Chulalongkorn University

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Chulalongkorn University
จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย
Phra Kiao.svg
Former names
  • Royal Pages School
  • Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn
Motto
  • เกียรติภูมิจุฬาฯ คือเกียรติแห่งการรับใช้ประชาชน (unofficial)
  • เสาหลักแห่งแผ่นดิน (vision statement)
Motto in English
  • Honour of Chula is the Honour of Serving the Public (unofficial)
  • Pillar of the Kingdom (vision statement)
Type Autonomous public university
EstablishedMarch 26, 1917;104 years ago (1917-03-26)
Founder King Vajiravudh of Siam
Budget5,535 million baht (FY2019)
President Prof. Bundhit Eua-arporn, PhD
(บัณฑิต เอื้ออาภรณ์)
Students34,996 [1]
Undergraduates 24,045 [1]
Postgraduates 7,359 [1]
2,455 [1]
Location,
13°44′18″N100°31′56″E / 13.738359°N 100.532097°E / 13.738359; 100.532097 Coordinates: 13°44′18″N100°31′56″E / 13.738359°N 100.532097°E / 13.738359; 100.532097
Campus Downtown 2.0944 km2 (0.8087 sq mi)
Anthem"Maha Chulalongkorn"
("Great Chulalongkorn")
Colours   Pink
Affiliations ASAIHL, AUN, APRU, Washington University in St. Louis McDonnell International Scholars Academy [2]
Mascot Chamchuri (tree)
Website www.chula.ac.th/en/
Chula logo with namestyle.svg

Chulalongkorn University (CU, Thai : จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย, RTGS: Chulalongkon Mahawitthayalai), nicknamed Chula (Thai : จุฬาฯ), is a public and autonomous research university in Bangkok, Thailand. The university was originally founded during King Chulalongkorn's reign as a school for training royal pages and civil servants in 1899 (B.E. 2442) at the Grand Palace of Thailand. It was later established as a national university in 1917, making it the oldest institute of higher education in Thailand. [3]

During the reign of Chulalongkorn's son, King Vajiravudh, the Royal Pages School became the Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn. The Rockefeller Foundation [4] was instrumental in helping the college form its academic foundation. [5] [6] On 26 March 1917, King Vajiravudh renamed the college "Chulalongkorn University". [7]

Chulalongkorn University is a comprehensive and research-intensive university. It is ranked as the best university in Thailand in many surveys, [8] [9] [10] [11] quality of students, [12] quality of research, [13] [14] [15] quality in particular subjects, [16] university reputation, [17] environmental management systems. [18] According to QS world university ranking 2017, CU is placed 245th in the world, 45th in Asia, 1st in Thailand, and 201–250 in the world graduate employability ranking. It is also ranked as Thailand's No. 1 university from various organizers such as Center for World University Rankings, Round university ranking, Academic Ranking of World Universities. [8] [10] [11] [12] [19]

Chulalongkorn University is one of the National Research Universities and supported by the Office of Nation Education Standards and Quality Assessment of Thailand. Moreover, CU is the only Thai university which is a member of Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU). [20]

Admission to CU is highly selective, and applicants are required to have high test scores. Applicants ranking in the top 10 national scores are chosen for study at CU. [21]

Chulalongkorn University Chulalongkorn University Auditorium High View.JPG
Chulalongkorn University

CU is composed of nineteen faculties, a School of Agriculture, three colleges, ten institutes and two other schools. Its campus occupies a vast area in downtown Bangkok. Graduates customarily receive their diplomas from the King of Thailand, a tradition begun by King Prajadhipok (Rama VII).

History

The university was named after King Chulalongkorn King Chulalongkorn as Field Marshal.jpg
The university was named after King Chulalongkorn
Statues of King Chulalongkorn and King Vajiravudh CUMonument56.JPG
Statues of King Chulalongkorn and King Vajiravudh

King Chulalongkorn's reforms, aimed at transforming Thai society into a modern state demanded trained officials specialized in various fields. In 1899, the King founded the "Civil Service Training School" [22] near the north gate of the Royal Palace. Those who graduated from the school would become royal pages. As royal pages, they learned how to manage organizations by working closely with the king, which was a traditional way to enter the Siamese bureaucracy. After serving as royal pages, they would then serve in the Mahattai Ministry or other government ministries.

On 1 April 1902 the King renamed the school. It became the "Royal Pages School" (Thai : โรงเรียนมหาดเล็ก). [23] On 1 January 1911, King Vajiravudh changed the name to "Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn" (Thai : โรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือนของพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว) as a memorial to his father and moved the school to Windsor Palace (Thai : วังวินด์เซอร์ หรือวังใหม่) in the Pathumwan District. [24]

The King subsidized the construction of a university campus and organized various schools around the city into Chulalongkorn. The college offered eight majors taught by five schools including;

Chulalongkorn University Auditorium CUAuditorium (II).jpg
Chulalongkorn University Auditorium

King Rama VI realized that education should be provided not only to bureaucrats, but to all people. On 26 March 1917, the college was upgraded to "Chulalongkorn University" (Thai : จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย), [25] and the schools were transformed into four faculties: Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Faculty of Public Administration, Faculty of Engineering, and Faculty of Medicine.

The Rockefeller Foundation reorganized the curriculum of the Faculty of Medicine. In 1923, the Faculty of Medicine became the first faculty to accept secondary school (Mattayom) graduates. The remaining faculties then followed suit. After the 1932 Revolution, the People's Party wanted legal and political studies to be independent of "royalists" so they moved the Faculty of Law and Political Science to the new Thammasat University in 1933.

In 1938, Chulalongkorn University's Preparatory School was founded to provide pre-collegiate education to students. Those who managed to enter the university had to spend two years in the Preparatory School before going on to the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. The Preparatory School, however, ceased to be a university-owned preparatory school in 1947 and became the independent Triam Udom Suksa School. Later, the university established Chulalongkorn University Demonstration School (CUD) as a laboratory school for primary and secondary education for the Faculty of Education.

CUYardTwoking.JPG
Chulalongkorn University

Symbols

Phra Kiao

Pra Kiao model, CU Museum Prakiow.jpg
Pra Kiao model, CU Museum

Since the establishment of the Royal Pages School, the former name of the university, King Chulalongkorn authorized the use of his personal emblem as a school emblem. [26] The emblem is called Phra Kiao, a Thai coronet, royal headgear for young princes and princesses. As the school was transformed into the university, the King authorized the use of phra kiao. Today, phra kiao appears not only in formal letters and transcripts, but also on souvenirs made by the university as well as student uniforms.

Student uniform

Undergraduates are required to wear a uniform when studying, taking examinations, or contacting the university in person. Male graduate students wear a collared or polo shirt and dark trousers. Women wear a plain blouse with long skirt.

Originally, the university uniform was adapted from a uniform worn by Chulalongkorn's heirs. [27] The uniform was later updated, but the original is reserved as a formal uniform. The formal uniform is usually worn by student leaders and graduates.

Today, the ordinary uniform for male undergraduate students consists of a plain white shirt with long or short sleeves and black (or dark blue) trousers. Wearing a dark blue necktie with colored phra kiao engraved on its front is mandatory for first-year students but optional for higher years. However, a black tie with a silver phra kiao pin is usually used by upperclass student in some faculties. Female students are required to wear a short-sleeved blouse with a fold along the spine. The buttons must be made of metal, and a small phra kiao emblem must be pinned on the right breast. A dark blue or black pleated skirt with any black, white, or brown shoes are worn. For female first-year students, white leather shoes are mandatory. [28] Chulalongkorn University's uniforms have long been the template of many uniforms used in other universities in Thailand.

Academic dress

The academic dress of Chulalongkorn University is based on ceremonial attire called khrui, a gown made from very fine mesh. The robe was originally reserved for pre-ordination monks, ministers and royal family members. Like dresses worn in the United Kingdom, the robe is open-fronted and calf-length. Cap and hood, however, are omitted. The gown is faced and lined with a felt strip dyed according to the status of the wearer and decorated with gold ribbons. The elbow and wrist portion of the gown is also wrapped with the same felt strip.

Bachelor's and master's gown is faced and bordered with a black felt strip, while a doctor's gown uses a scarlet felt strip. This colour scheme is similar to one used at the University of Oxford: Black for bachelors and masters (and doctors in undress); Scarlet for doctors (in full-dress). [29] The cord (bachelor) or ribbon (master and doctor) dyed with the faculty colour is attached to the centre of the felt strip longitudinally. [30] Officers' (lecturers, university council members, vice-chancellor and chancellor) gown is faced with a pink strip and centred with a gold thread, regardless of the faculty. The specially designed gown with a yellow facing is reserved for the king of Thailand, who is also Visitor to the University. [31]

VVajiravudh authorized the university to use the traditional Thai gown instead of the western one, [32] but the regulation on this matter was enacted in 1930 by Prajadhipok. [33]

Example of felt strips

Rain Trees

Rain Tree near CU Auditorium RaintreeCU.JPG
Rain Tree near CU Auditorium

Rain trees are common on the university campus. They are associated with the cycle of student life. Fresh green leaves at beginning of the term represent the freshmen's naivete. As the tree produces slimy pods and sheds leaves, the ground beneath it becomes slippery, thus alerting students to prepare for examinations. If they walk carefully, they will not slip (pass examinations). If they walk heedlessly, they will slip and fall (fail examinations). [34]

From 1937–1957, many rain trees were cut down to free space for new buildings. King Bhumibol Adulyadej noticed the dramatic decrease in the number of rain trees. On 15 January 1962, he brought five trees from Hua Hin and planted them in front of the university auditorium, proclaiming: "...I give these five trees as an eternal memorial." (Thai : จึงขอฝากต้นไม้ไว้ห้าต้นให้เป็นเครื่องเตือนใจตลอดกาล).

Organization

Chulalongkorn Business School Cbs.jpg
Chulalongkorn Business School
Bundit Building `aakhaarbanthit kantabutr.jpg
Bundit Building
Faculty of Communication Arts Commarts, feb23.jpg
Faculty of Communication Arts

Chulalongkorn University consists of 19 faculties, three colleges, one school and many institutes which function as teaching and research units. [35] [36]

In 1917, the university had four faculties: Arts and Sciences, Public Administration, Engineering, and Medicine. The Faculty of Law was established in 1933 as part of the Faculty of Law and Political Science. [37] From the 1930s to the 1950s it expanded to various fields including Pharmacy (1934), Veterinary Science (1935), Architecture (1939), Dentistry (1940), and Commerce and Accountancy (1943). In 1943, the regency government under General Phibun separated the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Veterinary Science to become the University of Medical Sciences, now Mahidol University. In 1948, the Faculty of Political Science was re-established. The Faculty of Education was established in 1957 from the School of Teacher Training at Baan Somdet Chao Phraya (Thai : โรงเรียนฝึกหัดครู บ้านสมเด็จเจ้าพระยา). [38] In 1967, the Faculty of Veterinary Science was returned from Kasetsart University and the Faculty of Medicine at Chulalongkorn Hospital was moved from University of Medical Sciences to Chulalongkorn University. In 1972, the Faculty of Dentistry and Faculty of Pharmacy were reinstated.

The Office of the Commission on Agricultural Resource Education (OCARE) was established in 2009. [39] It is not an administrative office, but a school in which teaching and research are carried out. It admits students from two groups: one from northern Thai provinces (Nan, Phayao, Phrae, Uttaradit) and another from the rest of country. It was upgraded to the School of Agricultural Resources with full degree-granting power on 5 March 2014. [36] In 2014 it became the School of Agriculture, Chulalongkorn University (SAR).

In 2019, aiming to address global industry changes and demand for relevant education, Chulalongkorn University launched Chulalongkorn School of Integrated Innovation (ScII) to offer the first in Asia interdisciplinary undergraduate degree in both arts and science - Bachelor of Arts and Science in Integrated Innovation (BAScii). [40]

CU central campus CUoldandnew.jpg
CU central campus

Health sciences

Science and technology

Social science and humanities


Integrated Faculty

International programs

Inside Chulalongkorn University Auditorium Cu-auditorium-Inside.jpg
Inside Chulalongkorn University Auditorium

CU's international programs offers 99 international programs, including 17 Bachelor, 48 Master and 34 Doctoral programs. Admissions for international students are based on the guidelines issued by the Council of University Presidents of Thailand.

Bachelor's Degrees:

Graduate institutes

Research institutes

Associated institutes

Research

Chulalongkorn University has research organizations in many fields of study.

Rankings

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World [42] 601-700 (2019)
Ranking
National RankingGlobal Ranking
QS Asia (2016)1 [9] 45
QS World (2017)1 [8] 245
QS GER (2017)1 [12] 151-200
CWUR (2017)1 [10] 308
RUR (2017)1 [11] 398
RUR Reputation1 [17] 182
RUR Research1 [15] 424
CWTS (2016)1 [13] 432
THE World (2016)2 [45] 601-800
ARWU (2017)1 [19] 401-500
SIR (2016)2 [46] 475
Nature Index (2016)1 [14] -
U.S. News (2019)1 [47] 522
UI Green Metric City Center (2016)1 [16] 15
World rankSubject
48
  • Mineral & Mining Engineering
51 – 100
  • Chemical Engineering
101 – 150
  • Accounting & Finance
  • Architecture / Built Environment
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Geography
  • Modern Languages
  • Pharmacy & Pharmacology
  • Politics & International Studies
151 – 200
  • Business & Management Studies
  • Chemistry
  • Civil & Structural Engineering
  • Electrical & Electronic Engineering
  • Linguistics
  • Materials Science
  • Mechanical, Aeronautical & Manufacturing Engineering
  • Medicine
  • Sociology
  • Law
201 – 250
  • Biological Sciences
  • Computer Science & Information Systems
  • Economics & Econometrics
301 – 350
  • Physics & Astronomy

Other Rankings

Scholarships

Research scholarships

Education scholarships

Campus

Chulalongkorn University dormitory h`phaknisit-CUDorm.jpg
Chulalongkorn University dormitory

The university campus occupies an area of 637 rai (101.9 ha; 252 acres) in the downtown Pathum Wan District. It accounts for just over half of the 1,153 rai (184.5 ha; 456 acres) of land owned by the university, the rest of which is commercially developed by the university's Property Management Office or used by other institutions.

Chulalongkorn Centenary Park

The west side of Chula's campus is the site of this innovative park. It has gradually sloping portions. [52] Its 28 rai expanse contains a water retention pond with a capacity of 3.8 million liters and a rain garden. Both help to ameliorate Bangkok's seasonal flooding. It was built to commemorate Chula's 100th anniversary in 2017. [53]

Accommodation

Chulalongkorn University International House (CU iHouse) [54] is a 26-storey, 846-unit, on campus residence for international students and lecturers. Rooms come fully furnished with air conditioning, modern conveniences, 24-hour security and safety systems. The residence is included in the university's shuttle bus services.

Honorary degrees

The university has bestowed honorary degrees on heads of state and other international dignitaries, including two U.S. presidents:

Traditions

Chulalongkorn University student traditions include:

Student activities and clubs

The university is host to 40 student clubs, including the Buddhism and Traditions Club, the Religious Studies Club, the Mind Study Club, and the Thai Classical Music Club. Chulalongkorn also has a Morals Network, which actively campaigns to protect student activities from damaging the university's reputation. The university's Cheer Club annually organizes the Chula-Thammasat traditional football match.

Notable alumni

International reputation

Robocup competitions

The university RoboCup team, Plasma‐Z, got several prizes from the robotics competition as follow. [64]

Moreover, another university Robocup team, Plasma-RX has participated in Rescue robot league at World RoboCup 2008, Suzhou, China, and won the first prize and the best-in-class in mobility award. [65] [66]

See also

Related Research Articles

Kasetsart University

Kasetsart University, commonly known and referred to as Kaset or KU, is a public research university in Bangkok, Thailand. It was Thailand's first agricultural university and Thailand's third oldest university. It was established on 2 February 1943 to promote subjects related to agricultural science. Since then, Kasetsart University has expanded its subject areas to cover life sciences, science, engineering, social sciences, and humanities. Kasetsart University's main campus is in Bangkhen, northern Bangkok, with several other campuses throughout Thailand. It is one of the largest university in Thailand.

Mahidol University

Mahidol University (Mahidol), an autonomous research institution in Thailand, had its origin in the establishment of Siriraj Hospital in 1888. Mahidol had an acceptance rate for Medicine of 0.4% as of the 2016 academic year. Becoming the University of Medical Science in 1943, it has been recognized as the country's fourth public university. The university was later renamed in 1969 by King Bhumibol Adulyadej after his father, Prince Mahidol of Songkhla, the "Father of Modern Medicine and Public Health of Thailand". The university originally focused on health sciences but expanded to other fields in recent decades. It hosted Thailand's first medical school, the Siriraj Medical School. Today, Mahidol offers a range of graduate and undergraduate programs from natural sciences to liberal arts with remote campuses in Kanchanaburi, Nakhon Sawan, and Amnat Charoen provinces. There are a total of 629 programs offered from 17 faculties, 6 colleges, 9 research institutions and 6 campuses. In terms of fiscal budget and portion of budget spent on research programs, the university receives the highest budget of any public university in Thailand: $430 million in 2019, most of which is granted for graduate research programs. Mahidol University was ranked Thailand's #1 university in 2011 by QS Asian University Rankings.

Abhakara Kiartivongse Prince of Chumphon

Admiral Prince Abhakara Kiartivongse, Prince of Chumphon, was the 28th child of King Chulalongkorn. He was commonly revered as "The Father of the Thai Navy". Being born to a non-royal mother, he could not become king.

Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University

The Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, the second oldest medical school in Thailand, was established in 1947 in accordance with the wishes of King Ananda Mahidol to educate a sufficient number of medical doctors to satisfy the public's demands. For more than half a century, this medical school has provided society with more than 5,000 medical doctors. The school accepts about 300 medical students and more than 100 for postgraduate residency training each year. It has been ranked as one of the best medical schools in Thailand in 2016.

Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University

The Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University, was established in 1917. It was one of the first four faculties of the university. Its former name was "Faculty of Arts and Science". At the time of its establishment, the first two missions of the faculty were to teach the students humanities and sciences and to produce secondary school teachers. In 1934, the faculty started to offer a bachelor's degree of arts. Today, there are undergraduate and graduate programs.

Faculty of Law, Thammasat University

The Faculty of Law, Thammasat University is an administrative agency of the Thai government, being an academic faculty attached to Thammasat University, Ministry of Education. It is the second oldest university faculty in the country, preceded only by the Faculty of Medicine, Mahidol University. It has long played a major role in the politics of Thailand and among its graduates are many former prime ministers, ministers, senior government officers, judges, and other public figures.

Royal Standard of Thailand

The Royal Standard of Thailand is the official flag of the King of Thailand. The present form was adopted in 1910 under Vajiravudh, superseding the first Royal Standard created by Mongkut in 1855. In 1979, the designs were codified by law; specifically in Article 2 of the Flag Act of 1979, which also regulated Thailand's other flags. The standard is currently used by Maha Vajiralongkorn, also known as Rama X, since 2016.

Academic dress of Chulalongkorn University

The Academic dress of Chulalongkorn University is a long-sleeved gown made from light mesh, faced and bordered with a specially designed felt strip. The same strip is also attached to elbows and wrists. The gown itself is adapted from ceremonial attire called suea khrui and was designed in Prajadhipok's reign, together with the existing academic badge.

1st Infantry Regiment (Thailand) Military unit

The 1st Infantry Regiment, King's Close Bodyguard is a King's Guard regiment under the 1st Infantry Division, King's Guard of the Royal Thai Army. The regiment is divided into three battalions, all of them based in Bangkok. The regiment is the only unit of the Royal Thai Armed Forces with the designation Mahat Lek Rajawallop ; meaning the king's close bodyguards, translated as the King's Own Bodyguards. The unit was first established by King Chulalongkorn in 1859, whilst he was still a young prince. One of the primary role of the regiment is to provide security and protection to members of the Thai Royal Family as well as the ceremonial escort and guarding of the royal palaces. The unit is the oldest regiment of the Thai army.

Siriraj Kakudhabhand Prince of Siam, son of Chulalongkorn

Prince Siriraj Kakudhabhand was the Prince of Siam. He was a member of Siamese royal family and was the son of King Chulalongkorn and Queen Saovabha Phongsri.

Kannikakaew Princess Khattiyakanlaya

Princess Kannikakaew, the Princess Khattiyakanlaya was the Princess of Siam (later Thailand. She was a member of Siamese royal family and is a daughter of King Mongkut and Princess Phannarai. She is a half-sister of King Chulalongkorn and had one younger brother, Prince Narisara Nuvadtivongs.

Puangsoi Sa-ang

Princess Puangsoi Sa-ang was a member of Siamese royal family. She was a daughter of King Mongkut and Concubine Tieng Rojadis and half-sister of Chulalongkorn.

Gagananga Yukala Prince Bijitprijakara

Gagananga Yukala, the Prince Bijitprijakara was a prince of Siam (later Thailand He was a member of Siamese royal family and was a son of King Mongkut and Phueng Indravimala

Nariratana

Princess Nariratana was a Princess of Siam (later Thailand She was a member of Siamese royal family is a daughter of King Mongkut and Consort Duangkham and was Thai-Laos descent.

Kashemsri Subhayok Prince Divakaravongse Pravati

Prince Kashemsri Subhayok, the Prince Divakaravongse Pravati [RTGS: Kasemsi Supphayok, the Prince Thiwakon Wongprawat], was the thirtieth child of King Rama IV of Thailand, and the fourth child born to Chao Chom Manda Chan, a royal consort of the King, born on 17 August 1857. He was known for his artistic, poetic, and architectural contributions, and served as a privy councillor during the reign of his brother King Chulalongkorn.

Prasert Sapsunthorn Thai politician

Prasert Sapsunthorn was a Thai politician who served as a member of the parliament in the House of Representatives of Thailand and a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Thailand. Later, he lectured at the National Defense College of Thailand and participated in policy formulation Order 66/2523: Communism of Prem Tinsulanonda Government.

HRH Princess Chulabhorn College of Medical Science

The HRH Princess Chulabhorn College of Medical Science (PCCMS) is a higher educational institute located in Bangkok, Thailand focusing on health science and public health. It is a part of the Chulabhorn Royal Academy (CRA), named after Princess Chulabhorn Walailak.

Narong Kittikachorn is the son of Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn, former Prime Minister. former military commander former Commander in Chief and former Minister of Defense and the son-in-law of Field Marshal Praphas Charusathien, former army commander, former Chief of Police And former Minister of the Interior.

Chulalongkorn University in Thailand comprises nineteen constituent faculties, as well as six schools and colleges, which form the university's teaching units. Together, they offer 76 undergraduate and 375 postgraduate programmes, and host the university's 25,940 undergraduate and 11,424 postgraduate students. Each of the faculties is focused on a specific subject area. All undergraduate and most postgraduate students will apply for a programme of study under a specific faculty, and will belong with that faculty throughout the duration of their studies.

Anek Laothamatas is a Thai political scientist and politician. He serves as Minister of Higher Education, Science, Research and Innovation in the second cabinet of Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha since 5 August 2020.

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  22. Thai : โรงเรียนสำหรับฝึกหัดวิชาข้าราชการฝ่ายพลเรือน
  23. ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, พระบรมราชโองการประกาศตั้งโรงเรียนมหาดเล็ก. เล่ม ๑๙, ตอน ๑, ๖ เมษายน พ.ศ.๒๔๔๕, หน้า ๑๖ (Royal Order to establish Royal Page School)
  24. ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, พระบรมราชโองการประกาศตั้งโรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือนฯ , เล่ม ๒๗, ตอน ก, ๑๑ มกราคม พ.ศ.๒๔๕๔, หน้า ๑๒๓ (Royal Order to establish the Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn)
  25. ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, พระบรมราชโองการ ประกาศประดิษฐานโรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือนของพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัวขึ้นเป็นโรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือน, เล่ม ๒๗, ตอน ก, ๑๕ เมษายน พ.ศ.๒๔๖๐ (ประกาศเมื่อวันที่ ๒๖ มีนาคม พ.ศ.๒๔๖๐, หน้า ๑๒๓ (Royal Order to establish the Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn.)
  26. About Phra Kiao by Chulalongkorn Memorial Hall Archived June 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  27. History about CU uniform. Archived 20 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ข้อบังคับจุฬาฯ ว่าด้วยเครื่องแบบ เครื่องหมาย และเครื่องแต่งกายนิสิต พ.ศ.๒๕๕๓, เล่ม ๑๒๗, ตอนพิเศษ ๕๒ ง, ๒๖ เมษายน พ.ศ.๒๕๕๓ (The university regulation on uniform and dress codes, 2010)
  29. Shaw, G. W. (1995) Academical Dress of British and Irish Universities, Chichester: Philmore & Co. Ltd, ISBN   0-85033-974-X
  30. ราชกิจจานุเบกษา.ข้อบังคับจุฬาฯ ว่าด้วยการกำหนดปริญญาในสาขาวิชา อักษรย่อสำหรับสาขาวิชา ครุยวิทยฐานะ เข็มวิทยฐานะ และครุยประจำตำแหน่ง พ.ศ.๒๕๕๓.เล่ม ๑๒๗ ตอนพิเศษ ๕๒ ง, ๒๖ เมษายน ๒๕๕๓. (University Regulation on Degrees Granted, Graduation and Faculty Gowns, 2010)
  31. ราชกิจจานุเบกษา.พระราชกำหนดเสื้อครุยบัณฑิตของจุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย พ.ศ.๒๔๗๓. เล่ม ๔๗, ๖ กรกฎาคม ๒๔๗๓. (Regulation on Chulalongkorn University Graduation Gown, 1930)
  32. Graduation Gown of Chulalongkorn University Archived May 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  33. ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, พระราชกำหนดเสื้อครุยบัณฑิตของจุฬาลงกรณมหาวิทยาลัย พ.ศ.๒๔๗๓, เล่ม ๔๗ หน้า ๙๒-๙๖ (Academic dress act 1930)
  34. Rain Tree-The Symbol of Chulalongkorn University Archived June 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  35. ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ประกาศจุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย เรื่อง ส่วนงานของมหาวิทยาลัย พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๒, เล่ม ๑๒๗, ตอนพิเศษ ๑๖ ง, ๑ กุมภาพันธ์ พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๓, หน้า ๗๐ (University notification (rather command) on academic units, 2008)
  36. 1 2 ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ประกาศจุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย เรื่อง ส่วนงานของมหาวิทยาลัย (ฉบับที่ ๒) พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๗, เล่ม ๑๓๑, ตอนพิเศษ ๔๙ ง, ๑๘ มีนาคม พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๗, หน้า ๓ (Amendment to 2008 regulation, ratified 2014)
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