|Established||15 October 1932|
|Largest cities||Chernihiv, Nizhyn, Pryluky|
|• Governor||Viacheslav Chaus|
|• Oblast council||64 seats|
|• Chairperson||Ihor Vdovenko|
|• Total||31,865 km2 (12,303 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 3rd|
|• Official language(s)||Ukrainian|
|• Average salary||UAH 8857 (2019)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code||+380 46|
|ISO 3166 code||UA-74|
|• Regional cities||3|
|Website|| www.chernigivstat.gov.ua |
Chernihiv Oblast (Ukrainian : Чернігівська область, translit. Chernihivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Chernihivshchyna , Ukrainian : Чернігівщина) is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Chernihiv. Within the Oblast are 1,511 settlements of various sizes ranging from large cities to very small villages. Population: 976,701 (2021 est.)
The total area of the province is around 31,900 km².
The oblast is bordered on the west by the Kyiv Reservoir of the Dnieper River and Kyiv Oblast, by the Sumy Oblast to the east, and the Poltava Oblast to the south. The northern border of the oblast is part of Ukraine's international border abutting Belarus's Homyel Voblast in the north-west and the Russian Bryansk Oblast in the north-east, respectively.
The oblast is bisected into northern and southern sections by the Desna River, which enters the Dnieper just north of the Kyiv city limits.
Chernihiv Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on 15 October 1932.
The capital city of Chernihiv has known human settlement for over 2,000 years, according to archaeological excavations. The Chernihiv Oblast comprises a very important historical region, notable as early as the Kievan Rus' period, when the cities of Chernihiv and Novhorod-Siverskyi were frequently mentioned. The city of Chernihiv was the second most important Ukrainian city during the Rus' period of Ukrainian history, often serving as a major regional capital. Danylo of Chernihiv wrote of his pilgrimage to Jerusalem during this era. The numerous architectural monuments of the city bear witness to the invasions suffered, including those by the Tatars/Mongols, Lithuanians, Poles, and Nazis. On the territory of the region took place numerous tragic events such as Battle of Kruty, Tragedy of Kryukivka, and many others.
The oblast is located in the historic region of Polesia (Ukrainian : Полісся, translit. Polissia).
Since July 2020, Cherkasy Oblast is administratively subdivided into 5 raions (districts).
The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Chernihiv Oblast:
The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Chernihiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Chernihiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.
The five raions (districts) of the Chernihiv Oblast are:
The Slavutych municipality is located in Chernihiv Oblast on the eastern bank of the Dnieper, but officially belongs to Kyiv Oblast (being an administrative exclave).
The current estimated population of the oblast is around 1,055,673 (as of 2015).
The population of the oblast is predominantly Ukrainian, with minority Belarusian and Russian populations concentrated in the northern districts.
The province has experienced long-term population decline. The population has fallen 23% from the 1959 figure of 1,554,000, the steepest decline of any Ukrainian oblast. It has the lowest population density in the country.
The economy of the Chernihiv Oblast mostly deals with petroleum and natural gas extraction, transport, machinery, tobacco and textile industry. A major tobacco factory is situated in Pryluky. Cities of Bakhmach and Nizhyn are the important railway junctions on the route from Russia and Belarus to South-Eastern Europe. There are notable machinery and electronics industries in Chernihiv. Chernihiv also has a beer brewery producing beer under the name "Chernihivske".
The religion among believers in the oblast is overwhelmingly Eastern Orthodox. A substantial percentage of the population is atheist. Small minorities of Ukrainian Catholics, Roman Catholics (including the descendants of earlier Polish colonists), and recent converts to Protestantism are also present.
There are a few outstanding historical Orthodox churches and buildings in Chernihiv, Novhorod-Siverskyi, Liubech, Nizhyn (Nezhyn) and Koselets' (a city of Ancient Rus', older than Kyiv). Nizhyn is an historical cossack city and home to a university.
Chernihiv region was famous for its specific style of folk icon-painting. Brightness and realistic depictions of the saints were typical for it, with red and hot yellow paints used. The icons were decorated by flowers which reminded of Slavonic pre-Christian traditions. The icons from Chernihiv region were spread outside its territory. Many of them are preserved in the Museum of Ukrainian home icons of the Radomysl Castle.
Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian : обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective centre city: Chernihiv is the centre of the Chernihivs’ka oblast’ (Chernihiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Chernihiv Oblast, Chernihivshchyna.
Kyiv Oblast is an oblast (province) in central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kyiv, which is also the capital of Ukraine. Despite being in the center of the Kyiv Oblast, and hosting the governing bodies of the oblast, Kyiv is a self-governing city with special status and not under oblast jurisdiction.
Cherkasy Oblast is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine located along the Dnieper River. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Cherkasy. The current population of the oblast is 1,178,266 ).
Luhansk Oblast is the easternmost oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Luhansk. The oblast was established in 1938 and bore the name Voroshilovgrad Oblast in honor of Kliment Voroshilov. Its population is estimated as 2,121,322
Khmelnytskyi Oblast is an oblast (province) of western Ukraine covering portions of such historical regions like western Podolia and southern Volhynia. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Khmelnytskyi.
Kirovohrad Oblast is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kropyvnytskyi. Its population is 920,128 .
Kherson Oblast is an oblast (province) in southern Ukraine, just north of Crimea. Its administrative center is Kherson. The area of the region is 28,461 km2. Population: 1,016,707 This is considered to be the 'fruit basket' of the country, as many of the oblast's agricultural production is dispersed throughout the country, with production peaking during the summer months.
Novhorod-Siverskyi is a historic city in Chernihiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Novhorod-Siverskyi Raion, though it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. Novhorod-Siverskyi is situated on the bank of the Desna River, 330 km from the capital, Kyiv, and 45 km south of the Russian border. It hosts the administration of Novhorod-Siverskyi urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 12,647
Zhytomyr Oblast is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Zhytomyr. Its population is approximately 1,195,495 .
Sumy Oblast is an oblast (province) in the northeastern part of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Sumy. Population: 1,053,402
Poltava Oblast is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Poltava. Most of its territory is part of the historic Cossack Hetmanate. Population: 1,371,529
Liubech is an urban-type settlement, previously a small ancient town connected with many important events in the Principality of Chernigov since the times of Kievan Rus'. It is located in Chernihiv Raion, now in Chernihiv Oblast of northern Ukraine. Liubech is 250 kilometers (160 mi) north of the capital of Ukraine, Kyiv, and located near the Belarusian border. It hosts the administration of Liubech settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 1,998
Pryluky is a city located on the Udai River in Chernihiv Oblast, north-central Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Pryluky Raion (district). Located nearby is the Pryluky air base, a major strategic bomber base during the Cold War, which is Ukraine's largest airfield. Pryluky hosts the administration of Pryluky urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 52,553
Radomyshl is a historic city in Zhytomyr Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Radomyshl Raion (district), and is located on the left bank of Teteriv River, a right tributary of Dnieper River. Its population is approximately 14,109 . It is located within the historic region of Right-bank Ukraine.
Bakhmach is a city located in Nizhyn Raion of Chernihiv Oblast (province), in northern Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Bakhmach urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. It has a population of 17,192.
The Chernigov Governorate, also known as the Government of Chernigov, was a guberniya in the historical Left-bank Ukraine region of the Russian Empire, which was officially created in 1802 from the Malorossiya Governorate with an administrative centre of Chernihiv. The Little Russian Governorate was transformed into the General Government of Little Russia and consisted of Chernigov Governorate, Poltava Governorate, and later Kharkov Governorate.
Novhorod-Siverskyi Raion is a raion (district) of Chernihiv Oblast, northern Ukraine. Its administrative centre is located at Novhorod-Siverskyi. Population: 63,670
The following gallery displays the official coats of arms of the 27 oblasts, autonomous republics and cities with special status of Ukraine:
Chernihiv Oblast is subdivided into districts (raions) which are further subdivided into amalgamated territorial communities (hromadas).
Dmytrivka is an urban-type settlement in Nizhyn Raion, Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Dmytrivka settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population is 2,150
Ponornytsia is an urban-type settlement in Novhorod-Siverskyi Raion, Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Ponornytsia urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 1,961