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The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Norway (Norwegian : Høyesterettsjustitiarius) is the judicial leader of the Supreme Court of Norway.
Norwegian is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is the official language. Along with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional varieties; some Norwegian and Swedish dialects, in particular, are very close. These Scandinavian languages, together with Faroese and Icelandic as well as some extinct languages, constitute the North Germanic languages. Faroese and Icelandic are not mutually intelligible with Norwegian in their spoken form because continental Scandinavian has diverged from them. While the two Germanic languages with the greatest numbers of speakers, English and German, have close similarities with Norwegian, neither is mutually intelligible with it. Norwegian is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era.
The Supreme Court of Norway was established in 1815 on the basis of section 88 in the Constitution of the Kingdom of Norway, which prescribes an independent judiciary. It is located in the capital Oslo. In addition to serving as the court of final appeal for civil and criminal cases, it can also rule whether the Cabinet has acted in accordance with Norwegian law and whether the Parliament has passed legislation consistent with the Constitution.
The following is a chronological list of chief justices since the court was established:
Johan Randulf Bull was a Norwegian judge.
Christian Magnus Falsen was a Norwegian constitutional father, statesman, jurist, and historian. He was an important member of the Norwegian Constituent Assembly and was one of the writers of the Constitution of Norway.
Jørgen Mandix was a Danish-born Norwegian judge.
Emil Stang was a Norwegian jurist and politician. He became Prime Minister of Norway and was the first chairman of the Conservative Party.
The Chief Justice of New Zealand is the head of the New Zealand judiciary, and presides over the Supreme Court of New Zealand. The chief justice of New Zealand is also the chief justice of Tokelau. Before the establishment of the Supreme Court in 2004 the chief justice was the presiding judge in the High Court of New Zealand, and was also ex officio a member of the Court of Appeal of New Zealand. The office is established by the Senior Courts Act 2016, which describes the chief justice as "senior to all other Judges".
Edvard Hagerup Bull was a Norwegian jurist and assessor of the Supreme Court of Norway. He was a member of the Norwegian Parliament and government official with the Conservative Party of Norway.
Peder Carl Lasson was a Norwegian jurist and politician. He served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Norway from 1855 to 1873.
Tore is a Scandinavian masculine name. It is derived from the Old Norse name Thórir, which is composed of thorr which means thunder, and arr which means warrior. So Thunder Warrior or Thor's Warrior. The most famous person by this name is probably Tore Hund, who killed Olaf II of Norway at the Battle of Stiklestad. Approximately 18,000 people in Norway are named Tore.
Morten Diderik Emil Lambrechts was a Norwegian jurist and politician.
Georg Jacob Bull was a Norwegian jurist and politician.
Arne Christiansen was a Norwegian judge.
Lilly Helena Bølviken was a Norwegian judge.
In Norway, impeachment, also known as the Constitutional Court of the Realm, is a judicial process with the power to convict Members of Parliament, Members of the Council of State, and Supreme Court Justices for criminal acts performed in line of duty. Impeachment is based on the Constitution of Norway §§ 86 and 87. Parliament authorizes the impeachment process, which establishes a tribunal consisting of five members of the Supreme Court and six lay members appointed by the Parliament of Norway. Impeachment has been used eight times, the last case being held in 1927.
Jens Bugge was a Norwegian judge.
Andreas Aagaard Kiønig was a Norwegian lawyer and judge. He served as a representative at the Norwegian Constitutional Assembly.
Tore Schei is a Norwegian judge and lawyer. He was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Norway from 1 August 2002 until he retired in 2016, and was succeeded by Toril Marie Øie.
Nikolai Andreas Schei was a Norwegian jurist and civil servant.
Andreas Olai Schei was a Norwegian jurist and civil servant.
The Chief Justice of Trinidad and Tobago is the highest judge of the state Trinidad and Tobago and presides its Supreme Court of Judicature. He is appointed by a common decision of the President, the Prime Minister and the leader of the main opposition party.
Emil Stang, Jr. was a Norwegian jurist and politician for the Norwegian Labour Party and for the Communist Party of Norway. He was later the 13th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Norway.
The Supreme Court of Mauritius is the highest court of Mauritius and is the final court of appeal in the Mauritian judicial system. It was established in its current form in 1850, replacing the Cour d'Appel established in 1808 during the French administration and has a permanent seat in Port Louis. There is a right of appeal from the Supreme Court of Mauritius directly to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London.