Chihayaakasaka

Last updated
Chihayaakasaka
千早赤阪村
Chihaya-akasaka-v office.jpg
Chihayakasaka Village Hall
Flag of Chihaya-Akasaka, Osaka.svg
Emblem of Chihayaakasaka, Osaka.svg
Chihayaakasaka in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Chihayaakasaka in Osaka Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Chihayaakasaka
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°28′N135°37′E / 34.467°N 135.617°E / 34.467; 135.617 Coordinates: 34°28′N135°37′E / 34.467°N 135.617°E / 34.467; 135.617
CountryJapan
Region Kansai
Kinki
Prefecture Osaka
District Minamikawachi
Area
  Total37.30 km2 (14.40 sq mi)
Population
 (December 31, 2021)
  Total4,970
  Density130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address180 Chihayaakasaka-mura, Minamikawachi-gun, Osaka-fu 585-8501
Website Official website
Symbols
Flower Lilium auratum
Tree Camphor laurel
Kusunoki Masashige's birthplace Kusunoki-Masashige-birthplace.jpg
Kusunoki Masashige's birthplace
Rice Terraces near Shimo-Akasaka Castle Tanada (Chihayaakasaka, Osaka).jpg
Rice Terraces near Shimo-Akasaka Castle

Chihayaakasaka (千早赤阪村, Chihayaakasaka-mura) is a village located in Minamikawachi District, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 December 2021, the village had an estimated population of 4,970 in 2267 households and a population density of 130 persons per km². [1] The total area of the village is 30.70 square kilometres (11.85 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Chihayaakasaka is located in the far southeast corner of Osaka Prefecture, bordered by the Yoshino region of Nara to the east. Most of the village area is mountainous and forested, and is within the borders of the Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen Quasi-National Park.

Climate

Chihayaakasaka has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Chihayaakasaka is 13.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1636 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.4 °C. [2]

Neighboring municipalities

Osaka Prefecture

Nara Prefecture

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Chihayaakasaka peaked in the 1990s and has been declining since.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 4,449    
1930 4,500+1.1%
1940 4,605+2.3%
1950 5,720+24.2%
1960 5,283−7.6%
1970 5,013−5.1%
1980 7,288+45.4%
1990 7,617+4.5%
2000 6,968−8.5%
2010 6,015−13.7%

History

The area of the modern village of Chihayaakasaka was within ancient Kawachi Province, and became famous in the late Kamakura and Nanboku-chō periods as the home territory of the imperial loyalist, Kusunoki Masashige. Various fortifications from that period, notably Shimo-Akasaka Castle, Kami-Akasaka Castle and Chihaya Castle on the slopes of Mount Kongo were the sites of important battles in the 14th century. The villages of Chihaya and Akasaka were established within Ishikawa District with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. On April 1, 1896 the area became part of Minamikawachi District, Osaka. The two villages merged on September 30, 1956 to form the village of Chihayaakasaka.

In 1893, Akasaka, Kumatarō Kido and Yagorō Tani murdered 10 people, and left one infant alive. They then killed themselves after the murders.

On March 1, 2008 Chihayaakasaka requested a merge into the adjacent city of Kawachinagano, after talks of merging with the surrounding towns of Kanan and Taishi fell through. [4] These plans were also rejected due to strong public opposition on August 14, 2009.

Government

Chihayaakasaka has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral village council of seven members. Chihayaakasaka collectively with the cities of Tondabayashi and Ōsakasayama, and other municipalities of Minamikawachi District contributes two members to the Osaka Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the village is part of Osaka 15th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Chihayaakasaka was traditionally dependent on agriculture (notably shiitake ) and forestry. The area suffers from an aging population and rural depopulation.

Education

Chihayaakasaka has two public elementary schools and one public middle schools operated by the village government. The village does not have and a high school.

Transportation

Railway

Chihayaakasaka does not have any passenger rail service. The nearest station is Kawachinagano Station or Tondabayashi Station.

Highway

Local attractions

Related Research Articles

Tondabayashi City in Kansai, Japan

Tondabayashi is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2022, the city had an estimated population of 108803 in 51632 households and a population density of 1200 persons per km². The total area of the city is 39.72 square kilometres (15.34 sq mi).

Kawachinagano City in Kansai, Japan

Kawachinagano is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2022, the city had an estimated population of 101,649 in 47493 households and a population density of 930 persons per km². The total area of the city is 109.63 square kilometres (42.33 sq mi).

Kashiwara City in Kansai, Japan

Kashiwara is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2022, the city had an estimated population of 67,698 in 32007 households and a population density of 2700 persons per km². The total area of the city is 25.33 square kilometres (9.78 sq mi).

Habikino City in Kansai, Japan

Habikino is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2022, the city had an estimated population of 109,479 in 50918 households and a population density of 4100 persons per km². The total area of the city is 26.45 square kilometres (10.21 sq mi). The city is known for its grapes, and also for its large number of ancient kofun burial mounds. The city is also sometimes referred to by its former name Minami-Osaka (南大阪).

Ōsakasayama City in Kansai, Japan

Ōsakasayama is a city in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2022, the city had an estimated population of 158,465 in 26128 households and a population density of 4900 persons per km². The total area of the city is 11.92 square kilometres (4.60 sq mi).

Kawachi Province Former province of Japan

Kawachi Province was a province of Japan in the eastern part of modern Osaka Prefecture. It originally held the southwestern area that was split off into Izumi Province. It was also known as Kashū (河州).

Katsuragi, Nara City in Kansai, Japan

Katsuragi is a city located in Nara Prefecture, Japan. As of August 1, 2019, the city has an estimated population of 37,352, and 14,775 households. The population density is 1,107 persons per km2, and the total area is 33.73 km2.

Taishi, Osaka Town in Japan

Taishi is a town located in Minamikawachi District, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the town had an estimated population of 13,172 in 5572 households and a population density of 930 persons per km². The total area of the town is 14.17 square kilometres (5.47 sq mi).

Kanan, Osaka Town in Japan

Kanan is a town located in Minamikawachi District, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 January 2022, the town had an estimated population of 15,429 and a population density of 610 persons per km². The total area of the town is 25.26 square kilometres (9.75 sq mi).

Minamikawachi District, Osaka

Minamikawachi is a district located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. In 2009 the district had an estimated population of 37,695 and a density of 491 persons per km2. The total area is 76.81 km2.

Domyoji Line

The Domyoji Line is a single-tracked, 2.2 km short railway line operated by Kintetsu Railway, connecting Dōmyōji Station in the city of Fujiidera and Kashiwara Station in Kashiwara, both in Osaka Prefecture.

Chihaya Castle Japanese Kamakura-period castle

Chihaya Castle is a late Kamakura period Japanese castle located in the village of Chihayaakasaka, Osaka Prefecture, Japan Its ruins have been protected as a National Historic Site since 1934.

Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen Quasi-National Park

Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen Quasi-National Park is a Quasi-National Park in Nara, Ōsaka, and Wakayama Prefectures, Japan. It was established in 1958.

Mount Naka Katsuragi

Mount Naka Katsuragi is a mountain in the Kongō Range to the south of Mount Kongō, rising to an elevation of 937.7 metres (3,076 ft). The mountain is situated between Chihayaakasaka, Osaka and Gojō, Nara in Japan. It is known for its trails being generally easy for most hikers, and for its stands of Japanese cedar and large fields of bamboo grass.

Kami-Akasaka Castle Japanese Kamakura-period castle

Kami-Akasaka Castle is a late Kamakura period Japanese castle located in the village of Chihayaakasaka, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Its ruins have been protected as a National Historic Site since 1934. It is also referred to as Kusunoki Castle or Kiriyama Castle,

Shimo-Akasaka Castle Japanese Kamakura-period castle

Shimo-Akasaka Castle is a late Kamakura period Japanese castle located in the village of Chihayaakasaka, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Its ruins have been protected as a National Historic Site since 1934. It is also referred to as simply Akasaka Castle.

Eboshigata Castle Japanese Kamakura-period castle

Eboshigata Castle is a late Kamakura period Japanese castle located in the city of Kawachinagano, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Its ruins have been protected as a National Historic Site since 2012. It is also a site registered under Japan Heritage.

References

  1. "Chihayaakasaka village official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. Chihayaakasaka climate data
  3. Chihayaakasaka population statistics
  4. Asahi Shimbun, Osaka edition, April 30th 2007, p. 1, 大阪唯一の村消える? Ōsaka yuiitsu no mura kieru?