Chervona Ruta (festival)

Last updated
Chervona Ruta
Genre pop, folk music, art rock & others
Location(s)various cities in Ukraine
Years active1989–present

Chervona Ruta (Ukrainian : Червона рута) is a permanent biennial all-Ukrainian youth festival of contemporary song and popular music, [1] which has been held every two years since 1989. [2] It was a benchmark where more Ukrainian popular music was presented transitioning away from traditional Ukrainian folk culture associated with "sharovary" genre. Unlike the Soviet festival Song of the Year (Pesnya goda) [1] where only a selected song from Ukraine sometimes was demonstrated, Chervona Ruta allowed more singers and songs.

Contents

The festival is dedicated to a Ukrainian songwriter, composer and poet Volodymyr Ivasyuk who is the author and composer of the widely popular Ukrainian song Chervona Ruta . The name may refer to a mythological or actual species of flowering plants Chervona ruta.

History

The idea and the name of the festival belongs to journalist Ivan Lepsha, which was realized by Taras Melnyk, Kyrylo Stetsenko, Anatoliy Kalenychenko, Oleh Repetskyi and Ivan Malkovych. The festival played an important role in the revival of Ukrainian popular music and contributed to the Ukrainian music boom of the 90s. [3]

Until start of the Soviet reforms such "perestroika" (The Reform) in 1986 along with "Glasnost" and "Uskoreniye", the rock music throughout the Soviet Union was a taboo. [1] But, there were some exclusions such as the 1980 Georgian "Spring Rhythms". [1] There was saying that today you play the jazz (implying any music of the capitalist West created by negroes, according to the Great Soviet Encyclopedia [4] ) and tomorrow you will sell your Homeland (Russian : Сегодня ты играешь джаз, а завтра Родину продашь). [5]

The first festival - Chernivtsi 1989

The first Chervona Ruta festival was held on September 17–24, 1989 in Chernivtsi at Bukovyna Stadium. While the festival was conducted under close supervision of the republican KDB (the Ukrainian branch of KGB), militsiya, and Communist Party of Ukraine, the Ukrainian anthem "Shche ne vmerla" was perfomed at the festival, and blue and yellow flags were unfurled. [6] Famous bands «Vopli Vidoplyasova», «Braty Hadyukiny», «Kvartyra № 50», «Zymovyy sad», Vika Vradiy, Marichka Burmaka, Tryzuby Stas, and many others participated in rock competitions. In total, there were over 500 performers, including singers from Europe and North America. [6] The festival organizers and jury members were overwhelmed by the sheer number of contestants and the quality of their performances. [7] There was a song to commemorate Volodymyr Ivasyuk who was murdered 10 years before. [6]

The final concert opened with sounds of trembitas, a Ukrainian elongated highland horn. [6] People in the crowd carried symbols of the Ukrainian SSR such as the state emblem of the Ukrainian SSR and the state flag of the Ukrainian SSR, [6] and a large bonfire was started on the playing field. [6]

The festival's grand prize was received by Vasyl Zhdankin, other laureates included "Sestrychka Vika" (Vika Vradiy), "Komu vnyz", "Braty Hadiukiny", Eduard Drach, Viktor Morozov, Taras Kurchyk, Andriy Mykolaichuk, and others. [6] It was Kuban native Zhdankin who spontaneously started to sing the Ukrainian anthem at the festival's closing. [6]

At the final concert, which took place at the central stadium of Chernivtsi, local police cracked down on any manifestations of "nationalism", detaining young girls (many from the popular "Lion Society") who were dressed in yellow blouses and blue skirts. At the stadium Georgi Gongadze was attacked and hit on the head by militsiya. [6]

Rosmay Media Center has made a 6-part film about the history of the festival. [8]

Chernivtsi 2019

Chervona Ruta was held on September 17-22 again in Chernivtsi (hometown of Volodymyr Ivasyuk). [9] It was 30th Anniversary of the Festival. [10]

Impact

Ruta Fest made a real "revolution" in Ukrainian culture, which impacted wider society. The festival gave birth to new youth music that had not existed before. Previously, Ukrainian youth, without domestic idols, had to settle for variety shows from Moscow, or listen to Western pop stars. Many of the songs performed for the first time at the festival immediately became hits, popular with millions of people. The winners of "Ruta-89" and their songs were the top performers in many charts and polls. Musicians who were relatively obscure only days previously turned into Ukrainian youth idols overnight. For the first time, a large part of the population, and especially young people, began to admire Ukrainian music, which became part of their lives. [11]

Chervona Ruta also launched a national show business in Ukraine. It was Ruta who became the first customer for the technical (stage, sound, light, recording studios, music equipment, reproduction of music production) and creative (composers, arrangers, sound producers, poets, etc.) support such events. During the first Ruta Fest the festival records were sold out and did not satisfy even a tenth of the demand. And after the festival was held the first ever Ukrainian concert tour: 87 concerts of the winners of "Ruth-89" all over Ukraine were held with unprecedented success in crowded halls. The music of the festival began to gather huge audiences in the hundreds of thousands of spectators at the stadiums and large squares attracted by the artistic value of the concerts (previously, so many people only gathered for political rallies). [12]

See also

Related Research Articles

Rock music in Ukraine

Ukrainian rock is rock music from Ukraine.

Volodymyr Ivasyuk

Volodymyr Mykhailovych Ivasyuk or Volodymyr Ivasiuk was a Ukrainian songwriter, composer and poet. He is the author and composer of the widely popular song "Chervona Ruta" popularized by Sofia Rotaru in 1971, and later covered by other singers.

Darka & Slavko was a popular musical duo of two first generation Ukrainians: Darka Konopada & Slavko Halatyn met in the mid-80's through their involvement with a Ukrainian college group's poetry reading for political prisoners. Here began a ten-year musical collaboration as well as an eight-year marriage.

"Chervona Ruta" is a popular Ukrainian song written by Volodymyr Ivasyuk in 1968 and performed by many singers. The song was never formally copyrighted and due to its wide popularity is considered a Ukrainian folk song. It is named after a mythological flower, the chervona ruta, which if found turning a red colour by a young girl, was meant to bring happiness in love.

Tartak

Tartak is a popular hip-hop/rapcore/alternative crossover band from Ukraine. They mix styles of guitar rock, hip-hop and dance music to produce an energetic compositions and lyrics.

Nazariy Yaremchuk Musical artist

Nazariy Nazarovych Yaremchuk was a Hutsul Ukrainian singer, born in the village of Rivnya, Chernivtsi Oblast. He was posthumously named Hero of Ukraine in August 2021.

Pop music in Ukraine is Western influenced pop music in its various forms that has been growing in popularity in Ukraine since the 1960s.

Iryna Shynkaruk Ukrainian singer (born 1979)

Iryna Shynkaruk is a Ukrainian singer.

<i>Chervona Ruta</i> (film) 1971 film

Chervona Ruta is a 1971 Soviet Ukrainian musical film written by Miroslav Skochilyas and directed by Roman Oleksiv, starring Sofia Rotaru and Vasyl Zinkevych alongside popular Soviet Ukrainian ensembles.

Chervona ruta

Chervona ruta (Monarda) may refer to a mythological or actual species of flowering plants in the rue genus of the citrus family, Rutaceae, or the rhododendron genus of the heath family, Ericaceae.

Chervona ruta is a flower featuring in Ukrainian legend.

Vasyl Ivanovych Zinkevych is a Soviet and Ukrainian singer, actor, dancer and costume designer. Alongside Nazariy Yaremchuk, Sofia Rotaru and Volodymyr Ivasyuk, Zinkevych was one of the faces of the Ukrainian roots revival music of the 1970s.

Chervona Ruta (ensemble)

Chervona Ruta was a Ukrainian music group that performed between 1971 and 1990. Chervona Ruta group was created in 1971 by Anatoliy Evdokimenko with the Chernivtsi Philharmonic specially for the accompaniment of Sofia Rotaru. The founding members of the group were part of the pop orchestra of the Chernivtsi University.

Anatoliy Kyrylovych Yevdokymenko was a Ukrainian musician, director of Chervona Ruta. He is a People's Artist of Ukraine, husband of Sofia Rotaru.

Pavlo Dvorsky Musical artist

Pavlo Ananiyovych Dvorsky is the Ukrainian singer and composer, better known for his working together with a poet Mykola Bakay.

Mute Nights Festival

Mute Nights Ukrainian: Німі ночі) or Festival of Silent Film and Contemporary Music, is an annual film festival, which takes place in Odessa, Ukraine the third weekend of June,. organized by Ivan and Yuriy Lypa Charitable Foundation and State Film Agency of Ukraine. The festival's debut opening ceremonies were held at the Korobchinsky Art Center on June 18, 2010.

Oleksandr Chemerov Ukrainian rock musician

Oleksandr "Sasha" Chemerov is the Ukrainian rock musician, songwriter, DJ and the frontman of Ukrainian rock band Dymna Sumish and of US rock band The Gitas. Also, he was the author of the songs for the bands Quest Pistols Show and Agon, for actor, TV presenter and singer Arthur Pirozhkov and for singer Valeria Kozlova, also he was the author of lyrics for songs of English-language album of Ivan Dorn. Music videos of songs written by Sasha Chemerov had hundreds of millions of views on YouTube as of May 2020.

Major General Volodymyr Fedorovych Derkach is a retired Ukrainian musician who worked for the Ukrainian Armed Forces. His last post he served in was as the Senior Military Director of the Military Music Department of the General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces (MMD-GSAFU). He also served concurrently as the director of the National Exemplary Band of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

Bohdan Vesolovsky

Bohdan Vesolovsky was a Ukrainian composer and songwriter.

Kontrasty or Contrasts is an international festival of contemporary music held in Lviv, Ukraine, annually since 1995. The festival's concept is aimed at presenting "contemporary Ukrainian music in the context of World Music" and "revealing the diversity of modern forms, styles, genres, and interpretations." The festival usually takes place in September and October. Along with such festivals as "Two Days and Two Nights of New Music," "Kyiv Music Fest" and others, "Contrasts" is one of the leading festivals of modern classical music in Ukraine.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Serhiy Kharynovych. The first republican. What was the 1989 festival "Chervona Ruta" (Перший республіканський. Чим був фестиваль «Червона рута» 1989 року?) The Ukrainian Week. 2 January 2017
  2. "Kateryna Yushchenko Attends Chervona Ruta Festival's 20th Anniversary". Ukraine 3000. 2009-09-21. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  3. "Festival Chervona Ruta Preserves Authentic Ukrainian Music". primetour.ua. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  4. Excerpt from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia of 1952 (Выдержка из Большой Советской Энциклопедии за 1952 год: ДЖАЗ).
  5. Vladlen Ross. The nets of fate. The first love is as the first pancake (Сети судьбы. Первая любовь – как первый блин...) . Chapter 8. Litres Publishing. 2 March 2019
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Halyna Tereshchuk. The 1989 singing explosion. The "Chervona Ruta" festival played an important role in the Independence of Ukraine (Пісенний вибух 1989 року. Фестиваль «Червона рута» наблизив Незалежність України) . Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 17 September 2019
  7. "Пісенний вибух 1989 року. Фестиваль «Червона рута» наблизив Незалежність України". Радіо Свобода (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  8. "Фестиваль «Червона рута–1989» в пісенних фрагментах #RutaFEST - 1989 рік - Відео - Червона рута - Всеукраїнський фестиваль сучасної пісні та популярної музики". rutafest.art. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  9. "The city of Chernivtsi invites to the anniversary Chervona Ruta Music Festival". EEAS - European External Action Service - European Commission. Archived from the original on 2019-09-25. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  10. ""CHERVONA RUTA – 2019" TOWARDS THE 30TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE FESTIVAL IN CHERNIVTSI". Archived from the original on 2018-03-30. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  11. "Червона рута - Всеукраїнський фестиваль сучасної пісні та популярної музики - "ЧЕРВОНА РУТА" - ЯК КУЛЬТУРНИЙ ФЕНОМЕН". rutafest.art. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  12. "Червона рута - Всеукраїнський фестиваль сучасної пісні та популярної музики - "ЧЕРВОНА РУТА" - ЯК КУЛЬТУРНИЙ ФЕНОМЕН". rutafest.art. Retrieved 2019-09-25.