Chief Justice of New Zealand

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Chief Justice of New Zealand
Kaiwhakawā Tumuaki o Aotearoa  (Māori)
Coat of arms of New Zealand.svg
Helen Winkelmann 2014 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Dame Helen Winkelmann

since 14 March 2019
Style The Right Honourable
Nominator Prime Minister of New Zealand
Appointer Governor-General of New Zealand
Term length No set term, though retirement is mandatory at age 70
Formation5 February 1841
First holder Sir William Martin
Salary$560,100 [1]

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The chief justice of New Zealand (Māori : Te Kaiwhakawā Tumuaki o Aotearoa) is the head of the New Zealand judiciary, and presides over the Supreme Court of New Zealand. The chief justice of New Zealand is also the chief justice of Tokelau. [2] [3] Before the establishment of the Supreme Court in 2004, the chief justice was the presiding judge in the High Court of New Zealand, and was also ex officio a member of the Court of Appeal of New Zealand. The office is established by the Senior Courts Act 2016, which describes the chief justice as "senior to all other judges". [4]

Contents

The chief justice is first among equals among the Judges of the Supreme Court. They also act in place of the governor-general if one has not been appointed or if the appointee is unable to perform their duties. When acting in place of the governor-general, the chief justice is known as the "administrator of the Government". [5]

The chief justice is appointed by the governor-general, on the formal advice of the prime minister. [6] The current chief justice is the Rt Hon Dame Helen Winkelmann, who was appointed on 14 March 2019 to replace the Rt Hon Dame Sian Elias, who had reached mandatory retirement. [7]

List of chief justices

From 1841 to 1957, the chief justice was the indisputable senior member of the New Zealand judiciary, and served on the old Supreme Court (now called the High Court of New Zealand). Prior to 1957, all judges of the Supreme Court sat as members of the Court of Appeal. In 1957, a permanent Court of Appeal was established which was headed by a President responsible for the running of that court. The role of the chief justice became akin to that of the current chief High Court judge, responsible for the operation of the High Court (comprising the largest part of the senior judiciary) but not having control over the senior New Zealand–based appellate court (being the Court of Appeal).

This changed in 2004 with the abolition of the right of appeal to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and its replacement by the Supreme Court of New Zealand as the court of last resort for New Zealand. When the new Supreme Court was established, the chief justice became head of that court.

No.ImageChief JusticeAssumed OfficeLeft Office
1 Martin William, Judge.jpg Hon. Sir William Martin 5 February 184112 June 1857
2Hon. Sir George Arney c.18581875
3 JamesPrendergast.JPG Hon. Sir James Prendergast GCMG1 April 187525 May 1899
4 Robert Stout, ca 1919.jpg Rt Hon. Sir Robert Stout GCMG25 May 189931 January 1926
5 Charles Skerrett.jpg Hon. Sir Charles Skerrett KCMG KC1 February 192613 February 1929
6 Michael Myers, New Zealand.jpg Rt Hon. Sir Michael Myers GCMG KC3 May 19297 August 1946
7Rt Hon. Sir Humphrey O'Leary KCMG KC12 August 194616 October 1953
8 Harold Eric Barrowclough (1954).jpg Rt Hon. Sir Harold Barrowclough KCMG CB DSO MC ED17 November 195317 January 1966
9Rt Hon. Sir Richard Wild GBE KCMG QC18 January 1966January 1978
10Rt Hon. Sir Ronald Davison GBE CMG QC3 February 19784 February 1989
11Rt Hon. Sir Thomas Eichelbaum GBE QC6 February 198916 May 1999
12 Sian Elias.jpg Rt Hon. Dame Sian Elias GNZM PC QC17 May 199913 March 2019
13 Helen Winkelmann 2014 (cropped).jpg Rt Hon. Dame Helen Winkelmann GNZM14 March 2019present

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References

  1. "Tokelau Judicial Annual Report 2012 - 2013". www.paclii.org. Archived from the original on 28 July 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  2. "Meeting the Chief Justice of Tokelau". www.tokelau.org.nz. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  3. "Senior Courts Act 2016 No 48 s18(1)". Parliamentary Counsel Office. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  4. "Role of the Chief Justice". www.courtsofnz.govt.nz. Courts of New Zealand. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  5. "Appointing Judges: A Judicial Appointments Commission or New Zealand?". Ministry of Justice. September 2002. Retrieved 12 June 2008.
  6. Cheng, Derek (17 December 2018). "New Chief Justice named as Justice Helen Winkelmann". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 18 September 2019.