Chubu Centrair International Airport

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Chubu Centrair International Airport

中部国際空港

Chūbu Kokusai Kūkō
Centrair logo.png
Chubu Central Airport aerial view.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorCentral Japan International Airport Co., Ltd. (CJIAC)
Serves Chūkyō metropolitan area
Location Tokoname, Aichi, Japan
Opened17 February 2005;17 years ago (2005-02-17)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation  AMSL 12 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 34°51′30″N136°48′19″E / 34.85833°N 136.80528°E / 34.85833; 136.80528 Coordinates: 34°51′30″N136°48′19″E / 34.85833°N 136.80528°E / 34.85833; 136.80528
Website www.centrair.jp
Maps
Chubu Centrair International Airport
Aichi geolocalisation.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
RJGG
Location in Aichi Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
RJGG
Location in Japan
Runways
Direction LengthSurface
mft
18/363,50011,483Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers12,043,636
Cargo (metric tonnes)199,140
Aircraft movement96,591

Chubu Centrair International Airport (中部国際空港, Chūbu Kokusai Kūkō)( IATA : NGO, ICAO : RJGG) is an international airport on an artificial island in Ise Bay, Tokoname City in Aichi Prefecture, 35 km (22 mi) south of Nagoya in central Japan. [2]

Contents

Centrair is classified as a first class airport and is the main international gateway for the Chubu ("central") region of Japan. The name "Centrair" (セントレア, Sentorea) is an abbreviation of Central Japan International Airport, an alternate translation used in the English name of the airport's operating company, Central Japan International Airport Co., Ltd. (中部国際空港株式会社, Chūbu Kokusai Kūkō Kabushiki-gaisha). 10.2 million people used the airport in 2015, ranking 8th busiest in the nation, and 208,000 tons of cargo was moved in 2015.

History

JAL and ANA operations at Chubu International Airport JAL & ANA - Chubu International Airport.jpg
JAL and ANA operations at Chubu International Airport

Chubu Centrair serves the third largest metropolitan area in Japan, centered around the city of Nagoya. The region is a major manufacturing centre, with the headquarters and production facilities of Toyota Motor Corporation and production facilities for Mitsubishi Motors and Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation. [3]

With much lobbying by local business groups such as Toyota, especially for 24-hour cargo flights, construction started August 2000, with a budget of JPY¥768 billion (€5.5 billion, US$7.3 billion), but through efficient management nearly ¥100 billion was saved. [4] Penta-Ocean Construction was a major contractor. [5] [ unreliable source? ]

According to Japanese media sources, Kodo-kai, a Yakuza faction in the Yamaguchi-gumi group, earned an immense amount of money by being the sole supplier, via a front company called Samix, of dirt, rock, sand, and gravel for the airport construction project. Although several Samix executives were criminally indicted for racketeering, the prosecutions were later dropped. According to the sources, Kodo-kai had informants working within the Nagoya police who fed the organization inside information which allowed them to stay a step ahead of investigating authorities. [6]

When Chubu Centrair opened on 17 February 2005, it took over almost all of the existing Nagoya Airport's (now Nagoya Airfield) commercial flights, and relieved Tokyo and Kansai areas of cargo shipments. As a replacement for Nagoya Airport, it also inherited its IATA airport code NGO. The airport opened in time to service the influx of visitors for Expo 2005, located near Nagoya. The airport is speculated to have some competition with Shizuoka Airport, which opened on 4 June 2009.

Route withdrawals

There were several withdrawals from Chubu Centrair after the airport commenced its operation. American Airlines operated a route to Chicago for less than seven months in 2005, but said the service was "not as profitable as we had hoped". [7] In 2008, after a few years of service from Chubu Centrair, several airlines cancelled certain flights and put others on hiatus, including Malaysia Airlines' suspension of flight to Kuala Lumpur, [8] Jetstar ending its airport operation, Continental Airlines stopping its Honolulu flight and United Airlines' suspension of flights to San Francisco, citing low premium cabin demand. This flight also continued to Chicago until 2007. [9] Emirates and HK Express left the airport in 2009, although HK Express resumed service from September 2014. Japan Airlines also ended its flights to Paris in 2009 and Bangkok in 2020. Garuda Indonesia ended service from Denpasar in March 2012, but returned to Nagoya with the opening of direct flights from Jakarta in March 2019 but only lasted until March 2020. EVA Air left the airport in June 2012 (they have since planned to resume service from June 2019). TransAsia Airways subsidiary V Air withdrew from Centrair and ended operations in October 2016.

Nagoya continues to offer intercontinental flights through Delta Air Lines' services to Detroit and Honolulu, Lufthansa's service to Frankfurt and Finnair's service to Helsinki.

Aichi Sky Expo

An exposition centre inside the airport island was opened on August 30, 2019. The exposition centre has 6 exhibition halls each being 10,000 m2. [10] Events held at the venue include the 2019 edition of the Wired Music Festival on September 7 and 8. [11]

Terminals

Main hall of arrival, at the conjuncture of the "T"-shaped building Chubu Centrair2.JPG
Main hall of arrival, at the conjuncture of the "T"-shaped building

The northern side of the terminal holds domestic flights, while the southern side holds international flights, each with dedicated ticket counters, security checkpoints and baggage carousels, and for international flights, immigration and customs facilities. Arrivals are processed on the second floor, and departures on the third. The lower level is used for maintenance, catering, and other ground operations, as well as for passenger buses to hardstands in the middle of the airport ramp. There are thirteen gates for domestic flights (including three bus gates), and fourteen for international flights (including three bus gates). Terminal 2 is a domestic and international terminal for budget airlines, with 11 gates for international flights and 9 gates for domestic flights. [12]

Statistics

Annual passenger traffic at NKM NGO airports. See Wikidata query.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger 1

AirlinesDestinations
Air Busan Busan, [13] Seoul–Incheon [14]
Air Do Hakodate, Sapporo–Chitose
All Nippon Airways Fukuoka, Ishigaki, Kagoshima, Miyako, Nagasaki, Sendai, Tokyo–Haneda
Seasonal: Asahikawa, Memanbetsu
ANA Wings Akita, Fukuoka, Kumamoto, Miyazaki, Naha, Sapporo–Chitose, Tokyo–Narita
Seasonal: Hakodate
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong (resumes 1 January 2023) [15]
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
Delta Air Lines Detroit
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi, Beijing–Capital [16]
HK Express Hong Kong
Ibex Airlines Fukuoka, Kagoshima, [17] Kumamoto, Matsuyama, Niigata, Ōita, Sendai
Japan Airlines Honolulu, Sapporo–Chitose, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
Japan Transocean Air Naha
Seasonal: Ishigaki, Miyako
Jeju Air Seoul–Incheon
Jetstar Japan Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Manila, Naha, Sapporo–Chitose
Juneyao Airlines Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong, Wuxi, Xiamen
Korean Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Loong Air Hangzhou, Xi'an
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Peach Sapporo–Chitose, Sendai [18]
Philippine Airlines Cebu, Manila
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Skymark Airlines Kagoshima, Naha, Sapporo–Chitose
Solaseed Air Miyazaki, Naha
Spring Airlines Ningbo, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen
StarFlyer Fukuoka
Thai AirAsia X Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi [19]
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Tigerair Taiwan Kaohsiung (resumes 3 December 2022), [20] Taipei–Taoyuan
T'way Airlines Jeju
United Airlines Guam
Urumqi Air Jinan, Urumqi, Wuhan
VietJet Air Hanoi [21]
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
Notes

^1 Some destinations may be affected by COVID-19, therefore temporary suspensions are not distinguished as seasonal service.

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow–Sheremetyevo
ANA Cargo Hong Kong, Naha
Asiana Cargo Seoul–Incheon
DHL Aviation Anchorage, Cincinnati, Charleston (SC), Everett, Hong Kong, Leipzig/Halle, McConnell AFB, Seoul–Incheon, Taranto–Grottaglie, Taipei–Taoyuan
National Airlines (N8) Anchorage, Los Angeles
Nippon Cargo Airlines Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
ULS Cargo Hong Kong, Istanbul

Ground transportation

Train

Meitetsu's mSky Limited Express (right) and Limited Express (left) Meitetsu 2000 system and 2200 system trains.jpg
Meitetsu's μSky Limited Express (right) and Limited Express (left)

Central Japan International Airport Station, the train station for Centrair is located on the Meitetsu Airport Line operated by Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu). The fastest "μSky Limited Express" service connects the airport to Meitetsu Nagoya Station in 28 minutes. All μSky Limited Express are operating at a max speed of 120 km/h by 2000 series trains, which have all seats designated and it is required to purchase an extra 360 yen "special limited express ticket". [22] Meitetsu Nagoya Station is adjacent to JR Nagoya Station, allowing transfers to Shinkansen bullet trains bound for not only Tokyo and Osaka but also many major cities, as well as JR, Meitetsu, and Kintetsu local trains, and the Nagoya Municipal Subway.

There is a proposal for a JR line linking Centrair to Nagoya Station and the JR network through Taketoyo Line's Okkawa Station. However, there's no actual construction works have been implemented at the moment.

There's also a proposal for Aonami line linking Centrair to Nagoya Station by constructing a tunnel or bridge. Nagoya municipal government has acted the assessment of feasibility in 2019. [23]

Bus

Centrair Limousine provides direct bus service to and from central Nagoya, Sakae, and major hotels. [24] It is operated by a private bus company in Mie Prefecture. High-speed buses to the neighboring prefectures for 3,000 yen to Kyoto via Mie Prefecture have been operating. [25] [26]

Ferry

A ferry connects to the passenger terminal in Tsu – a 40-minute trip.

Car

A toll road links Centrair and the mainland.

Bicycle

Bicycles are not allowed on the Centrair Bridge toll road to the mainland. Cyclists departing the airport must either take a Meitetsu local train one stop to Rinkū Tokoname Station or a taxi across the bridge to the Rinkū Interchange north of Aeon Mall Tokoname.

Shopping

Centrair features the Sky Town Shopping Center on the fourth floor, accessible to the general public, with 61 shops and restaurants, organized into two "streets", Renga-dori [27] and Chochin-yokocho. [28] The Chochin-yokocho shops are individually themed to have an authentic Japanese look.

Other facilities

FLIGHT OF DREAMS FLIGHT OF DREAMS4.jpg
FLIGHT OF DREAMS
Aichi Sky Expo Aichi sky expo1.jpg
Aichi Sky Expo

The Boeing Dreamlifter Operations Center is located on the airport's apron, to the south of the main terminal. This facility is used to store Japanese components of the Boeing 787 aircraft while awaiting airlift to the assembly facility in the US. [29]

Accolades

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