Chigasaki, Kanagawa

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Chigasaki

茅ヶ崎市
Chigasaki City
Chigasaki City Hall 20170721.JPG
Chigasaki City Hall
Flag of Chigasaki, Kanagawa.svg
Flag
Shen Nai Chuan Xian Mao keQi Shi Shi Zhang .svg
Seal
Chigasaki in Kanagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Chigasaki in Kanagawa Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Chigasaki
 
Coordinates: 35°20′N139°24′E / 35.333°N 139.400°E / 35.333; 139.400 Coordinates: 35°20′N139°24′E / 35.333°N 139.400°E / 35.333; 139.400
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Kanagawa
Area
  Total35.71 km2 (13.79 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2021)
  Total242,798
  Density6,800/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• Tree Acacia
• Flower Rhododendron
• Bird Great tit
Phone number0467-82-1111
Address1-1 Chigasaki 1-chome, Chigasaki-shi, Kanagawa-ken 253-8686
Website Official website

Chigasaki (茅ヶ崎市, Chigasaki-shi) is a city located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2021, the city had an estimated population of 242,798 and a population density of 6800 persons per km². [1] The total area of the city is 35.71 square kilometres (13.79 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

The city is located on the eastern bank of the Sagami River in south-central Kanagawa Prefecture, facing Sagami Bay on the Pacific Ocean to the south. The Hikiji River flows through part of the city.

Surrounding municipalities

Kanagawa Prefecture

Climate

The city has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Chigasaki is 15.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1872 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 6.4 °C. [2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of the city grey steadily for over seventy years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 50,112    
1960 68,054+35.8%
1970 129,621+90.5%
1980 171,016+31.9%
1990 201,675+17.9%
2000 220,809+9.5%
2010 235,140+6.5%

History

The city has been inhabited since prehistoric times. The area was largely pasture and farmland well into the Edo period. The Tōkaidō connecting Edo with Kyoto passed through what is now Chigasaki, but without a post station. A large part of the area was the tenryō territory in Sagami Province controlled directly by the Tokugawa Shogunate through the Edo period, though other parts were administered by small clans including the Ōoka clan, which is renowned for its descendant Ōoka Tadasuke.

After the start of the Meiji period, the Tōkaidō Main Line railway connected Chigasaki Station with Tokyo and Osaka in 1898, which spurred the development of the area. Chigasaki village in Kōza District, Kanagawa Prefecture became Chigasaki town in 1908. In 1921, the Sagami Line railway connected Chigasaki with Hashimoto to the north. Chigasaki became a city on October 1, 1947.

On April 1, 2003, the population of Chigasaki exceeded 200,000 and it became a special city with increased local autonomy.

On October 24, 2014, Chigasaki agreed with Honolulu to establish the sister city relationship. [4]

Government

The city has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 28 members. Chigasaki contributes three members to the Kanagawa Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Kanagawa 15th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

The city is largely a bedroom community for Tokyo and Yokohama, and has been noted as a seaside resort community since the Meiji period. Tourism and summer leisure activities remain important to the local economy.

Companies headquartered in Chigasaki include:

Education

The city has nineteen elementary schools and thirteen middle schools operated by the city government. The city has four public high schools operated by the Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education, and the prefecture operates one special education school for the handicapped. There is one private elementary, middle school and high school in the city. Bunkyo University has a campus located in the city.

Transportation

Railway

JR logo (east).svg JR East - Tōkaidō Main Line

JR logo (east).svg JR East - Sagami Line

Highway

Local attractions

Southern Beach Chigasaki Southern Beach Chigasaki01.jpg
Southern Beach Chigasaki

The shoreline from Chigasaki to Kamakura is called the "Shōnan area". A popular swimming destination, Chigasaki is well known as the birthplace of Japanese surfing. A shop called "Goddess," located only about 20 meters from the shoreline, claims to be the first surfboard shop in Japan. Bicycles with metal fittings for holding surfboards are prominent in the area. A section of the beach in Chigasaki is called "Southern Beach," inspired by the Southern All Stars, a famous J-pop singing group whose lead vocalist Keisuke Kuwata hails from Chigasaki. The symbol of Southern Beach is Eboshi-iwa, a large hat-shaped rock that is visible from the coast.

Southern Beach monument known as "Southern C" Southern Beach Chigasaki Monument.jpg
Southern Beach monument known as "Southern C"

The city is known for being the center of Japanese Hawaiian culture with many tropical and Hawaiian stores located mainly in the southern side of the town. Fridays in Chigasaki was called "Aloha Friday" in which consumers were able to have discounts in many stores and taxis. Salesclerks and city officers are encouraged to work wearing aloha shirts as a part of Cool Biz campaign to promote its Hawaiian culture every summer since 2003. [5]

In contrast to the popularity as a modernized resort in south, north part of the city still retains some historical heritages. Ōoka Echizen festival is held in the family temple of the Ōoka clan (bodaiji) "Jōkenji" on May.

Sister cities

Noted people from Chigasaki

Related Research Articles

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Kanagawa Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region of Honshu. Kanagawa Prefecture is the second-most populous prefecture of Japan at 9,058,094 and has a geographic area of 2,415 km2 (932 sq mi). Kanagawa Prefecture borders Tokyo to the north, Yamanashi Prefecture to the northwest and Shizuoka Prefecture to the west.

Sagami Bay

Sagami Bay lies south of Kanagawa Prefecture in Honshu, central Japan, contained within the scope of the Miura Peninsula, in Kanagawa, to the east, the Izu Peninsula, in Shizuoka Prefecture, to the west, and the Shōnan coastline to the north, while the island of Izu Ōshima marks the southern extent of the bay. It lies approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of the capital, Tokyo. Cities on the bay include Odawara, Chigasaki, Fujisawa, Hiratsuka, Itō, and Kamakura.

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Shōnan (湘南) is the name of a region along the coast of Sagami Bay in Kanagawa Prefecture, central Japan. Centered on Enoshima, an island about 50 kilometers southwest of Tokyo, the Shōnan region stretches from Ōiso in the west to Hayama in the east, including Hiratsuka, Chigasaki, Fujisawa, and Kamakura. Because of the bay, the region benefits from a mild climate and long beaches covered with dark volcanic sand.

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References

  1. "Chigasaki city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. Chigasaki climate data
  3. Chigasaki population statistics
  4. Chigasaki Breeze The 56th Edition Special Issue, January 1, 2015
  5. アロハビズ×茅ヶ崎市 [Aloha Biz by Chigasaki-city] (in Japanese). Chigasaki City Government.
  6. Special Box, 2007/Universal Music