China National Maritime Day

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China National Maritime Day, [1] officially referred to as Maritime Day of China, [2] [3] also known as China Maritime Day, [4] Maritime Day in China, [5] Chinese :中国航海日; pinyin :hanghairi, is celebrated July 11, 2005, commemorating marked Zheng He's first voyage. The date marks the 600th anniversary of the ocean voyages of Zheng He, the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) navigator, who went on seven voyages to show China's might to the rest of the world, under the command of Yongle Emperor. These voyages sought to prove to the Chinese people that the usurper Yongle was worthy of the throne and the gods accepted him with the Mandate of Heaven. The celebration's creation honors China's commitment to the International Maritime Organization, of which it is a member.

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Zheng He was a Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat, fleet admiral, and court eunuch during China's early Ming dynasty. He was originally born as Ma He in a Muslim family, and later adopted the surname Zheng conferred by Emperor Yongle. Zheng commanded expeditionary treasure voyages to Southeast Asia, South Asia, Western Asia, and East Africa from 1405 to 1433. According to legend, his larger ships carried hundreds of sailors on four decks and were almost twice as long as any wooden ship ever recorded.

Yongle Emperor 15th-century Chinese emperor

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Jianwen Emperor Second emperor of the Ming Dynasty

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Jinghai Temple

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Yongle Tongbao Chinese cash coin

The Yongle Tongbao refers to Ming dynasty era Chinese cash coin produced under the reign of the Yongle Emperor. As the Ming dynasty didn't produce copper coinage at the time since it predominantly used silver coins and paper money as the main currency, the records vary on when the Yongle Emperor ordered its creation between 1408 and 1410, this was done as the production of traditional cash-style coinage had earlier ceased in 1393. The Yongle Tongbao cash coins were notably not manufactured for the internal Chinese market where silver coinage and paper money would continue to dominate, but were in fact produced to help stimulate international trade as Chinese cash coins were used as a common form of currency throughout South, Southeast, and East Asia.

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References

  1. Zhu, Chengpei; Zhang, Xiaomin (July 13, 2009). "China celebrates Maritime Day in Dalian". China Daily . Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  2. "Maritime Day of China" (in Chinese). Retrieved June 8, 2012. (Official English name is found in the title of the homepage and the flash at the top of the homepage)
  3. "Nanjing to be Main Venue of 2012 Maritime Day of China" (Press release). Nanjing Municipal People's Government. April 29, 2012. Archived from the original on November 30, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  4. "China Maritime Day". International Maritime Organization. July 11, 2010. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  5. Wang, Wenbin; Liu, Xuan (July 6, 2005). "July 11, Weighing Day, designated as Maritime Day". PLA Daily. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved June 8, 2012.