|Died||9 September 2009 72) (aged|
Christian Tümpel (1937–2009) was a German art historian active in the Netherlands.
Tümpel was born in Bielefeld. He first studied theology and philosophy before continuing his education at Heidelberg in art history and archeology, receiving his doctorate from Hamburg with a dissertation on Rembrandt.From 1970 when their catalog for a Rembrandt bible exhibition was well-received, he collaborated with his wife Astrid Tümpel, who was also an art historian. They are known for their publications on art, but most notably their catalog raisonné on Rembrandt while Christian was professor at the Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen. Tümpel died in Bad Kissingen.
Bielefeld is a city in the Ostwestfalen-Lippe Region in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. With a population of 341,730, it is also the most populous city in the Regierungsbezirk Detmold.
Heidelberg is a university town in Baden-Württemberg situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany. In the 2016 census, its population was 159,914, with roughly a quarter of its population being students.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn was a Dutch draughtsman, painter and printmaker. An innovative and prolific master in three media, he is generally considered one of the greatest visual artists in the history of art and the most important in Dutch art history. Unlike most Dutch masters of the 17th century, Rembrandt's works depict a wide range of style and subject matter, from portraits and self-portraits to landscapes, genre scenes, allegorical and historical scenes, biblical and mythological themes as well as animal studies. His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age, when Dutch art, although in many ways antithetical to the Baroque style that dominated Europe, was extremely prolific and innovative, and gave rise to important new genres. Like many artists of the Dutch Golden Age, such as Jan Vermeer of Delft, Rembrandt was also an avid art collector and dealer.
Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, was a Dutch Golden Age painter and a favourite student of Rembrandt. He was also an etcher, an amateur poet, a collector and an adviser on art.
Wilhelm Reinhold Valentiner was a German art historian, art critic and museum official.
Claes Corneliszoon Moeyaert or Nicolaes Moyaert or Mooyaert (1592–1655) was an authoritative Catholic Dutch painter. He followed Rembrandt in his use of red chalk.
The Conspiracy of Claudius Civilis is an oil painting by the Dutch painter Rembrandt, c. 1661–62, which was originally the largest he ever painted, at about five by five metres in the shape of a lunette. The painting was commissioned by the Amsterdam city council for the Town Hall. After the work had been in place briefly, it was returned to Rembrandt, who may have never been paid. Rembrandt drastically cut down the painting to a quarter of the original size to be sold. It is the last secular history painting he finished.
The Rembrandt Research Project (RRP) is an initiative of the Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), which is the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. Its purpose is to organize and categorize research on Rembrandt, with the aim of discovering new facts about this Dutch Golden Age painter and his studio. The project was started in 1968, but has since become the authority on Rembrandt and has final say in whether a painting is genuine.
Dr. Abraham Bredius was a Dutch art collector, art historian, and museum curator.
Horst Gerson (1907–1978) was a German-Dutch art historian.
Self-portrait wearing a white feathered bonnet is an oil painting attributed to the Dutch painter Rembrandt. It is signed and dated 1635. It was traditionally regarded as a Rembrandt self-portrait until 1968, when it was rejected on stylistic grounds in the Rembrandt catalogue raisonné by Horst Gerson. On 18 March 2013 it was re-attributed to the master by Ernst van de Wetering. It is one of over 40 painted self-portraits by Rembrandt.
Seymour Slive was an American art historian, who served as director of the Harvard Art Museums from 1975 to 1991. He is considered an eminent scholar of Dutch art and more specifically of Rembrandt, Frans Hals, and Jacob van Ruisdael.
The Head of Christ is a 1648 painting by the Dutch artist Rembrandt. It is now in the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin.
Moses Breaking the Tablets of the Law is a 1659 painting by the Dutch artist Rembrandt. It is now in the Gemäldegalerie, Berlin.
Self-portrait as the Apostle Paul is one of over 40 painted self-portraits by Rembrandt, painted in 1661 by the Dutch artist Rembrandt. It is now in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.
The following is a list of paintings by Rembrandt in order of appearance, that were attributed as autograph by Christian Tümpel in 1986.
Gary Schwartz is an American art historian, resident in the Netherlands, who is an authority on the art of Rembrandt and Dutch Golden Age painting and prints. In 2009 he received the Prince Bernhard Cultural Foundation Prize for the Humanities.
Jeremiah Lamenting the Destruction of Jerusalem is a 1630 painting by Rembrandt. It is one of the most renowned works of his Leiden period.
Pendant Portraits of an Old Man and an Old Woman refers to two 1654 oil on canvas pendant portraits by Rembrandt, Portrait of an Old Man and Portrait of an Old Woman, usually identified as a single pair. Signed and dated by the artist, both works were in the collection of Heinrich von Brühl, whose heirs sold them to Catherine II of Russia in 1769. They are both now in the Pushkin Museum in Moscow, to which they were transferred from the Hermitage Museum in 1930.
Landscape with a Castle is a painting by Rembrandt, now in the Louvre in Paris. Art historians have variously dated it to 1652, 1654, early 1640, 1648, 1640-1642, c.1640 and 1643-1646.
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