Cimahi

Last updated

Cimahi
ᮎᮤᮙᮠᮤ
Alun-alun Cimahi - panoramio.jpg
Alun-alun Cimahi
City Flag of Cimahi.svg
Kota Cimahi.svg
Motto(s): 
Saluyu Ngawangun Jati Mandiri
Map of West Java highlighting Cimahi City.svg
Location within West Java
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Cimahi City
Location in Java and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Cimahi City
Cimahi City (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°52′16″S107°33′17″E / 6.8712°S 107.5548°E / -6.8712; 107.5548 Coordinates: 6°52′16″S107°33′17″E / 6.8712°S 107.5548°E / -6.8712; 107.5548
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province West Java coa.svg West Java
Government
  Acting MayorNgatiyana
Area
  Total40.37 km2 (15.59 sq mi)
Elevation
685 m (2,247 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)
  Total568,400
  Density14,000/km2 (36,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code +(62) 22
Website cimahikota.go.id

Cimahi (Indonesian pronunciation:  [tʃimahi] ) is a city located immediately west of the larger city of Bandung, in West Java Province, Indonesia and within the Bandung Metropolitan Area. It covers an area of 40.37 km2 and had a population at the 2010 Census of 541,177 [1] and at the 2020 Census of 568.400. [2] The city is a major textile producer, and is home to several military training centres. [3]

Contents

Geography

Tangkuban Perahu and Burangrang seen from Citeureup Burangrang and Tangkuban Parahu Mount.jpg
Tangkuban Perahu and Burangrang seen from Citeureup

Cimahi, located 180 km south east of Jakarta, is situated between Bandung and West Bandung Regency. [4] Cimahi comprises three districts (kecamatan), which in turn are sub-divided into fifteen urban villages (kelurahan). Its lowest elevation is 685 metres (2,247 ft) above sea level and directs to Citarum River. Its highest elevation is 1,040 metres (3,410 ft) above sea level, which is part of the slope of mount Tangkuban Perahu and Burangrang. The Cimahi River flows through the city and Cimahi also has two Springs, named Cikuda and Cisontok. [5]

Climate

Cimahi has an elevation moderated tropical rainforest climate (Af) with moderate rainfall from June to September and heavy rainfall from October to May.

Climate data for Cimahi
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.4)
27.5
(81.5)
27.9
(82.2)
28.0
(82.4)
27.6
(81.7)
27.6
(81.7)
28.2
(82.8)
28.9
(84.0)
28.9
(84.0)
28.0
(82.4)
27.4
(81.3)
27.8
(82.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)22.8
(73.0)
22.8
(73.0)
23.1
(73.6)
23.3
(73.9)
23.2
(73.8)
23.3
(73.9)
21.9
(71.4)
22.2
(72.0)
22.9
(73.2)
23.3
(73.9)
23.1
(73.6)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
Average low °C (°F)18.9
(66.0)
18.7
(65.7)
18.7
(65.7)
18.7
(65.7)
18.4
(65.1)
17.0
(62.6)
16.3
(61.3)
16.3
(61.3)
16.9
(62.4)
17.7
(63.9)
18.2
(64.8)
18.6
(65.5)
17.9
(64.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches)259
(10.2)
236
(9.3)
269
(10.6)
271
(10.7)
188
(7.4)
87
(3.4)
77
(3.0)
83
(3.3)
96
(3.8)
189
(7.4)
292
(11.5)
309
(12.2)
2,356
(92.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org [6]

History

The name Cimahi was taken from the Cimahi river that flows through the city. The word originated from the Sundanese language and literally means "enough water". Residents of Cimahi get their water supply from the river. [7]

Cimahi's prominence increased in 1811, when Governor-General Herman Willem Daendels constructed the Great Post Road. A checkpoint, known as Loji, was built in Cimahi Square. Between 1874 and 1893, the Cimahi rail station and a railroad connecting Bandung and Cianjur was built. The building of military training centers and other military buildings was started in 1886. Cimahi was granted district status in 1935. In 1975, Cimahi became the first administrative city in West Java and the third in Indonesia. Cimahi was then granted full city status in 2001. [8]

Administrative districts

The city of Cimahi is divided into three administrative districts (Indonesian: kecamatan ), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census [1] and the 2020 Census. [9] An elected mayor leads the city administration. The table also includes the location of the district administration, the number of administrative villages (urban kelurahan) in each district and its post codes.

NameArea
in
km2
Pop'n
Census
2010 [1]
Pop'n
Census
2020 [10]
Admin
centre
No.
of
vill.
Post
codes
Cimahi Selatan
(South Cimahi)
16.94230,623240,990Utama540531
-40535
Cimahi Tengah
(Central Cimahi)
10.11163,070161,758Cimahi640521
-30526
Cimahi Utara
(North Cimahi)
13.32147,484165,652Cibabat440511
-40514
Total city40.37541,177568,40015

Tourism

Cimahi Railway Station Stasiun Cimahi Depan.jpg
Cimahi Railway Station

Cimahi has various tourist hotspots, such as Alam Wisata Cimahi, Pandiga Recreation Sport, Rumah Pajang, Lembur Batik and Kampung Adat Cirendeu. According to the local tourist office, these offer distinctive experiences in nature, cuisine, handicrafts and traditional community. [11] Additionally, there are some buildings of historical interest, such as Dustira Hospital, Ereveld Cemetery, Military Prison and Sudirman Building. [12]

Notable people

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  2. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. "PENGANTAR DARI WALIKOTA CIMAHI" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  4. "GEOGRAFI" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  5. "Data Wilayah" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 27 June 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  6. "Climate: Cimahi". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  7. "SEJARAH" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  8. "Sejarah" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 22 August 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  9. Badan Pusat Statistik 2021.
  10. Badan Pusat Statistik 2021.
  11. "WISATA" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  12. "Heritage Dan Pusat Pendidikan Militer" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  13. "Sumber". www.tokohindonesia.com (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 20 June 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  14. "Biografi Sule" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 September 2015.