Chersky (urban-type settlement)

Last updated
Chersky

Черский
Other transcription(s)
  YakutЧерскэй
Posiolok Cherskii (3).jpg
Location of Chersky
Chersky (urban-type settlement)
Russia edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Chersky
Location of Chersky
Yakutia notext.svg
Red pog.svg
Chersky
Chersky (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 68°46′N161°20′E / 68.767°N 161.333°E / 68.767; 161.333 Coordinates: 68°46′N161°20′E / 68.767°N 161.333°E / 68.767; 161.333
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [2]
Administrative district Nizhnekolymsky District [2]
SettlementSettlement of Chersky [2]
Founded1931
Urban-type settlement status since1963 [2]
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
  Total2,857
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
2,555 (−10.6%)
   Capital ofNizhnekolymsky District [2] , Settlement of Chersky [2]
   Municipal district Nizhnekolymsky Municipal District [5]
  Urban settlementChersky Urban Settlement [5]
   Capital ofNizhnekolymsky Municipal District [6] , Chersky Urban Settlement [5]
Time zone UTC+11 (MSK+8   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [7] )
Postal code(s) [8]
678829–678831
OKTMO ID98637151051
Chersky population
2010 Census 2,857 [3]
2002 Census 3,832 [9]
1989 Census 11,176 [10]
1979 Census 9,726 [11]

Chersky (also anglicized Cherskiy) (Russian : Че́рский; Yakut : Черскэй) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Nizhnekolymsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Kolyma River, 1,920 kilometers (1,190 mi) east from Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 2,857. [3]

Contents

It was previously known as Nizhniye Kresty (until 1963). In 1989 the population of Chersky peaked on 11,176 inhabitants; however, like the most Soviet settlements in the Arctic, it has been largely abandoned after the dissolution of the Soviet Union as much of its residents left. A similar depopulation happened in Magadan Oblast and Chukotka, and in lighter scale in the Russian Far East.

History

It was founded as Nizhniye Kresty (Нижние Кресты) in 1931.[ citation needed ] In 1963, it was granted urban-type settlement status [2] and renamed Chersky, after Jan Czerski, a Polish geographer who organized several expeditions in the surrounding area in the 1880s.[ citation needed ] From the 1950s to the early 1990s, Chersky hosted logistical wing for drifting ice stations, which ran a supply route via the Zhokhov Island.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Chersky [1] serves as the administrative center of Nizhnekolymsky District. [2] As an administrative division, it is, together with one rural locality (the selo of Petushki [12] ), incorporated within Nizhnekolymsky District as the Settlement of Chersky. [2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Chersky is incorporated within Nizhnekolymsky Municipal District as Chersky Urban Settlement. [5]

Economy

It is served by the Chersky Airport. Chersky is the home of the Northeast Science Station. In 1981, Sergey Zimov established here the Pleistocene Park, a place for studies of global warming, pleistocene ecology, and permafrost.

Climate

Chersky has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc).

Climate data for Chersky
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)3.1
(37.6)
1.3
(34.3)
3.4
(38.1)
10.1
(50.2)
27.0
(80.6)
32.2
(90.0)
35.0
(95.0)
29.7
(85.5)
23.7
(74.7)
11.7
(53.1)
5.0
(41.0)
5.1
(41.2)
35.0
(95.0)
Average high °C (°F)−29.3
(−20.7)
−28.6
(−19.5)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−10.1
(13.8)
4.0
(39.2)
15.2
(59.4)
17.3
(63.1)
13.8
(56.8)
6.3
(43.3)
−7.6
(18.3)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−7.3
(18.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)−32.5
(−26.5)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−14.6
(5.7)
−0.1
(31.8)
10.4
(50.7)
12.6
(54.7)
9.5
(49.1)
2.9
(37.2)
−10.4
(13.3)
−23.7
(−10.7)
−30.9
(−23.6)
−11.0
(12.1)
Average low °C (°F)−36.0
(−32.8)
−35.3
(−31.5)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−5.5
(22.1)
4.9
(40.8)
7.4
(45.3)
5.1
(41.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
−13.7
(7.3)
−27.2
(−17.0)
−34.2
(−29.6)
−15.4
(4.2)
Record low °C (°F)−52.2
(−62.0)
−53.9
(−65.0)
−48.0
(−54.4)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−30.0
(−22.0)
−8.0
(17.6)
0.0
(32.0)
−11.2
(11.8)
−15.0
(5.0)
−33.8
(−28.8)
−43.9
(−47.0)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−53.9
(−65.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)23
(0.9)
13
(0.5)
13
(0.5)
18
(0.7)
25
(1.0)
51
(2.0)
61
(2.4)
71
(2.8)
56
(2.2)
41
(1.6)
25
(1.0)
18
(0.7)
415
(16.3)
Average precipitation days12.29.210.98.29.28.410.011.314.817.914.314.9141.3
Average relative humidity (%)86.783.981.476.474.871.276.982.484.288.989.486.981.9
Source: http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=32152

Related Research Articles

Mirny, Sakha Republic Town under republic jurisdiction in Sakha Republic, Russia

Mirny is a town and the administrative center of Mirninsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Irelyakh River, 820 kilometers (510 mi) west of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 37,188.

Chulman Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Chulman is an urban locality in Neryungrinsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 41 kilometers (25 mi) from Neryungri, the administrative center of the district, on the Chulman River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 9,766.

Churapchinsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Churapchinsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the center of the republic and borders Tattinsky District in the north, Ust-Maysky District in the east and southeast, Amginsky District in the south, Megino-Kangalassky District in the west, and Ust-Aldansky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 12,600 square kilometers (4,900 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Churapcha. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 20,387, with the population of Churapcha accounting for 43.0% of that number.

Allaikhovsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Allaikhovsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the republic towards the mouth of the Indigirka River and borders with the East Siberian Sea in the north, Nizhnekolymsky District in the east, Srednekolymsky District in the southeast, Abyysky District in the south, and with Ust-Yansky District in the west. The area of the district is 107,300 square kilometers (41,400 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Chokurdakh. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 3,050, with the population of Chokurdakh accounting for 77.6% of that number.

Batagay Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Batagay is an urban locality and the administrative center of Verkhoyansky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Yana River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 4,369.

Nizhnekolymsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Nizhnekolymsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the republic and borders with Allaikhovsky District in the west, Srednekolymsky District in the south, and with Bilibinsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in the east. The area of the district is 87,100 square kilometers (33,600 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Chersky. Population: 4,664 (2010 Census); 5,932 ; 13,692 (1989 Census). The population of Chersky accounts for 61.3% of the district's total population.

Lensky District, Sakha Republic District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Lensky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the republic and borders Mirninsky District in the north, Suntarsky District in the northeast, Olyokminsky District in the east, and Irkutsk Oblast in the south and west. The area of the district is 77,000 square kilometers (30,000 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Lensk. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 39,765, with the population of Lensk accounting for 62.8% of that number.

Megino-Kangalassky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Megino-Kangalassky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the central part of the republic, on the Lena River opposite Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. It borders Ust-Aldansky District in the north, Churapchinsky District in the east, Amginsky District in the southeast, Khangalassky District in the southwest, and is bounded by the Lena River in the west. The area of the district is 11,700 square kilometers (4,500 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Mayya. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 31,278, with the population of Mayya accounting for 23,.3% of that number.

Mirninsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Mirninsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the west of the republic and borders Olenyoksky District in the north and northeast, Nyurbinsky and Suntarsky Districts in the east, Lensky District in the south, and Irkutsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai in the west. The area of the district is 165,800 square kilometers (64,000 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Mirny. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 38,802.

Momsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Momsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the republic. The area of the district is 104,600 square kilometers (40,400 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Khonuu. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 4,452, with the population of Khonuu accounting for 55.6% of that number.

Namsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Namsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. The district is located in the center of the republic and borders Ust-Aldansky District in the east, Megino-Kangalassky District in the southeast, the territory of the city of republic significance of Yakutsk in the south, Gorny District in the west, and Kobyaysky District in the north. The area of the district is 11,900 square kilometers (4,600 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Namtsy. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 23,198, with the population of Namtsy accounting for 38.3% of that number.

Suntarsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Suntarsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the western central part of the republic and borders with Nyurbinsky District in the north and northeast, Verkhnevilyuysky District in the east, Olyokminsky District in the southeast, Lensky District in the southwest, and with Mirninsky District in the west. The area of the district is 57,800 square kilometers (22,300 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Suntar. Population: 25,140 (2010 Census); 25,485 ; 26,035 (1989 Census). The population of Suntar accounts for 39.9% of the district's total population.

Oymyakonsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Oymyakonsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the east of the republic and borders with Ust-Maysky District in the southwest, Tomponsky District in the west, Momsky District in the north, Magadan Oblast in the east, and with Khabarovsk Krai in the south. The area of the district is 92,300 square kilometers (35,600 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Ust-Nera. Population: 10,109 (2010 Census); 14,670 ; 31,078 (1989 Census). The population of Ust-Nera accounts for 63.9% of the district's total population.

Verkhnekolymsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Verkhnekolymsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the republic and borders with Srednekolymsky District in the north and northeast, Magadan Oblast in the east and south, Momsky District in the west, and with Abyysky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 67,800 square kilometers (26,200 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Zyryanka. Population: 4,723 (2010 Census); 5,653 ; 10,072 (1989 Census). The population of Zyryanka accounts for 67.1% of the district's total population.

Ust-Maysky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Ust-Maysky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the east of the republic and borders with Oymyakonsky District in the northeast, Khabarovsk Krai in the east and south, Aldansky District in the southwest, Amginsky District in the west, Churapchinsky and Tattinsky Districts in the northwest, and with Tomponsky District in the north. The area of the district is 95,300 square kilometers (36,800 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Ust-Maya. Population: 8,629 (2010 Census); 11,568 ; 20,337 (1989 Census). The population of Ust-Maya accounts for 33.9% of the district's total population.

Srednekolymsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the north of the republic and borders with Verkhnekolymsky District in the south, Abyysky District in the west, Allaikhovsky District in the northwest, Nizhnekolymsky District in the north, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in the east, and with Magadan Oblast in the southeast. The area of the district is 125,200 square kilometers (48,300 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Srednekolymsk. Population: 7,897 (2010 Census); 8,353 ; 9,441 (1989 Census). The population of Srednekolymsk accounts for 44.6% of the district's total population.

Neryungrinsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Neryungrinsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is the southernmost district of Sakha and borders Aldansky District in the north, Olyokminsky District in the west and northwest, Amur Oblast and a small area of Zabaykalsky Krai in the south, and Khabarovsk Krai in the east. The area of the district is 98,900 square kilometers (38,200 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Neryungri. Population : 21,019 (2010 Census).

Namtsy Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

Namtsy is a rural locality, the administrative center of Namsky District and the only inhabited locality, as well as the administrative center, of Lensky Rural Okrug of Namsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 8,890, up from 8,249 recorded during the 2002 Census.

Yermolovo, Sakha Republic Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

Yermolovo is a rural locality in Pokhodsky Rural Okrug of Nizhnekolymsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 95 kilometers (59 mi) from Chersky, the administrative center of the district and 50 kilometers (31 mi) from Pokhodsk. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 0, the same as recorded during the 2002 Census.

Petushki, Sakha Republic Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

Petushki is a rural locality under the administrative jurisdiction of the Settlement of Chersky in Nizhnekolymsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 35 kilometers (22 mi) from Chersky. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 0. Its population was estimated at 136 in 2005, down from 149 recorded in the 2002 Census.

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Chersky is the administrative center of the Settlement of Chersky.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Law #173-Z #353-III
  6. Law #172-Z 351-III
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  12. The selo of Petushki is listed under the administrative jurisdiction of Chersky in the 2009 edition of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, but is not mentioned in Law 173-Z #353-III as a part of Chersky Urban Settlement within the municipal divisions framework. It was slated for liquidation in 2005; however, it had never been abolished officially.

Sources