Cher (department)

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Cher
Bourges - Prefecture du Cher -013.jpg
Prefecture of Cher, in Bourges
Cher-Position.svg
Location of Cher in France
Coordinates: 47°0′N2°35′E / 47.000°N 2.583°E / 47.000; 2.583 Coordinates: 47°0′N2°35′E / 47.000°N 2.583°E / 47.000; 2.583
CountryFrance
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Prefecture Bourges
Subprefectures Saint-Amand-Montrond
Vierzon
Government
   President of the General Council Michel Autissier (LR)
Area
1
  Total7,235 km2 (2,793 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total307,110
  Rank 73rd
  Density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 18
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 287
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Cher ( /ʃɛər/ ; French:  [ʃɛʁ] ; Berrichon: Char) is a department in the administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire, France. It is named after the river Cher.

Contents

History

Cher is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. Most of it was created, along with the adjacent department of Indre from the former province of Berry. The southeastern corner of the department, however, was part of the Duchy of Bourbon.

Geography

The department is part of the current administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire. It is surrounded by the departments of Indre, Loir-et-Cher, Loiret, Nièvre, Allier, and Creuse.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1791207,541    
1801217,785+0.48%
1806228,158+0.93%
1821239,561+0.33%
1831256,059+0.67%
1841273,645+0.67%
1851306,261+1.13%
1861323,393+0.55%
1872335,392+0.33%
1881351,405+0.52%
1891359,276+0.22%
1901345,543−0.39%
1911337,810−0.23%
1921304,800−1.02%
1931293,918−0.36%
1936288,695−0.36%
1946286,070−0.09%
1954284,376−0.07%
1962293,514+0.40%
1968304,601+0.62%
1975316,350+0.54%
1982320,174+0.17%
1990321,559+0.05%
1999314,428−0.25%
2006314,676+0.01%
2016307,110−0.24%
source: [1]

The inhabitants of the department are called Berrichons from the former province of Berry.

Politics

The President of the General Council is Alain Rafesthain of the Socialist Party.

Partyseats
Union for a Popular Movement 10
Socialist Party 9
French Communist Party 7
Miscellaneous Right 5
Miscellaneous Left 4

Current National Assembly representatives

ConstituencyMember [2] Party
1st François Cormier-Bouligeon La République En Marche!
2nd Nadia Essayan MoDem
3rd Loïc Kervran La République En Marche!

Tourism

The Bourges Cathedral of St. Étienne is a major tourist attraction.

See also

Languages

The historical languages are Berrichon and the northern version of Bourbonnais. These are both dialects of French, or the Langues d'oïl. They are named respectively after the former Province of Berry and the former Duchy of Bourbon. Some 11 communes in the extreme South used to speak Occitan.

The old dialects were in widespread use until the middle decades of the twentieth century and incorporated major regional variations within the department, influenced by the dialects of adjacent regions near the departmental frontiers. During the twentieth century government educational policy promoted a more standardised version of the French language.

In the extreme south of the department influence from the southern Occitan language begins to appear, with "chambrat" being used in place of "grenier a foin" (hayloft), "betoulle" in place of "bouleau" (birch tree) and "aigue" in place of "eau" (water).

Related Research Articles

Indre-et-Loire Department of France in Centre-Val de Loire

Indre-et-Loire is a department in west-central France named after the Indre River and Loire River. In 2016, it had a population of 606,223. Sometimes referred to as Touraine, the name of the historic region, it nowadays is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. Its prefecture is Tours and subprefectures are Chinon and Loches. Indre-et-Loire is a touristic destination for its numerous monuments that are part of the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

Cher (river)

The Cher is a river in central France, a left tributary of the Loire. It is 367.8 km (228.5 mi) long and its basin area is 13,718 km2 (5,297 sq mi). Its source is in the Creuse department, north-east of Crocq. It joins the river Loire at Villandry, west of Tours.

Berry, France Place in France

Berry is a former province located in central France. It was a province of France until departments replaced the provinces on 4 March 1790, when Berry became divided between the départements of Cher and Indre.

Bourges Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Bourges is a commune in central France on the river Yèvre. It is the capital of the department of Cher, and also was the capital city of the former province of Berry.

Allier Department of France in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Allier is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region that borders Cher to the west, Nièvre to the north, Saône-et-Loire and Loire to the east, Puy-de-Dôme to the south, and Creuse to the south-west. Named after the river Allier, it had a population of 339,384 in 2016. Moulins is the prefecture; Montluçon and Vichy are the subprefectures. Its INSEE and post code is 03.

Loir-et-Cher Department of France

Loir-et-Cher is a department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France. Its name is originated from two rivers which cross it, the Loir in its northern part and the Cher in its southern part. Its prefecture is Blois. The INSEE and La Poste gave it the number 41.

Indre Department of France

Indre is a department in central France named after the river Indre. The inhabitants of the department are known as the Indriens and Indriennes. Indre is part of the current administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire and is surrounded by the departments of Indre-et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher, Cher, Creuse, Vienne, and Haute-Vienne. The préfecture (capital) is Châteauroux and there are three subpréfectures at Le Blanc, La Châtre and Issoudun.

Centre-Val de Loire Administrative region of France

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Auvergne Region of France

Auvergne is a former administrative region in central France, comprising the four departments of Allier, Puy-de-Dôme, Cantal and Haute-Loire. Since 1 January 2016, it has been part of the new region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.

Montluçon Subprefecture and commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Montluçon is a commune in central France on the river Cher. It is the largest commune in the Allier department, although the department's prefecture is located in the smaller town of Moulins. Its inhabitants are known as Montluçonnais. The town is in the traditional province of Bourbonnais and was part of the mediaeval duchy of Bourbon.

Lignières, Cher Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Lignières is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.

Augy-sur-Aubois Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Augy-sur-Aubois is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.

Concressault Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Concressault is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.

Épineuil-le-Fleuriel Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Épineuil-le-Fleuriel is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.

Mareuil-sur-Arnon Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Mareuil-sur-Arnon is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.

Marseilles-lès-Aubigny Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Marseilles-lès-Aubigny is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.

Mornay-sur-Allier Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Mornay-sur-Allier is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.

Buzançais Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Buzançais is a commune and town in the French department of Indre, administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire, France.

Bléré Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Bléré is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.

Marchois (dialect) Occitan dialect

Marchois or Marchese is a transitional Occitan dialect between Occitan language and Oïl languages spoken in the historical region of La Marche, in northern Limousin and its region. Occitan and Oïl dialects meet there,.

References