Last updated
RO BZ Chiojdu Blazon house hdr.jpg
House with Blazons
ROU BZ Chiojdu CoA.jpg
Coat of arms
Chiojdu jud Buzau.png
Location of Chiojdu
Coordinates: 45°21′21″N26°12′53″E / 45.35583°N 26.21472°E / 45.35583; 26.21472 Coordinates: 45°21′21″N26°12′53″E / 45.35583°N 26.21472°E / 45.35583; 26.21472
Country Romania
County Buzău County
Component villagesBâsca Chiojdului, Cătiașu, Chiojdu, Lera, Plescioara, Poienițe
  MayorGheorghe Dumitrache (since 2004) (PNL)
 (2002) [1]
Website Commune website (in Romanian)

Chiojdu (Romanian pronunciation:  [ˈkjoʒdu] ) is a commune in the northwestern hill and mountainside region of Buzău County, Romania. Made up of six villages (Bâsca Chiojdului, Cătiașu, Chiojdu, Lera, Plescioara and Poenițele) on the bank of the Bâsca Chiojdului River, a small tributary to Buzău River, it is the center of a region known for the good preservation of old traditions and folk art, especially the particular architectural style of the houses.



Chiojdu is located in the Chiojdu Hollow, in the sub-Carpathian hills at the south-eastern curvature of the Carpathian Mountains. The commune's inhabited regions are located to its south, in the valley of the Bâsca Chiojdului River, but its administrative territory extends northwards into the mountains, to the Siriu Peak (1654 m), the highest altitude in Chiojdu.

The commune's neighbors are: Prahova County (Starchiojd and Cerașu communes) to the West, Brașov and Covasna counties (Vama Buzăului and Sita Buzăului communes, respectively) to the North, Siriu and Nehoiu to the East, Pătârlagele and Cătina to the South.


The earliest known written document mentioning Chiojdu is dated 10 July 1418. It is an act of voivod Michael I of Wallachia by which he acknowledges ownership of the land in Chiojdu to the local yeomen.


There is also a legend explaining the foundation of the Chiojdu village. It speaks of a wealthy Transylvanian peasant named Chiojd who lost all his family and possessions in a fire and started to wander around the mountains. Once he arrived in the present-day location of the Chiojdu village, he decided to settle down. The beauty of the place helped him move away from the sadness of losing his wife and his home. He eventually married a woman named Bâsca and they had two boys, Chiojdu Mare [2] and Chiojdu Mic [3] and a girl named Chojdeanca, [4] who went on to found the villages that kept their names. [5]


A typical house from Chiojdu, at the Village Museum in Bucharest RO B Village Museum Chiojdu Mic household house.jpg
A typical house from Chiojdu, at the Village Museum in Bucharest

Chiojdu is a very representative area for the folk architecture of the Carpathians' curvature region. A typical Chiojdu house design features a high porch on top of a cellar entrance on its facade. The basement, typically built of stone, houses cellars where food and wine are stored. The top floor can be made of wood, clay or bricks and is split into several inhabited rooms.

Such a house from the Chiojdu region is part of the open-air exhibition at the Village Museum in Bucharest. Also, the Vergu-Mănăilă House and the restaurant in Crâng Park, both buildings located in Buzău, share the same basic architectural features.

Notable natives

Notes and references

  1. 2002 census data for Chiojdu, Buzău
  2. Chiojdu Mare is an alternate name for Starchiojd, a village and commune in the nearby Prahova County
  3. Chiojdu Mic is an older name given to the Chiojdu village
  4. See Chiojdeanca, a village and commune in the nearby Prahova County
  5. Popescu, Florentin (1987). Povarna și alte povestiri (in Romanian). Bucharest: Editura Ion Creangă.

Related Research Articles

Muntenia historical region

Muntenia is a historical region of Romania, usually considered Wallachia-proper. It is situated between the Danube, the Carpathian Mountains and Moldavia, and the Olt River to the west. The latter river is the border between Muntenia and Oltenia. Part of the traditional border between Wallachia/Muntenia and Moldavia was formed by the rivers Milcov and Siret.

Brașov County County in Centru, Romania

Brașov County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Brașov. The county incorporates within its boundaries most of the Medieval "lands" (țări) Burzenland and Făgăraș.

Buzău County County in Sud-Est, Romania

Buzău County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Muntenia, with the capital city at Buzău.

Prahova County County in Sud, Romania

Prahova County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Muntenia, with the capital city at Ploiești.

Crasna may refer to:

Buzău (river) river in Romania

The Buzău is a river in eastern Romania, tributary of the river Siret. Its total length is 302 km, and its drainage basin area is 5,264 km2. Its source is in the south-eastern Carpathian Mountains, east of Brașov. The Buzău flows through the Romanian counties Brașov, Covasna, Buzău and Brăila. It flows into the Siret close to its confluence with the Danube, west of Galați.

Pătârlagele Town in Buzău County, Romania

Pătârlagele is a town in Buzău County, Romania. In 2002 it had a population of 8,414.

Întorsura Buzăului Town in Covasna County, Romania

Întorsura Buzăului is a town in Covasna County, Transylvania, Romania. It administers three villages: Brădet (Bredét), Floroaia (Virágospatak) and Scrădoasa.

Brebu may refer to several places in Romania:

Măgura, Buzău Commune in Buzău County, Romania

Măgura is a commune in the Buzău County of Romania, located on the right bank of the Buzău River, in the hillside next to the Carpathian Mountains' curvature. It is composed of two villages, Ciuta and Măgura. It also included Ojasca and Unguriu villages from 1968 until 2004, when these were split off to form Unguriu Commune.

Gura Teghii Commune in Buzău, Romania

Gura Teghii is a commune in Buzău County, Romania, in the north-westernmost part of the county in its mountain region, near the limit of Covasna and Vrancea counties, in the Carpathians. Gura Teghii made of seven mountain villages on the valley of the river Bâsca and of its main tributary Bâsca Mică.

Siriu Commune in Buzău County, Romania

Siriu is a commune in Buzău County, Romania, on the valley of Buzău River. It is composed of five villages: Cașoca, Colțu Pietrii, Gura Siriului, Lunca Jariștei and Mușcelușa.

Bâsca river in Romania

The Bâsca, also called Bâsca Mare in its upper course, and Bâsca Roziliei in its lower course, is a left tributary of the river Buzău, in Romania. It discharges into the Buzău near Nehoiu.

Lacul Vulturilor

Lacul Vulturilor is a periglacial lake located in the Buzău Mountains, at the Carpathian Mountains south-eastern curvature, at an altitude of 1420 m. The nearest town is Siriu.

Bâsca Chiojdului river in Romania

The Bâsca Chiojdului is a right tributary of the river Buzău in Romania. It discharges into the Buzău in Cislău. The following villages are situated along the river Bâsca Chiojdului, from source to mouth: Bâsca Chiojdului, Chiojdu, Lera, Cătina, Calvini. Its length is 42 km (26 mi) and its basin size is 340 km2 (130 sq mi).

Topics related to Romania include:

The Sub Carpathians mountain range

The Sub Carpathians of Curvature, Ciucaș, or Curvature Carpathians, are located between Trotus Valley and Slanicul Buzaului Valley in Romania. They are a range of high hills, with knolls and parallel ridges, which separate two geologic depressions.

Bâsca may refer to several rivers and settlements in Romania:

Zeletin may refer to:

Plescioara may refer to the following places in Romania: