Chiheru de Jos
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Chiheru de Jos (Hungarian : Alsóköhér, Hungarian pronunciation: [ɒlʃoːkøheːr] ) is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of four villages: Chiheru de Jos, Chiheru de Sus (Felsőköhér), Urisiu de Jos (Alsóoroszi), and Urisiu de Sus (Felsőoroszi).
Hungarian is a Uralic language of the Ugric branch spoken in Hungary and parts of several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine (Subcarpathia), central and western Romania (Transylvania), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia and northern Slovenia.
Mureș County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mureș. The county was established in 1968, after the administrative reorganization that re-introduced the historical judeţ (county) system, still used today. This reform eliminated the previous Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region, which had been created in 1952 within the People's Republic of Romania. Mureș county has a vibrant multicultural fabric that includes Hungarian-speaking Székelys and Transylvanian Saxons, with a rich heritage of fortified churches and towns.
Transylvania is a historical region which is located in central Romania. Bound on the east and south by its natural borders, the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended westward to the Apuseni Mountains. The term sometimes encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also parts of the historical regions of Crișana and Maramureș, and occasionally the Romanian part of Banat.
The commune has absolute ethnic Romanian majority. According to the 2002 Census it has a population of 1744 of which 93.92% or 1638 are Romanians. Other minorities are Hungarians (0.51%), Roma (5.50%) and Italians (0.05%).
The Romanians are an Eastern Romance ethnic group and nation native to Romania, that share a common Romanian culture, ancestry, and speak the Romanian language, the most widespread spoken Balkan Romance language which is descended from the Latin language. According to the 2011 Romanian census, just under 89% of Romania's citizens identified themselves as ethnic Romanians.
Hungarians, also known as Magyars, are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture, history and language. Hungarian belongs to the Uralic language family. There are an estimated 14.2–14.5 million ethnic Hungarians and their descendants worldwide, of whom 9.6 million live in today's Hungary. About 2.2 million Hungarians live in areas that were part of the Kingdom of Hungary before the Treaty of Trianon and are now parts of Hungary's seven neighbouring countries, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria. Significant groups of people with Hungarian ancestry live in various other parts of the world, most of them in the United States, Canada, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Brazil, Australia, and Argentina.
The Romani, colloquially known as Roma, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group, traditionally itinerant, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, and Punjab regions of modern-day India.
Zau de Câmpie is a commune in Mureș County, Romania composed of nine villages:
Vătava is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania composed of three villages: Dumbrava (Marosliget), Râpa de Jos (Alsórépa) and Vătava. It has a population of 2,135: 95% Romanians, 4.7% Roma and 0.3% Hungarians.
Tăureni is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania that is composed of three villages: Fânațe (Kincstáribirtok), Moara de Jos (Csontostanya) and Tăureni. It has a population of 1,049: 91% Romanians, 7% Roma and 2% Hungarians.
Râciu is a commune in Mureș County, Romania composed of fifteen villages: Căciulata, Coasta Mare (Nagyoldal), Cotorinau, Curețe, Hagău (Hágó), Leniș (Lenes), Nima Râciului (Rücsinéma), Obârșie, Pârâu Crucii (Keresztpatak), Râciu, Sânmărtinu de Câmpie (Mezőszentmárton), Ulieș (Nagyölyves), Valea Sânmărtinului (Forrásészka), Valea Seacă (Szárazpatak) and Valea Ulieșului (Ölyvespatak). It has a population of 3,752: 90% Romanians, 4% Hungarians and 6% Roma.
Pogăceaua is a commune in Mureș County, Romania composed of ten villages: Bologaia (Balogéja), Ciulea (Csulja), Deleni (Ökröstó), Fântâna Babii, Pârâu Crucii, Pogăceaua, Scurta, Sicele, Valea Sânpetrului and Văleni.
Poiana Vadului is a commune located in Alba County, Romania. It has a population of 1,304, and is composed of eleven villages: Costești, Duduieni, Făgetu de Jos, Făgetu de Sus, Hănășești, Lupăiești, Morcănești, Păștești, Petelei, Poiana Vadului and Stănești.
Ucea is a commune in Brașov County, Romania. It is composed of four villages: Corbi (Korb), Feldioara (Barcaföldvár), Ucea de Jos and Ucea de Sus (Felsőucsa).
Criștioru de Jos is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 1,354 people. It is composed of five villages: Bâlc, Criștioru de Jos, Criștioru de Sus (Felsőbiharkristyór), Poiana (Biharmező) and Săliște de Vașcău (Vaskohszeleste).
Hidișelu de Sus is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 3,315 people. It is composed of five villages: Hidișelu de Jos (Almamező), Hidișelu de Sus, Mierlău (Nyárló), Sântelec (Biharszentelek) and Șumugiu (Váraduzsopa).
Cozmești is a commune in Iași County, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Cozmești, Podolenii de Jos and Podolenii de Sus.
Beica de Jos is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of six villages: Beica de Jos, Beica de Sus (Felsőbölkény), Căcuciu (Görgénykakucs), Nadășa (Görgénynádas), Sânmihai de Pădure (Szentmihály) and Șerbeni (Soropháza).
Mica is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of seven villages: Abuș, Căpâlna de Sus (Felsőkápolna), Ceuaș (Szászcsávás), Deaj (Désfalva), Hărănglab (Harangláb), Mica and Șomoștelnic (Somostelke).
Ideciu de Jos is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Deleni (Oroszidecs), Ideciu de Jos and Ideciu de Sus (Felsőidecs).
Suciu de Sus is a commune in Maramureș County, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Larga (Tágfalva), Suciu de Jos (Alsószőcs) and Suciu de Sus.
Luncoiu de Jos is a commune in Hunedoara County, Romania. It is composed of five villages: Dudești (Dudesd), Luncoiu de Jos, Luncoiu de Sus (Felsőlunkoj), Podele and Stejărel (Szkrófa).
Lăpugiu de Jos is a commune in Hunedoara County, Romania. It is composed of ten villages: Baștea (Bástya), Cosești (Kosesd), Fintoag (Fintóág), Grind (Gerend), Holdea (Holgya), Lăpugiu de Jos, Lăpugiu de Sus (Felsőlapugy), Lăsău (Laszó), Ohaba (Ohába) and Teiu (Tyej).
Vața de Jos is a commune in Hunedoara County, Romania. It is composed of thirteen villages: Basarabasa (Baszarabásza), Birtin (Birtin), Brotuna (Brotuna), Căzănești (Kazanesd), Ciungani (Csungány), Ocișor (Ócsisor), Ociu (Olcs), Prăvăleni (Prevaleny), Prihodiște (Prihodest), Tătărăștii de Criș (Tataresd), Târnava de Criș (Ternáva), Vața de Jos and Vața de Sus (Felváca).
Vorța is a commune in Hunedoara County, Romania. It is composed of seven villages: Certeju de Jos (Alsócsertés), Coaja (Kózsa), Dumești (Dumesd), Luncșoara (Lunksora), Valea Poienii (Füzesdbogara), Visca (Viszka) and Vorța.
Alba County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, its capital city being Alba-Iulia with a population of 63,536.
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.
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