Chengdu Tiancheng F.C.

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Chengdu Tiancheng
Chéngdū Tiānchéng
成都天诚
Chengdu Tiancheng F.C.png
Full nameChengdu Tiancheng Football Club
成都天诚足球俱乐部
Nickname(s)Chinese Sheffield United,
Founded1996;25 years ago (1996) as Chengdu Wuniu F.C.
Dissolved2015
Ground Shuangliu Sports Center, Shuangliu County
Capacity26,000

The team started well for the 2001 season going unbeaten in their first eight games and went on to finish in third position however the season was tarnished when match-fixing allegations came to light involving Chengdu Wuniu Guoteng and four other teams. The team's record win over Sichuan Mianyang 11–2 and their 4–2 away victory against Jiangsu Sainty were put under the spotlight and as a consequence all coaches and players involved in both matches (along with another game featuring the other two teams) were banned for one year, and all five teams had three months to reform and re-apply for playing in the next season's CFA competitions. The only points were deducted from Sichuan Mianyang but they were relegated as punishment. To make the season even more disappointing, Chengdu Wuniu Guoteng fell at the first round of the Mexin Doors FA Cup losing 2–1 away to Jia A League side Tianjin TEDA. [12]

Reformation

In 2002 Chengdu Wuniu Guoteng were reformed as a result of the previous season's match fixing and were renamed Chengdu Taihe. Early in the season the team final progressed passed the first round of the Fuji Films FA Cup beating Shenyang Ginde 3–2 in nearby Deyang with a last minute goal however they were soon on their way home again after losing 3–1 to Qingdao Etsong Hainiu once again in Deyang. The league competition followed in much the same vein with the team finishing in 9th of 12 however a mid-season venue change to City Stadium in Luzhou can't have helped however Santos did manage to achieve joint top divisional scorer with 10 goals for the club. [13]

The team crashed out yet again in the earliest stage of the Landi FA Cup in 2003 losing 2 of their 3 group matches. The team started using City Stadium in Deyang as its home ground this season and its name reverted to the name Chengdu Wuniu in round 6 of the league in July. They finished the year in a respectable 6th place out of 14 after the division had been enlarged and beat 4th placed Jiangsu Sainty 5–1 in October. [14]

Chengdu Wuniu's poor cup performance continued in 2004 losing 5–3 on penalties after extra time to Qingdao Etsong Hainiu in the first round of the Landi FA Cup. The poor performance also contributed to their final position of 13th out of 17 that year after another enlargement. This season was also played at two differing home venues, the Provincial Sports Centre in Chengdu as well as City Stadium in Deyang. [15]

The 2005 season was finally played back at one home venue in Chengdu, the Chengdu Sports Centre. They again crashed out of the CFA Cup in the first round, this time to Chinese Super League side Shanghai International. Their poor performance in the league also continued, finishing 11th of 14 in the league. [16]

Foreign Ownership and promotion

Chengdu Wuniu underwent another name change in January 2006, when they were bought out by the then Chairman of English football team Sheffield United's Kevin McCabe, who renamed the club Chengdu Blades to reflect the new owner's nickname The Blades as well as changing the kits and badge, while the reserve team were sent to Hong Kong and named "Sheffield United (Hong Kong)" to advertise its association with the owning company. [17] Sheffield United's unique international football model would continue with the purchase of Hungarian club Ferencvárosi TC and significant stakes with Australian team Central Coast Mariners FC, which were overseen by Group Executive Director, Michael Farnan who was responsible for the commercial development of the Sheffield United International Group. [18] While this was going on the team's performance improved and by the end of the year they had climbed to 4th position in the table, their 2nd best ever finish at that time. [19]

At the start of the 2007 Chinese league campaign, Chengdu's opening game of the season against Harbin Yiteng finished in a 6–0 victory in front of a home crowd of 4000 spectators, which resulted in the opposing Head Coach, Wang Hongli creating a Chinese League record for the fastest resignation after just one game. The club's strong start to the season continued and they wouldn't even concede their first goal until 26 May 2007 in their Round 9 league game against Hohhot Black Horse, which they still went on to win 2–1. Even during the league break, Chengdu went on to face Chinese Super League side Shanghai Shenhua in a friendly that Chengdu came back to win 2–1. Round 14 commenced with a 3–1 win against Harbin Yiteng and the Blades moved onto the top spot. However, following consecutive 1–1 draws with Nanchang Hengyuan and Chongqing Lifan, the Blades fell back into 2nd position. This was cemented by their first defeat of the season, losing 2–1 against leaders Guangzhou Pharmaceutical.

The Blades returned to winning ways with 4 straight wins against Beijing Hongdeng (2–0), Nanjing Yoyo (6–1), Qingdao Hailifeng (2–0) and Hohhot Black Horse (3–0) and after 20 games the Blades were still in the second automatic promotion place with just another 4 matches to play, 5 points behind Guangzhou Pharmaceutical.

The Blades snatched the victory 2–1 in the last minute against Yanbian in their next away game to put themselves within touching distance of promotion, requiring just one more win which followed a week later in round 23 with Chengdu securing their place in next season's beating Shanghai Stars 4–2 in front of their home crowd.

Chengdu drew their penultimate game of the season 1–1 against BIT Beijing and faced former promotion rivals, 3rd placed Jiangsu Sainty in the final fixture of the China League at home on 27 October which finished 0–0 to ensure a promotion party just two seasons after the buyout by Sheffield United.

First Season in Top Flight

Chengdu had the privilege of staging the opening ceremony of the 2008 season of the Chinese Super League before their first match at home to Liaoning F.C. which was broadcast live on Chinese TV. [20] The newcomers fell behind after 60 minutes but managed to earn a point just a few minutes later after Liu Cheng equalised. After an away defeat to 2007 champions Changchun Yatai on 5 April, the Blades had two successive victories against Zhejiang Greentown and Dalian Shide to move into 3rd place. And on 27 April 2008, Chengdu Blades beat Shanghai Shenhua with a score 2–1 and moved into the second place. This was followed by a 3–1 away loss to Tianjin TEDA and a 1–1 draw against Qingdao Jonoon.

On 12 May, Chengdu was rocked by the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. Fortunately, none of the Chengdu Blades personnel were injured and in the following days both staff and players donated blood for the cause. The players also visited schools affected by the earthquake and the club donated more than £11,000 along with tents, umbrellas, water, food and clothes including more than 5000 football shirts to people affected in the region. [21] At the following game against Changsha Ginde on 17 May China League's first ever minute's silence was held before the match, which ended in a 1–1 draw, all gate money from this rounds games around China would also be given to the disaster zones. [22]

In the remaining rounds Chengdu only won one more game beating Shenzhen 3–0 at home, drew another 9 matches (4 of which were 0–0 draws) and lost the other 10 games. This was enough to finish 13th in table and avoid relegation.

Match fixing and demotion

On 23 February 2010, Chengdu was relegated to China League One in the fallout of a match fixing scandal despite having achieved a 7th-place finish in the Chinese Super League the previous season. [23] It was discovered by the Chinese police that on 22 September 2007 during the team's promotion campaign that the club's President Xu Hongtao and his deputy You Kewei paid Qingdao Hailifeng F.C. up to 500,000 RMB to lose a league game 2–0. [24] Despite this setback under Wang Baoshan as manager, Chengdu Blades won immediate promotion back to the Chinese Super League after finishing second in League One, one point behind winners Guangzhou. With the club's owners, Sheffield United, struggling within their own league, funding for Chengdu Blades was cut and they experienced financial problems during the season, which resulted in the club finishing 15th and in the relegation zone at the end of the season. [25]

Retired numbers

18  Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Yao Xia, striker (2005–10). The number was retired in October 2010 in honour of his contribution to Sichuan football. [26]

Results

All-time league rankings

Chengdu Tiancheng F.C.
Simplified Chinese 成都天诚足球俱乐部
Traditional Chinese 成都天誠足球俱樂部
YearDivPldWDLGFGAGDPtsPos. FA Cup Super Cup AFC Att./GStadium
19963182 1  1 1 6 1 3DNQDNQDNQ
19973122 1  1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 6 1 2DNQDNQDNQ
19982226972127−6278R1DNQDNQ
199922298533294356R1DNQDNQ Chengdu Sports Centre
20002227692533−8278R1DNQDNQ Chengdu Sports Centre
20012221264482523423R1DNQDNQ Chengdu Sports Centre
20022227693136−5279R2DNQDNQ Chengdu Sports Centre
2003226126835287426R1DNQDNQ Chengdu Sports Centre
2004232613134657−113113R1DNQDNQ Chengdu Sports Centre
200522682164057−172611R1DNQDNQ Chengdu Sports Centre
2006224115827189384R1DNQDNQ Chengdu Sports Centre
20072241671541440552NHDNQDNQ Chengdu Sports Centre
2008 130711123037−73213NHDNQDNQ12,378 Chengdu Sports Center
2009 130116133239−7397 2 NHDNQDNQ11,873 Chengdu Sports Centre
2010 2241752561541562NHDNQDNQ Chengdu Sports Centre / Dujiangyan Phoenix Stadium
2011 130512132747−202715R1DNQDNQ6,443 Chengdu Sports Centre
2012 230118113340−7419R3DNQDNQ2,026 Shuangliu Sports Centre
2013 23078152737−102914R2DNQDNQ3,591 Shuangliu Sports Centre
2014 23068162945−162615R2DNQDNQ1,924 Shuangliu Sports Centre / Dujiangyan Phoenix Stadium

Key

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