China Railway CRH2

Last updated
China Railway CRH2 EMU
China railways CRH2 unit 001.jpg
In service2007–present
Manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries,
CRRC Qingdao Sifang
Family name Shinkansen
Number builtCRH2A: 60+40 trainsets (800 cars)
CRH2B: 20 trainsets (320 cars)
CRH2C (stage 1): 30 trainsets (240 cars)
CRH2C (stage 2): 20 trainsets (160 cars)
CRH2E: 20 trainsets (320 cars)
FormationCRH2A: 8 cars per trainset (4M4T)
CRH2B/E: 16 cars per trainset (8M8T)
CRH2C: 8 cars per trainset (6M2T)
CapacityCRH2A: 610/571/562/588/600/608
CRH2B: 1230
CRH2C: 610/626
CRH2E: 630/880(CRH2E-2463, 2464 and 2465)
Operator(s) China Railway
- CR Beijing
- CR Shanghai
- CR Jinan
- CR Xi'an
- CR Wuhan
- CR Nanchang
- CR Zhengzhou
- CR Taiyuan
- CR Chengdu
- CR Guangzhou
- CR Nanning
Line(s) served Jinghu Railway, Jingguang Railway, Hukun Railway, Hening PFL
Specifications
Train lengthCRH2A/C: 201.4 m (661 ft)
CRH2B/E: 401.4 m (1,317 ft)
Width3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)
Height3,700 mm (12 ft 2 in)
Platform height 1,250 mm (4 ft 1 in)
Maximum speedCRH2A/B/E: 250 km/h (155 mph)
CRH2C (stage 1): 350 km/h (217 mph)
CRH2C (stage 2): 380 km/h (236 mph)
Traction system IGBT VVVF inverter control
(Mitsubishi Electric, Hitachi or Zhuzhou CSR Times Electric)
Power outputCRH2A: 4.8  MW (6,400  hp)
CRH2B/E: 9.6 MW (12,900 hp)
CRH2C (stage 1):
7.2 MW (9,700 hp)
CRH2C (stage 2):
8.76 MW (11,750 hp)
TransmissionAC-DC-AC
Electric system(s) 25 kV 50 Hz AC Overhead catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
Braking system(s) Regenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

The CRH2 Hexie (simplified Chinese: 和谐号; traditional Chinese: 和諧號; pinyin: Héxié Hào; literally: "Harmony") is one of the high-speed train models in China. Originally, the CRH2 was based on the E2-1000 Series Shinkansen design from Japan with the license purchased from a consortium formed of Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Electric, and Hitachi, and represents the second Shinkansen train model to be exported.

Contents

In 2004, the Ministry of Railway in China purchased an initial 60 sets of the train from Kawasaki Heavy Industries with a maximum speed of 250 km/h (155 mph). However, the newer versions of the CRH2 are not related to the E2-1000 Series despite having the same exterior shell. [1]

History

The CRH2 developed from the E2 Series Shinkansen JRE Shinkansen E2 Series-0 and 1000.jpg
The CRH2 developed from the E2 Series Shinkansen
CRH2A-2260&2011 at Xiamen railway station CRH2A-2260&2011 at Xiamen Railway Station 20170727.jpg
CRH2A-2260&2011 at Xiamen railway station

CRH2A

On October 20, 2004, the Ministry of Railway in China ordered 60 sets of CRH2A trains from Kawasaki Heavy Industries in Japan. Along with 60 sets of Bombardier's Regina-based CRH1A, and 40 sets of Alstom's Pendolino-based CRH5A, these train sets are consider as first batch of CRH trains.

Each of the CRH2A set consists of 8 cars. The first 3 sets (CRH2-001A - CRH2-003A) were built in Japan, the next 6 sets (CRH2-004A - CRH2-009A) were delivered in complete knock down form and assembled by CSR Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock. The remaining 51 sets (CRH2-010A - CRH2-060A) were built by Sifang through technology transfer from Japan.

The first train arrived at Qingdao port on March 8, 2006 with little fanfare, and was not even publicized in China. These trains have a maximum operation speed of 250 km/h (155 mph) and started providing high-speed train service from April 18, 2007, the date of the sixth national railway speed-up.

According to Chinese and Japanese media, CRH2A trains started test trials ahead of commercial operation on the Shanghai-Hangzhou and Shanghai-Nanjing lines on January 28, 2007.

On September 14, 2010, the Chinese MOR ordered additional 40 sets of CRH2A trains (CRH2-151A - CRH2-190A) from CSR Sifang.

CRH2B

CRH2B at Wuxi Station CRH2B at Wuxi Station - panoramio.jpg
CRH2B at Wuxi Station

In November 2007, the Ministry of Railway in China ordered 10 CRH2 sets with 16 cars per set (8M8T). These trains have been given designations CRH2B (CRH2-111B - CRH2-120B). Each CRH2B has three 1st seating cars (ZY), twelve 2nd seating cars (ZE), and one dining car (CA). Designed maximum operation speed is 250 km/h (155 mph) with a power of 9,600 kW (12,900 hp).

The first units were delivered on June 29, 2008, [2] [3] and came into service on the Hefei–Nanjing Passenger Railway on August 1, 2008. [4]

CRH2C (CRH2-350)

CRH2C CRH2C & CRH3C 200808.jpg
CRH2C

After the introduction of the modified E2-1000 Series, Sifang built its own CRH2 with a maximum safe operating speed of 350 km/h (220 mph). The original train sets imported from Kawasaki had a maximum safe operating speed of 250 km/h (160 mph).

During June 2005 and September 2005, The Chinese Ministry of Railways launched bidding for High speed trains with a top speed over 300 km/h (190 mph). Along with Siemens's Velaro-based CRH3C, CSR Sifang bid 60 sets of CRH2C, includes 30 sets of CRH2C stage one with a top speed of 300 km/h (190 mph), and 30 sets of CRH2C stage two with a top speed of 350 km/h (220 mph).

In development and research of the 350 km/h (220 mph) high speed train, The CRH2-300 project was launched by Chinese MOR and CSR. In 2006 the China Development Bank provided CNY 15 billion developmental financial loans to CSR Group for the projects of 200–300 km/h (120–190 mph) high speed trains. [5] Over 50 academics, 150,000 technicians, 600 contractors were involved in the project. [6] This train's livery is not like the CRH2A. Its blue stripe does not end at the fronts of trainsets.

CRH2C stage one

CRH2-064C China Railways CRH2-064C 20080818.jpg
CRH2-064C

CRH2C Stage one is a modified version of CRH2A. It has a maximum operating speed up to 300 km/h (190 mph) by replacing two intermediate trailer cars with motorized cars. Equipped with an array of the state-of-the-art technologies, including aluminum alloy body with a reduced weight, high speed turntable, high speed pantograph, and optic-fiber based integrated control system. [7]

Chinese MOR ordered 30 sets of CRH2C stage one, name code CRH2-061C - CRH2-090C. The first set, CRH2-061C was unveiled on December 22, 2007. [8] [9]

During the test on April 22, 2008, CRH2-061C reached a top speed of over 370 km/h (230 mph) on Beijing-Tianjin high-speed rail. [10]

During the test on December 11, 2009, CRH2-061C reached a top speed of 394.2 km/h (244.9 mph) on Zhengzhou-Xi'an high-speed rail. [11]

Together with CRH3C, the CRH2C stage one first came into service on Beijing-Tianjin Intercity high-speed rail on August 1, 2008, and all CRH2C stage one trains have been replaced by CRH3C in April, 2009. Currently, most of these trains are serving on the Shanghai-Nanjing high speed rail.

CRH2C stage two

CRH2C Stage two is the "re-design" version of the CRH2. Some of the details, like the aluminum body structure, noise reduction technology & reduction technique, draw on the CRH3C. According to CSR Sifang, the improvements include the following aspects:

  • The axle weight of the bogie increased from 14 to 15 tonnes (31,000 to 33,000 lb), to prevent tremble of the train body at a higher speed, [6] the gear ratio has been optimized from 3.036 to 2.379, the critical instability speed is 550 km/h (340 mph).
  • The thermal capacity of the bogie has been increased, which satisfied the continuous operation at 350 km/h (220 mph)
  • With the YQ-365 type AC traction motor. It has a maximum operating speed up to 350 km/h (220 mph) with a power of 8,760 kW (11,750 hp).
  • The rigidity of the car body has been increased to lower the noise and vibration.
  • Optimized car body and window design for better air tightness and strength.
  • Added pressure protection system to avoid pressure fluctuation in the compartment and improvement of comfort.
  • Optimized design of the roof antenna, exterior windscreen and windows for a lower air resistance. [12]

Chinese MOR ordered 30 sets of CRH2C stage two, name code CRH2-091C - CRH2-110C and CRH2-141C - CRH2-150C. The first set, CRH2-091C was unveiled in January 2010 and came into service on Zhengzhou-Xi'an high-speed rail in February, 2010. [13]

CRH2E

A CRH2E arriving Beijing West railway station as D924 Guangzhou-Beijing overnight train in 2015. CRH2E-2132@BJX (20150504071934).JPG
A CRH2E arriving Beijing West railway station as D924 Guangzhou-Beijing overnight train in 2015.
A CRH2E old style sleeper car CRH2 sleeping car interior.jpg
A CRH2E old style sleeper car
The 2017 version of CRH2E with double-deck windows on the outside. CRH2E-2465@SHA (20170910185510).jpg
The 2017 version of CRH2E with double-deck windows on the outside.

In November and December 2007, the Ministry of Railway in China ordered 20 CRH2 sleeper trains with 16 cars per set (8M8T). These trains are modified CRH2Bs, and have been given designations CRH2E (numbered CRH2-121E - CRH2-140E). Each CRH2E has thirteen 1st class sleeping cars (WR), two 2nd class seating cars (ZE), and one buffet car (CA) or one second class/dining car (ZEC). Designed maximum operation speed is 250 km/h (155 mph) with a power of 9600 kW.

The first batch of CRH2E, CRH2-121E - CRH2-126E, came into service on Beijing-Shanghai railway on December 21, 2008. [2] [14] On 23 July 2011, one sleeper coach on CRH2-139E trainset has been derailed in the 2011 Wenzhou train collision, together with CRH1-046B.

The rest of CRH2Es were deployed on Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High-Speed Railway since January 2015, operating overnight sleeper trains between Beijing and Guangzhou (including some trains to Shenzhen).

All New CRH2E

Since CRH2E-2463, brand new CRH2E rolls off the production line in the beginning of 2017. The layout inside CRH2E-2463 is different from the previous ones. Its corridor dominates the centre of the sleeping car, while on either side the bunk beds are fixed parallel. [15] Each bed has a layout similar to airplane first class, and passengers are no longer sharing the room. Instead, each passenger has separate compartment looks like a capsule. Each capsule comes with independent tables, outlets, lamps, hangers and curtains. The hull of the train is redesigned so the noise level is lower compare to previous models. [16]

CRH2-380

CRH2C-2150, an experimental testbed for CRH380A, at Shanghai Hongqiao Station. 201706 CRH2C-2150 at Shanghai Hongqiao Station.jpg
CRH2C-2150, an experimental testbed for CRH380A, at Shanghai Hongqiao Station.

In 2008, the Chinese MOR & CSR launched CRH2-380 project, the main purpose is to develop new-generation of high speed trains with maximum operation speed of 380 km/h (240 mph). CRH2 is one of the fundamental platforms of the new trains, which is designated as CRH380A.

Formation

At the time of the sixth national railway speed-up, at least 37 CRH2A sets had been delivered by Kawasaki and Sifang. [17] In 2008, all 60 CRH2A sets had been delivered by Kawasaki. The post-2008 production model of the CRH2 are designed and made solely by Sifang with a maximum safe operation speed of 350 km/h (220 mph). [1]

Power Destination

Coach Type

CRH2A (Previous)

Coach No.12345678
Type 1 ZEZECZEZYZE
Type 2 ZEZYZEZECZEZYZE
Type 3 ZEZETZEZECZEZYZE
Type 4 ZYSZEZEZECZEZYT
Type 5 ZYZEZECZEZY
Type 6 ZEZECZYZE
Type 7 ZEZYEZEZECZEZYZE
Type 8 ZYZEZECZE
Power ConfigurationTCMTPTMPMTC
Power UnitsUnit 1Unit 2
Capacity 1 551008510055 (+16)1005164
Capacity 2 551004610055 (+16)1005164
Capacity 3 5510043+1610055 (+16)1005164
Capacity 4 15+451+48510055 (+16)10024+424+4
Capacity 5 42788510055 (+16)1005151
Capacity 6 551008510055 (+16)785164
Capacity 7 5510016+43100711005164
Capacity 8 4890907763909065

CRH2A (Renovated)

Coach No.12345678
Type 1 ZEZECZEZYZE
Type 2 (EC)ZYZEZECZE
Power ConfigurationTCMMPMMPMTC
Power UnitsUnit 1Unit 2
Capacity 1 551008510055 (+16)1005164
Capacity 2 (EC)4890907763909065

CRH2B

Coach No.12345678910111213141516
TypeZYZECAZE
Power ConfigurationTCMTPTMTMTTPMTC
Power UnitsUnit 1Unit 2Unit 3Unit 4
Capacity3668511008510085(32)8510085100851008565

CRH2C

Coach No.12345678
Type 1 ZEZECZEZYZE
Type 2 ZEZECZEZYZE
Power ConfigurationTCMMPMMPMTC
Power UnitsUnit 1Unit 2
Capacity 1 551008510055+161005164
Capacity 2 551008510054+161005165

CRH2E

Coach No.12345678910111213141516
Type 1 ZEWRCAWRZE
Type 2 ZEWRWRCWRZE
Type 3 WRWRCWR
Power ConfigurationTCMTPTMTMTTPMTC
Power UnitsUnit 1Unit 2Unit 3Unit 4
Capacity 1 55404040404040(0)4040404040404055
Capacity 2 55404040404040402040404040404055
Capacity 3 40606060606060602060606060606040

CRH2G

Coach No.12345678
TypeZYZEZECZE
Power ConfigurationTCMMPMMPMTC
Power UnitsUnit 1Unit 2
Capacity4890907763909065

Accidents

Main article:Wenzhou train collision

On July 23rd, two bullet trains were traveling in the same direction and the train in front, the CRH 1-046B was stopped by a power failure or a faulty signal hit by lighting. The light that the second train was supposed to stop at was hit by lighting malfunctioned and showed a green signal while it was supposed to be red. The second train was a CRH 2-139E. The CRH 2 front cars fell off the viaduct and one standing at a 90° angle between the viaduct and the ground. The cars that fell to the ground are cars 1-3 and the forth one was the one standing.

Distribution

As of February, 2011

OperatorQuantitySerial numberDepotLines servingNotes
CRH2A
Beijing Railway Bureau 22478, 2479Beijing Beijing–Harbin Railway
Wuhan Railway Bureau242011, 2013, 2019, 2033, 2034, 2039, 2043, 2045 to 2051, 2053, 2055, 2169, 2179, 2180, 2200, 2205, 2206, 2209, 2210Hankou Beijing–Guangzhou Railway, Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway, Hankou–Danjiangkou Railway
242017, 2022, 2023, 2027, 2029, 2035, 2052, 2054, 2056, 2059, 2060, 2151, 2152, 2162-2164, 2173, 2192, 2193, 2199, 2201, 2207, 2208, 2211Wuhan Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway
Shanghai Railway Bureau 462001, 2003-2009, 2012, 2015, 2018, 2020, 2024, 2026, 2028, 2030, 2031, 2044, 2057, 2058, 2153, 2154, 2158, 2159, 2161, 2166-2168, 2174-2177, 2181~ 2184, 2186~2189, 2194~2196, 2202~2204Shanghai South Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway, Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway, Jinshan Railway
72021, 2032, 2041, 2155, 2157, 2185, 2190Hefei South Hefei–Fuzhou High-Speed Railway, Nanjing–Anqing Intercity Railway
122002, 2014, 2016, 2025, 2036-2039, 2156, 2160, 2165, 2178, 2197Nanjing Nanjing–Qidong Railway, Nanjing–Anqing Intercity Railway
Nanchang Railway Bureau202215~2218, 2233, 2236, 2237, 2246, 2249, 2250, 2252, 2257, 2258, 2260, 2261, 2284, 2285, 2290, 2429, 2430Nanchang Nanchang–Jiujiang Intercity Railway, Wuhan–Jiujiang Passenger Railway
202212~2214, 2220~2224, 2247, 2248, 2251, 2253~2256, 2259, 2291~2293, 2302Nanchang West Xiangtang–Putian Railway
182219, 2234, 2235, 2282, 2283, 2324, 2427, 2447, 2452, 2457, 2458, 4006, 4045 ~ 4050Xiamen North Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
3Fuzhou South Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway, Xiangtang–Putian Railway
232275, 2434 to 2437, 2440 to 2442, 2446, 2455, 2456, 2476, 2477, 2493, 2494, 4008, 4009, 4012 to 4017Longyan Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway, Longyan–Xiamen Railway
Chengdu Railway Bureau312230, 2231, 2272, 2305, 2321, 2323, 2325, 2333, 2335 to 2340, 2363, 2374, 2385, 2390, 2438, 2480 to 2482, 2491, 4007, 4022, 4035 to 4040Chongqing North Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway, Nanjing–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Wuhan–Jiujiang Passenger Railway
222040, 2042, 2170-2172 , 2191 , 2198 , 2228 , 2304 , 2360 , 2364 , 2373 , 2391 , 2392 , 2395-2397 , 2490 , 2492 , 4020 , 4023, 4042Guiyang North Guiyang–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hengyang–Liuzhou Intercity Railway, Liuzhou–Nanning Intercity Railway
Nanning Railway Bureau 542238, 2240 to 2245, 2262, 2263, 2269, 2270, 2276, 2281, 2286, 2287, 2296, 2297, 2303, 2312 to 2315, 2327, 2328, 2346 to 2348, 2351, 2370, 2371, 2375, 2377, 2378, 2383, 2386, 2387, 2393, 2394, 2398, 2399, 2401, 2404, 2407, 2443 to 2445, 2450, 4018, 4027, 4031, 4032, 4069, 4114, 4115Nanning Hengyang–Liuzhou Intercity Railway, Liuzhou–Nanning Intercity Railway, Guiyang–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway, Nanning–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway
402239, 2266, 2277 to 2280, 2288, 2289, 2300, 2301, 2306, 2307, 2366 to 2369, 2376, 2384, 2400, 2402, 2412, 2413, 2431 to 2433, 2439, 4033, 4034, 4041, 4043, 4044, 4068, 4070, 4071, 4116 ~ 4121Guilin North Hengyang–Liuzhou Intercity Railway, Liuzhou–Nanning Intercity Railway, Guiyang–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway, Nanning–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway
China MOR 12828Official Train
12010Track Inspection Train
CRH2B
Shanghai Railway Bureau 102111~2120Nanjing Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway, Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
CRH2C
Shanghai Railway Bureau 272062~2067, 2069~2090Nanjing South Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Ningbo High-Speed Railway, Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity Railway, Nanjing–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway
182097~2110, 2141~2144Hefei South Hefei–Nanjing Passenger Railway, Nanjing–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity Railway
Xi'an Railway Bureau92091~2096, 2145~2149Xi'an North Zhengzhou–Xi'an High-Speed Railway
China MOR 32061, 2068, 2150Track Inspection Train
CRH2E
Beijing Railway Bureau 192121~2126, 2128, 2130~2138, 2463~2465Beijing Beijing–Shanghai Railway, Beijing–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway, Guangzhou–Zhuhai Intercity Railway
CRH2J
China Railway Corporation 10205N/AComprehensive inspection trains in orange livery

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The Beijing–Zhengzhou high-speed train (京郑高速动车组列车) are high-speed train services between Beijing and Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province. Most of the trains are operated by CR Zhengzhou while some are operated by CR Beijing and CR Nanchang.

Beijing–Shanghai high-speed train The high-speed train services between Beijing and Shanghai

The Beijing–Shanghai high-speed train (京沪高速动车组列车) are high-speed train services operated by CR Beijing and CR Shanghai on Beijing–Shanghai HSR in China. The services provide high-speed train connections between Beijing, the capital of China, and Shanghai, the economic center and largest city of the country. Currently, 41 pairs of G-series trains are operated daily.

Zhengzhou–Shenzhen high-speed train The high-speed train services between Zhengzhou and Shenzhen

The Zhengzhou–Shenzhen high-speed train (郑深高速动车组列车) are high-speed train services between Zhengzhou, the capital city of Henan Province, and Shenzhen, a major city in Guangdong Province.

References

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