Chernyshevsky, Sakha Republic

Last updated
Chernyshevsky

Чернышевский
Other transcription(s)
  YakutЧернышевскай
Vilyuy River Dam Chernyshevsky.jpg
View of Chernyshevsky and the Vilyuy Dam
Location of Chernyshevsky
Chernyshevsky, Sakha Republic
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Chernyshevsky
Location of Chernyshevsky
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Chernyshevsky
Chernyshevsky (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 63°01′N112°28′E / 63.017°N 112.467°E / 63.017; 112.467 Coordinates: 63°01′N112°28′E / 63.017°N 112.467°E / 63.017; 112.467
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [2]
Administrative district Mirninsky District [2]
SettlementChernyshevsky [2]
Founded1959
Urban-type settlement status since1961 [2]
Elevation
365 m (1,198 ft)
Population
  Total5,025
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
4,288 (−14.7%)
   Capital ofSettlement of Chernyshevsky [2]
   Municipal district Mirninsky Municipal District [5]
  Urban settlementChernyshevsky Urban Settlement [5]
   Capital ofChernyshevsky Urban Settlement [5]
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [6] )
Postal code(s) [7]
678185
OKTMO ID98631162051
Chernyshevsky population
2010 Census 5,025 [3]
2002 Census 5,310 [8]
1989 Census 8,298 [9]
1979 Census 6,029 [10]

Chernyshevsky (Russian : Черныше́вский; Yakut : Чернышевскай) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 92 kilometers (57 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district, [2] on the southern edge of the Central Siberian Plateau on the Vilyuy River, a tributary of the Lena. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 5,025. [3]

Contents

History

It was founded in 1959 with the construction of the dam and hydroelectric plant on the Vilyuy River [ citation needed ] and granted urban-type settlement status in 1961. [2] It was named after Nikolay Chernyshevsky, who was exiled in Siberia from 1864 until 1883, including from 1871 in nearby Vilyuysk.

After the hydroelectric project was completed in 1976, a large number of inhabitants moved away, with the population falling by almost a third between 1970 and 1979 but remaining fairly stable in the following years.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Chernyshevsky [1] is incorporated within Mirninsky District as the Settlement of Chernyshevsky. [2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Chernyshevsky is incorporated within Mirninsky Municipal District as Chernyshevsky Urban Settlement. [5]

Economy and infrastructure

Chernyshevsky is the site of the Vilyuy Dam, the first major hydroelectric project in the world to be built on permafrost, and with the coldest operating conditions of any hydroelectric plant in the world. [11] The dam and the associated hydroelectric plant (Vilyuyskaya GES) are the main employers. The plant has a capacity of 680 MW and supplies power for the diamond mining activities in the nearby Udachny and Mirny.

There is also some fish farming in the reservoir behind the Vilyuy Dam, as well as some timber production and a geological research organization.

Transportation

Chernyshevsky lies on the road leading from Lensk on the Lena River to Mirny and Udachny. This is currently being upgraded as the future Anabar Highway, which will connect up to the Anabar River and the Arctic Ocean.

Climate

Chernyshevsky has a harsh subarctic climate (Dfc).

Climate data for Chernyshevsky, Sakha Republic
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)4.9
(40.8)
2.2
(36.0)
12.8
(55.0)
16.9
(62.4)
29.5
(85.1)
32.8
(91.0)
36.9
(98.4)
32.2
(90.0)
26.1
(79.0)
16.1
(61.0)
5.0
(41.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
36.9
(98.4)
Average high °C (°F)−28.0
(−18.4)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−12.1
(10.2)
−1.9
(28.6)
8.0
(46.4)
18.3
(64.9)
22.0
(71.6)
18.0
(64.4)
8.7
(47.7)
−4.1
(24.6)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−26.6
(−15.9)
−3.2
(26.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)−31.1
(−24.0)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−16.8
(1.8)
−6.4
(20.5)
3.9
(39.0)
13.4
(56.1)
17.0
(62.6)
13.2
(55.8)
4.8
(40.6)
−6.9
(19.6)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−7.2
(19.0)
Average low °C (°F)−34.8
(−30.6)
−32.1
(−25.8)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−12.7
(9.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
7.3
(45.1)
11.0
(51.8)
7.8
(46.0)
0.5
(32.9)
−10.6
(12.9)
−26.9
(−16.4)
−33.9
(−29.0)
−12.1
(10.2)
Record low °C (°F)−57.2
(−71.0)
−53.9
(−65.0)
−50.0
(−58.0)
−43.9
(−47.0)
−17.8
(0.0)
−11.0
(12.2)
0.0
(32.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
−15.0
(5.0)
−37.2
(−35.0)
−51.1
(−60.0)
−60.0
(−76.0)
−60.0
(−76.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)19.2
(0.76)
18.0
(0.71)
27.8
(1.09)
32.7
(1.29)
37.7
(1.48)
57.2
(2.25)
52.3
(2.06)
44.7
(1.76)
47.0
(1.85)
56.2
(2.21)
34.6
(1.36)
23.7
(0.93)
451.1
(17.76)
Average precipitation days24.020.618.113.812.612.210.413.017.025.725.322.9215.6
Source: [12]

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Chernyshevsky is the administrative center of the Settlement of Chernyshevsky.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Law #173-Z 353-III
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  11. Yanity, Brian B. (2007). Cold Climate Problems of a Micro-hydroelectric Development on Crow Creek, Alaska. pp. 8–9. ISBN   978-0-54945-634-6.
  12. "Weather Averages for Chernyshevsky, Sakha Republic (1948-2011)". climatebase.ru. Retrieved December 18, 2014.

Sources