Chief Justice of Pakistan

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Chief Justice of Pakistan
منصف اعظم پاکستانMansaf-e-Āzam
Emblem of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.svg
Incumbent
Gulzar Ahmed

since 21 December 2019
Supreme Court of Pakistan
Style The Honorable
(formal)
Your Honor
(within court)
Mr. Chief Justice
(informal)
Status Chief justice
Seat Supreme Court of Pakistan Building, Islamabad, and
Lahore
Nominator Prime Minister of Pakistan
Appointer President of Pakistan
Term length Variable Until the age of 65
Constituting instrument Constitution of Pakistan
Formation27 June 1949(71 years ago) (1949-06-27)
First holder Abdul Rashid
(as Federal Chief Justice)
Supreme Court of Pakistan Supreme Court of Pakistan, Islamabad by Usman Ghani.jpg
Supreme Court of Pakistan

The chief justice of Pakistan (Urdu: منصف اعظم پاکستان) (initials as CJP) is the head of the court system of Pakistan (the judicature branch of government) and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. [1] The officeholder is the senior most of 17 senior justices of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. [2] From 1947 until 1960, the chief justice and senior justices were known under the title Federal Judge. [3]

Contents

The chief justice is the chief administrative officer of the country's court system and the highest judicial officer, ranking immediately above the chief justice of the Federal Shariat Court, and is responsible for supervising federal judicial policies, and conducting judicial business in the Supreme Court. [4] [5]

Nomination for the appointment of the chief justice is made by the prime minister of Pakistan, and final appointments are confirmed by the president of Pakistan. [6] [7] Presiding over the oral arguments before the court, the chief justice has significant agenda-setting power over meetings of the Supreme Court. In modern tradition[ clarification needed ], the chief justice has the ceremonial duty of administering the oath of office of the president of Pakistan. [8]

The first chief justice was Sir Abdul Rashid. [9] [10] The current chief justice is Gulzar Ahmed; incumbent since 21 December 2019.

List of chief justices

Pakistan's longest-serving chief justice was Mohammad Haleem for total of 3,205 days. The shortest-serving chief justice was Muhammad Shahabuddin, who died in office 9 days after taking oath. Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry is the only justice to have served non-consecutive terms, for a total of three terms with total of 2,480 days.

NumberNamePeriod of officeLength of term (years, days)BarAppointed by
1 Sir Mian Abdul Rashid 27 June 194929 June 19545 years, 0 days Lahore High Court Government of India Act 1935
2 Muhammad Munir 29 June 19542 May 19605 years, 308 days Lahore High Court Malik Ghulam Muhammad
3 Muhammad Shahabuddin 3 May 196012 May 19609 days Madras High Court Ayub Khan
4 A.R. Cornelius 13 May 196029 February 19687 years, 292 days Lahore High Court
5 S.A. Rahman 1 March 19683 June 196894 days Lahore High Court
6 Fazal Akbar 4 June 196817 November 1968166 days East Pakistan High Court
7 Hamoodur Rahman 18 November 196831 October 19756 years, 347 days Calcutta High Court
8 Yaqub Ali 1 November 197522 September 19771 year, 325 days Lahore High Court Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
9 Sheikh Anwarul Haq 23 September 197725 March 19813 years, 183 days Lahore High Court
10 Mohammad Haleem 23 March 198131 December 19898 years, 283 days Sindh High Court Zia-ul-Haq
11 Afzal Zullah 1 January 199018 April 19933 years, 107 days Lahore High Court Ghulam Ishaq Khan
12 Nasim Hasan Shah 17 April 199314 April 1994362 days Lahore High Court
A*Saad Saud Jan15 April 19944 June 199450 days Lahore High Court Farooq Leghari
13 Sajjad Ali Shah 5 June 19942 December 19973 years, 180 days Sindh High Court
14 Ajmal Mian 27 December 199730 June 19991 year, 185 days Sindh High Court Wasim Sajjad
15 Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui 1 July 199926 January 2000209 days Sindh High Court Rafiq Tarar
16 Irshad Hasan Khan 26 January 20006 January 20021 year, 345 days Lahore High Court
17 Bashir Jehangiri 7 January 200231 January 200224 days Peshawar High Court Pervez Musharraf
18 Sheikh Riaz Ahmad 1 February 200231 December 20031 year, 333 days Lahore High Court
19 Nazim Hussain Siddiqui 31 December 200329 June 20051 year, 180 days Sindh High Court
20 Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (1st)29 June 20059 March 20071 year, 253 days Balochistan High Court
A Javaid Iqbal 9 March 200724 March 200715 days Balochistan High Court
A Rana Bhagwandas 25 March 200720 July 200787 days Sindh High Court
20 Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (2nd)20 July 20073 November 2007136 days Balochistan High Court
21 A. H. Dogar 3 November 200721 March 20091 year, 138 days Sindh High Court
20 Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (3rd)21 March 200911 December 20134 years, 265 days Balochistan High Court Asif Ali Zardari
20 Tassaduq Hussain Jillani 12 December 20136 July 2014176 days Lahore High Court Mamnoon Hussain
22 Nasir-ul-Mulk 7 July 201416 August 20151 year, 70 days Peshawar High Court
23 Jawwad S. Khawaja 17 August 20159 September 201523 days Lahore High Court
24 Anwar Zaheer Jamali 10 September 201530 December 20161 year, 111 days Sindh High Court
25 Mian Saqib Nisar 31 December 201617 January 20192 years, 17 days Lahore High Court
26 Asif Saeed Khan Khosa 18 January 201920 December 2019336 days Lahore High Court Arif Alvi [11] [12] [13]
27 Gulzar Ahmed 21 December 20191 February 20222 years, 42 days Sindh High Court
28 Umar Ata Bandial 2 February 202216 September 20231 year, 226 days Lahore High Court Supreme Court of Pakistan [14] [15] [16]
29 Qazi Faez Isa 17 September 202325 October 20241 year, 38 days Balochistan High Court
30 Ijazul Ahsan 26 October 20244 August 2025282 days Lahore High Court
31 Syed Mansoor Ali Shah 5 August 202527 November 20272 years, 114 days Lahore High Court
32 Munib Akhtar 28 November 202713 December 20281 year, 15 days Sindh High Court
33 Yahya Afridi 14 December 202822 January 20301 year, 39 days Peshawar High Court

Timeline

Yahya AfridiMunib AkhtarSyed Mansoor Ali ShahIjazul AhsanQazi Faez IsaUmar Ata BandialGulzar AhmedAsif Saeed KhosaMian Saqib NisarAnwar Zaheer JamaliJawwad S. KhawajaNasir-ul-MulkTassadduq Hussain JillaniIftikhar Muhammad ChaudhryAbdul Hameed DogarIftikhar Muhammad ChaudhryRana BhagwandasJaved Iqbal (judge, born 1946)Iftikhar Muhammad ChaudhryNazim Hussain SiddiquiSheikh Riaz AhmadBashir JehangiriIrshad Hasan KhanSaeeduzzaman SiddiquiAjmal MianSajjad Ali ShahSaad Saud JanNasim Hasan ShahMuhammad Afzal ZullahMohammad HaleemS. Anwarul HaqMuhammad Yaqub AliHamoodur RahmanFazal AkbarS. A. RahmanA. R. CorneliusMuhammad ShahabuddinMuhammad MunirAbdul Rashid (judge)Chief Justice of Pakistan

See also

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References

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  3. Shah, Ralph Braibanti ; foreword by Nasim Hasan (1999). Chief Justice Cornelius of Pakistan : an analysis with letters and speeches (2. impr. ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN   9780195790184.
  4. Article 176 in The Judicature Chapter 2 of Part VII of the Constitution of Pakistan
  5. Article 175A in Chapter 1: The Courts. Part VII: The Judicature of the Constitution of Pakistan
  6. Article 175A(12)-175A(13) Chapter 1: The Courts. Part VII: The Judicature of the Constitution of Pakistan
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  12. Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (3 January 2019). "Alvi approves Justice Khosa's appointment as next CJP". Dawn. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  13. Tribune.com.pk (4 December 2019). "Justice Gulzar to be sworn in as 27th chief justice of Pakistan on Dec 21". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
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