Cho Yang-ho in 2016
|Died||7 April 2019 70) (aged|
|Revised Romanization||Jo Yang-ho|
Cho Yang-ho (Hangul : 조양호; sometimes written Y. H. Cho; 8 March 1949 – 7 April 2019) was a South Korean businessman who was the chairman and chief executive officer of Korean Air, chairman of the Hanjin Group, and a founding member of SkyTeam alliance.
The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by King Sejong the Great. It may also be written as Hangeul following the standard Romanization.
The chairman is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly. The person holding the office is typically elected or appointed by the members of the group, and the chairman presides over meetings of the assembled group and conducts its business in an orderly fashion.
The chief executive officer (CEO) or just chief executive (CE), is the most senior corporate, executive, or administrative officer in charge of managing an organization – especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution. CEOs lead a range of organizations, including public and private corporations, non-profit organizations and even some government organizations. The CEO of a corporation or company typically reports to the board of directors and is charged with maximizing the value of the entity, which may include maximizing the share price, market share, revenues or another element. In the non-profit and government sector, CEOs typically aim at achieving outcomes related to the organization's mission, such as reducing poverty, increasing literacy, etc.
In May 2018, a protest rally called for Cho to step down as chairman of Korean AirHe died on April 8, 2019.
Korean Air Lines Co., Ltd., operating as Korean Air, is the largest airline and flag carrier of South Korea based on fleet size, international destinations and international flights. The airline's global headquarters are located in Seoul, South Korea. Korean Air was founded as Korean National Airlines in 1946. After several years of service and expansion, the airline was fully privatized in 1969.
Born in Seoul,Cho was the chairman of the Hanjin Group—one of the world's largest transportation conglomerates. He was named to this post in February 2003 after having served as the Group's vice chairman since 1996. He was also the Director and CEO of various subsidiary companies including Hanjin Shipping, Korea Airport Service (KAS), JungSeok Enterprise Co. and Hanjin Information Systems & Telecommunications (HIST).
Seoul, officially the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea. With surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province, Seoul forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area. Seoul is ranked as the fourth largest metropolitan economy in the world and is larger than London and Paris.
The Hanjin Group is a South Korean conglomerate, or chaebol. The group is a holding company that includes a shipping company, Hanjin Shipping, and Korean Air (KAL), which was acquired in 1969.
A conglomerate is a combination of multiple business entities operating in entirely different industries under one corporate group, usually involving a parent company and many subsidiaries. Often, a conglomerate is a multi-industry company. Conglomerates are often large and multinational.
In addition to his corporate responsibilities, Cho was elected vice-chairman of The Federation of Korean Industries (FKI) in 1996, and held the title of honorary consul-general to Ireland in the Republic of Korea from 1995 until his death in 2019. He was named Chairman of the Korea-French High Level Businessmen's Club in October 2000 and also served on the Board of Governors for the International Air Transport Association (IATA) after being elected in May 2001. In addition, he became chairman of the Korea-Canada Business Council in 1993 and, from 2004 to 2019, served as Chairman of the Korea Defense Industry Association. Cho formerly sat on the University of Southern California (USC) Board of Trustees for a span beginning in 1997.In addition, he served as the chairman of the board of directors at both Inha and Hankuk Aviation University.
The International Air Transport Association is a trade association of the world’s airlines. Consisting of 290 airlines, primarily major carriers, representing 117 countries, the IATA's member airlines account for carrying approximately 82% of total available seat miles air traffic. IATA supports airline activity and helps formulate industry policy and standards. It is headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada with Executive Offices in Geneva, Switzerland.
The University of Southern California is a private research university in Los Angeles, California. Founded in 1880, it is the oldest private research university in California. For the 2018–19 academic year, there were 20,000 students enrolled in four-year undergraduate programs. USC also has 27,500 graduate and professional students in a number of different programs, including business, law, engineering, social work, occupational therapy, pharmacy, and medicine. It is the largest private employer in the city of Los Angeles, and generates $8 billion in economic impact on Los Angeles and California.
Trustee is a legal term which, in its broadest sense, is a synonym for anyone in a position of trust and so can refer to any person who holds property, authority, or a position of trust or responsibility for the benefit of another. A trustee can also refer to a person who is allowed to do certain tasks but not able to gain income. Although in the strictest sense of the term a trustee is the holder of property on behalf of a beneficiary, the more expansive sense encompasses persons who serve, for example, on the board of trustees of an institution that operates for a charity, for the benefit of the general public, or a person in the local government.
In 2000, he was convicted of tax evasion.
In March 2019, under the support of NPS, he was ousted from the board by shareholders amid various scandals involving him and his family members.This was the first time that a founding member of a major South Korean family was forced from the board and it is considered to have been a victory for those working to restrict the powers of the chaebols .
The National Pension Service of Korea is a public pension fund in South Korea. It is the third largest in the world with $430 billion in assets, and is the largest investor in South Korea.
A chaebol is a large industrial conglomerate that is run and controlled by an owner or family in South Korea. A chaebol often consists of a large number of diversified affiliates, controlled by an owner whose power over the group often exceeds legal authority. The term is often used in a context similar to that of the English word "conglomerate". The term was derived from the Japanese zaibatsu, sharing a similar structure and origins. It was first used in English in 1984. There are several dozen large South Korean family-controlled corporate groups that fall under this definition.
Cho was the son of Cho Choong-hoon, the founder of Hanjin Group and head of Korean Air.
Cho was married, with one son and two daughters: Cho Won-tae, Cho Hyun-ah (also known by the English name Heather Cho), and Cho Hyeon-min. All three official children are also graduates of the University of Southern California.His daughter, Cho Hyun-ah, ran the company's hotel division. She was the subject of a December 2014 news report alleging that she physically struck crew members, ordered a crew member to kneel and beg for forgiveness, and ordered a Korean Air Lines plane to return to the gate to force a flight attendant off the plane because a packet of macadamia nuts was served to her in a bag rather than on a plate. She was forced to resign after the incident and was sentenced to one year imprisonment without probation in February 2015. She was released after serving 3 months.
On 7 April 2019, his family confirmed that Cho has died at a U.S. hospital in Los Angeles County, California, at the age of 70.
After receiving a bachelor's degree in industrial engineering from Inha University in 1975, Cho received an MBA from the University of Southern California in 1979, and a doctoral degree in business administration from Inha University in 1988. Additionally in 1998, he received an honorary doctorate degree in aviation business administration from Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Florida.
Cho was named Chairman and CEO of Korean Air in April 1999 having served as President and CEO of the airline since 1992. Prior to that, he held positions as executive vice president and chief operating officer of Korean Air. Cho began working for Korean Air as a manager in the Americas Regional Headquarters in 1974. He worked his way up the company ranks by continually adding various departments to his overall responsibilities - including maintenance, marketing, purchasing, information systems and corporate planning.
Inha University is a private research university located in Incheon, South Korea. Known traditionally for research and education in the engineering and physical sciences, the University was established by the first president of South Korea, Syngman Rhee. Inha is a Korean-American collaboration school, even in its name: the Morpheme "In" comes from the city of Incheon and "Ha" from Hawaii, USA. Started as a polytechnic university in 1954, named Inha Institute of Technology, the institute has been achieving national recognition and a strong reputation as a technological research university thereafter.
Super Rookie is a 2005 South Korean television series starring Eric Mun, Han Ga-in, Oh Ji-ho, and Lee So-yeon. It aired on MBC from March 23 to May 26, 2005 on Wednesdays and Thursdays at 21:55 for 20 episodes. The workplace comedy is a satire on Korea's corporate culture and unemployment among the country's younger generation. It scored solid viewership ratings in the 20% range.
Jo In-sung is a South Korean actor. He is best known for his leading roles in the television series What Happened in Bali (2004), That Winter, the Wind Blows (2013), and It's Okay, That's Love (2014), as well as the films The Classic (2003), A Dirty Carnival (2006), A Frozen Flower (2008) and The King (2017).
Ju Ji-hoon is a South Korean actor. His first leading role was in the 2006 hit drama Princess Hours. His other notable works include The Devil, Antique, Mask, Along with the Gods: The Two Worlds and its sequel, The Spy Gone North, Dark Figure of Crime and Kingdom.
Cho Seung-woo is a South Korean actor. He is best known for his leading roles in the films The Classic (2003), Marathon (2005), Tazza: The High Rollers (2006) and Inside Men (2015) as well as in the stage musicals Jekyll & Hyde, Hedwig and the Angry Inch and Man of La Mancha. He is also known for his leading roles in television dramas The King's Doctor (2012), Stranger (2017) and Life (2018).
Cho Jae-hyun is a South Korean film, stage, and TV actor. He is commonly dubbed "director Kim Ki-duk's persona" since Cho has starred as leading and supporting characters in almost all films directed by Kim.
Jang Ja-yeon was a South Korean actress. She was born in Seongnam, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. She debuted in the entertainment industry when she appeared in a television commercial in 2006. She was known for being part of the KBS television drama series Boys Over Flowers as Sunny, one of the antagonist of the series.
Cha In-pyo is a South Korean actor.
Bae Yong-joon is a South Korean actor and businessman. He has starred in numerous television dramas, including, notably, Winter Sonata which became a major part of the Korean Wave. Bae retired from acting after 2007, but remains active as the chairman of management agency KeyEast.
The PyeongChang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Olympic & Paralympic Winter Games (POCOG) is an organisation that oversees the planning and development of the 2018 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games. POCOG's headquarters is located in the host city of PyeongChang with two offices in Gangneung and Seoul.
Cho Sung-min was a South Korean professional baseball player with the Yomiuri Giants of Japan. He also received media attention for his much-publicized marriage and divorce from actress Choi Jin-sil.
Highway Star is a 2007 South Korean musical comedy film starring Cha Tae-hyun as an aspiring rocker who achieves success as a masked trot singer.
Misaeng: Incomplete Life is a 2014 South Korean television series based on the webtoon series of the same title by Yoon Tae-ho. It aired on tvN from October 17 to December 20, 2014 on Fridays and Saturdays at 20:30 for 20 episodes.
The nut rage incident, also referred to as nutgate, was an air rage incident that occurred on December 5, 2014, at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City. Korean Air vice president Heather Cho, dissatisfied with the way a flight attendant served nuts on the plane, ordered the aircraft to return to the gate before takeoff.
Gapjil refers to the arrogant and authoritarian attitude or actions of people in South Korea who have positions of power over others. Gapjil is a neologism made by combining the word Gap —which is used to introduce the first party in a contract, but also refers to a party's superior status—and jil (-질), a suffix that negatively refers to particular actions. It is a phenomenon associated with the hierarchical nature of Korean society and work culture—a structure which results in the social superiority of those with higher wealth. Various incidents, such as the nut rage, have brought this phenomenon to the attention of the world media.
Grand Prince is a 2018 South Korean television series starring Yoon Shi-yoon, Jin Se-yeon and Joo Sang-wook. The series aired on TV Chosun from March 3 to May 6, 2018 on Saturdays and Sundays at 22:50 (KST).
Cho Won-tae, also known as Walter Cho, is a South Korean businessman. He has served as the president of Korean Air since 2017.
Choi Min-ho is a South Korean badminton player. Choi who educated at the Icheon high school competed at the 1998 World Junior Championships, won a silver in the mixed doubles and a bronze in the boy's doubles events. At the young age, Choi clinched the senior international tournament for the first time at the 1997 Korea International in the mixed doubles event partnered with Lee Hyo-jung. He won double titles at the 1998 Sri Lanka International, winning the men's and mixed doubles event.
|Preceded by|| President of Organizing Committee for 2018 Winter Olympics |