People's Republic of China. He held many positions since 1955, including Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and President of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. He is an author of several books. For more than 20 years he served as Minister in charge of the State Commission for Economic Restructuring, and participated in major decision making and the implementation of China’s economic reforms during that time.

Enrich Professional Publishing book publisher based in Hong Kong, Singapore and Honolulu

Enrich Professional Publishing (S) Private Limited (EPP) is a publisher incorporated in Singapore, but related to Enrich Professional Publishing Limited and Hong Kong-based Enrich Publishing Limited. Enrich Professional Publishing is headquartered in Hong Kong and had offices in Singapore and Beijing. Both Enrich Professional Publishing and Enrich Publishing are part of Enrich Culture Group. Another sister company, Enrich Professional Publishing, Inc., was based in Honolulu, Hawaii. According to the company, Enrich Publishing was founded in 2004, while Enrich Professional Publishing was founded in 2009. Enrich Professional Publishing is an imprint for books in English language. Despite using different companies in Singapore and the United States to publish, their books, such as Poon's and Zhang's, are printed in Hong Kong.

Kyiv National Economic University university

The Kyiv National Economic University, named after Vadym Hetman, is a higher educational institution in Kiev, Ukraine, and a self-governing (autonomous) research National University. The university was founded in 1906. The main building is located on Victory Avenue, 54/1. Its estimated quality of education and researches puts the university on the third place in National ranking of the universities in Ukraine. According to one of the leading university rankings in the world, KNEU occupied the second position among universities in Ukraine. The university has been named in honour of Vadym Hetman since 2005. He was a Ukrainian politician and financier, who was killed in 1998.

The China Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, better known as China CEEP, was founded in 2009. It is a Chinese think tank that conducts research on energy economics, climate policy and environmental management. Armed with qualitative and quantitative tools, it aims to provide a scientific basis for public and private decisions in strategy planning and management that are needed to cope with China's increasing demand for energy, as well as the challenges of adapting to and mitigating climate change. China CEEP also serves as a professional education center and a platform for international exchange in the area of energy and environmental policy research.

References

  1. 成卓:像玫瑰一样生长. 163 (in Chinese). 2011-12-27.
  2. 1 2 3 Cheng, Siwei. "Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences". Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  3. 1 2 Cheng, Siwei. "Biography of Cheng Siwei" . Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  4. 1 2 3 Cheng, Siwei. "MBA Library" . Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  5. 1 2 3 Cheng, Siwei. "Enrich Selected Works of Cheng Siwei". Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  6. 1 2 3 "2102 Economic Reforms & Development in China & Book Launch", China's Sina News, Jan 6, 2012
  7. Cheng, Siwei. "Selected Works of Cheng Siwei" . Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  8. "Chinese economist Cheng Siwei dies at 80". ECNS.CN. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  9. http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1838243/cheng-siwei-chemist-who-became-chinas-venture-capital