Chinese Muslim Association

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Chinese Muslim Association
中國回教協會
Chinese Muslim Association Taipei plate 20131003.jpg
AbbreviationCMA
Formation1938 (in Mainland China) [1]
1958 (in Taiwan)
Founded at Wuhan
Type Religious organization
Legal statusOperating
Headquarters Taipei Grand Mosque
Location
Key people
Salahuding Ma (Secretary-general) [2]
Website www.cmainroc.org.tw
Chinese Muslim Association
Taipei Grand Mosque 20060112.jpg
Traditional Chinese 中國回教協會
Simplified Chinese 中国回教协会

The Chinese Muslim Association (CMA) is an organization of Chinese Muslims in the Republic of China (Taiwan). It runs the Taipei Grand Mosque. [3] [4] A rival group, the Chinese Muslim Youth League competes with it on Taiwan. [5]

Islam in China Religious communities

Islam has been practiced in Chinese society for 1,400 years. Currently, Muslims are a minority group in China, representing between 0.45% to 1.8% of the total population according to the latest estimates. Though Hui Muslims are the most numerous group, the greatest concentration of Muslims is in Xinjiang, with a significant Uyghur population. Lesser but significant populations reside in the regions of Ningxia, Gansu and Qinghai. Of China's 55 officially recognized minority peoples, ten groups are predominantly Sunni Muslim.

Taiwan Country in East Asia

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia. Neighbouring states include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the west, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The island of Taiwan has an area of 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), with mountain ranges dominating the eastern two thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly urbanised population is concentrated. Taipei is the capital and largest metropolitan area. Other major cities include Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan. With 23.5 million inhabitants, Taiwan is among the most densely populated states, and is the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the United Nations (UN).

Taipei Grand Mosque mosque in Taipei

The Taipei Grand Mosque is the largest and most famous mosque in Taiwan with a total area of 2,747 square meters. Located in the Daan District of Taipei City, it is Taiwan's most important Islamic structure and was registered as a historic landmark on 29 June 1999 by the Taipei City Government.

Contents

History

In Mainland China

The Chinese Muslim Association was originally established in 1938 in Wuhan as Chinese Muslim Salvation Association (中國回民救國協會) with the sponsorship from Kuomintang. The organization was renamed to Muslim Association (回教救國協會) in 1939 and was changed to Chinese Muslim Association (中國回教協會) in 1942. [6] After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to China in 1945, the CMA in Nanking appointed Chang Zichun (常子春), Wang Jingzhai (王靜齋) and Zheng Houren (鄭厚仁) to form the preparatory committee of the CMA branch in Taiwan on 23 December 1947. [7] [8]

Wuhan Prefecture-level & Sub-provincial city in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Wuhan is the capital and largest city of the Chinese province of Hubei. It is the most populous city in Central China, with a population of over 10 million, the seventh most populous Chinese city, and one of the nine National Central Cities of China. It lies in the eastern Jianghan Plain, on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River's intersection with the Han river. Arising out of the conglomeration of three cities, Wuchang, Hankou, and Hanyang, Wuhan is known as "China's Thoroughfare" (九省通衢), and holds sub-provincial status.

Kuomintang Political party in the Republic of China

The Kuomintang of China, also spelled as Guomindang and often alternatively translated as the Nationalist Party of China (NPC) or the Chinese Nationalist Party (CNP), is a major political party in the Republic of China based in Taipei that was founded in 1911. The KMT is currently an opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.

Retrocession Day day marking the anniversary of the end of Japanese rule over Taiwan on 25 October 1945

Retrocession Day is in dispute. It is an annual observance and unofficial holiday in the Republic of China to commemorate the end of 50 years of Japanese rule of Taiwan and Penghu, and their claimed handover to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945. However, the idea of "Taiwan retrocession" is in dispute.

In Taiwan

In 1951 at the end of Chinese Civil War, the association evacuated Mainland China with the Nationalist Government to Taiwan and settled there ever since. It was formally reestablished in 1958.

Chinese Civil War 1927–1950 civil war in China

The Chinese Civil War was a civil war in China fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC) lasting intermittently between 1927 and 1949. Although particular attention is paid to the four years of fighting from 1945 to 1949, the war actually started in August 1927, after the KMT-CPC Alliance collapsed during the Northern Expedition. The conflict took place in two stages, the first between 1927 and 1937, and the second from 1946 to 1950; the Second Sino-Japanese War from 1937 to 1945 was an interlude in which the two sides were united against the forces of Japan. The Civil War resulted in a major revolution in China, with the Communists gaining control of mainland China and establishing the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, forcing the Republic of China (ROC) to retreat to Taiwan. A lasting political and military standoff between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait ensued, with the ROC in Taiwan and the PRC in mainland China both officially claiming to be the legitimate government of all China.

Activities

The Chinese Muslim Association undertakes various activities across Taiwan such as volunteering, and Muslims view it in good standing. Each mosque and its dealings are run by their own board of directors. Scholarships and discourses are arranged by its Foundation of Islamic Culture and Education. [9]

CMA sponsors a weekly radio program beamed to Mainland China by the Broadcasting Corporation of China. They supply reading materials for Muslims in the ROC Armed Forces.

Mainland China geopolitical area under the jurisdiction of the Peoples Republic of China excluding Special Administrative Regions

Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC). It includes Hainan island and strictly speaking, politically, does not include the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, even though both are partially on the geographic mainland.

Broadcasting Corporation of China

The Broadcasting Corporation of China is a broadcasting company in the Republic of China. It was founded as the Central Broadcasting System in Nanjing in 1928.

Republic of China Armed Forces combined military forces of the Republic of China (Taiwan)

The Republic of China Armed Forces, commonly known as the Taiwanese Armed Forces are the armed forces of the Republic of China now on Taiwan, encompassing the Army, Navy, Air Force and Military Police Force. It is a military establishment, which accounted for 16.8% of the central budget in the fiscal year of 2003. Since 2002, the military comes under the full civilian control of the Ministry of National Defense and oversight by the Legislative Yuan. It was the National Revolutionary Army before being renamed as the Republic of China Armed Forces in 1947 due to the implementation of the newly promulgated Constitution of the Republic of China (ROC). It was also historically known as Chinese National Armed Forces (CNAF).

Besides providing services for Muslims and helping to improve the welfare of Taiwan society, the association through their Overseas Affairs Commission also actively engages in cultural exchanges with Muslims in 46 countries around the world, many of which the ROC Government does not have any formal diplomatic relation with them. They also receive and entertain many foreign Muslim visitors to Taiwan. [10]

Government of the Republic of China ROC government since 1948

The Government of the Republic of China, commonly known as the Government of Taiwan, is the democratic, constitutional government that exercises control over Taiwan and other islands in the free area. The president is the head of state. The government consists of Presidency and five branches (Yuan), the Executive Yuan, Legislative Yuan, Judicial Yuan, Examination Yuan, and Control Yuan.

Foreign relations of Taiwan Overview of Republic of China relations

The Republic of China (ROC), referred to by many states as "Taiwan", is recognised by 16 out of 193 United Nations member states, as well as the Holy See. These diplomatic relations do not constitute an international acceptance of Taiwan as a state, but rather represent a recognition of the ROC government as the representative of "China", which means that in the perspective of these countries, the Republic of China is "China", rather than the People's Republic of China, despite the fact that the ROC's controlled area is only less than 1% of "China". In addition to these relations, the ROC maintains unofficial relations with 57 UN member states via its representative offices and consulates. The ROC passport has 124 countries and Hong Kong reciprocally exchange visa exemption agreements as of 2018.

CMA has been sending Taiwanese Muslim students overseas to receive formal Islamic education. To further improve the effort in preserving the Islamic faith among the Muslims, the association has developed a plan to "educating secular educators" and that the Bureau of Education of the Taipei City Government has approve the proposal to hold Islamic courses for primary and secondary school teachers during summer vacations. They also provide authentic Islamic information to public school teachers to eliminate the Islamic stereotyping and misunderstanding. [11]

In 1980, the CMA donated US$50,000 to help Afghan refugees.

List of CMA leaders

Bai Chongxi Minister1.jpg
Bai Chongxi

List of CMA President: [8] [12]

See also

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References

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