Christian Homann Schweigaard

Last updated
Caroline Magnine Homann
(m. 1867)
Christian Schweigaard
Christian Homann Schweigaard.jpg
Christian Schweigaard
3rd Prime Minister of Norway in Christiania
In office
3 April 1884 26 June 1884
ChildrenAnton Martin Schweigaard jr.
Occupation Politician

Christian Homann Schweigaard (14 October 1838 – 24 March 1899) was a Norwegian politician of the Conservative Party. He served as the 3rd prime minister for two months in 1884, a period after the impeachment of his predecessor Christian August Selmer called Schweigaard's Ministerium. Schweigaard held a number of key positions, including Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1889–1891 and 1893–1896, as well as Parliamentary Leader from 1889–1891 and 1894–1895. He was Emil Stang's indispensable partner, leading the Conservative Party's policy and organizational development in the 1880s and 1890s. [1]



Schweigaard was born in Christiania (now Oslo, Norway). He was the son of Anton Martin Schweigaard and Caroline Magnine Homan. He took his final exams in 1855 and then studied law. He studied law for a year in London and Paris becoming a lawyer in 1863. [2]


In 1864, he appeared as a lawyer before the Supreme Court of Norway. He served as a Member of Norwegian Parliament from 1886 to 1897. Schweigaard was a member of the Royal Commission on the enlargement of Christiania in 1873 and a Member of the Parliamentary Tax Commission in 1877. Schweigaard served as Minister of the Audit from 1880 until 1882, as Minister of Justice from September to October 1881. He also served as a member of the Council of State Division in Stockholm from September 1882 to August 1883. He was the Finance Minister from September 1883 to April 1884. [3]

After Selmer's impeachment, Emil Stang was commissioned to form a new government, but the Conservative Party's parliamentary group could not spare Stang's parliamentary talent, and it was therefore Schweigaard's task to lead the April Ministry, which came to be called Schweigaard's Ministerium. The government, in which Schweigaard served as Prime Minister and as head of the Audit Department, took office on 3 April 1884. Threats of a new impeachment, a divided Conservative Party, a conflict of Swedish public opinion, and an uncertain King Oscar II eventually led to Schweigaard's resignation on 31 May, which was granted on 26 June 1884. [4]

Schweigaard was elected as the Member of Parliament from Holmestrand 1886–1897. He was Odelsting presidential and parliamentary leader from 1889-1891 and 1894–1895. Schweigaard was elected to the Christiania City Council 1873–1880 and 1885–1894 and was Mayor of Christiania from 1879–1880 and 1885–1888. He was the Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1889–1891 and 1893–1896.

Personal life

Schweigaard was married in 1867 to Thea Meyer (1846-1922). He was appointed Knight of the 1st Class Order of St. Olav in 1880 and commander of the 1st class 1890, he was commander of the Swedish Nordstjärneorden. Schweigaard died during 1899 and was buried at Vår Frelsers gravlund in Oslo.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Johan Sverdrup</span> 4th Prime Minister of Norway

Johan Sverdrup was a Norwegian politician from the Liberal Party. He was the first prime minister of Norway after the introduction of parliamentarism and served as the fourth prime minister of Norway. Sverdrup was prime minister from 1884 to 1889.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emil Stang</span> 5th Prime Minister of Norway

Emil Stang was a Norwegian jurist and politician. He served as the 5th prime minister of Norway from 1889–1891 and again from 1893–1895. He also served as the first leader of the Conservative Party from 1884–1889, 1891–1893 and 1896–1899.

The Conservative Party or The Right is a liberal-conservative political party in Norway. It is the major party of the Norwegian centre-right, and was the leading party in government as part of the Solberg cabinet from 2013 to 2021. The current party leader is former Prime Minister Erna Solberg. The party is a member of the International Democrat Union and an associate member of the European People's Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Christian August Selmer</span> Norwegian politician

Christian August Selmer was a Norwegian lawyer and a magistrate. He served as a member of the Norwegian Parliament, Minister of Defense and Minister of Justice. He was the 2nd prime minister of Norway in Christiana between 1880 and 1884.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Anton Martin Schweigaard</span> Norwegian politician

Anton Martin Schweigaard was a Norwegian educator, jurist, economist and member of the Norwegian Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Christian Birch-Reichenwald</span> Norwegian jurist and politician

Christian Birch-Reichenwald was a Norwegian jurist and politician who served as mayor of Oslo, Norway.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jacob Aall Bonnevie</span> Norwegian educator and politician (1838–1904)

Jacob Aall Bonnevie was a Norwegian educator, school director and text book author. He served as a member of the Norwegian Parliament for the Conservative Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ole Jacob Broch</span> Norwegian politician

Ole Jacob Broch was a Norwegian mathematician, physicist, economist and government minister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jens Holmboe (politician)</span> Norwegian politician (1821–1891)

Jens Holmboe was a Norwegian politician for the Conservative Party. A jurist by education, he was a member of the Norwegian Parliament for five terms, and held several different government posts from 1874 to 1884.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Herman Johan Foss Reimers</span> Norwegian judge and politician

Herman Johan Foss Reimers was Norwegian judge and politician for the Conservative Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elisabeth Schweigaard Selmer</span> Norwegian jurist and politician (1923–2009)

Elisabeth Schweigaard Selmer was a Norwegian jurist and politician for the Conservative Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fredrik Stang</span> Norwegian politician (1867–1941)

Fredrik Stang was a Norwegian law professor and politician for the Conservative Party. He served as a Member of Parliament, leader of the Conservative Party, Minister of Justice and the Police, Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, and Rector of The Royal Frederick University. His father was Prime Minister Emil Stang and his grandfather was Prime Minister Frederik Stang.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Niels Petersen Vogt</span> Norwegian civil servant and politician

Niels Petersen Vogt was a Norwegian civil servant and politician. He served as the Norwegian Minister of the Interior five times between 1871 and 1884, and member of the Council of State Division in Stockholm four times 1872–1883. He also served as County Governor in three different counties.

Tellef Dahll Schweigaard was a Norwegian politician.

Events in the year 1884 in Norway.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jon Hol</span> Norwegian engineer and activist

Jon Gundersen Hol was a Norwegian engineer and activist. He is known for his pamphlet Rifleringen, published in February 1884, that resulted in his arrest for lèse majesté. In the pamphlet, he called for soldiers and civilians to arm themselves and encircle the Parliament of Norway Building, creating a "Ring of Rifles", should the need arise. The political situation in Norway at the time was unstable, with an ongoing impeachment case against the conservative government started by political liberals. King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway supported the conservative politicians, and Hol believed that a political and military counter-offensive was planned, hence the need for guarding the Parliament. The tensions between liberals and conservatives drew Hol into politics in the first place in 1880. Before this, he was an engineer by occupation and a writer, albeit apolitical. He increased his writing after 1880, and also involved himself in non-socialist trade unions, including the unsuccessful attempt of establishing a national trade union center in Kristiania.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Johan Christian Heuch</span> Norwegian politician

Johan Christian Heuch or J. C. Heuch was a Norwegian bishop in the Church of Norway and politician for the Conservative Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emil Stang (jurist)</span> Norwegian jurist and politician

Emil Stang, Jr. was a Norwegian jurist and politician for the Norwegian Labour Party and for the Communist Party of Norway. He was later the 13th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Norway.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carl Otto Løvenskiold</span> Norwegian politician

Carl Otto Løvenskiold was a Norwegian naval officer, business executive and landowner. He served as the Norwegian prime minister in Stockholm during 1884. By birth, he is a member of Løvenskiold noble family.


  1. "Schweigaard, Christian Homann". Salmonsens konversationsleksikon. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  2. Magnus A. Mardal. "Christian Homann Schweigaard". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  3. Harald Kjølås. "Christian Homann Schweigaard". Allkunne AS. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  4. Paul Thyness. "Christian Schweigaard, Jurist, Politiker". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Norway
Succeeded by
Preceded by Mayor of Christiania (Oslo)
Succeeded by
Preceded by Mayor of Christiania (Oslo)
Succeeded by