Christopher Wordsworth

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Bishop Wordsworth

Christopher Wordsworth (30 October 1807 20 March 1885) was an English intellectual and a bishop of the Anglican Church.

Contents

Life

The grave of Bishop Christopher Wordsworth, Lincoln Cathedral The grave of Bishop Christopher Wordsworth, Lincoln Cathedral.jpg
The grave of Bishop Christopher Wordsworth, Lincoln Cathedral

Wordsworth was born in London, the youngest son of Christopher Wordsworth, Master of Trinity, who was the youngest brother of the poet William Wordsworth. Thus, Wordsworth was a nephew of the celebrated poet.

Wordsworth was the younger brother of the classical scholar John Wordsworth and Charles Wordsworth, Bishop of Saint Andrews, Dunkeld and Dunblane. He was educated at Winchester and Trinity, Cambridge. [1] Like his brother Charles, he was distinguished as an athlete as well as for scholarship. [2] He won the Chancellor's Gold Medal for poetry in 1827 and 1828. [3]

He became senior classic, and was elected a fellow and tutor of Trinity in 1830; shortly afterwards he took holy orders. He went for a tour in Greece in 1832–1833, and published various works on its topography and archaeology, the most famous of which is "Wordsworth's" Greece (1839). In 1836 he became Public Orator at Cambridge, and in the same year was appointed Headmaster of Harrow, a post he resigned in 1844. In 1844 Sir Robert Peel appointed him as a Canon of Westminster [4] (1844–1869). [2] He was Vicar of Stanford in the Vale, Berkshire (1850–1869) and Archdeacon of Westminster (1864–1869). In 1869 Benjamin Disraeli appointed him Bishop of Lincoln which he retained until his death in 1885. [4] His election to the See of Lincoln was confirmed at St Mary-le-Bow on 22 February 1869 (whereby he legally became Bishop of Lincoln) and he was ordained and consecrated a bishop at Westminster Abbey on 24 February [5] by Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury; George Selwyn, Bishop of New Zealand; and six other prelates. [6]

According to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, he was a man of fine character, with a high ideal of ecclesiastical duty, and he spent his money generously on church objects. [2]

He is buried near the Shrine of St Hugh in Lincoln Cathedral.

Works

As a scholar he is best known for his edition of the Greek New Testament (1856–1860), and the Old Testament (1864–1870), with commentaries; but his writings were many in number, and included a volume of devotional verse, The Holy Year (1862), Church History up to A.D. 451 (1881–1883), and Memoirs of his uncle, William Wordsworth (1851), to whom he was literary executor. His Inscriptiones Pompeianae (1837) was an important contribution to epigraphy. [2] He also wrote several hymns (Hymns Ancient and Modern New Standard contains seven) of which perhaps the best known is the Easter hymn 'Alleluia, Alleluia, hearts to heaven and voices raise'. His daughter Elizabeth Wordsworth worked as his research assistant for his publications and as his secretary, before becoming founding Principal of Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford. [7]

With William Cooke, a Canon of Chester, Wordsworth edited for the Henry Bradshaw Society the early 15th-century Ordinale Sarum of Clement Maydeston, but the work did not appear in print until 1901, several years after the death of both editors. [8]

Books

Hymns

A verse from Gracious Spirit, Holy Ghost incorporated into a stained glass window York and Warter 121.jpg
A verse from Gracious Spirit, Holy Ghost incorporated into a stained glass window

Family

In 1838 Wordsworth married Susanna Hartley Frere (d. 1884) and they had seven children. The elder son, John (1843–1911), was Bishop of Salisbury, founder of Bishop Wordsworth's School, Salisbury, and author of Fragments of Early Latin (1874); their eldest daughter, Dame Elizabeth (1840–1932), was the first principal (in 1879) of Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford and the founder (in 1886) of St Hugh's College. [7] His daughter Dora married Edward Tucker Leeke, Canon and sub-dean of Lincoln Cathedral. His younger son Christopher (1848–1938) was a noted liturgical scholar.

His Life, by J. H. Overton and Elizabeth Wordsworth, was published in 1888. [2]

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References

  1. "Wordsworth, Christopher (WRDT825C)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Chisholm 1911.
  3. University of Cambridge (1859). A Complete Collection of the English Poems which Have Obtained the Chancellor's Gold Medal in the University of Cambridge. Cambridge: W. Metcalfe. Retrieved 1 October 2008.
  4. 1 2 "Studies in Familiar Hymns: First Series" by Dr. Louis Benson 1903
  5. "Church news" . Church Times . No. 317. 26 February 1869. p. 85. ISSN   0009-658X . Retrieved 10 April 2017 via UK Press Online archives.
  6. Mennell, Philip (1892). "Turner, Right Rev. James Francis"  . The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co via Wikisource.
  7. 1 2 "Wordsworth, Dame Elizabeth [pseud. Grant Lloyd] (1840–1932), college head" . Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/37024. ISBN   978-0-19-861412-8 . Retrieved 30 September 2022.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  8. 1 2 Book list Archived 17 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine at henrybradshawsociety.org, accessed 9 December 2013
  9. Scrivener, A plain introduction to the criticism of the New Testament (1861) at p. 150 notes: "John Twycross, of the Charter House, re-collated the whole manuscript in 1858". The death of Rev. John Twycross MA Dublin aged 72 is recorded in The Gentleman's magazine, Volume 224 (1868), p. 260

Attribution

Church of England titles
Preceded by Bishop of Lincoln
1869 1885
Succeeded by
Academic offices
Preceded by Head Master of Harrow School
1836-1844
Succeeded by