|Preceded by||Hnutí za občanskou svobodu|
|Merged into||Civic Democratic Party|
|Ideology|| Conservatism |
|European Parliament group||none|
The Christian Democratic Party (Czech : Křesťanskodemokratická strana, KDS) was a Christian-democratic political party in the Czech Republic, functional between 1990 (founded shortly after the Velvet Revolution) and 1996. Its first chairman was Václav Benda, the last chairman from 1993-1996 the former Minister of Education Ivan Pilip.
The KDS was established 1989/90 by a group of intellectuals and dissidents. The first congress was held in March 1990 and the former dissident Václav Benda was elected president of the new party.
In the first free Czechoslovak elections in June 1990, the party participated as part of the electoral coalition Christian Democratic Union (together with the Czechoslovak People's Party and the Slovak Christian Democratic Movement). The coalition won 8.4% of the votes and 20 seats in the Czech National Council.
In the parliamentary election in 1992, it participated on a common electoral list with the governing Civic Democratic Party. The coalition won 29.7% of the vote and 76 seats in the Czech National Council.The KDS became part of the first government of Václav Klaus along with the Civic Democrats (ODS and ODA) and the KDU-ČSL.
In 1996, it merged into the Civic Democratic Party.
The Czech Social Democratic Party is a social-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 15 seats in the Chamber of Deputies following the 2017 legislative election in which the party lost 35 seats. The party has been led by Jan Hamáček since 2018. It has been a junior coalition party within a minority cabinet since June 2018, and was a senior coalition party from 1998 to 2006 and from 2013 to 2017.
KDU-ČSL, often shortened to lidovci is a Christian-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. The party has taken part in almost every Czech Government since 1990 and have participated in both left-wing and right-wing coalition governments. In the June 2006 election, the party won 7.2% of the vote and 13 out of 200 seats; but in the 2010 election, this dropped to 4.4% and they lost all their seats. The party regained its parliamentary standing in the 2013 legislative election, winning 14 seats in the new parliament, thereby becoming the first party ever to return to the Chamber of Deputies after dropping out.
The Civic Democratic Alliance was a conservative-liberal political party in the Czech Republic, active between 1989 and 2007. The ODA was part of government coalitions until 1997 and participated in transformation of the Czech economy. The party was supported by president Václav Havel who voted for it in 1992 and 1996 election.
The Civic Democratic Party is a liberal-conservative and eurosceptic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 25 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and is the second strongest party following the 2017 election.
The Freedom Union–Democratic Union was a small pro-European liberal party in the Czech Republic from 1998 to 2011.
The Civic Forum was a political movement in the Czech part of Czechoslovakia, established during the Velvet Revolution in 1989. The corresponding movement in Slovakia was called Public Against Violence.
Czech National Social Party is a civic nationalist political party in the Czech Republic, that once played an important role in Czechoslovakia during the interwar period. It was established in 1897 by break-away groups from both the national liberal Young Czech Party and the Czech Social Democratic Party, with a stress on achieving independence of the Czech lands from Austria-Hungary. Its variant of socialism was moderate and reformist rather than a Marxist one. After the National Labour Party dissolved and merged with National Socialists in 1930, the party also became the refuge for Czech liberals. Its best-known member was Edvard Beneš, a co-founder of Czechoslovakia and the country's second President during the 1930s and 1940s.
Czech Crown is a Czech monarchist political party that strives for the restoration of Czech monarchy with House of Habsburg-Lorraine. The party was founded in 1990 and current leader is Radim Špaček. In the 2017 Czech legislative election Koruna Česká ran in a coalition with TOP 09 and the list got 5.35% of the votes. In the 2019 European Parliament election it ran together with KDU-ČSL and the list received 7.24% of the votes.
The Green Party is a green political party in the Czech Republic.
The first cabinet of Prime Minister Václav Klaus was in power from 2 July 1992 to 4 July 1996. The Czech Republic became an independent sovereign state on 1 January 1993 and thus this government was the first one after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia. It consisted of Civic Democratic Party (ODS), Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-ČSL), Civic Democratic Alliance (ODA) and Christian Democratic Party (KDS).
TOP 09 is a liberal-conservative political party in the Czech Republic, led by Markéta Pekarová Adamová. TOP 09 holds 7 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and has three MEPs.
Federal elections were held in Czechoslovakia on 5 and 6 June 1992, alongside elections for the Czech and Slovak Assemblies. The result was a victory for the Civic Democratic Party–Christian Democratic Party (ODS-KDS) alliance, which won 48 of the 150 seats in the House of the People and 37 of the 150 seats in the House of Nations. Voter turnout was 84.7%.
Ivan Pilip is a Czech politician and economist who was Finance Minister from June 1997 to July 1998, after having been the Minister of Education, Youth and Sport from 1994 to 1997.
The Opposition Agreement was a political agreement between two major parties in the Czech Republic, the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) and the Civic Democratic Party (ODS). ČSSD was allowed to govern alone while ODS received a number of parliamentary posts and the two parties together adopted several constitutional amendments. It was signed by Miloš Zeman and Václav Klaus on 8 July 1998.
Civic Democratic Party existed in Slovakia in 1992 and 1993. It was Slovak wing of Czech Civic Democratic Party. It was led by Ľudovít Kaník, with Iveta Radičová as its Press spokesperson. Václav Klaus formed Slovak ODS to prevent Dissolution of Czechoslovakia.
Czech political crisis in 1997–1998 started as a result of irregularities in finances of Civic Democratic Party (ODS). It peaked with so-called Sarajevo atentate, an attempt to remove Václav Klaus from leadership of Civic Democratic Party. The attempt occurred during Klaus' visit in Sarajevo. Crisis led to split in ODS and snap election in 1998.
An election of the President of the Senate of the Czech Republic was held on 18 December 1996. Petr Pithart was elected the first President of the Senate. Pithart was a candidate of the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-CSL), and his election was opposed primarily by the Civic Democratic Party.
Marek Benda is a Czech politician and member of the Civic Democratic Party. He is currently the longest serving member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic. He is the son of Václav Benda.