Chunggang County

Last updated
Chunggang County

중강군
Korean transcription(s)
  Hanja中江郡
  McCune-ReischauerChunggang kun
  Revised RomanizationJunggang-gun
DPRK2006 Chagang-Chunggang.PNG
Map of Chagang showing the location of Chunggang
Country North Korea
Province Chagang Province
Administrative divisions 1 ŭp, 1 workers' district, 8 ri
Area
  Total620 km2 (240 sq mi)
Population
 (1991 est.)
  Total33,000

Chunggang County is a kun, or county, in northern Chagang province, North Korea. It was originally part of Huchang county in Ryanggang, and for that reason older sources still identify it as being part of Huchang. The county seat was originally known as Chunggangjin (중강진), but is now known as Chunggang ŭp. Chunggang looks across the Yalu River at China, and borders Ryanggang province to the south.

Contents

The Chunggang Revolutionary Site is associated with Kim Hyŏng-jik. [1]

It has been reported that an Intermediate-range ballistic missile base was constructed in Chunggang in the early 1990s, and that its missiles are targeted at Okinawa. [2]

Administrative divisions

Chunggang County is divided into 1 ŭp (town), 1 rodongjagu (workers' district) and 8 ri (villages):

  • Chunggang-ŭp
  • Hoha-rodongjagu
  • Changhŭng-ri
  • Changsŏng-ri
  • Chungdŏng-ri
  • Chungsang-ri
  • Kŏnha-ri
  • Osu-ri
  • Sangjang-ri
  • T'osŏng-ri

Climate

Chunggang has a monsoon influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Climate Classification Dwa) with hot summers and severely cold winters. The climate features very large differences between summer and winter temperatures. On January 12, 1933, a temperature of -43 °C was recorded at Chunggangjin. [3] The average January temperature is -16.0 °C, with temperatures rising to a July average of 22.5 °C.

Climate data for Chunggang, North Korea (1981–2010, extremes 1915–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)6.0
(42.8)
12.0
(53.6)
21.5
(70.7)
31.0
(87.8)
34.0
(93.2)
36.1
(97.0)
40.2
(104.4)
39.0
(102.2)
31.0
(87.8)
28.1
(82.6)
19.0
(66.2)
10.2
(50.4)
40.2
(104.4)
Average high °C (°F)−8.4
(16.9)
−2.5
(27.5)
5.4
(41.7)
15.2
(59.4)
21.9
(71.4)
26.1
(79.0)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
22.7
(72.9)
15.2
(59.4)
3.6
(38.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
12.5
(54.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)−16.1
(3.0)
−10.1
(13.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.9
(46.2)
14.6
(58.3)
19.4
(66.9)
22.3
(72.1)
21.8
(71.2)
14.9
(58.8)
7.0
(44.6)
−2.7
(27.1)
−12.2
(10.0)
5.5
(41.9)
Average low °C (°F)−23.3
(−9.9)
−17.3
(0.9)
−7.4
(18.7)
1.0
(33.8)
7.7
(45.9)
13.7
(56.7)
18.0
(64.4)
17.1
(62.8)
9.5
(49.1)
0.6
(33.1)
−7.9
(17.8)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−0.5
(31.1)
Record low °C (°F)−43.6
(−46.5)
−36.1
(−33.0)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−12.8
(9.0)
−5.2
(22.6)
4.7
(40.5)
9.0
(48.2)
4.1
(39.4)
−2.5
(27.5)
−13.2
(8.2)
−30.0
(−22.0)
−36.1
(−33.0)
−37.2
(−35.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)7.1
(0.28)
8.2
(0.32)
12.3
(0.48)
39.3
(1.55)
64.0
(2.52)
107.4
(4.23)
193.3
(7.61)
153.7
(6.05)
67.7
(2.67)
34.5
(1.36)
24.3
(0.96)
14.6
(0.57)
726.4
(28.60)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)3.83.84.86.49.012.414.411.27.86.46.45.591.9
Average snowy days7.26.36.72.00.10.00.00.00.11.16.48.338.2
Average relative humidity (%)78.975.169.463.966.375.681.782.079.172.976.878.675.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 1511581881841921681551491481691301281,920
Source 1: Korea Meteorological Administration [4]
Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990), [5] [6] [lower-alpha 1] Meteo Climat (extremes) [7]

Notes

  1. Station ID for Chunggang is 47014 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration

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References

  1. "Junggang Revolutionary Site". KCNA. 9 July 2007. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014.
  2. "Chunggang-up". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2006-11-11.
  3. Bukhan Yeonguso (1983), p. 49.
  4. "30 years report of Meteorological Observations in North Korea" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. pp. 232–281. Archived from the original on 21 December 2020. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  5. "Klimatafel von Chunggang / Korea (Nordkorea)" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 6 November 2016.[ permanent dead link ]
  6. "Station 47014 Chunggang". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  7. "Station Chunggang" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 6 October 2018.

See also

References