City of Chelmsford

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City of Chelmsford
Chelmsford Cathedral Exterior, Essex, UK - Diliff.jpg
Chelmsford Cathedral in Chelmsford which is the administrative centre of the district
Chelmsford UK locator map.svg
Chelmsford shown within Essex
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region East of England
Non-metropolitan county Essex
Admin HQ Chelmsford
Incorporated1 April 1974
Government
  TypeNon-metropolitan district council
  BodyChelmsford City Council
  LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Liberal Democrat)
   MPs Vicky Ford
Kemi Badenoch
John Whittingdale
Area
  Total132.14 sq mi (342.24 km2)
  Rank120th (of 309)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total178,388
  Rank108th (of 309)
  Density1,300/sq mi (520/km2)
  Ethnicity
94.6% White
2.0% S.Asian
1.3% Black
1.2% Mixed Race
Time zone UTC0 (GMT)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code 22UF (ONS)
E07000070 (GSS)
OS grid reference TL713070
Website www.chelmsford.gov.uk
City of Chelmsford
Click the map for an interactive fullscreen view

The City of Chelmsford ( /ˈɛlmzfəd/ ) is a local government district in Essex, England. It is named after its main settlement, Chelmsford, which is also the county town of Essex. On 1 June 2012 Chelmsford was granted city status to mark the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II. [1] [2] [3]

Contents

History

South Woodham Ferrers, the only town in the district South Woodham Ferrers - geograph.org.uk - 2125855.jpg
South Woodham Ferrers, the only town in the district

The current district was formed on 1 April 1974 from the borough of Chelmsford, and most of the Chelmsford Rural District.

Chelmsford City Council

Local elections are held every four years in the borough. The council has previously changed hands a few times between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats, with the Conservatives holding a majority on the council between 2003 and 2019. During the 2019 local elections, the Liberal Democrats took control of the council; the leader of the council is Stephen Robinson. [4] The make up of the council by party is as follows:

Year Conservative Liberal Democrat Labour & Co-operative Party Independent
2007332400
2011401610
201552500
2019213105

Parish and town councils

The borough contains 26 parishes—one town council and 25 parish councils. [5] They are:

Town council

Parish councils

Parish without a council

Boundaries

To the north-west it borders the district of Uttlesford and to the northeast the boundary is with the district of Braintree. It shares its eastern border with Maldon. To the southeast it borders the district of Rochford, to the south the district of Basildon, and to the southwest the borough of Brentwood. To the west the borough has a boundary with the district of Epping Forest.

Population

The total population of the area covered by the borough is 157,748 (ONS 2004 estimate). Approximately 60,000 live in the city, and over 42,400 live in the surrounding suburban and semi-rural parishes. Around 16,600 live in South Woodham Ferrers. The remainder of the population live in the surrounding rural areas, including the villages of Galleywood, Bicknacre, East, West and South Hanningfield, Boreham, Ford End, Pleshey, Highwood, Good Easter, High Easter, Chignal St James, Chignal Smealy, Howe Green, Roxwell, Great Leighs, Little Leighs, Broomfield, Great Waltham, Little Waltham, Great Baddow, Little Baddow, Danbury, Sandon, Rettendon, Runwell, Margaretting, Stock and Writtle. (Source: population derived from 2001 census). However, this number is expected to rise dramatically, with 40,000 homes to be built in the metropolitan area of the borough. This could bring the size of Chelmsford up to over 170,000 to be concentrated around Boreham Airfield, Broomfield, North Springfield and Beaulieu Park.

Geography

The borough has two major centres, the principal settlement Chelmsford in the centre and the town of South Woodham Ferrers to the south east. The north west of the borough is predominantly rural. Villages are found throughout the borough.

The River Chelmer flows into the borough near North End and flows to Chelmsford where the River Can converges with it at the city centre. The River Chelmer then flows out of the borough between Boreham and Little Baddow. The River Can's source is in the north west of the borough. The River Wid flows from the South of the borough through Widford towards the centre past Writtle to join the River Can between Writtle and Chelmsford. The River Crouch flows along the part of the southeastern border below South Woodham Ferrers. Hanningfield Reservoir, a Site of Special Scientific Interest, is located in the south of the borough.

Transport

The rail links, both national and international, which run through the borough, are all operated by Abellio Greater Anglia. Two national rail services operate. The Great Eastern Main Line runs through the centre, stopping at Chelmsford railway station. Services via Chelmsford operate between London Liverpool Street and Ipswich, Clacton, Harwich, Braintree or Norwich. The Crouch Valley Line also runs through the far south-east tip of the borough, stopping at South Woodham Ferrers running services between Wickford and Southminster.

The Amsterdam Express, a rail/sea/rail international service owned by also stops in the borough at Chelmsford, connecting the town to the Netherlands, via the North Sea.

There are several primary routes within the borough. One of these, the A12, is also a trunk road and runs from London and the M25, centrally in a north-easterly direction through the borough bypassing the city of Chelmsford onwards to Suffolk and Norfolk. Two other significant primary routes are the A130 which runs north-south across Essex and the A414, which begins as a primary route in Chelmsford but its terminus us Maldon in Essex. The A414 then runs west through Essex, meets the M11 and then its path continues into Hertfordshire via Harlow. Various other A- and B-Roads connect the borough, especially the city of Chelmsford to the rest of the county and beyond.

There is, additionally, a large integrated bus network provided primarily by First Essex which connects the city to towns and villages across the county. Other smaller operators also provide services, such as Stephensons of Essex and Arriva Essex.

Education

Educational establishments in the borough include:

Tourism

Henry VIII's former Palace of Beaulieu is situated in Boreham, now occupied by the New Hall School. Also located in the borough include the RHS Garden, Hyde Hall at Rettendon, and numerous open spaces in Chelmsford, including Admirals and Central Parks. Writtle, where Robert the Bruce is said to have married his second wife Elizabeth de Burgh in 1302, has English Royal connections, with King John building a hunting lodge there in 1211. Much of the site now lies within the grounds of Writtle College, the internationally famous centre for horticulture and agriculture. A few miles away is the village of Pleshey, where stand the ruins of a once important castle mentioned in William Shakespeare's play Richard II . The entire circuit of the castle walls can still be traced in the village streets. American tourists often visit the village of Springfield, Essex, the origin of "Springfield" as a popular place name, first giving its name to the important City of Springfield, Massachusetts, and subsequently Springfield, Illinois, the state capital of Illinois, and Springfield, Missouri, among numerous others.

Freedom of the City

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the City of Chelmsford.

Individuals

Arms

Coat of arms of City of Chelmsford
Notes
Granted 3 March 1975.
Crest
On a wreath of the colours a garb Or transfixed with a seaxe and a sword in saltire points upwards both Proper.
Escutcheon
Argent three bars wavy Azure on a chief indented Gules a saltire couped between two mullets Argent.
Supporters
Dexter a lion Azure supporting an episcopal crozier Or sinister a like lion supporting an abbatical crozier Or with veil proper upon a compartment comprising a triple arched stone bridge above water barry wavy.
Motto
Many Minds One Heart [8]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation</span>

The Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation is the canalisation of the Rivers Chelmer and Blackwater in Essex, in the east of England. The navigation runs for 13.75 miles (22.13 km) from Springfield Basin in Chelmsford to the sea lock at Heybridge Basin near Maldon. Initial plans faced spirited opposition from Maldon, which were overcome by avoiding the town and terminating at Heybridge, and the navigation opened in 1797. There were some teething problems, and the engineer John Rennie was called back on two occasions to recommend improvements. The impact of the railways was less severe than on many canals, as there was never a direct line between Chelmsford and Maldon. The sea lock at Heybridge was enlarged after the Second World War, but trade gradually declined and ceased in 1972.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chelmsford</span> City in Essex, England

Chelmsford is a city in the City of Chelmsford district in the county of Essex, England. It is the county town of Essex and one of three cities in the county, along with Southend-on-Sea and Colchester. It is located 30 miles north-east of London at Charing Cross and 22 miles south-west of Colchester. The population of the urban area was 111,511 in the 2011 Census, while the wider district has 168,310.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Great Baddow</span> Human settlement in England

Great Baddow is an urban village and civil parish in the Chelmsford borough of Essex, England. It is close to the city of Chelmsford, and, with a population of over 13,000, is one of the largest villages in the country.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Danbury, Essex</span> Human settlement in England

Danbury is a village in the City of Chelmsford district, in the county of Essex, England. It is located 33.5 miles (53.9 km) northeast of Charing Cross, London and has a population of 6,500. It is situated on a hill 367 feet (112 m) above sea level.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wickford</span> Town and civil parish in Essex, England

Wickford is a town and civil parish in the south of the English county of Essex, with a population of 33,486. Located approximately 30 miles (50 km) east of London, it is within the Borough of Basildon along with the original town of Basildon, Billericay, Laindon and Pitsea.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maldon and East Chelmsford (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997–2010

Maldon and East Chelmsford was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. From 1997 to 2010 it elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Braintree (UK Parliament constituency)</span> UK Parliament constituency in England since 1974

Braintree is a constituency in Essex represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by James Cleverly, a member of the Conservative Party. He is a former Chairman of the Conservative Party and currently the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs. He was also formerly a minister in the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office. The constituency was created for the February 1974 general election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Chelmsford (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997–2010

West Chelmsford was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. From 1997 to 2010 it elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rayleigh (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997–2010

Rayleigh was a parliamentary constituency in Essex represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It existed from 1997 to 2010.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chelmsford (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom (1885 to 1997 and 2010 onwards)

Chelmsford is a constituency in Essex represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Vicky Ford of the Conservative Party. In September 2022, she was appointed by Prime Minister Liz Truss as Minister of State for Development in the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office.

The Mid-Essex Football League is a football competition based in England. The top division of this league, the Mid-Essex League Premier Division, sits at level 14 of the English football league system and is a feeder to the Essex Olympian Football League. This league has a total of five divisions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rochford (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983–1997

Rochford was a County Constituency in Essex, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1983 until 1997. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Hanningfield</span> Human settlement in England

West Hanningfield is a small village and civil parish in south Essex, England. It is located approximately 8 km (5.0 mi) south-southeast of the county town of Chelmsford. The village is in the borough of Chelmsford and in the parliamentary constituency of Rayleigh.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">East Hanningfield</span> Human settlement in England

East Hanningfield is a small village in south Essex, England. It is situated to the southeast of Chelmsford and to the northwest of South Woodham Ferrers, with a population of ? It is surrounded by the villages of Butts Green, Bicknacre, Woodham Ferrers, West Hanningfield, Howe Green, and Rettendon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">River Chelmer</span> River in Essex, England

The River Chelmer is a river that flows entirely through the county of Essex, England, running 65 kilometres (40 mi) from the northwest of the county through Chelmsford to the River Blackwater near Maldon.

Chelmsford Rural District was a local government district in Essex, England from 1894 to 1974. It surrounded, but did not include, the town of Chelmsford; which formed a municipal borough.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Little Waltham</span> Human settlement in England

Little Waltham is a village and civil parish just north of Chelmsford, in Essex, England. It is adjacent to the village of Great Waltham. The Domesday Book refers to the two villages as Waltham, consisting of several manors. The site of an Iron Age village was excavated before upgrading the main road north between the current villages.

References

  1. "Chelmsford, Perth and St Asaph gain city status to mark the Diamond Jubilee". The official website of The Queen's Diamond Jubilee. Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  2. "Written Ministerial Statement - Diamond Jubilee Civic Honours Competition" (PDF). Cabinet Office. 14 March 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  3. "No. 60167". The London Gazette . 11 June 2012. p. 11125.
  4. "Cabinet - Chelmsford City Council" . Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  5. "Parish Councils". Chelmsford.gov.uk. October 2006. Archived from the original on 7 June 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2006.
  6. Shephard, James (27 February 2009). "EXCLUSIVE: St Peter's College in Chelmsford to shut | This is Essex". Thisistotalessex.co.uk. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  7. "County mourns generous man'". March 2007.
  8. "East of England Region". Civic Heraldry of England. Retrieved 8 March 2021.

Coordinates: 51°44′07″N0°28′45″E / 51.73528°N 0.47917°E / 51.73528; 0.47917