Chorwon County

Last updated
Ch'ŏrwŏn County

철원군
Korean transcription(s)
   Chosŏn'gŭl
   Hancha
   McCune-Reischauer Ch'ŏrwŏn-gun
   Revised Romanization Cheorwon-gun
NK-Gangwon-Cholwon.png
Country North Korea
Province Kangwŏn Province
Administrative divisions 1 ŭp, 36 ri
Area
  Total457 km2 (176 sq mi)
Population
 (1991 est.)
  Total100,000

Ch'ŏrwŏn County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. Portions of it were once a single county together with the county of the same name in South Korea; other portions were added from neighbouring counties in the 1952 reorganization of local governments. [1] After the initial division of Korea, the entire county lay to the Northern side of the dividing line, but in the course of the Korean War part of the county was taken by the South.

Administrative divisions of North Korea

The administrative divisions of North Korea are organized into three hierarchical levels. These divisions were discovered in 2002. Many of the units have equivalents in the system of South Korea. At the highest level are nine provinces, two directly governed cities, and three special administrative divisions. The second-level divisions are cities, counties, wards, and districts. These are further subdivided into third-level entities: towns, neighborhoods, villages, and workers' districts.

North Korea Sovereign state in East Asia

North Korea (Korean: 조선; MR: Chosŏn or literally 북조선; MR: Pukchosŏn; officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country. To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok and Tumen rivers and to the south it is bordered by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone separating the two. Nevertheless, North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands.

South Korea Republic in East Asia

South Korea, is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and sharing a land border with North Korea. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia under Gwanggaeto the Great. Its capital, Seoul, is a major global city and half of South Korea's over 51 million people live in the Seoul Capital Area, the fourth largest metropolitan economy in the world.

Contents

Geography

The county's terrain is mountainous in the north, but gradually more level towards the south. The Masingryong Mountains pass through the county; the highest point of which is the 1,360-metre (4,460 ft) Taehwang Peak (대왕덕산). The chief watercourse is the Rimjin River. Approximately 54% of the county's area is occupied by forests.

Imjin River River in Korea

The Imjin River or Rimjin River is the 7th largest river in Korea. It flows from north to south, crossing the Demilitarized Zone and joining the Han River downstream of Seoul, near the Yellow Sea. The river is not the namesake of the Imjin Waeran Japanese invasions of Korea in the late 16th century.

Administrative divisions

Ch'ŏrwŏn county is divided into 1 ŭp (town) and 36 ri (villages):

  • Ch'ŏrwŏn-ŭp
  • Chŏksal-li
  • Chŏktong-ri
  • Chŏngdong-ri
  • Chŏt'am-ri
  • Chunggang-ri
  • Hasinch'ŏm-ri
  • Hoesal-li
  • Kalhyŏl-li
  • Kangsal-li
  • Kasŭng-ri
  • Kŏmsa-ri
  • Mabang-ri
  • Majang-ri
  • Miram-ri
  • Munam-ri
  • Naemul-li
  • Odong-ri
  • Oehang-ri
  • Ot'al-li
  • Paengrosal-li
  • Pansŏng-ri
  • Pomang-ri
  • Puap-ri
  • Ripsŏng-ri
  • Ryonghang-ri
  • Ryudaep'o-ri
  • Samsa-ri
  • Sangha-ri
  • Sangmasal-li
  • Sinjil-li
  • Songhyŏl-li
  • Taejŏng-ri
  • Tokkŏm-ri
  • Tomil-li
  • Wŏlam-ri
  • Yujŏng-ri

Economy

The chief local industry is agriculture. The county is a major producer of rice for North Korea. Additional crops include maize, soybeans, wheat, and barley. Other local industries include mining, sericulture, and orcharding. The county is host to deposits of coal, iron ore, magnetite, and manganese. There is little manufacturing.

Magnetite iron ore mineral

Magnetite is a rock mineral and one of the main iron ores, with the chemical formula Fe3O4. It is one of the oxides of iron, and is ferrimagnetic; it is attracted to a magnet and can be magnetized to become a permanent magnet itself. It is the most magnetic of all the naturally-occurring minerals on Earth. Naturally-magnetized pieces of magnetite, called lodestone, will attract small pieces of iron, which is how ancient peoples first discovered the property of magnetism. Today it is mined as iron ore.

Manganese Chemical element with atomic number 25

Manganese is a chemical element with the symbol Mn and atomic number 25. It is not found as a free element in nature; it is often found in minerals in combination with iron. Manganese is a transition metal with important industrial alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels.

Transportation

The county is not connected to the national rail grid, but is served by roads.

See also

Geography of North Korea

North Korea is located in East Asia on the Northern half of the Korean Peninsula.

Anhyop County was a county in Gangwon Province, Korea. In 1914, it was annexed to Ichon County. In 1952, most of former Anhyop County was annexed to Chorwon County of North Korea.

Notes

  1. "철원군의 북한". Dusan World Encyclopedia (Naver.com mirror). Retrieved 2007-05-22.
Korean language Language spoken in Korea

The Korean language is an East Asian language spoken by about 77 million people. It is a member of the Koreanic language family and is the official and national language of both Koreas: North Korea and South Korea, with different standardized official forms used in each country. It is also one of the two official languages in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of Jilin province, China. It is also spoken in parts of Sakhalin, Ukraine, and Central Asia.

Coordinates: 38°20′35″N126°54′21″E / 38.3431°N 126.9058°E / 38.3431; 126.9058

Related Research Articles

Chasong County County in Chagang Province, North Korea

Chasŏng County is a county (kun) in Chagang Province, North Korea. The city is immediately south of the Chinese-North Korean border. Its approximate population to 7 km from the city center is 8,317. The average altitude is 1279 feet, or 389 meters. Nearby cities and towns include Haengjangp'yong and Umnae-dong.

Kowon County County in South Hamgyong Province, North Korea

Kowŏn County is a county in South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea. It lies at the southern tip of the province.

Yodŏk County is a county in South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea. Originally part of Yŏnghŭng county, it became a separate entity as part of the 1952 reorganization of local government.

Hŏch'ŏn County is a county in South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea. It was created after the division of Korea, from portions of Tanch'ŏn and P'ungsan.

Pukch'ŏng County is a county in eastern South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea.

Kosong County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

Kosŏng County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It lies in the southeasternmost corner of North Korea, immediately north of the Korean Demilitarized Zone. Prior to the end of the Korean War in 1953, it made up a single county, together with what is now the South Korean county of the same name. In a subsequent reorganization, the county absorbed the southern portion of Tongch'ŏn county.

Anbyon County County in Kangwon Province, North Korea

Anbyŏn is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. Originally included in South Hamgyŏng province, it was transferred to Kangwŏn province in a September 1946 reshuffling of local government.

Changdo County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

Ch'angdo County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. Originally part of Kimhwa, it was split off as a separate county in 1952.

Chonnae County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

Ch'ŏnnae County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. Originally part of Munch'ŏn, it was made a separate county as part of the general reorganization of local government in December 1952.

Hoeyang County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

Hoeyang County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It was established in a general reorganization of local government in 1952.

Ichon County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

Ich'ŏn County is a kun, or county, in northern Kangwŏn province, North Korea. The terrain is predominantly high and mountainous; the highest point is Myongidoksan, 1,585 meters above sea level. The county's borders run along the Masingryong and Ryongam ranges. The chief stream is the Rimjin River.

Kosan County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

Kosan County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea.

Kimhwa County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

Kimhwa County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea.

Pangyo County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

P'an'gyo County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. In December 1952, during the Korean War, P'an'gyo was formed as a separate county from five myŏn of Ichŏn-gun and Yujin-myŏn of P'yŏnggang-gun. Myŏn were administrative units below county (kun) level and are no longer used in North Korea.

Kumgang County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

Kŭmgang County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. Kŭmgang lies immediately north of the Korean Demilitarized Zone. It was formed in 1952 from a portion of Hoeyang County and from those sections of Yanggu, and Rinje counties that remained under Northern control after the armistice. The county takes its name from the Mount Kŭmgang, which is partially located there. The county seat, Kŭmgang-ŭp, was formerly called Malhwi-ri.

Tongchon County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

T'ongch'ŏn County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It abuts the Sea of Japan to the north and east. Famous people from T'ongch'ŏn include former Hyundai chairman Chung Ju-yung, who is believed to have been born there.

Pyonggang County County in Kangwŏn, North Korea

P'yŏnggang County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It borders Sep'o to the north, Ch'ŏrwŏn to the south, Ich'ŏn to the west, and Kimhwa to the east.

Sepo County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

Sep'o County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It was created as a separate entity following the division of Korea.

Kimjongsuk County County in Ryanggang, North Korea

Kimjŏngsuk County is a kun, or county, in Ryanggang province, North Korea, along the Yalu River. Originally part of Samsu, the county was made a separate entity in 1952. Formerly known as Sinpa, it was named in 1981 after Kim Jong-suk, the mother of Kim Jong-il.

Unhung County County in Ryanggang, North Korea

Unhŭng County is a kun, or county, in Ryanggang Province, North Korea. It was created following the division of Korea from portions of Hyesan and Kapsan.