Chief Justice of Pakistan

Last updated

Chief Justice of Pakistan
منصف اعظم پاکستانMansaf-e-Āzam
Emblem of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.svg
Gulzar Ahmed

since 21 December 2019
Supreme Court of Pakistan
Style The Honorable
Your Honor
(within court)
Mr. Chief Justice
Status Chief justice
Seat Supreme Court of Pakistan Building, Islamabad, and
Nominator Prime Minister of Pakistan
Appointer President of Pakistan
Term length Variable Until the age of 65
Constituting instrument Constitution of Pakistan
Formation27 June 1949(71 years ago) (1949-06-27)
First holder Abdul Rashid
(as Federal Chief Justice)
Supreme Court of Pakistan Supreme Court of Pakistan, Islamabad by Usman Ghani.jpg
Supreme Court of Pakistan

The chief justice of Pakistan (Urdu: منصف اعظم پاکستان) (initials as CJP) is the head of the court system of Pakistan (the judicature branch of government) and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. [1] The officeholder is the senior most of 17 senior justices of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. [2] From 1947 until 1960, the chief justice and senior justices were known under the title Federal Judge. [3]


The chief justice is the chief administrative officer of the country's court system and the highest judicial officer, ranking immediately above the chief justice of the Federal Shariat Court, and is responsible for supervising federal judicial policies, and conducting judicial business in the Supreme Court. [4] [5]

Nomination for the appointment of the chief justice is made by the prime minister of Pakistan, and final appointments are confirmed by the president of Pakistan. [6] [7] Presiding over the oral arguments before the court, the chief justice has significant agenda-setting power over meetings of the Supreme Court. In modern tradition[ clarification needed ], the chief justice has the ceremonial duty of administering the oath of office of the president of Pakistan. [8]

The first chief justice was Sir Abdul Rashid. [9] [10] The current chief justice is Gulzar Ahmed; incumbent since 21 December 2019.

List of chief justices

Pakistan's longest-serving chief justice was Mohammad Haleem for total of 3,205 days. The shortest-serving chief justice was Muhammad Shahabuddin, who died in office 9 days after taking oath. Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry is the only justice to have served non-consecutive terms, for a total of three terms with total of 2,480 days.

NumberNamePeriod of officeLength of term (years, days)BarAppointed by
1 Sir Mian Abdul Rashid 27 June 194929 June 19545 years, 0 days Lahore High Court Government of India Act 1935
2 Muhammad Munir 29 June 19542 May 19605 years, 308 days Lahore High Court Malik Ghulam Muhammad
3 Muhammad Shahabuddin 3 May 196012 May 19609 days Madras High Court Ayub Khan
4 A.R. Cornelius 13 May 196029 February 19687 years, 292 days Lahore High Court
5 S.A. Rahman 1 March 19683 June 196894 days Lahore High Court
6 Fazal Akbar 4 June 196817 November 1968166 days East Pakistan High Court
7 Hamoodur Rahman 18 November 196831 October 19756 years, 347 days Calcutta High Court
8 Yaqub Ali 1 November 197522 September 19771 year, 325 days Lahore High Court Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
9 Sheikh Anwarul Haq 23 September 197725 March 19813 years, 183 days Lahore High Court
10 Mohammad Haleem 23 March 198131 December 19898 years, 283 days Sindh High Court Zia-ul-Haq
11 Afzal Zullah 1 January 199018 April 19933 years, 107 days Lahore High Court Ghulam Ishaq Khan
12 Nasim Hasan Shah 17 April 199314 April 1994362 days Lahore High Court
A*Saad Saud Jan15 April 19944 June 199450 days Lahore High Court Farooq Leghari
13 Sajjad Ali Shah 5 June 19942 December 19973 years, 180 days Sindh High Court
14 Ajmal Mian 27 December 199730 June 19991 year, 185 days Sindh High Court Wasim Sajjad
15 Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui 1 July 199926 January 2000209 days Sindh High Court Rafiq Tarar
16 Irshad Hasan Khan 26 January 20006 January 20021 year, 345 days Lahore High Court
17 Bashir Jehangiri 7 January 200231 January 200224 days Peshawar High Court Pervez Musharraf
18 Sheikh Riaz Ahmad 1 February 200231 December 20031 year, 333 days Lahore High Court
19 Nazim Hussain Siddiqui 31 December 200329 June 20051 year, 180 days Sindh High Court
20 Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (1st)29 June 20059 March 20071 year, 253 days Balochistan High Court
A Javaid Iqbal 9 March 200724 March 200715 days Balochistan High Court
A Rana Bhagwandas 25 March 200720 July 200787 days Sindh High Court
20 Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (2nd)20 July 20073 November 2007136 days Balochistan High Court
21 A. H. Dogar 3 November 200721 March 20091 year, 138 days Sindh High Court
20 Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (3rd)21 March 200911 December 20134 years, 265 days Balochistan High Court Asif Ali Zardari
20 Tassaduq Hussain Jillani 12 December 20136 July 2014176 days Lahore High Court Mamnoon Hussain
22 Nasir-ul-Mulk 7 July 201416 August 20151 year, 70 days Peshawar High Court
23 Jawwad S. Khawaja 17 August 20159 September 201523 days Lahore High Court
24 Anwar Zaheer Jamali 10 September 201530 December 20161 year, 111 days Sindh High Court
25 Mian Saqib Nisar 31 December 201617 January 20192 years, 17 days Lahore High Court
26 Asif Saeed Khan Khosa 18 January 201920 December 2019336 days Lahore High Court Arif Alvi [11] [12] [13]
27 Gulzar Ahmed 21 December 20191 February 20222 years, 42 days Sindh High Court
28 Umar Ata Bandial 2 February 202216 September 20231 year, 226 days Lahore High Court Supreme Court of Pakistan [14] [15] [16]
29 Qazi Faez Isa 17 September 202325 October 20241 year, 38 days Balochistan High Court
30 Ijazul Ahsan 26 October 20244 August 2025282 days Lahore High Court
31 Syed Mansoor Ali Shah 5 August 202527 November 20272 years, 114 days Lahore High Court
32 Munib Akhtar 28 November 202713 December 20281 year, 15 days Sindh High Court
33 Yahya Afridi 14 December 202822 January 20301 year, 39 days Peshawar High Court


Yahya AfridiMunib AkhtarSyed Mansoor Ali ShahIjazul AhsanQazi Faez IsaUmar Ata BandialGulzar AhmedAsif Saeed KhosaMian Saqib NisarAnwar Zaheer JamaliJawwad S. KhawajaNasir-ul-MulkTassadduq Hussain JillaniIftikhar Muhammad ChaudhryAbdul Hameed DogarIftikhar Muhammad ChaudhryRana BhagwandasJaved Iqbal (judge, born 1946)Iftikhar Muhammad ChaudhryNazim Hussain SiddiquiSheikh Riaz AhmadBashir JehangiriIrshad Hasan KhanSaeeduzzaman SiddiquiAjmal MianSajjad Ali ShahSaad Saud JanNasim Hasan ShahMuhammad Afzal ZullahMohammad HaleemS. Anwarul HaqMuhammad Yaqub AliHamoodur RahmanFazal AkbarS. A. RahmanA. R. CorneliusMuhammad ShahabuddinMuhammad MunirAbdul Rashid (judge)Chief Justice of Pakistan

See also

Related Research Articles

Supreme Court of Pakistan Federal Court based in Islamabad

The Supreme Court of Pakistan is the apex court in the judicial hierarchy of Pakistan.

Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry

Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry is a Pakistani jurist who served as the 20th Chief Justice of Pakistan over three non-consecutive terms from 29 June 2005 to 11 December 2013.

Lahore High Court

The Lahore High Court is based in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. It was established as a high court on 21 March 1882. The Lahore High Court has jurisdiction over Punjab. The High Court's principal seat is in Lahore, but there are benches in three other Pakistani cities: Rawalpindi, Multan and Bahawalpur. A proposal was sent by lawyers to set up new high court benches in Faisalabad, Sialkot, D.G.Khan and Gujranwala divisions but full court of Lahore High Court turned down this request.

Judiciary of Pakistan

The judiciary of Pakistan is a hierarchical system with two classes of courts: the superior judiciary and the subordinate judiciary. The superior judiciary is composed of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Federal Shariat Court and five High Courts, with the Supreme Court at the apex. There is a High Court for each of the four provinces as well as a High Court for the Islamabad Capital Territory. The Constitution of Pakistan entrusts the superior judiciary with the obligation to preserve, protect and defend the constitution. Neither the Supreme Court nor a High Court may exercise jurisdiction in relation to Tribal Areas, except otherwise provided for. The disputed regions of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan have separate court systems.

Rana Bhagwandas

Rana Bhagwandas was a Pakistani jurist who served as a senior judge and acting chief justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan (CJP). He enjoyed extremely high reputation as a judge. He remained the acting CJP during the 2007 judicial crisis in Pakistan, and also briefly became the acting Chief Justice of Pakistan when the incumbent Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry went on foreign tours in 2005 and 2006, and thus became the first Hindu and the third non-Muslim to serve as chief of the highest court in Pakistan. Rana Bhagwandas also worked as the Chairman of Federal Public Service Commission of Pakistan. He headed the interview panel for the selection of the federal civil servants in 2009.

Judicial officers of the Republic of Singapore wikimedia list article

The judicial officers of the Republic of Singapore work in the Supreme Court and the State Courts to hear and determine disputes between litigants in civil cases and, in criminal matters, to determine the liability of accused persons and their sentences if they are convicted.

Suspension of Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry

Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry was made a "non-functional Chief Justice" on 9 March 2007. In so acting, President Pervez Musharraf invoked two main clauses of the Constitution of Pakistan. The suspension evoked a nationwide popular mass protest movement led by lawyers, known as the Lawyers' Movement and eventually culminated with the Pakistan Long March.

Latif Khosa

Muhammad Latif Khosa was the Governor of Punjab, and a politician representing Pakistan People's Party. A former senator and a former Attorney General of Pakistan, Latif Khosa was appointed as the Governor of Punjab by the President of Pakistan after the murder of late-Governor Salman Taseer on 11 January 2011. He was appointed the attorney general on 19 August 2008. Also served as chairman of the executive committee (CEC) of Pakistan Bar Council. He co-authored an electoral fraud report with former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto shortly before her assassination in December 2007. Khosa was one of Bhutto's top aides.

The Chief Justice of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is the head of the judiciary of Sri Lanka and the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka. Established in 1801, the Chief Justice is one of ten Supreme Court justices; the other nine are the Puisne Justices of the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka. The post was created in 1801. The Chief Justice is nominated by the Constitutional Council, and appointed by the President. The first Chief Justice was Codrington Edmund Carrington. The 47th and current Chief Justice is Jayantha Jayasuriya.

Lawyers Movement

The Lawyers' Movement, also known as the Movement for the Restoration of Judiciary or the Black Coat Protests, was the popular mass protest movement initiated by the lawyers of Pakistan in response to the former president and army chief Pervez Musharraf's actions of 9 March 2007 when he unconstitutionally suspended Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry as the chief justice of Pakistan's Supreme Court. Following the suspension of the chief justice, the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) declared the judge's removal as an "assault on the independence of judiciary" and were backed by several political parties.

Tassaduq Hussain Jillani

Tassaduq Hussain Jillani is a Pakistani judge who served as the 21st Chief Justice of Pakistan from 2013 to 2014. He previously served as a Justice of the Supreme Court from 2004, after being nominated Justice of the Lahore High Court by Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in 1994.

Nasirul Mulk

Nasirul Mulk served as the 7th Caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan who previously also served as the 22nd Chief Justice of Pakistan. A jurist by profession, he was nominated as Chief Justice by the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. On 6 July 2014, his appointment as CJP was confirmed by President Mamnoon Hussain. He also previously served as the country's acting Chief Election Commissioner, from 30 November 2013 to 6 July 2014.

PCO Judges case

The Provisional Constitutional Order Judges case, refers to cases heard and decided by the Pakistan Supreme Court pertaining to the High Court and Supreme Court judges who took their oath of offices under the Provisional Constitutional Order in 2007. On 3 November 2007, then-President Pervez Musharraf declared a Provisional Constitutional Order, which declared a state of emergency and suspends the Constitution of Pakistan. Under this emergency law, all High court judges, including the Supreme Court justices, were asked to take oath under this Provisional Constitutional Order. Those who didn't were placed under effective house arrest. A seven-member bench issued a restraining order on the same day, barring the government from implementing emergency rule and urging other government officials to not help do so.

History of the Supreme Court of Pakistan

The History of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, organised by the Chief Justice of Pakistan, follows from its constitutional establishment in 1947 till its recent events. The Supreme Court of Pakistan is the highest appellate court of the country and court of last resort— the final arbiter of the law and the Constitution.

The Judicial Commission of Pakistan is a commission for the appointment of Supreme Court and High Court Judges in Pakistan. The Chief Justice of Pakistan is the Chairman of JCP.

Mian Saqib Nisar

Mian Saqib Nisar is a Pakistani jurist who served as the 25th Chief Justice of Pakistan from 31 December 2016 till 17 January 2019. He has previously served as the Law Secretary. He also served as a visiting professor of law at the University of Punjab where he provided instructions on constitutional law.

Asif Saeed Khosa 26th Chief Justice of Pakistan

Asif Saeed Khan Khosa is a Pakistani jurist who served as the 26th Chief Justice of Pakistan from 18 January 2019 to 20 December 2019. He joined the Supreme Court as a judge on 18 February 2010 and prior to that served as judge of the Lahore High Court.

Gulzar Ahmed Pakistani jurist (born 1957)

Gulzar Ahmed is a Pakistani jurist who is the 27th and current Chief Justice of Pakistan.

Muhammad Farrukh Irfan Khan

Muhammad Farrukh Irfan Khan is a Pakistani jurist who has been Justice of the Lahore High Court from 20 February 2010 until his resignation on 9 April 2019

Abdul Qayyum Lehri Pakistani Judge

Abdul Qayyum Lehri is a Pakistani Judge and Registrar Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan, was born on 21 February 1976 in Quetta. He graduated in 1997 from University of Balochistan, Quetta and earned law degree of LL.B. from University Law College, Quetta in 2001 to entered in legal profession as an Advocate. He was member of Balochistan High Court Bar Association. He joined judiciary as a District Judge in 2015 and remained posted in various cities of Balochistan.


  1. Pakistan Business Law Handbook Strategic Information and Laws. Intl Business Pubns USA. 2012. ISBN   978-1438770710 . Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  2. Manzoor, Saima; Manzoor, Akif; Manzoor, Eng. Asif (2011). Police in Pakistan. New York, US: Lulu publications co. p. 350. ISBN   978-1105990328 . Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  3. Shah, Ralph Braibanti ; foreword by Nasim Hasan (1999). Chief Justice Cornelius of Pakistan : an analysis with letters and speeches (2. impr. ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN   9780195790184.
  4. Article 176 in The Judicature Chapter 2 of Part VII of the Constitution of Pakistan
  5. Article 175A in Chapter 1: The Courts. Part VII: The Judicature of the Constitution of Pakistan
  6. Article 175A(12)-175A(13) Chapter 1: The Courts. Part VII: The Judicature of the Constitution of Pakistan
  7. "Judges Appointment & Court Composition". Islamabad, Pakistan: Supreme Court of Pakistan Press. Archived from the original on 24 March 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  8. Article 178 in the Chapter 2: The Supreme Court of Pakistan of Part VII: The Judicature of Constitution of Pakistan
  9. Masood, Ahsan. "Names of the Chief Justices of the Supreme Court of Pakistan". Masood and Masood Press. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  10. "The Judicial System of Pakistan" (PDF). Supreme Court of Pakistan. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  11. "Justice Asif Saeed Khosa appointed new Chief Justice of Pakistan". The News. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  12. Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (3 January 2019). "Alvi approves Justice Khosa's appointment as next CJP". Dawn. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  13. (4 December 2019). "Justice Gulzar to be sworn in as 27th chief justice of Pakistan on Dec 21". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  14. "Hon'ble Judges". Supreme Court of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 1 February 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  15. "Who are the next chief justices?". The News. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  16. بھٹی, حسیب (16 November 2018). "سپریم کورٹ کے موجودہ 8 ججز چیف جسٹس بنیں گے". Dawn News Television. Retrieved 12 January 2019.