Chiojdu

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Chiojdu
RO BZ Chiojdu Blazon house hdr.jpg
House with Blazons
ROU BZ Chiojdu CoA.jpg
Coat of arms
Chiojdu jud Buzau.png
Location of Chiojdu
Coordinates: 45°21′21″N26°12′53″E / 45.35583°N 26.21472°E / 45.35583; 26.21472 Coordinates: 45°21′21″N26°12′53″E / 45.35583°N 26.21472°E / 45.35583; 26.21472
Country Romania
County Buzău County
Component villagesBâsca Chiojdului, Cătiașu, Chiojdu, Lera, Plescioara, Poienițe
Government
  MayorGheorghe Dumitrache (since 2004) (PNL)
Population
 (2002) [1]
  Total3,842
Website Commune website (in Romanian)

Chiojdu (Romanian pronunciation:  [ˈkjoʒdu] ) is a commune in the northwestern hill and mountainside region of Buzău County, Romania. Made up of six villages (Bâsca Chiojdului, Cătiașu, Chiojdu, Lera, Plescioara and Poenițele) on the bank of the Bâsca Chiojdului River, a small tributary to Buzău River, it is the center of a region known for the good preservation of old traditions and folk art, especially the particular architectural style of the houses.

Contents

Location

Chiojdu is located in the Chiojdu Hollow, in the sub-Carpathian hills at the south-eastern curvature of the Carpathian Mountains. The commune's inhabited regions are located to its south, in the valley of the Bâsca Chiojdului River, but its administrative territory extends northwards into the mountains, to the Siriu Peak (1654 m), the highest altitude in Chiojdu.

The commune's neighbors are: Prahova County (Starchiojd and Cerașu communes) to the West, Brașov and Covasna counties (Vama Buzăului and Sita Buzăului communes, respectively) to the North, Siriu and Nehoiu to the East, Pătârlagele and Cătina to the South.

History

The earliest known written document mentioning Chiojdu is dated 10 July 1418. It is an act of voivod Michael I of Wallachia by which he acknowledges ownership of the land in Chiojdu to the local yeomen.

Legend

There is also a legend explaining the foundation of the Chiojdu village. It speaks of a wealthy Transylvanian peasant named Chiojd who lost all his family and possessions in a fire and started to wander around the mountains. Once he arrived in the present-day location of the Chiojdu village, he decided to settle down. The beauty of the place helped him move away from the sadness of losing his wife and his home. He eventually married a woman named Bâsca and they had two boys, Chiojdu Mare [2] and Chiojdu Mic [3] and a girl named Chojdeanca, [4] who went on to found the villages that kept their names. [5]

Architecture

A typical house from Chiojdu, at the Village Museum in Bucharest RO B Village Museum Chiojdu Mic household house.jpg
A typical house from Chiojdu, at the Village Museum in Bucharest

Chiojdu is a very representative area for the folk architecture of the Carpathians' curvature region. A typical Chiojdu house design features a high porch on top of a cellar entrance on its facade. The basement, typically built of stone, houses cellars where food and wine are stored. The top floor can be made of wood, clay or bricks and is split into several inhabited rooms.

Such a house from the Chiojdu region is part of the open-air exhibition at the Village Museum in Bucharest. Also, the Vergu-Mănăilă House and the restaurant in Crâng Park, both buildings located in Buzău, share the same basic architectural features.

Notable natives

Notes and references

  1. 2002 census data for Chiojdu, Buzău
  2. Chiojdu Mare is an alternate name for Starchiojd, a village and commune in the nearby Prahova County
  3. Chiojdu Mic is an older name given to the Chiojdu village
  4. See Chiojdeanca, a village and commune in the nearby Prahova County
  5. Popescu, Florentin (1987). Povarna și alte povestiri (in Romanian). Bucharest: Editura Ion Creangă.

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