City of Cockburn

Last updated

City of Cockburn
Western Australia
Cockburn LGA WA.png
Population
 • Density623.72/km2 (1,615.4/sq mi)
Established1871
Area167.5 km2 (64.7 sq mi)
Mayor Logan Howlett
Council seat Spearwood
Region South Metropolitan Perth
State electorate(s) Cockburn, Fremantle, Jandakot, Willagee
Federal Division(s) Fremantle
Logo of the City of Cockburn.svg
Website City of Cockburn
LGAs around City of Cockburn:
Fremantle Melville Canning
Gosnells
City of Cockburn Armadale
Kwinana Serpentine- Jarrahdale

The City of Cockburn /ˈkbɜːrn/ is a local government area in the southern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth about 8 kilometres (5 mi) south of Fremantle and about 24 kilometres (15 mi) south of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 167.5 square kilometres (64.7 sq mi) and had a population of over 104,000 as at the 2016 Census.

Contents

History

Cockburn is named after Cockburn Sound, which was named in 1827 by Captain James Stirling after Admiral Sir George Cockburn. Sir George was born in London in 1772 and was a renowned British naval officer, eventually becoming Admiral of the Fleet and First Sea Lord. He served under Horatio Nelson during the war with France, but came to public attention and was granted his knighthood for his service in the War of 1812, in particular for the burning of Washington in 1814. It was he who took Napoleon to exile on the island of Saint Helena after the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. [3]

In 1871, the Fremantle Road District was created under the District Roads Act 1871 to cover the area to the south and east of Fremantle, and the Fremantle Road Board was created to manage it. The original District was bounded on the north by the Swan River from Fremantle to the mouth of the Canning River; on the east by a line from Bull Creek to the junction of what is now the intersection of the Albany and South Western Highways in Armadale; on the south by a line from Armadale to, and including the Rockingham townsite; and to the west by the Indian Ocean.

In the first five years of the Board's existence most of its members served on the Fremantle Town Council. The function of the Board was simply to provide the roads that linked Fremantle to other parts of the Colony. By 1913 the District was divided into Wards, each electing representatives to the Board. In 1922 the Board constructed new offices at the corner of Forrest and Rockingham Roads.

In July 1923, the District received a large amount of land (gaining the localities of Atwell and Banjup and 75% of the Jandakot locality) from Jandakot Road District when that entity was abolished. On 21 January 1955, it was renamed Cockburn, [4] after a successful referendum underlined the desire for recognition of the District's independence from Fremantle.

On 1 July 1961, Cockburn Road District became a shire following the enactment of the Local Government Act 1960, and on 24 January 1971, almost exactly 100 years after the formation of the Fremantle Road District, it became a Town [5] in recognition of its increasingly urban nature. On 26 October 1979 the town attained City status. [6] [7]

A public inquiry into corruption in the City of Cockburn was held in 1999. [8] The Council was suspended in April 1999 and dismissed on 30 June 2000, with administrators running the council until an election held on 6 December 2000. [9] [10] In 2007 the City of Cockburn was again embroiled in controversy as alleged evidence of corruption arose at the Corruption and Crime Commission.

Wards

The city is divided into three wards, each electing three councillors. The mayor is directly elected.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1911 734    
1921 1,278+5.70%
1933 2,221+4.71%
1947 3,049+2.29%
1954 5,047+7.47%
1961 7,827+6.47%
1966 13,847+12.09%
1971 25,011+12.55%
1976 29,492+3.35%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1981 31,705+1.46%
1986 40,711+5.13%
1991 50,217+4.29%
1996 57,102+2.60%
2001 65,996+2.94%
2006 74,472+2.45%
2011 89,683+3.79%
2016 104,473+3.10%

Suburbs

Mayors

Heritage-listed places

As of 2021, 136 places are heritage-listed in the City of Cockburn, [11] of which 18 are on the State Register of Heritage Places, among them the Coogee Hotel the Newmarket Hotel and the Woodman Light. [12]

Sister cities

Statue on Spearwood Avenue recognising sister city of Yueyang Spearwood city of cockburn gnangarra-10.jpg
Statue on Spearwood Avenue recognising sister city of Yueyang

Related Research Articles

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Town of East Fremantle Local government area in Western Australia

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City of Gosnells Local government area in Western Australia

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Atwell, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Atwell is a suburb within the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia, situated 21 kilometres (13 mi) south of Perth City, and located in the City of Cockburn local government area.

Banjup, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Banjup is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Cockburn. Its postcode is 6164. It is approximately 25 km south of the Perth central business district.

Shire of Beverley Local government area in Western Australia

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Shire of Peppermint Grove Local government area in Western Australia

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City of Armadale Local government area in Western Australia

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City of Rockingham Local government area in Western Australia

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Shire of Cue Local government area in Western Australia

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Shire of Leonora Local government area in Western Australia

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Spearwood railway station

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Shire of Broomehill–Tambellup Local government area in Western Australia

The Shire of Broomehill-Tambellup is a local government area in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, 320 kilometres (200 mi) south-southeast of the state capital, Perth. The Shire covers an area of 2,609.1 square kilometres (1,007.4 sq mi), and its seat of government is the town of Tambellup. It came into existence in 2008 through the amalgamation of the former Shire of Broomehill and Shire of Tambellup.

Kwinana freight railway

The Kwinana freight railway lines are a network of railways predominantly servicing the heavy industrial areas at Kwinana Beach south of Perth and to provide for the transport of freight servicing Fremantle Harbour, Kewdale Intermodal Facility and other freight destinations Perth. While some lines were constructed in the 1900s, most of the network was constructed in the 1950s and 1960s.

Treeby, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Treeby is the City of Cockburn’s newest suburb. It is located on the east side of the Kwinana Freeway, close to Cockburn Central. It is a southern suburb of Perth, falling within the City of Cockburn local government area. Treeby is primarily a rural area, originally part of Banjup, but was made a separate suburb in 2016. It is named after early settlers of the area, Joseph and Emma Treeby. In recent years, an area previously mined for sand was developed into a new residential estate called Calleya. Stockland has a large display village called Calleya with terraces, townhomes, house and land packages, and completed land. Stockland has sold over 1,100 house and land packages in Treeby. The suburb was created in 2016 from the northern portion of the suburb of Banjup. There is also a new estate called Kara Estate in the western part of the suburb.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Cockburn (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 November 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
  3. Morriss, Roger (1997), Cockburn and the British Navy in Transition, University of Exeter Press, ISBN   0-85989-526-2
  4. "Road Districts Act, 1919–1951. Fremantle Road District. Alteration of Name. (per L.G. 481/52)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 21 January 1955. p. 1955:132.
  5. "Local Government Act, 1960–1970. Shire of Cockburn. Change of Status. (per L.G. 39/66)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 24 December 1970. p. 1970:3842. Specifies 24 January 1971 as effective date.
  6. "Local Government Act, 1960–1978. Order in Council (per CC-1-10)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 31 August 1979. p. 1979:2607. Specifies 26 October 1979 as effective date.
  7. WA Electoral Commission, Municipality Boundary Amendments Register (release 3.0), 31 July 2007.
  8. Report of Inquiry into the City of Cockburn (April 2000)
  9. "City of Cockburn (Dismissal of Council) Order 2000". Western Australia Government Gazette. 30 June 2000. p. 2000:3422.
  10. Department of Local Government (4 May 2000). "City of Cockburn inquiry: Minister tables report (Media statement)". Archived from the original on 26 February 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2009.
  11. "City of Cockburn Heritage Places". inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  12. "City of Cockburn State Register of Heritage Places". inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  13. "Gradovi prijatelji Splita" [Split Twin Towns]. Grad Split [Split Official City Website] (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2013.

Coordinates: 32°10′S115°50′E / 32.167°S 115.833°E / -32.167; 115.833