|Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler|
Count Palatine by Rhine, Duke in Bavaria, Count to Sponheim etc.
|Born||3 November 1598|
|Died||6 September 1654 55) (aged|
|Noble family||House of Wittelsbach|
|Spouse(s)|| Magdalene Catherine, Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken |
Maria Joanna of Helffenstein
|Father||Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld|
|Mother||Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg|
Christian I (3 November 1598 – 6 September 1654) was the Duke of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler from 1600 until 1654.
Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler was a state of the Holy Roman Empire based around Bischwiller in the far northeast of France.
Christian was born in Birkenfeld in 1598 as the youngest son of Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld. His father's lands were partitioned after his death and Christian received the territory around Bischwiller (German: Bischweiler) in Alsace. Christian died in Neuenstein in 1654 and was buried in Bischwiller.
Birkenfeld is a town and the district seat of the Birkenfeld district in southwest Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is also the seat of the like-named Verbandsgemeinde.
Charles I of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke in Bavaria, Count to Veldenz and Sponheim was the Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1569 until 1600.
Bischwiller is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in northeastern France just west of the Moder River.
Christian married Magdalena Catherine of Palatinate-Zweibrücken (26 April 1607 – 20 January 1648), daughter of Duke John II, on 14 November 1630 and had the following children:
John II the Younger was the Duke of Zweibrücken from 1604 until 1635.
Christian married Maria Joanna of Helffenstein (8 September 1612 – 20 August 1665), daughter of Count Rudolph V, on 28 October 1648 and had the following son:
|Ancestors of Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler|
| Duke of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler |
1600 – 1654
William VI, called William the Younger, was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg from 1559 until his death. Until 1569 he ruled together with his brother, Henry of Dannenberg.
Palatine Zweibrücken, or the County Palatine of Zweibrücken, is a former state of the Holy Roman Empire. Its capital was Zweibrücken. Its reigning house, a branch of the Wittelsbach dynasty, was also the Royal House of Sweden from 1654 to 1720.
Count Palatine Wolfgang of Zweibrücken was member of the Wittelsbach family of the Counts Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken 1532–1559.
Frederick Louis was the Duke of Landsberg from 1645 until 1681, and the Count Palatine of Zweibrücken from 1661 until 1681.
Palatinate-Birkenfeld, later Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, was the name of a collateral line of the Palatine Wittelsbachs. The Counts Palatine from this line initially ruled over only a relatively unimportant territory, namely the Palatine share of the Rear County of Sponheim; however, their importance steadily grew. All living members of the House of Wittelsbach descend from Palatinate-Birkenfeld, which thus became the parent branch of the Kings of Bavaria.
Christian II was the Duke of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler from 1654 until 1717, the Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1671 until 1717, and the Count of Rappoltstein from 1673 until 1699.
Countess Johanna Magdalene of Hanau-Lichtenberg was a daughter of Johann Reinhard II of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1628–1666) and the Countess Palatine Anna Magdalena of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler (1640–1693).
Countess Palatine Anna Magdalena of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler was a daughter of Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler (1598–1654) and his first wife, Countess Palatine Magdalene Catherine of Zweibrücken (1606–1648).
Magdalena Catherine, Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken was a Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken by birth and by marriage Duchess and Countess Palatine of Birkenfeld.
Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg was a daughter of Duke William "the younger" of Brunswick-Lüneburg and his wife, Dorothea of Denmark, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
John Charles, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld at Gelnhausen, was a German prince and ancestor of the cadet branch of the royal family of Bavaria known, from the early 19th century, as Dukes in Bavaria. He took Gelnhausen as the name of his branch of the family after acquiring that estate in 1669.
Countess Palatine Dorothea Catherine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler was a Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler by birth and, by marriage, Countess of Nassau-Ottweiler.
Anna Amalia of Baden-Durlach was a Countess of Nassau-Saarbrücken by marriage to William Louis, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken, and regent of Nassau-Saarbrücken during the minority of her son from 1640.
John, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen was Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld at Gelnhausen.
Wolfgang, Count of Hohenlohe-Weikersheim was the first Count of Hohenlohe-Weikersheim. He was the son of Louis Casimir of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg, who styled himself Count of Neuenstein, Langenburg, Weikersheim, Künzelsau, Kirchberg and Ingelfingen and his wife, Anna of Solms-Lich.
Countess Agatha Christine of Hanau-Lichtenberg was a daughter of Count Philip Wolfgang (1595-1641) and his wife, Countess Johanna of Oettingen (1602-1639).
Magdalena of Nassau-Dillenburg was a daughter of William I, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg and his second wife, Juliana of Stolberg. Magdalena was a sister of William the Silent.
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