Chernihiv Oblast

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Chernihiv Oblast

Чернігівська область
Chernihivs'ka oblast'
Chernihivska oblast [1]
Coat of Arms of Chernihiv Oblast.svg
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Чернігівщина (Chernihivshchyna)
Chernihiv in Ukraine.svg
Coordinates: 51°20′N32°04′E / 51.34°N 32.06°E / 51.34; 32.06 Coordinates: 51°20′N32°04′E / 51.34°N 32.06°E / 51.34; 32.06
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Established15 October 1932
Administrative center Chernihiv
Largest cities Chernihiv, Nizhyn, Pryluky
Government
   Governor Viacheslav Chaus [2]
   Oblast council 64 seats
  Chairperson Ihor Vdovenko
Area
  Total31,865 km2 (12,303 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 3rd
Population
 (2021) [3]
  TotalDecrease2.svg 976,701
Demographics
   Official language(s) Ukrainian
   Average salary UAH 8857 (2019)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
14-17xxx
Area code +380 46
ISO 3166 code UA-74
Vehicle registration СВ
Raions 22
Cities (total)44
  Regional cities 3
Urban-type settlements 34
Villages1494
FIPS 10-4 UP02
Website www.chernigivstat.gov.ua
chor.gov.ua

Chernihiv Oblast (Ukrainian : Чернігівська область, translit. Chernihivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Chernihivshchyna , Ukrainian : Чернігівщина) is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Chernihiv. Within the Oblast are 1,511 settlements of various sizes ranging from large cities to very small villages. Population: 976,701 (2021 est.) [3]

Contents

Geography

The total area of the province is around 31,900 km².

The oblast is bordered on the west by the Kyiv Reservoir of the Dnieper River and Kyiv Oblast, by the Sumy Oblast to the east, and the Poltava Oblast to the south. The northern border of the oblast is part of Ukraine's international border abutting Belarus's Homyel Voblast in the north-west and the Russian Bryansk Oblast in the north-east, respectively.

The oblast is bisected into northern and southern sections by the Desna River, which enters the Dnieper just north of the Kyiv city limits.

History

Chernihiv Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on 15 October 1932.

The capital city of Chernihiv has known human settlement for over 2,000 years, according to archaeological excavations. The Chernihiv Oblast comprises a very important historical region, notable as early as the Kievan Rus' period, when the cities of Chernihiv and Novhorod-Siverskyi were frequently mentioned. The city of Chernihiv was the second most important Ukrainian city during the Rus' period of Ukrainian history, often serving as a major regional capital. Danylo of Chernihiv wrote of his pilgrimage to Jerusalem during this era. The numerous architectural monuments of the city bear witness to the invasions suffered, including those by the Tatars/Mongols, Lithuanians, Poles, and Nazis. On the territory of the region took place numerous tragic events such as Battle of Kruty, Tragedy of Kryukivka, and many others.

The oblast is located in the historic region of Polesia (Ukrainian : Полісся, translit. Polissia).

Administrative subdivisions

Map of Chernihiv Oblast. Chernihiv Oblast 2020 subdivisions.jpg
Map of Chernihiv Oblast.

Since July 2020, Cherkasy Oblast is administratively subdivided into 5 raions (districts).

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Chernihiv Oblast:

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Chernihiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Chernihiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Important cities

Main cities
  1. Coat of Arms of Chernihiv.svg Chernihiv (294,727)
  2. Nizhyn gerb.png Nizhyn (72,422)
  3. Priluky.png Pryluky (58,456)
  4. Bahmach gerb.svg Bakhmach (18,798)
  5. Nosivka new gerb.gif Nosivka (14,185)
  6. Novhorod-Siverskiy herb.png Novhorod-Siverskyi (14,025)
Other cities

Raions

The five raions (districts) of the Chernihiv Oblast are:

The Slavutych municipality is located in Chernihiv Oblast on the eastern bank of the Dnieper, but officially belongs to Kyiv Oblast (being an administrative exclave).

Demographics

The current estimated population of the oblast is around 1,055,673 (as of 2015).

The population of the oblast is predominantly Ukrainian, with minority Belarusian and Russian populations concentrated in the northern districts.

The province has experienced long-term population decline. The population has fallen 23% from the 1959 figure of 1,554,000, the steepest decline of any Ukrainian oblast. It has the lowest population density in the country.

Age structure

0-14 years: 12.9% Increase2.svg (male 70,680/female 67,487)
15-64 years: 68.4% Decrease2.svg (male 352,230/female 378,864)
65 years and over: 18.7% Decrease2.svg (male 61,722/female 138,277) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 42.8 years Steady2.svg
male: 38.5 years Increase2.svg
female: 46.9 years Steady2.svg (2013 official)

Economy

Industry

The economy of the Chernihiv Oblast mostly deals with petroleum and natural gas extraction, transport, machinery, tobacco and textile industry. A major tobacco factory is situated in Pryluky. Cities of Bakhmach and Nizhyn are the important railway junctions on the route from Russia and Belarus to South-Eastern Europe. There are notable machinery and electronics industries in Chernihiv. Chernihiv also has a beer brewery producing beer under the name "Chernihivske".

Religion

The religion among believers in the oblast is overwhelmingly Eastern Orthodox. A substantial percentage of the population is atheist. Small minorities of Ukrainian Catholics, Roman Catholics (including the descendants of earlier Polish colonists), and recent converts to Protestantism are also present.

Culture and tourist attractions

There are a few outstanding historical Orthodox churches and buildings in Chernihiv, Novhorod-Siverskyi, Liubech, Nizhyn (Nezhyn) and Koselets' (a city of Ancient Rus', older than Kyiv). Nizhyn is an historical cossack city and home to a university.

Chernihiv region was famous for its specific style of folk icon-painting. Brightness and realistic depictions of the saints were typical for it, with red and hot yellow paints used. The icons were decorated by flowers which reminded of Slavonic pre-Christian traditions. The icons from Chernihiv region were spread outside its territory. Many of them are preserved in the Museum of Ukrainian home icons of the Radomysl Castle.

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian : обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective centre city: Chernihiv is the centre of the Chernihivs’ka oblast’ (Chernihiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Chernihiv Oblast, Chernihivshchyna.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Novhorod-Siverskyi Town in Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

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Liubech Urban locality in Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

Liubech is an urban-type settlement, previously a small ancient town connected with many important events in the Principality of Chernigov since the times of Kievan Rus'. It is located in Chernihiv Raion, now in Chernihiv Oblast of northern Ukraine. Liubech is 250 kilometers (160 mi) north of the capital of Ukraine, Kyiv, and located near the Belarusian border. It hosts the administration of Liubech settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 1,998

Pryluky Urban locality in Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

Pryluky is a city located on the Udai River in Chernihiv Oblast, north-central Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Pryluky Raion (district). Located nearby is the Pryluky air base, a major strategic bomber base during the Cold War, which is Ukraine's largest airfield. Pryluky hosts the administration of Pryluky urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 52,553

Radomyshl City in Zhytomyr Oblast, Ukraine

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Bakhmach Urban locality in Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

Bakhmach is a city located in Nizhyn Raion of Chernihiv Oblast (province), in northern Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Bakhmach urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. It has a population of 17,192.

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Novhorod-Siverskyi Raion Subdivision of Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

Novhorod-Siverskyi Raion is a raion (district) of Chernihiv Oblast, northern Ukraine. Its administrative centre is located at Novhorod-Siverskyi. Population: 63,670

The following gallery displays the official coats of arms of the 27 oblasts, autonomous republics and cities with special status of Ukraine:

Chernihiv Oblast is subdivided into districts (raions) which are further subdivided into amalgamated territorial communities (hromadas).

Dmytrivka, Chernihiv Oblast Urban locality in Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

Dmytrivka is an urban-type settlement in Nizhyn Raion, Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Dmytrivka settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population is 2,150

Ponornytsia Urban locality in Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

Ponornytsia is an urban-type settlement in Novhorod-Siverskyi Raion, Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Ponornytsia urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 1,961

References

  1. Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). "Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division . scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN   978-966-475-839-7 . Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  2. Zelensky appoints head of Chernihiv Regional State Administration, Ukrinform (4 August 2021)
  3. 1 2 "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 11 July 2021.