City of Fremantle

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City of Fremantle
Western Australia
Fremantle LGA WA.png
Population
 • Density1,521/km2 (3,939/sq mi)
Established1871
Area19.0 km2 (7.3 sq mi)
MayorBrad Pettitt
Council seat Fremantle
Region Southern Metropolitan Perth
State electorate(s) Fremantle, Willagee, Cottesloe
Federal Division(s) Fremantle
Coat of arms of the City of Fremantle.svg
Website City of Fremantle
LGAs around City of Fremantle:
Indian Ocean Mosman Park East Fremantle
Indian Ocean City of Fremantle Melville
Indian Ocean Cockburn Cockburn
Fremantle Town Hall Fremantle Town Hall.jpg
Fremantle Town Hall

The City of Fremantle is a local government area in the south of Perth, Western Australia. The City covers an area of 19.0 square kilometres (7.3 sq mi), and lies about 19 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of the Perth central business district.

Contents

History

In 1848 a town trust was formed comprising a chairman and a committee of five. For the next twenty-three years they set about constructing roads and many public buildings with the use of convict labour. By 1870 the population of Fremantle had reached 3,796 and it was a moderately flourishing town, resulting in a move among the colonists to secure greater control of the management of their affairs.

The Municipality of Fremantle was formed on 21 February 1871, with the new council having a chairman and nine councillors. [3] Two of the major achievements of the town council were a reliable supply of pure water and a more efficient system of sanitation. By 1928 Fremantle had a population of 22,340 and an annual revenue of £73,354 - enough to warrant a claim for city status. The City of Fremantle assumed its current name when city status was conferred upon Fremantle on 3 June 1929 as a Centenary of Western Australia honour. [4] [5]

North Fremantle, originally part of Fremantle, broke away in October 1895 to become an independent municipality. The first mayor of North Fremantle was Daniel Keen Congdon. [6] The two municipalities were reunited by an order of the Governor in Executive Council as from 1 November 1961. [7]

Wards

The City is divided into six wards, each electing two councillors. Each councillor serves a four-year term, and half-elections are held every two years. The mayor is directly elected.

Mayors of Fremantle

Suburbs

East Fremantle has its own town council and is not governed by the City of Fremantle.

Population

Town Hall Centre (City of Fremantle offices) City of Fremantle town hall centre gnangarra.jpg
Town Hall Centre (City of Fremantle offices)
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1911 14,499    
1921 17,566+1.94%
1933 16,998−0.27%
1947 18,791+0.72%
1954 22,795+2.80%
1961 21,980−0.52%
1966 25,284+2.84%
1971 26,036+0.59%
1976 23,497−2.03%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1981 22,484−0.88%
1986 22,709+0.20%
1991 23,687+0.85%
1996 24,022+0.28%
2001 24,713+0.57%
2006 24,835+0.10%
2011 26,582+1.37%
2016 28,893+1.68%

Economy

The economy of the city is highly stable and diversified with various local businesses trading successfully in the vicinity. The key industries include port and shipping, regional and state government services, hospital and community services, tourism, education, retail, etc. In 2014, over 4,472 registered businesses were operating in the city and the size of the workforce in the city centre had reached 8,849 in 2011. [8]

Sister city relations

Fremantle has sister city relationships with five other cities. [9] They are (in chronological order):

Fremantle also has friendship-city relationships with three cities:

See also

Related Research Articles

Fremantle City in Western Australia

Fremantle is a port city in Western Australia, located at the mouth of the Swan River in the metropolitan area of Perth, the state capital. Fremantle Harbour serves as the port of Perth. In 2016, Fremantle had a population of approximately 29,000. The Western Australian vernacular diminutive for Fremantle is Freo.

Town of Cambridge Local government area in Western Australia

The Town of Cambridge is a local government area in the inner western suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, about 5 kilometres (3 mi) west of Perth's central business district and extending to the Indian Ocean at City Beach. The Town covers an area of 22.0 square kilometres (8.5 sq mi) and had a population of almost 27,000 as at the 2016 Census. It was originally part of the City of Perth before the restructuring by the Western Australian State Government in 1994.

City of Canning Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Canning is a local government area in the southeastern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, about 10 kilometres (6 mi) southeast of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 64.8 square kilometres (25.0 sq mi) and had a population of approximately 90,000 as at the 2016 Census.

City of Cockburn Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Cockburn is a local government area in the southern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth about 8 kilometres (5 mi) south of Fremantle and about 24 kilometres (15 mi) south of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 167.5 square kilometres (64.7 sq mi) and had a population of over 104,000 as at the 2016 Census.

Town of East Fremantle Local government area in Western Australia

The Town of East Fremantle is a local government area in the southern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, located immediately northeast of the port city of Fremantle and about 17 kilometres (11 mi) southwest of Perth's central business district. The Town covers an area of 3.1 square kilometres (1.2 sq mi), maintains 46 km of roads and had a population of over 7,000 as at the 2016 Census.

City of Gosnells Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Gosnells is a local government area in the southeastern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, located northwest of Armadale and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 128 square kilometres (49.42 sq mi), much of which is state forest rising into the Darling Scarp to the east, and had a population of approximately 118,000 at the 2016 Census. The largest activity centre in the City is the Central Maddington shopping centre. District centres exist in the Gosnells town centre, Thornlie and Canning Vale.

City of Melville Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Melville is a local government area in the southern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, east of the port city of Fremantle and about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 52.73 square kilometres (20.36 sq mi) and had a population of about 98,000 as at the 2016 Census.

City of Kwinana Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Kwinana is a local government area of Western Australia. It covers an area of approximately 118 square kilometres in metropolitan Perth, and lies about 38 km south of Perth central business district, via the Kwinana Freeway. Kwinana maintains 287 km of roads and had a population of almost 39,000 as at the 2016 Census.

Town of Mosman Park Local government area in Western Australia

The Town of Mosman Park is a local government area of Western Australia. It covers an area of approximately 4.3 km² in western metropolitan Perth, the capital of Western Australia and lies about 14 km southwest of the Perth CBD and 5 km from Fremantle.

Shire of Serpentine–Jarrahdale Local government area in Western Australia

The Shire of Serpentine–Jarrahdale is a local government area in the outer southeastern metropolitan area of Perth, the capital of Western Australia, and has an area of 905 square kilometres (349 sq mi) and a population of almost 27,000 as at the 2016 Census. The Shire's seat of government is the town of Mundijong.

City of Swan Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Swan is a local government area of Western Australia. It is in the eastern metropolitan region of Perth and includes the Swan Valley and 42 suburbs. It is centred approximately 20 km north-east of the Perth central business district. The City covers an area of 1,042 km² and had an estimated population of 155,653 in 2020.

Town of Victoria Park Local government area in Western Australia

The Town of Victoria Park is a local government area of Western Australia. It covers an area of 17.62 km² in metropolitan Perth, the capital of Western Australia. The Town of Victoria Park maintains 154.55 km of roads and a little over 1 km² of parks and gardens. It had a population of approximately 35,000 as at the 2016 Census.

City of Wanneroo Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Wanneroo is a local government area with city status in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. It is centred approximately 25 kilometres (15.5 mi) north of Perth's central business district and forms part of the northern boundary of the Perth metropolitan area. Wangara encompasses the federal divisions of Cowan, Moore and Pearce.

City of Perth Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Perth is a local government area and body, within the Perth metropolitan area, which is the capital of Western Australia. The local government is commonly known as Perth City Council. The City covers the Perth city centre and surrounding suburbs. The City covers an area of 20.01 square kilometres (8 sq mi) and had an estimated population of 21,092 as at 30 June 2015. On 1 July 2016 the City expanded, absorbing 1,247 residents from the City of Subiaco.

City of Mandurah Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Mandurah is a local government area of Western Australia, covering both Mandurah proper and an additional area reaching down as far south as Lake Clifton. The city has a total area of approximately 174 square kilometres (67 sq mi).

Town of Claremont Local government area in Western Australia

The Town of Claremont is a local government area in the inner western suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, located about halfway between the port city of Fremantle and Perth's central business district. The Town covers an area of 4.9 square kilometres (1.9 sq mi), maintains 48 km of roads and 87 km of footpaths, and has a population of approximately 10,000 as at the 2016 Census.

Town of Cottesloe Local government area in Western Australia

The Town of Cottesloe is a local government area and a suburb of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. Cottesloe is located 11 kilometres (7 mi) west of Perth's central business district, covers an area of 3.9 square kilometres (1.5 sq mi), maintains 45.7 km of roads and had a population of approximately 7,500 as at the 2016 Census. Cottesloe is served by Swanbourne, Victoria Street, Grant Street and Cottesloe train stations, all operated through the Fremantle Railway Line. Various bus routes operate along Stirling Highway, enabling transport through the suburb's western and eastern precincts with Perth and Fremantle. All services are operated by the Public Transport Authority. The Town of Cottesloe's inclusion of walk and cycle paths enable it to be a walkable precinct.

City of Subiaco Local government area in Western Australia

City of Subiaco is a local government area of Western Australia. It covers an area of approximately 7 km² in inner western metropolitan Perth, the capital of Western Australia and lies about 3 km west of the Perth CBD.

City of Armadale Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Armadale is a local government area in the south-eastern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, about 28 kilometres (17.4 mi) southeast of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 560 square kilometres (216 sq mi), much of which is state forest rising into the Darling Scarp to the east, and had a population of almost 80,000 as at the 2016 Census.

Kings Square, Fremantle

Kings Square, also known as King's Square, is a town square in Fremantle, Western Australia. It is bounded by Queen, Newman, William, and Adelaide Streets. Though the square was originally a public reserve, it has been the site of Saint John's Church of England since 1843, and the Fremantle Town Hall since 1887. High Street was extended through and beyond the square in the 1880s, but the portion through the square was closed off in the 1960s. Today Kings Square functions as a civic and cultural centre of Fremantle, with modern events taking place adjacent to the historic buildings.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Fremantle (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 November 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
  3. "Municipality Boundary Amendments Register" (PDF). Western Australian Electoral Distribution Commission. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  4. "FREMANTLE A CITY". The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950) . Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 1 June 1929. p. 4 Edition: FINAL SPORTING EDITION. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
  5. How the council developed 1829-1972. (1972). In Gateway, Vol. 1, No. 1 June 1972, pp. 30-31.
  6. W. B. Kimberly, ed. (1897). History of West Australia. p. 24.
  7. Ewers, J.K. (1971). The Western Gateway: a history of Fremantle, 2nd Ed. p.179.
  8. "Economy". City of Fremantle.
  9. "Sister cities and international relations". City of Fremantle website. Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2011.

Coordinates: 32°03′25″S115°44′38″E / 32.0569°S 115.7439°E / -32.0569; 115.7439