General view from the northwest
|Region||Ústí nad Labem|
|• Mayor||Marek Hrabáč (ANO)|
|• Total||29.25 km2 (11.29 sq mi)|
|Elevation||340 m (1,120 ft)|
|• Density||1,700/km2 (4,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
430 01, 430 03, 430 04
Chomutov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈxomutof] ; German : Komotau) is a city in the in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 48,000 inhabitants. There are almost 80,000 inhabitants in the city's wider metropolitan area. The city centre is well preserved and is protected by law as urban monument zone.
Chomutov is made up of one administrative part and is the only such Czech city.
Chomutov is located on the river Chomutovka, 581 m (1,906 ft), a hill on the northwestern border of the municipality.at the foot of the Ore Mountains. The surface is mostly flat with some hills in the north and southeast of the city. The highest point of the municipal area is Hůrka
The first written mention of Chomutov is a deed of gift from 1252, when it came into the possession of the Teutonic Order. The Gothic church of St. Catherine built during that era still stands to this day. In 1396 Chomutov received a town charter, and in 1416 the knights sold both the town and the lordship to Wenceslaus IV.
On March 16, 1421, the town was stormed, sacked and burned by the Taborites. After several upheavals and changes of ownership, Chomutov was taken by Popel of Lobkowitz in 1588, who established Jesuit rule, leading to trouble between the Protestant citizens and the town's new overlord.In 1594 the feudal lordship fell to the crown, and in 1605 the town purchased its freedom and was made a royal city. After the Thirty Years' War, Chomutov stagnated. Rapid development did not come until the second half of the 19th century, with advances in the mining and heavy industries.
By 1938 Chomutov had over 30,000 inhabitants. Part of the Sudetenland, it had a population comprising about 95% ethnic Germans. A very small Jewish population, (444 in 1930 – 1.3% of the total population), came under increasing pressure, and Chomutov was declared "Judenrein" on September 23, 1938 by the increasingly pro-Nazi administration.A week later, Chomutov and its surrounding districts were occupied by Nazi Germany as a result of the 1938 Munich Agreement. This broader, north-western border area of what is the modern-day Czech Republic was annexed by Germany and reorganized as the Reichsgau Sudetenland.
After 1945, the previous population, German by a large majority, was expelled.Industrial facilities and large high-rise housing projects were then built to redevelop the area. In the late 1970s an urban settlement was built, linking Chomutov with its neighbouring Jirkov. Following the Velvet Revolution of 1989, the heavy industry significantly decreased its activity, but the environment in and around the town has been visibly improved. The leisure facilities of the area were emphasised, notably Alum Lake, the Zoopark Chomutov and the Bezručovo Valley recreational area.
Since 1 July 2006, Chomutov has been a statutory city.
|Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic|
Since 1992, the historical city centre has been urban monument zone. The historical centre is in the shape of an oblong, and is surrounded by arcades. The 1. máje Square with its Baroque Pillar of Trinity by Ambrož Laurentis from 1697 is banked by seven statues of saints built between 1725 and 1732.
The city hall is situated in the northwest side and it used to be a commendam until 1607. The city hall is situated next to the Church of St. Catherine built in early Gothic style and finished in 1281.
On the opposite side there is the Church of Assumption of the Virgin Mary, built in late Gothic style between 1518 and 1542. The church is situated next to the 53.7 m (176 ft) tall dominant of the city, the City Tower. The tower was renovated after the fire in 1525 and rebuilt to Neogothic style in 1874. Nowadays it is used as an observation tower.
At the end of the south side there is the Baroque Church of St. Ignatz with two towers on the north frontage. The church was built for Jesuits by Carlo Lurago between 1663 and 1668. The building called Špejchar from the 17th century was used by Jesuits as earlier church and it adjoins the east side of the Church of St. Ignatz. Nowadays it is used as a gallery.
There is a Jesuitical dormitory south of the Church of St. Ignatz from the 16th and 17th century which is nowadays a settlement of the city museum. The most important building from the Gothic residential houses is the late Gothic house no. 9, which is at the bottom of the northeast side of the square.
Alum Lake is frequently visited in the summer months. The high content (about 1%) of alum in the water prevents the lake from the growth of weed.
The Zoopark Chomutov borders with the Alum Lake on its north side. It is a zoo concentrated mostly on breeding European and mainly domestic wild animals (wolf, european bison, etc.).
Bezručovo Valley is a 13 km (8 mi) long and 200 m (656 ft) deep woody valley on the river Chomutovka in the northwestern side of the city and it is a popular place for trips.
Strážiště Hill 511 m (1,677 ft) rises over the northern edge of Chomutov and on its peak there is a hotel with a former observation tower.
Roads through Chomutov:
Railways in Chomutov:
Transport around Chomutov is operated by buses since 1995 and also by trolleybuses.The trolleybus net connects Chomutov with neighboring Jirkov. The towns jointly operate a transport company (Dopravní podnik měst Chomutova a Jirkova).
Chomutov is twinned with:
Cheb is a town in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 32,000 inhabitants. It is on the river Ohře, at the foot of the Fichtel Mountains near the border with Germany. Before the 1945 expulsion of the German-speaking population, the town was the centre of the German-speaking region known as Egerland, part of the Northern Austro-Bavarian dialect area.
Vratislavice nad Nisou is a district of the city of Liberec, in the north of the Czech Republic. As of 2021, it has about 8,800 inhabitants. and straddles the Nisa river between Liberec and Jablonec, around 3.5 km south-east of Liberec city centre.
Hradec Králové is a city of the Czech Republic. It has about 93,000 inhabitants. it is the capital of the Hradec Králové Region. The historic centre of Hradec Králové is well preserved and historically significant and is protected by law as urban monument reservation.
Ústí nad Labem is a city in the Czech Republic. It has about 92,000 inhabitants. It is the capital of its eponymous region and district. It is a major industrial centre and, besides being an active river port, is an important railway junction.
Karlovy Vary is a spa city in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 48,000 inhabitants. It lies on the confluence of the rivers Ohře and Teplá, approximately 130 km (81 mi) west of Prague. It is named after Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and the King of Bohemia, who founded the city.
Kladno is a city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 69,000 inhabitants. It is the largest city in the region and together with its adjacent suburban areas has a population of more than 110,000. It is located 25 kilometres northwest of the capital city Prague and is a part of the Prague metropolitan area.
Ostrava is a city in the north-east of the Czech Republic, and the capital of the Moravian-Silesian Region. It has about 285,000 inhabitants. It lies 15 km (9 mi) from the border with Poland, at the confluences of four rivers: Oder, Opava, Ostravice and Lučina. Ostrava is the third largest city in the Czech Republic in terms of both population and area, the second largest city in the region of Moravia, and the largest city in the historical land of Czech Silesia. It straddles the border of the two historic provinces of Moravia and Silesia. The wider conurbation – which also includes the towns of Bohumín, Havířov, Karviná, Orlová, Petřvald and Rychvald – is home to about 500,000 people, making it the largest urban area in the Czech Republic apart from the capital, Prague.
Mladá Boleslav is a statutory city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 44,000 inhabitants. It lies on the left bank of the Jizera River about 50 kilometres northeast of Prague.
Telč is a town in the Jihlava District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,300 inhabitants. The town is well known for its historic centre, which is protected by law as urban monument reservation and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Havířov is a city in the Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 70,000 inhabitants, making it the second-largest city in the region. Havířov lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.
Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav is an administratively united pair of towns in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 19,000 inhabitants and it is the second largest Czech united pair of towns after Frýdek-Místek. Historic centres of both Brandýs nad Labem and Stará Boleslav are well preserved and are protected by law as urban monument zones.
Frýdek-Místek is a city in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It is the administrative centre of Frýdek-Místek District. It has about 55,000 inhabitants, and over 80,000 within its larger urban area. Frýdek-Místek is located at the confluence of the rivers Ostravice and Morávka in the foothills of the Beskyds near the borders of Poland 25 km (16 mi) and Slovakia 35 km (22 mi).
Otrokovice is the second largest town in the Zlín District, in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 18,000 inhabitants. It is located in a hilly part of the historical region of Moravia, 10 km west of the city of Zlín, at the confluence of the rivers Morava, Dřevnice and the Mojena Brook.
The Prague tramway network is the largest tram network in the Czech Republic, consisting of 142.4 km (88.5 mi) of track, 882 tram vehicles and 25 daytime routes and 9 night routes with a total route length of 518 km (322 mi). It is operated by Dopravní podnik hlavního města Prahy a.s., a company owned by the City of Prague. The Prague tram system served 373.4 million passengers in 2018, the highest number in the world after Budapest. Prague's first horsecar tram line was opened in 1875, and the first electric tram ran in 1891.
Jirkov is a town in Chomutov District in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 19,000 inhabitants.
Lomnice nad Lužnicí is a town in Jindřichův Hradec District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of about 1,800. It lies on the Lužnice river. The gothic church of Saint Wenceslas was built there near of the fortress of the king Wenceslaus IV in the 14-th century.
Soběslav is a town in Tábor District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 6,900 inhabitants. It is situated on the river Lužnice, 7 km northern from Veselí nad Lužnicí and 18 km southern from Tábor. The historical town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as urban monument zone.
The Brno tramway network was the first network of its kind to be put into operation in what is now known as the Czech Republic, with its horse tram lines dating back to 1869. Today, Brno is the second largest city in the Czech Republic, after Prague, and its tram network is also the second largest in the country.
Kamencové jezero is a lake in the municipal area of Chomutov, Czech Republic. It is artificial in that it came into being due to 18th century mining.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chomutov .|