Chirinkotan

Last updated
Chirinkotan
Native name:
Чиринкотан
知林古丹島
Cirinkotan.jpg
NASA picture of Chirinkotan Island
Kuriles Chirinkotan.PNG
Geography
Location Sea of Okhotsk
Coordinates 48°59′N153°29′E / 48.98°N 153.48°E / 48.98; 153.48
Archipelago Kuril Islands
Area6 km2 (2.3 sq mi)
Highest elevation742 m (2,434 ft)
Highest pointMasaochi Peak volcano (last eruption 2013 to 2014)
Administration
Russia
Demographics
Population0

Chirinkotan (Russian : Чиринкотан; Japanese 知林古丹島; Chirinkotan-tō) is an uninhabited volcanic island located in the centre of the Kuril Islands chain in the Sea of Okhotsk in the northwest Pacific Ocean. Its name is derived from the Ainu language for "mudslide".[ citation needed ] It is located 3 kilometres (1.9 miles) west of Ekarma, its nearest neighbor.

Contents

Geology

Chirinkotan is at the far end of a volcanic chain extending nearly 50 km west of the central part of the main Kuril Islands arc. The island is the top of a partially submerged stratovolcano rising approximately 3,000 metres (9,800 feet) from the floor of the Sea of Okhotsk, and is roughly circular with an area of 6 square kilometres (2.3 square miles). [1] The island's highest point ("Masaochi" in Ainu) is 742 metres (2,434 feet) high, is still active volcano with major eruptions recorded in 1760, 1884, 1900, 1979, 1986, 2004, and 2013. Reports of a 1955 eruption are unconfirmed. The caldera is approximately one kilometre (0.62 miles) wide, with a depth of 300 to 400 metres (980–1,310 feet), and is breached on its south-east side. The shores of the island are steep cliffs, making landing by small boat impossible.

History

Chirinkotan has had no permanent habitation. Claimed by the Empire of Russia, sovereignty was passed to the Empire of Japan per the Treaty of Saint Petersburg along with the rest of the Kuril Islands. The island was formerly administered as part of Shumushu District of Nemuro Subprefecture of Hokkaidō. After World War II, the island came under the control of the Soviet Union, and is now administered as part of the Sakhalin Oblast of the Russian Federation.

Fauna

In the spring and early summer crested, whiskered, and parakeet auklet nest on the island. [2]

See also

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References

Further reading

Notes

  1. "International Kuril Island Project(IKIP)". University of Washington Fish Collection or the respective authors. Archived from the original on 2013-07-23. Retrieved 2009-12-05.
  2. Kondratyev, A. Y., Litvinenko, N. M., Shibaev, Y. V., Vyatkin, P. S., & Kondratyeva, L. F. (2000). "The breeding seabirds of the Russian Far East". Seabirds of the Russian Far East, 37-81.