Cianjur, Cianjur Regency

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Cianjur
Regional transcription(s)
   Sundanese cianjur
Gentur Lamp Monument 2022.jpg
Gentur Lamp Monument
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Cianjur
Location in Java and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Cianjur
Cianjur (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°49′12″S107°8′27″E / 6.82000°S 107.14083°E / -6.82000; 107.14083 Coordinates: 6°49′12″S107°8′27″E / 6.82000°S 107.14083°E / -6.82000; 107.14083
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province West Java
Regency Cianjur Regency
Inception1677
Government
  CamatTomtom Dani Gardiat
  SecretaryKuntjara Sobandi Sachri
Area
[1]
  Total26.15 km2 (10.10 sq mi)
Elevation
[1]
392 m (1,286 ft)
Population
 (mid 2021 estimate) [2]
  Total174,587
  Density6,700/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+7 (IWT)
Postal code
43211
Area code (+62) 263
Villages 11
Website Official website
A logement (inn) in Cianjur in the early 1900s COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Logement in Tjiandjoen in Preanger TMnr 60022042.jpg
A logement (inn) in Cianjur in the early 1900s

Cianjur (Sundanese : ᮎᮤᮃᮔ᮪ᮏᮥᮁ) is a town and district in the West Java province of Indonesia, and is the capital of Cianjur Regency. The district of Cianjur is located along one of the main roads between Jakarta (120 km to the northwest) and Bandung (60 km to the east). The population was 158,125 at the 2010 Census and 173,265 at the 2020 Census; [1] the official estimate as at mid 2021 was 174,587. [2] Because of its location, some of Cianjur's residents commute to work either in Bandung or in Jakarta.

Contents

The road on which Cianjur is located used to be the main (extremely busy) road from Jakarta to Bandung but was in effect replaced as the main road link between these two main cities when the Jakarta-Bandung tollroad was fully completed in 2005. However, due to its low traffic, Cianjur returned as one of the alternative routes for travellers from Jakarta and Bandung. [3] [4]

History

Grand Mosque of Cianjur Grand Mosque of Cianjur.jpg
Grand Mosque of Cianjur

Cianjur was founded in 1677, with the first head of the town being R. A. Wiratanudatar I, entitled Dalem Cikundul, as the descendant from the old Sundanese city of Pajajaran. [5]

By 2007 the city government asked female municipal employees to wear jilbab (hijab). It also placed road signs encouraging women to wear jilbab. [6]

A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck offshore West Java on September 2, 2009, killing 21 people in Cianjur alone. [7]

Another 5.6 magnitude earthquake occurred on November 21, 2022, killing 331 and injuring 7,729 others. [8] [9]

Administrative divisions

Cianjur district is divided into 11 administrative villages which are as follows: [1]

Economy

The district mainly produces home and micro Industrial products, especially leather, wood, precious metals, woven, pottery, fabrics, and foods. [1]

Transportation

After being dormant for about 2 years, the train called Siliwangi between Sukabumi and Cianjur was reactivated on 8 February 2014. It is faster than the buses which are usually trapped in traffic jams, but the cost of a train ticket is double that of using buses. [10]

Paddy fields in Mekarsari village Alam adalah pelindung bumi.jpg
Paddy fields in Mekarsari village

Climate

Cianjur has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with moderate rainfall from June to September and heavy rainfall from October to May.

Climate data for Cianjur
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
29.0
(84.2)
29.3
(84.7)
29.5
(85.1)
29.3
(84.7)
29.4
(84.9)
29.9
(85.8)
30.4
(86.7)
30.2
(86.4)
29.5
(85.1)
28.9
(84.0)
29.3
(84.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)24.0
(75.2)
24.1
(75.4)
24.4
(75.9)
24.7
(76.5)
24.7
(76.5)
24.1
(75.4)
23.9
(75.0)
24.1
(75.4)
24.6
(76.3)
24.7
(76.5)
24.5
(76.1)
24.5
(76.1)
24.4
(75.9)
Average low °C (°F)20.0
(68.0)
19.9
(67.8)
19.9
(67.8)
20.1
(68.2)
19.9
(67.8)
18.9
(66.0)
18.4
(65.1)
18.3
(64.9)
18.8
(65.8)
19.3
(66.7)
19.6
(67.3)
20.1
(68.2)
19.4
(67.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches)283
(11.1)
245
(9.6)
295
(11.6)
280
(11.0)
204
(8.0)
118
(4.6)
116
(4.6)
111
(4.4)
119
(4.7)
245
(9.6)
299
(11.8)
295
(11.6)
2,610
(102.6)
Source: Climate-Data.org [11]

Notable residents

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Cianjur Subdistrict in Figures 2020". Statistics Indonesia . Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  2. 1 2 Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  3. "Tol Cipularang Sudah Enggak Asyik, Jakarta-Bandung Bisa 6 Jam, Dishub Sarankan Naik Kereta Api – Tribun Jabar". Tribun Jabar (in Indonesian). 7 April 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  4. "Jalur Bogor-Bandung via Cianjur Diusulkan jadi Jalan Wisata". SINDOnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  5. "Dalem Cikundul, Murid Sunan Gunung Jati Penyebar Islam di Cianjur - Tribunnews.com". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). 29 May 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  6. Warburton, Eve (January–March 2007). "No longer a choice" (89 ed.). Inside Indonesia . Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  7. Erwida Maulia (4 September 2009). "Aftershock and aid follow earthquake". The Jakarta Post . Archived from the original on 5 September 2009. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
  8. Chaterine, R. N. (26 November 2022). "Korban Gempa Cianjur Masih Bertambah: 318 Meninggal, 7.729 Luka-Luka" (in Indonesian). Kompas. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  9. Wijaya, Stefani; YUD (3 December 2022). "Update Gempa Cianjur: Korban Meninggal Jadi 331 Jiwa". Berita Satu. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  10. "Humas: Tarif KA Cianjur-Sukabumi Masih Bisa Dikoreksi". 8 February 2014.
  11. "Climate: Cianjur". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 November 2020.