City of Cockburn

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City of Cockburn
Western Australia
Cockburn LGA WA.png
Population104,473 (2016 census) [1]
 • Density623.72/km2 (1,615.4/sq mi)
Established1871
Area167.5 km2 (64.7 sq mi)
Mayor Logan Howlett
Council seat Spearwood
Region South Metropolitan Perth
State electorate(s) Cockburn, Fremantle, Jandakot, Willagee
Federal Division(s) Fremantle
Cockburn city logo.png
Website City of Cockburn
LGAs around City of Cockburn:
Fremantle Melville Canning
Gosnells
City of Cockburn Armadale
Kwinana Serpentine- Jarrahdale

The City of Cockburn /ˈkbɜːrn/ is a local government area in the southern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth about 8 kilometres (5 mi) south of Fremantle and about 24 kilometres (15 mi) south of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 167.5 square kilometres (64.7 sq mi) and had a population of over 104,000 as at the 2016 Census.

Local government areas of Western Australia Wikimedia list article

The local government areas of Western Australia (LGAs) are those areas, towns and districts in Western Australia that manage their own affairs to the extent permitted by the Local Government Act 1995. The Local Government Act 1995 also makes provision for regional local governments, established by two or more local governments for a particular purpose.

Perth City in Western Australia

Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). It is named after the city of Perth, Scotland and is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.06 million living in Greater Perth. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with the majority of the metropolitan area located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp. The first areas settled were on the Swan River at Guildford, with the city's central business district and port (Fremantle) both later founded downriver.

Fremantle City in Western Australia

Fremantle is a major Australian port city in Western Australia, located at the mouth of the Swan River. Fremantle Harbour serves as the port of Perth, the state capital. Fremantle was the first area settled by the Swan River colonists in 1829. It was declared a city in 1929, and has a population of approximately 29,000.

Contents

History

Cockburn is named after Cockburn Sound, which was named in 1827 by Captain James Stirling after Admiral Sir George Cockburn. Sir George was born in London in 1772 and was a renowned British naval officer, eventually becoming Admiral of the Fleet and First Sea Lord. He served under Horatio Nelson during the war with France, but came to public attention and was granted his knighthood for his service in the War of 1812, in particular for the burning of Washington in 1814. It was he who took Napoleon to exile on the island of Saint Helena after the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. [2]

Cockburn Sound body of water located south of Fremantle, Western Australia

Cockburn Sound is an inlet of the Indian Ocean on the coast of Western Australia. It extends from the south of the mouth of the Swan River at Fremantle for about 25 km to Cape Peron near Rockingham and is located at 32°10′14″S115°43′26″E. The total area of the sound is about 100 km².

Admiral of the Fleet (Royal Navy) highest rank of the British Royal Navy

Admiral of the Fleet is a five-star naval officer rank and the highest rank of the Royal Navy formally established in 1688. The five-star NATO rank code is OF-10, equivalent to a field marshal in the British Army or a marshal of the Royal Air Force. Other than honorary appointments no new admirals of the fleet have been named since 1995.

First Sea Lord professional head of the United Kingdoms Royal Navy and the whole Naval Service

The First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff (1SL/CNS) is the professional head of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy and the whole Naval Service. Originally the title was the Senior Naval Lord to the Board of Admiralty when the post was created in 1689. The office holder was then re-styled First Naval Lord from 1771. The concept of a professional "First Naval Lord" was introduced in 1805 and the title of the First Naval Lord was changed to "First Sea Lord" on the appointment of Sir John Fisher in 1904. From 1923 onward, the First Sea Lord was a member of the Chiefs of Staff Committee; he now sits on the Defence Council and the Admiralty Board.

In 1871, the Fremantle Road District was created under the District Roads Act 1871 to cover the area to the south and east of Fremantle, and the Fremantle Road Board was created to manage it. The original District was bounded on the north by the Swan River from Fremantle to the mouth of the Canning River; on the east by a line from Bull Creek to the junction of what is now the intersection of the Albany and South Western Highways in Armadale; on the south by a line from Armadale to, and including the Rockingham townsite; and to the west by the Indian Ocean.

Swan River (Western Australia) river in Western Australia

The Swan River is a river in the south west of Western Australia. Its Aboriginal Noongar name is the Derbarl Yerrigan. The river runs through the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia's capital and largest city.

Bull Creek, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Bull Creek is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the local government area of City of Melville. The suburb lies to the south of a creek of the same name, which flows into the Canning River.

Albany Highway highway in Western Australia

Albany Highway links Western Australia's capital city Perth with its oldest settlement, Albany, on the state's south coast. The 405-kilometre-long (252 mi) highway travels through the southern Wheatbelt and Great Southern regions, and is designated State Route 30 for most of its length. Outside of Perth the highway is predominately a sealed, single carriageway with regular overtaking lanes in some undulating areas. Albany Highway commences at The Causeway, a river crossing that connects to Perth's central business district. The highway heads south-east through Perth's metropolitan region, bypassed in part by Shepparton Road and Kenwick Link, and continues south-eastwards through to Albany. It intersects several major roads in Perth, including the Leach, Tonkin, Brookton, and South Western highways. The rural section of Albany Highway connects to important regional roads at the few towns and roadhouses along the route, including Coalfields Highway at Arthur River, Great Southern Highway at Cranbrook, and Muirs Highway at Mount Barker.

In the first five years of the Board's existence most of its members served on the Fremantle Town Council. The function of the Board was simply to provide the roads that linked Fremantle to other parts of the Colony. By 1913 the District was divided into Wards, each electing representatives to the Board. In 1922 the Board constructed new offices at the corner of Forrest and Rockingham Roads.

City of Fremantle Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Fremantle is a local government area in the south of Perth, Western Australia. The City covers an area of 19.0 square kilometres (7.3 sq mi), and lies about 19 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of the Perth central business district.

In July 1923, the District received a large amount of land (gaining the localities of Atwell and Banjup and 75% of the Jandakot locality) from Jandakot Road District when that entity was abolished. On 21 January 1955, it was renamed Cockburn, [3] after a successful referendum underlined the desire for recognition of the District's independence from Fremantle.

Atwell, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Atwell is a suburb within the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia, situated 21 kilometres (13 mi) south of Perth City, and located in the City of Cockburn local government area.

Banjup, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Banjup is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Cockburn. Its postcode is 6164. It is approximately 25 km south of Perth City.

Jandakot, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Jandakot is a southern suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Cockburn local government area. It is best known for its small, but busy, airport.

On 1 July 1961, Cockburn Road District became a shire following the enactment of the Local Government Act 1960, and on 24 January 1971, almost exactly 100 years after the formation of the Fremantle Road District, it became a Town [4] in recognition of its increasingly urban nature. On 26 October 1979 the town attained City status. [5] [6]

A public inquiry into corruption in the City of Cockburn was held in 1999. [7] The Council was suspended in April 1999 and dismissed on 30 June 2000, with administrators running the council until an election held on 6 December 2000. [8] [9] In 2007 the City of Cockburn was again embroiled in controversy as alleged evidence of corruption arose at the Corruption and Crime Commission.

Wards

The city is divided into three wards, each electing three councillors. The mayor is directly elected.

Population

YearPopulation
1911734
19211,278
19332,221
19473,049
19545,047
19617,827
196613,847
197125,011
197629,492
198131,705
198640,711
199150,217
199657,102
200165,996
200674,472
201189,683

Suburbs

Mayors

Sister cities

Statue on Spearwood road recognising sister city of Yueyang Spearwood city of cockburn gnangarra-10.jpg
Statue on Spearwood road recognising sister city of Yueyang

Related Research Articles

City of Canning Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Canning is a local government area in the southeastern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, about 10 kilometres (6 mi) southeast of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 64.8 square kilometres (25.0 sq mi) and had a population of approximately 90,000 as at the 2016 Census.

City of Melville Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Melville is a local government area in the southern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, east of the port city of Fremantle and about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 52.73 square kilometres (20.36 sq mi) and had a population of about 98,000 as at the 2016 Census.

City of Kwinana Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Kwinana is a local government area of Western Australia. It covers an area of approximately 118 square kilometres in metropolitan Perth, and lies about 38 km south of Perth CBD, via the Kwinana Freeway. Kwinana maintains 287 km of roads and had a population of almost 39,000 as at the 2016 Census.

The Mandurah railway line is a hybrid suburban rail/rapid transit railway line on the Transperth Trains network in Western Australia that runs from Perth south to the state's second largest city Mandurah. For part of its route, it traverses the median strip of the Kwinana Freeway.

City of Mandurah Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Mandurah is a local government area of Western Australia, covering both Mandurah proper and an additional area reaching down as far south as Lake Clifton. The city has a total area of approximately 174 square kilometres (67 sq mi).

City of Armadale Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Armadale is a local government area in the south-eastern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, about 28 kilometres (17.4 mi) southeast of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 560 square kilometres (216 sq mi), much of which is state forest rising into the Darling Scarp to the east, and had a population of almost 80,000 as at the 2016 Census.

City of Rockingham Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Rockingham is a local government area in the far southern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth.

Rockingham Road is a major road between Fremantle and Kwinana in the southern suburbs of Perth. It is allocated National Route 1 – part of Australia's national Highway 1 – between Stock Road in Munster and its southern terminus in Kwinana.

Hampton Road road in Fremantle, Western Australia

Hampton Road is the main road entering the City of Fremantle from the south. It is named after John Stephen Hampton, the Governor of Western Australia from 1862 to 1868. It continues into Ord Street at the north east corner of Fremantle Prison at Knutsford Street.

Cockburn Road road in Perth

Cockburn Road is a major road in the southern suburbs of Perth, which connects Fremantle and Kwinana. While it is for the most part a coastal road, much of its length travels through heavy industrial areas. However, a number of other facilities can be found on the road—the Woodman Point Recreation Reserve which includes camping and accommodation facilities, the Beeliar Regional Park and the Cockburn International Raceway.

Transport in Perth, Western Australia, is served by various means, among them an extensive highway / freeway network and a substantial system of commuter rail lines and bus routes. Public transport is managed by the Transperth agency.

Spearwood railway station

Spearwood railway station was a railway station on the Transperth network. It was located on the Spearwood-Armadale line, 25.5 kilometres from Perth station in Spearwood.

North Coogee Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

North Coogee is a coastal, western suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Cockburn. The suburb is immediately to the north of Coogee, which takes its name from the lake, Lake Coogee, in the area, which translates to "Body of water" in the native Aboriginal Nyoongar language. Originally this lake was named Lake Munster after Prince William, the Earl of Munster, and later King William IV. The aboriginal name Kou-gee was recorded in 1841 by Thomas Watson and has been variously spelt Koojee, Coojee and Coogee.

The Spearwood-Armadale railway line was a Western Australian Government Railways line connecting Spearwood to Armadale south of Perth.

Coogee Hotel, Western Australia

The Coogee Hotel was a bar and holiday destination in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, located in Coogee, seven kilometres south of Fremantle in the City of Cockburn. After the Second World War, it was used as an orphanage by the Anglican Diocese of Perth. The building still stands on Cockburn Road, and is heritage listed by the State Government of Western Australia.

The Kwinana freight railway lines are a network of railways predominantly servicing the heavy industrial areas at Kwinana Beach south of Perth and to provide for the transport of freight servicing Fremantle Harbour, Kewdale Intermodal Facility and other freight destinations Perth. While some lines were constructed in the 1900s, most of the network was constructed in the 1950s and 1960s.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Cockburn (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 November 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Morriss, Roger (1997), Cockburn and the British Navy in Transition, University of Exeter Press, ISBN   0-85989-526-2
  3. "Road Districts Act, 1919–1951. Fremantle Road District. Alteration of Name. (per L.G. 481/52)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 21 January 1955. p. 1955:132.
  4. "Local Government Act, 1960–1970. Shire of Cockburn. Change of Status. (per L.G. 39/66)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 24 December 1970. p. 1970:3842. Specifies 24 January 1971 as effective date.
  5. "Local Government Act, 1960–1978. Order in Council (per CC-1-10)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 31 August 1979. p. 1979:2607. Specifies 26 October 1979 as effective date.
  6. WA Electoral Commission, Municipality Boundary Amendments Register (release 3.0), 31 July 2007.
  7. Report of Inquiry into the City of Cockburn (April 2000)
  8. "City of Cockburn (Dismissal of Council) Order 2000". Western Australia Government Gazette. 30 June 2000. p. 2000:3422.
  9. Department of Local Government (4 May 2000). "City of Cockburn inquiry: Minister tables report (Media statement)". Archived from the original on 26 February 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2009.
  10. "Gradovi prijatelji Splita" [Split Twin Towns]. Grad Split [Split Official City Website] (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2013.

Coordinates: 32°10′S115°50′E / 32.167°S 115.833°E / -32.167; 115.833