Chiquitita

Last updated

"Chiquitita"
Chiquitita Lovelight.jpg
Single by ABBA
from the album Voulez-Vous
B-side "Lovelight"
Released16 January 1979
Format 7-inch single
Recorded13 December 1978
Studio Polar Music Studio
Genre Pop, europop
Length5:26
Label Polar (Sweden)
Epic (UK)
Atlantic (US)
Songwriter(s) Benny Andersson
Björn Ulvaeus
Producer(s) Benny Andersson
Björn Ulvaeus
ABBA singles chronology
"Summer Night City"
(1978)
"Chiquitita"
(1979)
"Does Your Mother Know"
(1979)
Audio sample
"Chiquitita"
Music video
"Chiquitita" on YouTube

"Chiquitita" (a Spanish term of endearment for a woman meaning "little one") is a song recorded by Swedish pop group ABBA. It was released in January 1979 as the first single from the group's Voulez-Vous album. Agnetha Fältskog sang the lead vocals. Originally, the track "If It Wasn't for the Nights" was going to be the album's lead single, but after "Chiquitita" was completed those plans were abandoned, and it would remain an album track.

ABBA Swedish pop group

ABBA are a Swedish pop group formed in Stockholm in 1972 by Agnetha Fältskog, Björn Ulvaeus, Benny Andersson and Anni-Frid Lyngstad. The group's name is an acronym of the first letters of their first names. They became one of the most commercially successful acts in the history of popular music, topping the charts worldwide from 1974 to 1982. ABBA won the Eurovision Song Contest 1974 at The Dome in Brighton, UK, giving Sweden its first triumph in the contest. They are the most successful group to have taken part in the competition.

<i>Voulez-Vous</i> 1979 studio album by ABBA

Voulez-Vous is the sixth studio album by the Swedish group ABBA, released in 1979. It features a number of hits such as "Chiquitita", "Does Your Mother Know" and "I Have a Dream" and showed the group embrace disco music, which was at its peak at the time. The album peaked at No.1 in a number of countries and was one of the top five-selling albums in the UK for that year.

Agnetha Fältskog Swedish recording artist and entertainer

Åse Agneta Fältskog, better known as Agnetha Fältskog, is a Swedish singer, songwriter, musician and actress. She achieved success in Sweden after the release of her debut album Agnetha Fältskog in 1968, and reached international stardom as a member of the pop group ABBA, which has sold over 380 million albums and singles worldwide, making them one of the best-selling music artists in history.

Contents

History

Many preliminary versions of "Chiquitita" exist. It had working titles of "Kålsupare", "3 Wise Guys", "Chiquitita Angelina" and "In The Arms of Rosalita". [1] A revised version, which had a sound that was influenced by the Peruvian song "El Condor Pasa (If I Could)" performed by Simon and Garfunkel, was recorded in December 1978 and released as a single in January 1979.[ citation needed ]

With the success of the English version, ABBA also recorded "Chiquitita" in Spanish by phonetics,[ clarification needed ] and it was one of the featured tracks on the Spanish-language release Gracias Por La Música .[ citation needed ]

Phonetics is a branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign. It is concerned with the physical properties of speech sounds or signs (phones): their physiological production, acoustic properties, auditory perception, and neurophysiological status. Phonology, on the other hand, is concerned with the abstract, grammatical characterization of systems of sounds or signs.

<i>Gracias Por La Música</i> 1980 compilation album by ABBA

Gracias Por La Música is a Spanish-language compilation album by Swedish pop group ABBA, released on 23 June 1980 by Septima Records. Gracias Por La Música was originally released due to the unexpected surge in popularity for the group in Latin American countries such as Mexico and Argentina after the release of the Spanish-language versions of "Chiquitita" and "I Have a Dream" in 1979. These tracks were both released as singles and went on to become big hits. Encouraged by this success, the band therefore decided to record another eight tracks in Spanish and release a full-length album especially for the Latin American market. The songs selected were familiar hits, plus tracks that were thought to have a Latin flavour, such as "Move On" and "Hasta Mañana".

Reception

"Chiquitita" proved to be one of ABBA's biggest hits. It was featured in a 1979 UNICEF charity event, the Music for UNICEF Concert , broadcast worldwide from the United Nations General Assembly. As a direct result of this event, ABBA donated half of all royalties from the song to UNICEF. "Chiquitita" hit #1 in Belgium, Finland, Ireland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Switzerland, Mexico, South Africa and Rhodesia, and was a Top 5 hit in ABBA's native Sweden, the United Kingdom (peaking at #2 in both countries where Blondie's "Heart of Glass" was occupying the top spot), [2] Australia, Germany and Norway, making it the most successful single from the Voulez-Vous album in terms of global charts and one of the most famous charity songs ever. To this day, 50% of the proceeds from the song go to UNICEF in recognition of the "International Year of the Child" in 1979.

UNICEF development policy organization of the UN

The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was created by the United Nations General Assembly on 11 December 1946, to provide emergency food and healthcare to children and mothers in countries that had been devastated by World War II. The Polish physician Ludwik Rajchman is widely regarded as the founder of UNICEF and served as its first chairman from 1946. On Rajchman's suggestion, the American Maurice Pate was appointed its first executive director, serving from 1947 until his death in 1965. In 1950, UNICEF's mandate was extended to address the long-term needs of children and women in developing countries everywhere. In 1953 it became a permanent part of the United Nations System, and the words "international" and "emergency" were dropped from the organization's name, making it simply the United Nations Children's Fund, retaining the original acronym, "UNICEF".

Music for UNICEF Concert

The Music for UNICEF Concert: A Gift of Song was a benefit concert of popular music held in the United Nations General Assembly in New York City on January 9, 1979. It was intended to raise money for UNICEF world hunger programs and to mark the beginning of the International Year of the Child. The concert was videotaped and broadcast the following day on NBC in the U.S. and around the world. The moderator was David Frost, with Gilda Radner and Henry Winkler also introducing some of the performers. Henry Fonda made a short appearance. Each performer signed a large parchment declaring support for UNICEF's goals.

United Nations General Assembly principal organ of the United Nations

The United Nations General Assembly is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), the only one in which all member nations have equal representation, and the main deliberative, policy-making, and representative organ of the UN. Its powers are to oversee the budget of the UN, appoint the non-permanent members to the Security Council, appoint the Secretary-General of the United Nations, receive reports from other parts of the UN, and make recommendations in the form of General Assembly Resolutions. It has also established numerous subsidiary organs.

In the United Kingdom, "Chiquitita" debuted at #8 in the singles chart, making it the highest place début for any ABBA single release.

In Argentina, sales figures up to the end of July 1979 on the single show 500,000 in the Spanish edition, and 25,000 in the original English language format. [3]

Music video

"Chiquitita" was one of the very few singles ABBA released without a custom-made video. Since then, on compilations of the group's videos, a contemporary TV performance of the song has been used. This clip was taped by the BBC for the show ABBA in Switzerland, broadcast across Europe at Easter 1979. ABBA is seen performing the song on a mountainside, with a snowman in the background. Throughout the clip, there was an obvious problem with the fan during filming, which affected Anni-Frid Lyngstad; her hair constantly flew in her face, and she was forced to keep moving it out of her eyes. [4]

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London, and it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees. It employs over 20,950 staff in total, 16,672 of whom are in public sector broadcasting. The total number of staff is 35,402 when part-time, flexible, and fixed-contract staff are included.

Anni-Frid Lyngstad Swedish female singer

Princess Anni-Frid Synni of Reuss, Countess of Plauen, better known by her nickname Frida, is a Norwegian-Swedish singer, songwriter, and environmentalist. She is best known as one of the lead singers of the Swedish pop band ABBA.

Chart history

Live cover performances, appearances in other media, etc.

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References

  1. "ABBA – In The Arms Of Rosalita Lyrics". Moodpoint.com. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
  2. Oldham, A, Calder, T & Irvin, C: "ABBA: The Name of the Game", page 90. Sidgwick & Jackson, 1995
  3. "Abba The World". Billboard. 8 September 1979. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  4. "Abba – Chiquitita". YouTube. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
  5. "Argentina". Home.zipworld.com.au. 2013-06-02. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
  6. "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 9, 1979" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 2017-12-31.
  7. "Dutchcharts.nl – ABBA – Chiquitita" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 2017-12-31.
  8. http://www.officialcharts.com/search/singles/chiquitita/?Day=&Month=01&Year=1958
  9. Whitburn, Joel (1993). Top Adult Contemporary: 1961–1993. Record Research. p. 11.
  10. Downey, Pat; Albert, George; Hoffmann, Frank W (1994). Cash Box pop singles charts, 1950–1993. Libraries Unlimited. p. 1. ISBN   978-1-56308-316-7.
  11. "Forum – 1970 (ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts)". Australian-charts.com. Archived from the original on 2016-10-20. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  12. "End of Year Charts 1979". Recorded Music NZ . Retrieved May 1, 2017.
  13. "Top 20 Hit Singles of 1979" . Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  14. Swiss Year-End Charts, 1979
  15. "Top Singles 1979". Music Week . London, England: Spotlight Publications. 22 December 1979. p. 27.
  16. Whitburn, Joel (1999). Pop Annual. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. ISBN   0-89820-142-X.
  17. "Harangozó Teri – Chiquitita". YouTube. 2015-08-25. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
  18. "Ulvaeus och Laleh i FN" (in Swedish). Svenska dagbladet. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  19. "Sinead O'Connor – Chiquitita (Official Video)". YouTube. 2009-03-08. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
  20. Spanish charts (up to 2013) / official charts