This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page . (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Godfather of Go-Go
Onstage, October 1, 2005
|Birth name||Charles Louis Brown|
|Born||August 22, 1936|
Gaston, North Carolina
|Died||May 16, 2012 75) (aged|
Charles Louis Brown (August 22, 1936 – May 16, 2012) was an American guitarist, bandleader and singer who has garnered the honorific nickname "The Godfather of Go-Go".Go-go is a subgenre of funk music developed in and around the Washington metropolitan area in the mid-1970s. While its musical classification, influences, and origins are debated, Brown is regarded as the fundamental force behind the creation of go-go music.
Honorific nicknames in popular music are terms used, most often in the media or by fans, to indicate the significance of an artist, and are often religious, familial, or royal and aristocratic titles, used metaphorically. Honorific nicknames were used in classical music in Europe as early as the early nineteenth century, with figures such as Mozart being called "The father of modern music" and Bach "The father of modern piano music". They were also particularly prominent in African-American culture in the post-Civil War era, perhaps as a means of conferring status that had been negated by slavery, and as a result entered early jazz and blues music, including figures such as Duke Ellington and Count Basie.
Go-go is a popular music subgenre associated with funk that originated in the Washington, D.C., area during the mid-60s to late-70s. It remains primarily popular in the Washington metropolitan area as a uniquely regional music style. A great number of bands contributed to the early evolution of the genre, but the Young Senators, Black Heat, and singer-guitarist Chuck Brown & the Soul Searchers are credited with having developed most of the hallmarks of the style.
Funk is a music genre that originated in African-American communities in the mid-1960s when African-American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B). Funk de-emphasizes melody and chord progressions and focuses on a strong rhythmic groove of a bass line played by an electric bassist and a drum part played by a drummer, often at slower tempos than other popular music. Like much of African-inspired music, funk typically consists of a complex groove with rhythm instruments playing interlocking grooves that created a "hypnotic" and "danceable feel". Funk uses the same richly colored extended chords found in bebop jazz, such as minor chords with added sevenths and elevenths, or dominant seventh chords with altered ninths and thirteenths.
Brown was born on August 22, 1936 in Gaston, North Carolina.Brown's mother, Lyla Brown, was a housekeeper, and his father, Albert Louis Moody, was a United States Marine. Brown's father, however, was not present in his life, and Brown lived in poverty. When Chuck Brown was six years old, he moved to Washington, D.C. in 1942, and at 15 he started to live on the streets. He did not graduate high school; Brown quit school and decided to perform odd jobs to make money, including shining shoes.
Gaston is a town in Northampton County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 1,152 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines or U.S. Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations with the United States Navy as well as the Army and Air Force. The U.S. Marine Corps is one of the four armed service branches in the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, the first President of the United States and a Founding Father. As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is also one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually.
In the 1950s, Brown was convicted of murder and served eight years in Lorton Correctional Complex. At first, the case was tried as aggravated assault; however, it was moved up to murder once the victim died. Brown stated that his actions were in self-defense.In prison, he traded cigarettes for a guitar, which was how his love for the instrument began. When Brown completed his sentence, he moved back to Washington, D.C. and worked as a truck driver, a bricklayer, and a sparring partner at multiple boxing gyms. He also started to perform at parties throughout the area; however, he could not play at venues that served liquor, because his probation officer would not allow it.
The Lorton Reformatory, also known as the Lorton Correctional Complex, is a former prison complex in Lorton, Virginia, established in 1910 for the District of Columbia, United States.
A bricklayer, which is related to but different from a mason, is a craftsman who lays bricks to construct brickwork. The terms also refer to personnel who use blocks to construct blockwork walls and other forms of masonry. In British and Australian English, a bricklayer is colloquially known as a "brickie". A stone mason is one who lays any combination of stones, cinder blocks, and bricks in construction of building walls and other works. The main difference between a bricklayer and a true mason is skill level: bricklaying is a part of masonry and considered to be a "lower" form of masonry, whereas stonemasonry is a specialist occupation involved in the cutting and shaping of stones and stonework.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring.
This section has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page . (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Brown's musical career began in the 1960s playing guitar with Jerry Butler and The Earls of Rhythm, joining Los Latinos in 1965. At the time of his death he was still performing music and was well known in the Washington, D.C., area. Brown's early hits include "We Need Some Money" and "Bustin' Loose". "Bustin' Loose" has been adopted by the Washington Nationals baseball team as its home run celebration song, and was interpolated by Nelly for his 2002 number one hit "Hot in Herre." Brown also recorded go-go covers of early jazz and blues songs, such as "Go-Go Swing" Duke Ellington's "It Don't Mean a Thing If Ain't Got That Swing", "Moody's Mood for Love", Johnny Mercer's "Midnight Sun", Louis Jordan's "Run Joe", and T-Bone Walker's "Stormy Monday".
Jerry Butler, Jr. is an American soul singer-songwriter, producer, musician, and retired politician. He is also noted as being the original lead singer of the R&B vocal group the Impressions, as well as a 1991 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee. Since leaving The Impressions, Jerry has had over 55 Billboard Pop & R&B Chart Hits as a solo artist, including some 15 Top 40 Pop Hits in the Hot 100, and 15 R&B Top 10's. He served as a Commissioner for Cook County, Illinois, from 1985 to 2018. As a member of this 17-member county board, he chaired the Health and Hospitals Committee, and served as Vice Chair of the Construction Committee.
The Washington Nationals are a professional baseball team based in Washington, D.C.. The Nationals compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) East division. From 2005 to 2007, the team played in RFK Stadium; since 2008 their home stadium has been Nationals Park on South Capitol Street in Southeast D.C., near the Anacostia River.
Cornell Iral Haynes Jr., known professionally as Nelly, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, entrepreneur, investor, and occasional actor from St. Louis, Missouri. Nelly embarked on his music career with Midwest hip hop group St. Lunatics, in 1993 and signed to Universal Records in 1999. Under Universal, Nelly began his solo career in the year 2000, with his debut album Country Grammar, of which the featured title-track and the single "Ride wit Me" were top ten hits. The album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200 and went on to peak at number one. Country Grammar is Nelly's best-selling album to date, selling over 8.4 million copies in the United States. His following album Nellyville, produced the number-one hits "Hot in Herre" and "Dilemma". Other singles included "Work It", "Air Force Ones", "Pimp Juice" and "#1".
He influenced other go-go bands such as the Soul Rebels Brass Band, Big G and The Backyard Band, Junk Yard Band, Rare Essence, Experience Unlimited (EU), Little Benny and the Masters, and Trouble Funk.
The Junk Yard Band is a Washington, D.C based go-go band, founded in the early 1980s by children playing on improvised instruments. They are best known for their songs- "Sardines" and "The Word."
Rare Essence is a Washington, D.C.-based go-go band formed in 1976. Rare Essence has been amongst the most prominent musicians of the D.C. music scene, producing numerous hit songs in the local D.C. market and several hits nationwide, including the charting hit "Work the Walls".
Experience Unlimited was a Washington, D.C.-based go-go/funk band that enjoyed its height of popularity in the 1980s and early 1990s. Fronted by lead singer/bassist Gregory "Sugar Bear" Elliot, the group has had a fluctuating membership over the years, but they have maintained a fairly loyal following.
The song "Ashley's Roachclip" from the 1974 album Salt of the Earth by Brown's band The Soul Searchers [ which? ]contains a drum break, sampled countless times in various other tracks.
"Ashley's Roachclip" is an instrumental song by funk group the Soul Searchers from their 1974 album Salt of the Earth on Sussex Records. A portion of the song from 3:30 to 3:50 contains a widely recognized drum break that has been sampled countless times in songs across several genres.
Salt of the Earth is the second album by the Washington, D.C.-based group The Soul Searchers.
In the mid-1990s, he performed the theme music of Fox's sitcom The Sinbad Show which later aired on The Family Channel and Disney Channel . He appeared in television advertisements for the Washington Post and other Washington, D.C., area companies. The D.C. Lottery's "Rolling Cash 5" ad campaign featured Chuck Brown singing his 2007 song "The Party Roll" in front of various D.C. city landmarks such as Ben's Chili Bowl.
Brown played a blonde Gibson ES-335.
Brown died on Wednesday, May 16, 2012, at Baltimore's Johns Hopkins Hospital of multiple organ failure, including heart failure. He was 75 years old. Several weeks prior to his death, he had postponed and cancelled shows due to hospitalisation for pneumonia.His interment was at Trinity Memorial Gardens in Waldorf, Maryland.
Donnie Simpson, Washington, D.C. radio and television personality
Brown is called the "Godfather of Go-Go"and was considered a local legend in Washington, D.C. Darryl Brooks, a local promoter who worked with Chuck Brown during his career, stated, "He was a symbol of D.C. manhood, back in the day, because of the authority that he spoke with. He just spoke from a perspective that black men could understand." Andre Johnson, the leader of the go-go band Rare Essence, said that Chuck Brown "influenced generations of people—not just one—a few generations of musicians around here." Washington, D.C. Mayor Vincent Gray said Brown was "Go-go's creator and, arguably, its most legendary artist."
The Soul Rebels Brass Band, Rare Essence and Slick Rick performed a tribute concert and collaborated on June 21, 2012 in Washington DC at the historic Howard Theatre which re-opened in April 2012.
Former member of Chuck Brown & the Soul Searchers, saxophonist Leroy Fleming (born Marion Leroy Fleming, Jr.) died on March 12, 2013.
Ricky "Sugarfoot" Wellman (born Ricardo Dalvert Wellman on April 13, 1955 ln Bethesda, Maryland) was a longtime drummer for Chuck Brown & the Soul Searchers. He died of pancreatic cancer on November 23, 2013 at the age of 58.
Brown was a recipient of a 2005 National Heritage Fellowship awarded by the National Endowment for the Arts, which is the United States' highest honor in the folk and traditional arts.
In 2009, the 1900 block of 7th Street NW, in Northwest Washington, D.C., between Florida Avenue and T Street was renamed Chuck Brown Way in his honor.
He received his first Grammy Award nomination in 2011 for Best R&B Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocals for "Love" (with Jill Scott and Marcus Miller), from the album We Got This.
On September 4, 2011, Brown was honored by the National Symphony Orchestra, as the NSO paid tribute to Legends of Washington Music Labor Day concert - honoring Brown's music, as well as Duke Ellington and John Philip Sousa - with a free concert on the West Lawn of the Capitol. Brown and his band capped off the evening with a performance.
James Joseph Brown was an American singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, record producer and bandleader. A progenitor of funk music and a major figure of 20th-century music and dance, he is often referred to as the "Godfather of Soul". In a career that lasted 50 years, he influenced the development of several music genres.
Inside Out is the sixth studio album by MC Hammer in 1995. The album was his sixth record release overall. After the decrease in popularity and sales of his previous album, The Funky Headhunter, Hammer returned to his previous pop image.
Mambo Sauce is an American go-go band from Washington, D.C. Originally breaking onto the music scene in 2007, their songs "Miracles" and "Welcome to D.C." received airplay on Washington, D.C.'s WPGC-FM radio station. "Welcome to D.C." also made the Billboard charts for hip hop music in January 2008 and the video was played on BET, MTV and VH1. The band's style is described as a blend of go-go, hip hop/soul and alternative music. Their debut album The Recipe was released in 2009 and is available on iTunes.
Benny Anthony Harley , better known by his stage name Little Benny, was an American trumpet player, who was a part of the Washington D.C.-based go-go band Rare Essence. He was named by Kevin Kato Hammond as one of the founding fathers of the genre.
Hip hop music in Washington, D.C. has been an important part of the culture of the area. The city's traditional style has been described as not quite the same as New York City hip hop nor Southern hip hop. Rather, it has been influenced by both regions to form its own unique style of music. The population of D.C. is not large enough to support as many distinct subgenres of rap as other metropolitan areas, and as a result, the sound and style of D.C. hip hop is very mixed.
Go Go Swing Live is a live album recorded and released in 1986 by the Washington, D.C.-based go-go band Chuck Brown & the Soul Searchers. The album was recorded at the Crystal Skate and at the RSVP
Any Other Way To Go? is a live album released in 1987 by the Washington, D.C.-based go-go band Chuck Brown & the Soul Searchers. The album was recorded live at the Crystal Skate in Temple Hills, Maryland. The album consists go-go renditions of classic jazz and swing songs performed with a go-go beat.
Your Game...Live at the 9:30 Club is a live-tribute album released on May 15, 2001 by the Washington, D.C.-based go-go musician Chuck Brown. The album was recorded live at The 9:30 Club in Washington, D.C. The live performance was a collaboration between Chuck Brown and some of the musicians who were influenced by his works. The album consists of go-go renditions of classic neo soul, go-go, jazz and blues songs.
Live – D.C. Bumpin' Y'all is a double-live album released in 1987 by the Washington, D.C.-based go-go band Chuck Brown & the Soul Searchers. The album was recorded live at The Crystal Skate in Temple Hills, Maryland.
Best of Chuck Brown is a career-spanning greatest hits album by Washington, D.C.-based go-go musician and recording artist Chuck Brown. The double album was released on April 12, 2005, and consist of a compilation of sixteen digitally remastered songs from his previously released studio and live albums, including "Back It On Up ", "Run Joe", "Bustin' Loose", and "We Need Some Money".
Bustin' Loose is a studio album released in 1979 by the Washington, D.C.-based go-go band Chuck Brown & the Soul Searchers. The album includes the charting single and one of the all-time classic go-go songs "Bustin' Loose", along with a remake of the classic Jerry Butler's soul ballad "Never Gonna Give You Up" from the 1968 album The Ice Man Cometh.
The Beat: Go-Go's Fusion of Funk and Hip-Hop is a 2001 book written by Kip Lornell and Charles C. Stephenson, Jr. In 2009, an updated second edition of the book was published and retitled The Beat! Go-Go Music from Washington, D.C.
The Spirit of Christmas is a studio album by Washington, D.C.-based go-go musician Chuck Brown, released in 1999. This is Chuck Brown's first and only Christmas album, and features go-go renditions of nine traditional Christmas carols, including the remake of Johnny Moore's Three Blazers song "Merry Christmas, Baby".
Funk Express is a studio album released in 1980 by the Washington, D.C.-based go-go band Chuck Brown & the Soul Searchers.
Hah Man is a studio album released in 1994 by the Washington, D.C.-based go-go musician Chuck Brown. The album consists go-go renditions of classic jazz and swing songs performed with a go-go beat. The album's title track "Hah Man" was used as the theme song to the television show The Sinbad Show, a 1994 black sitcom starring comedian Sinbad.
Put Your Hands Up! is a double-live-tribute album released on August 20, 2002, by the Washington, D.C.-based go-go musician Chuck Brown. The album was recorded live at the 9:30 Club in Washington, D.C., and is a continuation of the 2001 album Your Game...Live at the 9:30 Club. The live performances was a collaboration between Chuck Brown and some of the musicians that were influenced by his works. The album consist of go-go renditions of classic neo soul, go-go, hip hop, and blues songs.
We're About the Business is a studio album released on April 24, 2007 by the Washington, D.C.-based go-go musician Chuck Brown. We're About the Business was Chuck Brown's highest-charting album ever, which peaked on May 12, 2007 at #2 on the "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums" and #37 on the "Billboard Pop Albums".
Greatest Hits is a career-spanning greatest hits album by the Washington, D.C.-based go-go musician Chuck Brown. The album was released in 1998, and consists of a compilation of a compilation of eleven digitally remastered songs from his previously released studio and live albums.